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YONG XU

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Pediatrics
DivisionPediatrics-Nutrition
Address1100 BATES STREET
PEDIATRICS - NUTRITION
HOUSTON TX 77030
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    Other Positions
    TitleAssociate Professor
    InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
    DepartmentDepartment of Molecular & Cellular Biology
    DivisionMolecular & Cellular Biology


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Xu Y, López M. Central regulation of energy metabolism by estrogens. Mol Metab. 2018 May 23. PMID: 29886181.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Yu S, Cheng H, François M, Qualls-Creekmore E, Huesing C, He Y, Jiang Y, Gao H, Xu Y, Zsombok A, Derbenev AV, Nillni EA, Burk DH, Morrison CD, Berthoud HR, Münzberg H. Preoptic leptin signaling modulates energy balance independent of body temperature regulation. Elife. 2018 May 15; 7. PMID: 29761783.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Wang C, He Y, Xu P, Yang Y, Saito K, Xia Y, Yan X, Hinton A, Yan C, Ding H, Yu L, Shu G, Gupta R, Wu Q, Tong Q, Lagor WR, Flores ER, Xu Y. TAp63 contributes to sexual dimorphism in POMC neuron functions and energy homeostasis. Nat Commun. 2018 Apr 18; 9(1):1544. PMID: 29670083.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Zhang P, Kuang H, He Y, Idiga SO, Li S, Chen Z, Yang Z, Cai X, Zhang K, Potthoff MJ, Xu Y, Lin JD. NRG1-Fc improves metabolic health via dual hepatic and central action. JCI Insight. 2018 Mar 08; 3(5). PMID: 29515030.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Mangieri LR, Lu Y, Xu Y, Cassidy RM, Xu Y, Arenkiel BR, Tong Q. A neural basis for antagonistic control of feeding and compulsive behaviors. Nat Commun. 2018 01 04; 9(1):52. PMID: 29302029.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Xu J, Zhu C, Zhang M, Tong Q, Wan X, Liao Z, Cai X, Xu Y, Yuan Y, Wang L, Zhu X, Wang S, Gao P, Xi Q, Xu Y, Jiang Q, Shu G. Arginine reverses growth hormone resistance through the inhibition of toll-like receptor 4-mediated inflammatory pathway. Metabolism. 2018 Feb; 79:10-23. PMID: 29080813.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Duerrschmid C, He Y, Wang C, Li C, Bournat JC, Romere C, Saha PK, Lee ME, Phillips KJ, Jain M, Jia P, Zhao Z, Farias M, Wu Q, Milewicz DM, Sutton VR, Moore DD, Butte NF, Krashes MJ, Xu Y, Chopra AR. Asprosin is a centrally acting orexigenic hormone. Nat Med. 2017 Nov 06. PMID: 29106398.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Zhu C, Xu P, He Y, Yuan Y, Wang T, Cai X, Yu L, Yang L, Wu J, Wang L, Zhu X, Wang S, Gao P, Xi Q, Zhang Y, Xu Y, Jiang Q, Shu G. Heparin Increases Food Intake through AgRP Neurons. Cell Rep. 2017 Sep 05; 20(10):2455-2467. PMID: 28877477.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Xu Y, Lu Y, Xu P, Mangieri LR, Isingrini E, Xu Y, Giros B, Tong Q. VMAT2-Mediated Neurotransmission from Midbrain Leptin Receptor Neurons in Feeding Regulation. eNeuro. 2017 May-Jun; 4(3). PMID: 28560316.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Wu CS, Bongmba OYN, Yue J, Lee JH, Lin L, Saito K, Pradhan G, Li DP, Pan HL, Xu A, Guo S, Xu Y, Sun Y. Suppression of GHS-R in AgRP Neurons Mitigates Diet-Induced Obesity by Activating Thermogenesis. Int J Mol Sci. 2017 Apr 14; 18(4). PMID: 28420089.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Xu Y, O'Malley BW, Elmquist JK. Brain nuclear receptors and body weight regulation. J Clin Invest. 2017 Feb 20. PMID: 28218618.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Xu Y. Brain Estrogens and Feeding Behavior. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017; 1043:337-357. PMID: 29224102.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Hinton AO, Yang Y, Quick AP, Xu P, Reddy CL, Yan X, Reynolds CL, Tong Q, Zhu L, Xu J, Wehrens XH, Xu Y, Reddy AK. SRC-1 Regulates Blood Pressure and Aortic Stiffness in Female Mice. PLoS One. 2016; 11(12):e0168644. PMID: 28006821.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Xu P, Zhu L, Saito K, Yang Y, Wang C, He Y, Yan X, Hyseni I, Tong Q, Xu Y. Melanocortin 4 receptor is not required for estrogenic regulations on energy homeostasis and reproduction. Metabolism. 2017 May; 70:152-159. PMID: 28403939.
      View in: PubMed
    15. He Y, Shu G, Yang Y, Xu P, Xia Y, Wang C, Saito K, Hinton A, Yan X, Liu C, Wu Q, Tong Q, Xu Y. A Small Potassium Current in AgRP/NPY Neurons Regulates Feeding Behavior and Energy Metabolism. Cell Rep. 2016 Nov 08; 17(7):1807-1818. PMID: 27829152.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Kaneko K, Xu P, Cordonier EL, Chen SS, Ng A, Xu Y, Morozov A, Fukuda M. Neuronal Rap1 Regulates Energy Balance, Glucose Homeostasis, and Leptin Actions. Cell Rep. 2016 Sep 13; 16(11):3003-15. PMID: 27626668; PMCID: PMC5024738 [Available on 09/13/17].
    17. Xu P, He Y, Cao X, Valencia-Torres L, Yan X, Saito K, Wang C, Yang Y, Hinton A, Zhu L, Shu G, Myers MG, Wu Q, Tong Q, Heisler LK, Xu Y. Activation of Serotonin 2C Receptors in Dopamine Neurons Inhibits Binge-like Eating in Mice. Biol Psychiatry. 2016 Jun 09. PMID: 27516377.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Sisley SR, Arble DM, Chambers AP, Gutierrez-Aguilar R, He Y, Xu Y, Gardner D, Moore DD, Seeley RJ, Sandoval DA. "Hypothalamic Vitamin D Improves Glucose Homeostasis and Reduces Weight". Diabetes. 2016 May 23. PMID: 27217488.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Lee JH, Lin L, Xu P, Saito K, Wei Q, Meadows AG, Bongmba OY, Pradhan G, Zheng H, Xu Y, Sun Y. Neuronal Deletion of Ghrelin Receptor Almost Completely Prevents Diet-Induced Obesity. Diabetes. 2016 Aug; 65(8):2169-78. PMID: 27207529; PMCID: PMC4955988 [Available on 08/01/17].
    20. Hu F, Xu Y, Liu F. Hypothalamic roles of mTOR complex I: integration of nutrient and hormone signals to regulate energy homeostasis. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Jun 01; 310(11):E994-E1002. PMID: 27166282; PMCID: PMC4935144 [Available on 06/01/17].
    21. Hinton AO, He Y, Xia Y, Xu P, Yang Y, Saito K, Wang C, Yan X, Shu G, Henderson A, Clegg DJ, Khan SA, Reynolds C, Wu Q, Tong Q, Xu Y. Estrogen Receptor-? in the Medial Amygdala Prevents Stress-Induced Elevations in Blood Pressure in Females. Hypertension. 2016 Jun; 67(6):1321-30. PMID: 27091896; PMCID: PMC4865414 [Available on 06/01/17].
    22. Saito K, He Y, Yang Y, Zhu L, Wang C, Xu P, Hinton AO, Yan X, Zhao J, Fukuda M, Tong Q, Clegg DJ, Xu Y. PI3K in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus mediates estrogenic actions on energy expenditure in female mice. Sci Rep. 2016; 6:23459. PMID: 26988598; PMCID: PMC4796901.
    23. Meng F, Han Y, Srisai D, Belakhov V, Farias M, Xu Y, Palmiter RD, Baasov T, Wu Q. New inducible genetic method reveals critical roles of GABA in the control of feeding and metabolism. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Mar 29; 113(13):3645-50. PMID: 26976589; PMCID: PMC4822580 [Available on 09/29/16].
    24. Xu Y, Chang JT, Myers MG, Xu Y, Tong Q. Euglycemia Restoration by Central Leptin in Type 1 Diabetes Requires STAT3 Signaling but Not Fast-Acting Neurotransmitter Release. Diabetes. 2016 Apr; 65(4):1040-9. PMID: 26822087; PMCID: PMC4806656 [Available on 04/01/17].
    25. Fan S, Dakshinamoorthy J, Kim ER, Xu Y, Huang C, Tong Q. An Indirect Action Contributes to C-Fos Induction in Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus by Neuropeptide Y. Sci Rep. 2016 Jan 27; 6:19980. PMID: 26813148; PMCID: PMC4728490.
    26. Saito K, He Y, Yan X, Yang Y, Wang C, Xu P, Hinton AO, Shu G, Yu L, Tong Q, Xu Y. Visualizing estrogen receptor-?-expressing neurons using a new ER?-ZsGreen reporter mouse line. Metabolism. 2016 Apr; 65(4):522-32. PMID: 26975544; PMCID: PMC4794642 [Available on 04/01/17].
    27. Zhu L, Xu P, Cao X, Yang Y, Hinton AO, Xia Y, Saito K, Yan X, Zou F, Ding H, Wang C, Yan C, Saha P, Khan SA, Zhao J, Fukuda M, Tong Q, Clegg DJ, Chan L, Xu Y. The ER?-PI3K Cascade in Proopiomelanocortin Progenitor Neurons Regulates Feeding and Glucose Balance in Female Mice. Endocrinology. 2015 Dec; 156(12):4474-91. PMID: 26375425.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Xu P, Cao X, Xu Y. Targeting brain estrogen receptor for binge eating. Oncotarget. 2015 Sep 15; 6(27):23044-5. PMID: 26309082.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Yan C, He Y, Xu Y, Shu G, Wang C, Yang Y, Saito K, Xu P, Hinton AO, Yan X, Yu L, Wu Q, Tso P, Tong Q, Xu Y. Apolipoprotein A-IV Inhibits AgRP/NPY Neurons and Activates POMC Neurons in the Arcuate Nucleus. Neuroendocrinology. 2015 Aug 25. PMID: 26337236.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Kim ER, Wu Z, Sun H, Xu Y, Mangieri LR, Xu Y, Tong Q. Hypothalamic Non-AgRP, Non-POMC GABAergic Neurons Are Required for Postweaning Feeding and NPY Hyperphagia. J Neurosci. 2015 Jul 22; 35(29):10440-50. PMID: 26203139.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Yan C, Yang Y, Saito K, Xu P, Wang C, Hinton AO, Yan X, Wu Q, Tong Q, Elmquist JK, Fukuda M, Xu Y. Meta-chlorophenylpiperazine enhances leptin sensitivity in diet-induced obese mice. Br J Pharmacol. 2015 Jul; 172(14):3510-21. PMID: 25817043.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Saito K, Cao X, He Y, Xu Y. Progress in the molecular understanding of central regulation of body weight by estrogens. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 May; 23(5):919-26. PMID: 25865677; PMCID: PMC4414873.
    33. Zhu L, Zou F, Yang Y, Xu P, Saito K, Othrell Hinton A, Yan X, Ding H, Wu Q, Fukuda M, Sun Z, Tong Q, Xu Y. Estrogens prevent metabolic dysfunctions induced by circadian disruptions in female mice. Endocrinology. 2015 Jun; 156(6):2114-23. PMID: 25807042.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Wu Z, Kim ER, Sun H, Xu Y, Mangieri LR, Li DP, Pan HL, Xu Y, Arenkiel BR, Tong Q. GABAergic projections from lateral hypothalamus to paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus promote feeding. J Neurosci. 2015 Feb 25; 35(8):3312-8. PMID: 25716832; PMCID: PMC4339348.
    35. Scott MM, Xu Y, Elias CF, Williams KW. Central regulation of food intake, body weight, energy expenditure, and glucose homeostasis. Front Neurosci. 2014; 8:384. PMID: 25520610; PMCID: PMC4253741.
    36. Shu G, Lu NS, Zhu XT, Xu Y, Du MQ, Xie QP, Zhu CJ, Xu Q, Wang SB, Wang LN, Gao P, Xi QY, Zhang YL, Jiang QY. Phloretin promotes adipocyte differentiation in vitro and improves glucose homeostasis in vivo. J Nutr Biochem. 2014 Dec; 25(12):1296-308. PMID: 25283330.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Xu Y, Kim ER, Fan S, Xia Y, Xu Y, Huang C, Tong Q. Profound and rapid reduction in body temperature induced by the melanocortin receptor agonists. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2014 Aug 22; 451(2):184-9. PMID: 25065745; PMCID: PMC4162093.
    38. Berglund ED, Liu C, Sohn JW, Liu T, Kim MH, Lee CE, Vianna CR, Williams KW, Xu Y, Elmquist JK. Serotonin 2C receptors in pro-opiomelanocortin neurons regulate energy and glucose homeostasis. J Clin Invest. 2013 Dec; 123(12):5061-70. PMID: 24177424; PMCID: PMC3859401.
    39. Shi X, Zhou F, Li X, Chang B, Li D, Wang Y, Tong Q, Xu Y, Fukuda M, Zhao JJ, Li D, Burrin DG, Chan L, Guan X. Central GLP-2 enhances hepatic insulin sensitivity via activating PI3K signaling in POMC neurons. Cell Metab. 2013 Jul 2; 18(1):86-98. PMID: 23823479; PMCID: PMC3752162.
    40. Lee J, Moulik M, Fang Z, Saha P, Zou F, Xu Y, Nelson DL, Ma K, Moore DD, Yechoor VK. Bmal1 and ?-cell clock are required for adaptation to circadian disruption, and their loss of function leads to oxidative stress-induced ?-cell failure in mice. Mol Cell Biol. 2013 Jun; 33(11):2327-38. PMID: 23547261; PMCID: PMC3648066.
    41. Zhu L, Yang Y, Xu P, Zou F, Yan X, Liao L, Xu J, O'Malley BW, Xu Y. Steroid receptor coactivator-1 mediates estrogenic actions to prevent body weight gain in female mice. Endocrinology. 2013 Jan; 154(1):150-8. PMID: 23211707; PMCID: PMC3529365.
    42. Xu Y, Faulkner LD, Hill JW. Cross-Talk between Metabolism and Reproduction: The Role of POMC and SF1 Neurons. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2011; 2:98. PMID: 22649394; PMCID: PMC3355979.
    43. Xu Y, Elmquist JK, Fukuda M. Central nervous control of energy and glucose balance: focus on the central melanocortin system. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2011 Dec; 1243:1-14. PMID: 22211889; PMCID: PMC3467098.
    44. Xu Y, Nedungadi TP, Zhu L, Sobhani N, Irani BG, Davis KE, Zhang X, Zou F, Gent LM, Hahner LD, Khan SA, Elias CF, Elmquist JK, Clegg DJ. Distinct hypothalamic neurons mediate estrogenic effects on energy homeostasis and reproduction. Cell Metab. 2011 Oct 5; 14(4):453-65. PMID: 21982706; PMCID: PMC3235745.
    45. Sohn JW, Xu Y, Jones JE, Wickman K, Williams KW, Elmquist JK. Serotonin 2C receptor activates a distinct population of arcuate pro-opiomelanocortin neurons via TRPC channels. Neuron. 2011 Aug 11; 71(3):488-97. PMID: 21835345; PMCID: PMC3184528.
    46. Kim KW, Zhao L, Donato J, Kohno D, Xu Y, Elias CF, Lee C, Parker KL, Elmquist JK. Steroidogenic factor 1 directs programs regulating diet-induced thermogenesis and leptin action in the ventral medial hypothalamic nucleus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Jun 28; 108(26):10673-8. PMID: 21636788; PMCID: PMC3127910.
    47. Kim KW, Sohn JW, Kohno D, Xu Y, Williams K, Elmquist JK. SF-1 in the ventral medial hypothalamic nucleus: a key regulator of homeostasis. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2011 Apr 10; 336(1-2):219-23. PMID: 21111025; PMCID: PMC3057357.
    48. Xu Y, Jones JE, Lauzon DA, Anderson JG, Balthasar N, Heisler LK, Zinn AR, Lowell BB, Elmquist JK. A serotonin and melanocortin circuit mediates D-fenfluramine anorexia. J Neurosci. 2010 Nov 03; 30(44):14630-4. PMID: 21048120; PMCID: PMC3466475.
    49. Xu Y, Berglund ED, Sohn JW, Holland WL, Chuang JC, Fukuda M, Rossi J, Williams KW, Jones JE, Zigman JM, Lowell BB, Scherer PE, Elmquist JK. 5-HT2CRs expressed by pro-opiomelanocortin neurons regulate insulin sensitivity in liver. Nat Neurosci. 2010 Dec; 13(12):1457-9. PMID: 21037584; PMCID: PMC3059249.
    50. Xu Y, Hill JW, Fukuda M, Gautron L, Sohn JW, Kim KW, Lee CE, Choi MJ, Lauzon DA, Dhillon H, Lowell BB, Zigman JM, Zhao JJ, Elmquist JK. PI3K signaling in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus is required for normal energy homeostasis. Cell Metab. 2010 Jul 7; 12(1):88-95. PMID: 20620998; PMCID: PMC2919367.
    51. Hill JW, Elias CF, Fukuda M, Williams KW, Berglund ED, Holland WL, Cho YR, Chuang JC, Xu Y, Choi M, Lauzon D, Lee CE, Coppari R, Richardson JA, Zigman JM, Chua S, Scherer PE, Lowell BB, Brüning JC, Elmquist JK. Direct insulin and leptin action on pro-opiomelanocortin neurons is required for normal glucose homeostasis and fertility. Cell Metab. 2010 Apr 7; 11(4):286-97. PMID: 20374961; PMCID: PMC2854520.
    52. Hill JW, Xu Y, Preitner F, Fukuda M, Cho YR, Luo J, Balthasar N, Coppari R, Cantley LC, Kahn BB, Zhao JJ, Elmquist JK. Phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase signaling in hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin neurons contributes to the regulation of glucose homeostasis. Endocrinology. 2009 Nov; 150(11):4874-82. PMID: 19819947; PMCID: PMC2775989.
    53. Xu Y, Jones JE, Kohno D, Williams KW, Lee CE, Choi MJ, Anderson JG, Heisler LK, Zigman JM, Lowell BB, Elmquist JK. 5-HT2CRs expressed by pro-opiomelanocortin neurons regulate energy homeostasis. Neuron. 2008 Nov 26; 60(4):582-9. PMID: 19038216; PMCID: PMC2631191.
    54. Xu Y, Krukoff TL. Adrenomedullin stimulates nitric oxide production from primary rat hypothalamic neurons: roles of calcium and phosphatases. Mol Pharmacol. 2007 Jul; 72(1):112-20. PMID: 17446268.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Ma X, Wang H, Deng Y, Liu Z, Xu Y, Pan X, Musser JM, Graviss EA. rpoB Gene mutations and molecular characterization of rifampin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Shandong Province, China. J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Sep; 44(9):3409-12. PMID: 16954287; PMCID: PMC1594713.
    56. Xu Y, Krukoff TL. Adrenomedullin in the rostral ventrolateral medulla inhibits baroreflex control of heart rate: a role for protein kinase A. Br J Pharmacol. 2006 May; 148(1):70-7. PMID: 16501581; PMCID: PMC1617038.
    57. Xu Y, Krukoff TL. Adrenomedullin stimulates nitric oxide release from SK-N-SH human neuroblastoma cells by modulating intracellular calcium mobilization. Endocrinology. 2005 May; 146(5):2295-305. PMID: 15677761.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Xu Y, Krukoff TL. Decrease in arterial pressure induced by adrenomedullin in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus is mediated by nitric oxide and GABA. Regul Pept. 2004 Jun 15; 119(1-2):21-30. PMID: 15093693; PMCID: PMC4820401.
    59. Xu Y, Krukoff TL. Adrenomedullin in the rostral ventrolateral medulla increases arterial pressure and heart rate: roles of glutamate and nitric oxide. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2004 Oct; 287(4):R729-34. PMID: 15178541; PMCID: PMC4820402.
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