SAUL FLORES

TitleAssistant Professor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Pediatrics
Address6621 FANNIN
Houston, TX 77030
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse awards and honors
    2017Travel Award Recipient, Pediatric Heart Network
    2016Young Investigator Travel Award, Pediatric Academic Society
    2013Travel Award Recipient, America College of Cardiology
    2013Best Research Project, Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital
    2013Second Place in the Platform Presentation, Experimental Biology
    2013Young Investigator Travel Award, Experimental Biology
    2010Teacher of the Year Resident Award, John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital of Cook County
    2018Educational Scholarship Award, Texas Children's Hospital

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Dr. Flores provides care for patients with congenital and acquired heart disease requiring critical care at Texas Children's Hospital. Dr. Flores' research focuses on understanding stress response mechanisms after cardiopulmonary bypass for cardiac surgery in children.

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Loomba RS, Aggarwal G, Aggarwal S, Flores S, Villarreal EG, Farias JS, Lavie CJ. Disparities in case frequency and mortality of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among various states in the United States. Ann Med. 2021 12; 53(1):151-159. PMID: 33138653.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    2. Villarreal EG, Farias JS, Tweddell JS, Loomba RS, Flores S. Beta-blocker use after complete repair of tetralogy of Fallot: an analysis of a national database. Cardiol Young. 2021 Jul 08; 1-5. PMID: 34233773.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    3. Loomba RS, Culichia C, Schulz K, Vogel M, Savorgnan F, Flores S, Bronicki RA. Acute Effects of Vasopressin Arginine Infusion in Children with Congenital Heart Disease: Higher Blood Pressure Does Not Equal Improved Systemic Oxygen Delivery. Pediatr Cardiol. 2021 Jun 28. PMID: 34181038.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    4. Flores S, Villarreal EG, Lee B, Morales-Demori R, Farias JS, Ahmed M, Loomba RS, Savorgnan F. Impact of surfactant when utilized during pediatric cardiac surgery admissions: analysis of a nationwide database. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2021 Jun 17; 1-7. PMID: 34139955.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    5. Savorgnan F, Bhat PN, Checchia PA, Acosta S, Tume SC, Lasa JJ, Asadourian V, Achuff BJ, Flores S, Ahmed M, Crouthamel DI, Loomba RS, Bronicki RA. RBC Transfusion Induced ST Segment Variability Following the Norwood Procedure. Crit Care Explor. 2021 May; 3(5):e0417. PMID: 34036271.
      Citations:    
    6. Loomba RS, Villarreal EG, Farias JS, Aggarwal G, Aggarwal S, Flores S. Serum biomarkers for prediction of mortality in patients with COVID-19. Ann Clin Biochem. 2021 May 14; 45632211014244. PMID: 33874737.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    7. Loomba RS, Villarreal EG, Flores S. Letter by Loomba et al Regarding Article, "Acute Heart Failure in Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children in the Context of Global SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic". Circulation. 2021 03 09; 143(10):e755-e756. PMID: 33683950.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    8. Su E, Flores S, Ofori-Amanfo G. Finding a Path to Better Sepsis Outcomes in Critical Care Ultrasound, One Step at a Time. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2021 03 01; 22(3):329-332. PMID: 33657615.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Loomba RS, Sheikholeslami D, Dyson A, Flores S, Villarreal E, Torres J, Jacobs JP, Anderson RH. Publishing patterns and citation performance of manuscripts relating to paediatric cardiology and congenital heart disease: comparison of paediatric and adult cardiology journals. Cardiol Young. 2021 Feb 24; 1-5. PMID: 33622441.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    10. Loomba RS, Flores S, Bronicki R. Vasopressin in neonatal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: do perceived benefits translate to clinical outcome? J Perinatol. 2021 Apr; 41(4):905-906. PMID: 33603108.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    11. Loomba RS, Wong J, Davis M, Kane S, Heenan B, Farias JS, Villarreal EG, Flores S. Medical Interventions for Chylothorax and their Impacts on Need for Surgical Intervention and Admission Characteristics: A Multicenter, Retrospective Insight. Pediatr Cardiol. 2021 Mar; 42(3):543-553. PMID: 33394111.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    12. Loomba RS, Aggarwal G, Villarreal EG, Farias JS, Flores S, Lavie CJ, Aggarwal S. Factors associated with deep venous thrombosis in patients infected with coronavirus disease 2019: a meta-analysis. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2021 Jan 01; 32(1):23-28. PMID: 33196516.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Loomba RS, Rausa J, Dorsey V, Bronicki RA, Villarreal EG, Flores S. The impact of medical interventions on admission characteristics in children with congenital heart disease and cardiomyopathy. Cardiol Young. 2021 Mar; 31(3):406-413. PMID: 33222712.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Bronicki RA, Flores S, Loomba RS, Checchia PA, Pollack U, Villarreal EG, Nickerson P, Graham EM. Impact of Corticosteroids on Cardiopulmonary Bypass Induced Inflammation in Children:A Meta-Analysis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020 Dec 09. PMID: 33309732.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    15. Flores S, Bronicki RA, Gaies M. There Is a Child With Congenital Heart Disease in My Emergency Department and They Need an ICU Bed…. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2020 12; 21(12):1096-1097. PMID: 33278220.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Loomba RS, Villarreal EG, Farias JS, Bronicki RA, Flores S. Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Admissions for COVID-19: Insights Using State-Level Data. Int J Pediatr. 2020; 2020:9680905. PMID: 33299428.
      Citations: 1     
    17. Farias JS, Villarreal EG, Flores S, Mastropietro CW, Vogel M, Schulz K, Culichia C, Iliopoulos ID, Bronicki RA, Loomba RS. Effects of Vasopressin Infusion After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: A Meta-analysis. Pediatr Cardiol. 2021 Feb; 42(2):225-233. PMID: 33155084.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Radman M, Mastropietro CW, Costello JM, Amula V, Flores S, Caudill E, Karki K, Migally K, Narasimhulu S, Piggott K, Sassalos P, Wilhelm M, Moser EAS, Cashen K. Intermediate Outcomes After Repair of Anomalous Left Coronary Artery From the Pulmonary Artery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020 Sep 20. PMID: 32961142.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    19. Loomba RS, Villarreal E, Flores S. Reply to the letter concerning Kawasaki disease and Covid-19. Cardiol Young. 2020 09; 30(9):1373. PMID: 32641195.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    20. Kwiatkowski DM, Mastropietro CW, Cashen K, Chiwane S, Flores S, Iliopoulos I, Karki KB, Migally K, Radman MR, Riley CM, Sassalos P, Smerling J, Costello JM. Characteristics and Surgical Outcomes of Patients With Late Presentation of Anomalous Left Coronary Artery From the Pulmonary Artery: A Multicenter Study. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 Spring; 33(1):141-150. PMID: 32858217.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Villarreal EG, Rausa J, Chapel AC, Loomba RS, Flores S. Effects of Fenoldopam in the Pediatric Population: Fluid Status, Serum Biomarkers, and Hemodynamics: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Pediatr Intensive Care. 2021 Jun; 10(2):118-125. PMID: 33884212.
      Citations:    
    22. Loomba RS, Villarreal EG, Flores S. COVID-19 and Hyperinflammatory Syndrome in Children: Kawasaki Disease with Macrophage Activation Syndrome in Disguise? Cureus. 2020 Aug 01; 12(8):e9515. PMID: 32884871.
      Citations: 3     
    23. Aiello SR, Flores S, Coughlin M, Villarreal EG, Loomba RS. Antithrombin use during pediatric cardiac extracorporeal membrane oxygenation admission: insights from a national database. Perfusion. 2021 03; 36(2):138-145. PMID: 32650697.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    24. Loomba RS, Abdulkarim M, Bronicki RA, Villarreal EG, Flores S. Impact of sodium bicarbonate therapy on hemodynamic parameters in infants: a meta-analysis. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2020 Jul 06; 1-7. PMID: 32627614.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    25. Loomba RS, Villarreal E, Flores S. COVID-19 and Kawasaki syndrome: should we really be surprised? Cardiol Young. 2020 Jul; 30(7):1059-1060. PMID: 32412400.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    26. Villarreal EG, Aiello S, Evey LW, Flores S, Loomba RS. Effects of inhaled nitric oxide on haemodynamics and gas exchange in children after having undergone cardiac surgery utilising cardiopulmonary bypass. Cardiol Young. 2020 Aug; 30(8):1151-1156. PMID: 32638675.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Villarreal EG, Loomba RS, Flores S. Reply to Letter: Predictive value of preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio predicts low cardiac output in children after cardiac surgery. Cardiol Young. 2020 07; 30(7):1058. PMID: 32513332.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    28. Flores S, Iliopoulos I, Loomba RS, Opoka AM, Sahay RD, Fei L, Cooper DS. Glucocorticoid Receptor Polymorphisms in Children Undergoing Congenital Heart Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass. J Pediatr Intensive Care. 2020 Dec; 9(4):241-247. PMID: 33133738.
      Citations:    
    29. Flores S, Loomba RS, Bronicki RA. Capnography as a Hemodynamic Indicator: Another Heart Lung Interaction. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2020 04; 21(4):403-404. PMID: 32251192.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Villarreal EG, Flores S, Kriz C, Iranpour N, Bronicki RA, Loomba RS. Sodium nitroprusside versus nicardipine for hypertension management after surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Card Surg. 2020 May; 35(5):1021-1028. PMID: 32176355.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Flores S, Culichia CN, Villarreal EG, Savorgnan F, Checchia PA, Loomba RS. Xanthine Derivatives for Kidney Protection in the Critically Ill Pediatric Population: A Systematic Review. J Pediatr Intensive Care. 2020 Sep; 9(3):155-161. PMID: 32685242.
      Citations:    
    32. Iliopoulos I, Alder MN, Cooper DS, Villarreal EG, Loomba R, Sahay RD, Fei L, Steele PE, Flores S. Pre-operative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio predicts low cardiac output in children after cardiac surgery. Cardiol Young. 2020 Apr; 30(4):521-525. PMID: 32131918.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    33. Loomba RS, Villarreal EG, Bronicki RA, Flores S. Peritoneal dialysis during congenital heart surgery admissions: insights from a large database. Cardiol Young. 2020 Apr; 30(4):451-455. PMID: 32133970.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Loomba RS, Dorsey V, Villarreal EG, Flores S. The effect of milrinone on hemodynamic and gas exchange parameters in children. Cardiol Young. 2020 Jan; 30(1):55-61. PMID: 31845640.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Loomba RS, Ahmed M, Abdulkarim M, Villarreal EG, Flores S. Use of Sodium Bicarbonate During Pediatric Cardiac Admissions with Cardiac Arrest: Who Gets It and What Does It Do? Children (Basel). 2019 Dec 16; 6(12). PMID: 31888123.
      Citations:    
    36. Thomas L, Flores S, Wong J, Loomba R. Acute Effects of Hypoxic Gas Admixtures on Pulmonary Blood Flow and Regional Oxygenation in Children Awaiting Norwood Palliation. Cureus. 2019 Sep 18; 11(9):e5693. PMID: 31720161.
      Citations: 2     
    37. Loomba RS, Flores S, Villarreal EG, Bronicki RA, Anderson RH. Modified Single-Patch versus Two-Patch Repair for Atrioventricular Septal Defect: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2019 09; 10(5):616-623. PMID: 31496417.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Loomba RS, Flores S. Use of vasoactive agents in postoperative pediatric cardiac patients: Insights from a national database. Congenit Heart Dis. 2019 Nov; 14(6):1176-1184. PMID: 31454161.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Wong J, Loomba RS, Evey L, Bronicki RA, Flores S. Postoperative Inhaled Nitric Oxide Does Not Decrease Length of Stay in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Admissions. Pediatr Cardiol. 2019 Dec; 40(8):1559-1568. PMID: 31446473.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Kriz C, Flores S, Villarreal EG, Bronicki RA, Loomba RS. Impact of noonan syndrome on admissions for pediatric cardiac surgery. Minerva Pediatr. 2019 Jun 28. PMID: 31264394.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    41. Karikari S, Rausa J, Flores S, Loomba RS. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist versus conventional ventilation in the pediatric population: Are there benefits? Pediatr Pulmonol. 2019 09; 54(9):1374-1381. PMID: 31231985.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Flores S, Loomba RS, Checchia PA, Graham EM, Bronicki RA. Thyroid Hormone (Triiodothyronine) Therapy in Children After Congenital Heart Surgery: A Meta-Analysis. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020; 32(1):87-95. PMID: 31128253.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Flores S, Loomba RS, Elhoff JJ, Bronicki RA, Mery CM, Alsaied T, Alahdab F. Peritoneal Dialysis Vs Diuretics in Children After Congenital Heart Surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2019 09; 108(3):806-812. PMID: 31026428.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Loomba RS, Frommelt PC, Anderson RH, Flores S, Tweddell JS. Timing of Fontan Completion in Children with Functionally Univentricular Hearts and Isomerism: The Impact of Age, Weight, and Pre-Fontan Arterial Oxygen Saturation. Pediatr Cardiol. 2019 Apr; 40(4):753-761. PMID: 30671646.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Loomba RS, Gray SB, Flores S. Hemodynamic effects of ketamine in children with congenital heart disease and/or pulmonary hypertension. Congenit Heart Dis. 2018 Sep; 13(5):646-654. PMID: 30259660.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Flores S, Cooper DS, Opoka AM, Iliopoulos I, Pluckebaum S, Alder MN, Krallman KA, Sahay RD, Fei L, Wong HR. Characterization of the Glucocorticoid Receptor in Children Undergoing Cardiac Surgery. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 08; 19(8):705-712. PMID: 29677033.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Flores S, Checchia PA. Inflammatory and neurohormonal modulation for congenital heart surgery: The quest continues. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 09; 156(3):1207-1208. PMID: 30005886.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Flores S, Bronicki RA. Capnography and Outcomes in Congenital Cardiac Surgery…Ready for Prime Time? Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 04; 19(4):377-378. PMID: 29620710.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Flores S, Checchia PA. Recognition of Impending Systemic Failure. Pediatr Rev. 2017 Nov; 38(11):520-529. PMID: 29093120.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Flores S, Bronicki RA. Fluid Management After Congenital Cardiac Surgery: The Good, the Bad, and the Indifferent. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 07; 18(7):718-719. PMID: 28691960.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Flores S, FitzGerald MR, Iliopoulos I, Daily JA, Rodriguez M, Nelson DP, Wong HR, Menon K, Cooper DS. An International Survey of Corticosteroid Use for the Management of Low Cardiac Output Syndrome. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Jul; 18(7):630-637. PMID: 28459760.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Iliopoulos I, Flores S, Pratap JN, Cooper DS, Cassedy A, Nelson DP. Arginine-vasopressin therapy in hypotensive neonates and infants after cardiac surgery: response is unrelated to baseline ventricular function. Cardiol Young. 2017 Aug; 27(6):1031-1040. PMID: 27964765.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Basu R, Flores S, Cooper E. . Hypertension – Evaluation and Management. In Pediatric Current Concepts. Society of Critical Care Medicine. 2016.
    54. Flores S, Kimball TR, Nelson DP, Morales DL. Single-Stage Repair of an Unusual Association: Congenital Gerbode Defect, Hypoplastic Aortic Arch, and Partially Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return in an Infant. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2016 Jul; 7(4):502-5. PMID: 26852365.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Flores S, Moore RA, Statile CJ, Michelfelder EC, Wanstrath SG, Knilans TK, Morales DL, Cooper DS. Critical care for patients with congenital abnormalities of the coronary arteries. Cardiol Young. 2015 Dec; 25(8):1561-6. PMID: 26675604.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Flores S, Daily J, Pratap JN, Cash MC, Hirsch R. Management of a child with pulmonary arterial hypertension presenting with systemic hypertension. Cardiol Young. 2016 Feb; 26(2):378-81. PMID: 26082002.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Flores S, Short SR, Basu RK. Perioperative Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Heart Transplant Recipients and Patients Requiring ECMO. In Progress in Pediatric Cardiology. 2015.
    58. Moore RA, Flores S, Cooper DS. Critical care of patients with paediatric valvar cardiac disease. Cardiol Young. 2014 Dec; 24(6):1071-6. PMID: 25647381.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Flores S, Dangol A, Strainic JP, Hoit BD, Kouretas PC, Ashwath RC. Fetal diagnosis of superior vena cava aneurysm. Echocardiography. 2012 Nov; 29(10):E267-9. PMID: 22957823.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Watanabe M, Wikenheiser J, Ramirez-Bergeron D, Flores S, Dangol A, Karunamuni G, Thomas A, Montano M, Ashwath R. Cardiac vasculature; development, and pathology. In “Vasculogenesis". 2011.
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