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ROBERT LEGARE ATMAR

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Medicine
DivisionMedicine-Infectious Disease
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    Other Positions
    TitleProfessor
    InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
    DepartmentDepartment of Molecular Virology & Microbiology
    DivisionMolecular Virology & Microbiology


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    R21DK058955     (ATMAR, ROBERT L.)Sep 30, 2000 - Jun 30, 2003
    NIH/NIDDK
    FOODBORNE NORWALK-LIKE VIRUSES: ARE THEY INFECTIOUS?
    Role: Principal Investigator

    T32AI055413     (ATMAR, ROBERT L.)Aug 1, 2003 - May 31, 2019
    NIH/NIAID
    Research Training in Infection and Immunity
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Colston JM, Francois R, Pisanic N, Peñataro Yori P, McCormick BJJ, Olortegui MP, Gazi MA, Svensen E, Ahmed MMM, Mduma E, Liu J, Houpt ER, Klapheke R, Schwarz JW, Atmar RL, Black RE, Kosek MN. Effects of Child and Maternal Histo-Blood Group Antigen Status on Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Enteric Infections in Early Childhood. J Infect Dis. 2019 Jun 05; 220(1):151-162. PMID: 30768135.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Atmar RL, Baehner F, Cramer JP, Lloyd E, Sherwood J, Borkowski A, Mendelman PM. Antibody persistence to two Virus-Like Particle norovirus vaccine candidate formulations in healthy adults: one-year follow-up with memory probe vaccination. J Infect Dis. 2019 Apr 18. PMID: 31001633.
      View in: PubMed
    3. El Sahly HM, Atmar RL, Patel SM, Bellamy A, Liu L, Hong W, Zhu H, Guan Y, Keitel WA. Safety and immunogenicity of an 8 year interval heterologous prime-boost influenza A/H7N7-H7N9 vaccination. Vaccine. 2019 May 01; 37(19):2561-2568. PMID: 30955980.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kambhampati AK, Vargas B, Mushtaq M, Browne H, Grytdal S, Atmar RL, Vinjé J, Parashar UD, Lopman B, Hall AJ, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Cardemil CV. Active Surveillance for Norovirus in a US Veterans Affairs Patient Population, Houston, Texas, 2015-2016. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019 Apr; 6(4):ofz115. PMID: 30949545.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Zhang HH, Cortés-Penfield NW, Mandayam S, Niu J, Atmar RL, Wu E, Chen D, Zamani R, Shah MK. Dialysis Catheter-related Bloodstream Infections in Patients Receiving Hemodialysis on an Emergency-only Basis: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Mar 05; 68(6):1011-1016. PMID: 29986016.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Atmar RL, Cramer JP, Baehner F, Han C, Borkowski A, Mendelman PM. An Exploratory Study of the Salivary Immunoglobulin A Responses to 1 Dose of a Norovirus Virus-Like Particle Candidate Vaccine in Healthy Adults. J Infect Dis. 2019 Jan 09; 219(3):410-414. PMID: 30203081.
      View in: PubMed
    7. El Sahly HM, Gorchakov R, Lai L, Natrajan MS, Patel SM, Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Hoft DF, Barrett J, Bailey J, Edupuganti S, Raabe V, Wu HM, Fairley J, Rouphael N, Murray KO, Mulligan MJ. Clinical, Virologic, and Immunologic Characteristics of Zika Virus Infection in a Cohort of US Patients: Prolonged RNA Detection in Whole Blood. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019 Jan; 6(1):ofy352. PMID: 30697574.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Keitel WA, Atmar RL. Influenza Vaccines after Seven Decades: Still on the Learning Curve. J Infect Dis. 2018 Dec 14. PMID: 30561693.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Atmar RL, Ramani S, Estes MK. Human noroviruses: recent advances in a 50-year history. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2018 10; 31(5):422-432. PMID: 30102614.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Alvarado G, Ettayebi K, Atmar RL, Bombardi RG, Kose N, Estes MK, Crowe JE. Human Monoclonal Antibodies That Neutralize Pandemic GII.4 Noroviruses. Gastroenterology. 2018 12; 155(6):1898-1907. PMID: 30170116.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Costantini V, Morantz EK, Browne H, Ettayebi K, Zeng XL, Atmar RL, Estes MK, Vinjé J. Human Norovirus Replication in Human Intestinal Enteroids as Model to Evaluate Virus Inactivation. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018 08; 24(8):1453-1464. PMID: 30014841.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Hu L, Sankaran B, Laucirica DR, Patil K, Salmen W, Ferreon ACM, Tsoi PS, Lasanajak Y, Smith DF, Ramani S, Atmar RL, Estes MK, Ferreon JC, Prasad BVV. Glycan recognition in globally dominant human rotaviruses. Nat Commun. 2018 07 06; 9(1):2631. PMID: 29980685.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Cortes-Penfield NW, Ramani S, Estes MK, Atmar RL. Prospects and Challenges in the Development of a Norovirus Vaccine. Clin Ther. 2017 Aug; 39(8):1537-1549. PMID: 28756066.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Mulligan MJ, Stapleton JT, Keitel WA, Frey SE, Chen WH, Rouphael N, Edupuganti S, Beck A, Winokur PL, El Sahly HM, Patel SM, Atmar RL, Graham I, Anderson E, El-Kamary SS, Pasetti MF, Sztein MB, Hill H, Goll JB. Tularemia vaccine: Safety, reactogenicity, "Take" skin reactions, and antibody responses following vaccination with a new lot of the Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain - A phase 2 randomized clinical Trial. Vaccine. 2017 08 24; 35(36):4730-4737. PMID: 28750854.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Sharma S, Carlsson B, Czakó R, Vene S, Haglund M, Ludvigsson J, Larson G, Hammarström L, Sosnovtsev SV, Atmar RL, Green KY, Estes MK, Svensson L. Human Sera Collected between 1979 and 2010 Possess Blocking-Antibody Titers to Pandemic GII.4 Noroviruses Isolated over Three Decades. J Virol. 2017 07 15; 91(14). PMID: 28468886.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Shanker S, Hu L, Ramani S, Atmar RL, Estes MK, Venkataram Prasad BV. Structural features of glycan recognition among viral pathogens. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2017 06; 44:211-218. PMID: 28591681.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Ramani S, Neill FH, Ferreira J, Treanor JJ, Frey SE, Topham DJ, Goodwin RR, Borkowski A, Baehner F, Mendelman PM, Estes MK, Atmar RL. B-Cell Responses to Intramuscular Administration of a Bivalent Virus-Like Particle Human Norovirus Vaccine. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2017 May; 24(5). PMID: 28249841.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Jackson LA, Frey SE, El Sahly HM, Mulligan MJ, Winokur PL, Kotloff KL, Campbell JD, Atmar RL, Graham I, Anderson EJ, Anderson EL, Patel SM, Fields C, Keitel W, Rouphael N, Hill H, Goll JB. Safety and immunogenicity of a modified vaccinia Ankara vaccine using three immunization schedules and two modes of delivery: A randomized clinical non-inferiority trial. Vaccine. 2017 03 23; 35(13):1675-1682. PMID: 28256358.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Alam MJ, Walk ST, Endres BT, Basseres E, Khaleduzzaman M, Amadio J, Musick WL, Christensen JL, Kuo J, Atmar RL, Garey KW. Community Environmental Contamination of Toxigenic Clostridium difficile. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2017; 4(1):ofx018. PMID: 28480289.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Hurwitz AM, Huang W, Kou B, Estes MK, Atmar RL, Palzkill T. Identification and Characterization of Single-Chain Antibodies that Specifically Bind GI Noroviruses. PLoS One. 2017; 12(1):e0170162. PMID: 28095447.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Hurwitz AM, Huang W, Estes MK, Atmar RL, Palzkill T. Deep sequencing of phage-displayed peptide libraries reveals sequence motif that detects norovirus. Protein Eng Des Sel. 2017 Feb; 30(2):129-139. PMID: 28035012.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Chow DC, Rice K, Huang W, Atmar RL, Palzkill T. Engineering Specificity from Broad to Narrow: Design of a ß-Lactamase Inhibitory Protein (BLIP) Variant That Exclusively Binds and Detects KPC ß-Lactamase. ACS Infect Dis. 2016 12 09; 2(12):969-979. PMID: 27756125.
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    23. Shanker S, Czakó R, Sapparapu G, Alvarado G, Viskovska M, Sankaran B, Atmar RL, Crowe JE, Estes MK, Prasad BV. Structural basis for norovirus neutralization by an HBGA blocking human IgA antibody. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 10 04; 113(40):E5830-E5837. PMID: 27647885.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Qu L, Murakami K, Broughman JR, Lay MK, Guix S, Tenge VR, Atmar RL, Estes MK. Replication of Human Norovirus RNA in Mammalian Cells Reveals Lack of Interferon Response. J Virol. 2016 10 01; 90(19):8906-23. PMID: 27466422.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Ettayebi K, Crawford SE, Murakami K, Broughman JR, Karandikar U, Tenge VR, Neill FH, Blutt SE, Zeng XL, Qu L, Kou B, Opekun AR, Burrin D, Graham DY, Ramani S, Atmar RL, Estes MK. Replication of human noroviruses in stem cell-derived human enteroids. Science. 2016 09 23; 353(6306):1387-1393. PMID: 27562956.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Hesse S, Neill FH, Estes MK, Shanker S, Prasad BV, Ferreira J, Atmar RL. Correction for Hesse et al., Serological Responses to a Norovirus Nonstructural Fusion Protein after Vaccination and Infection. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2016 08; 23(8):735. PMID: 27495982.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Karandikar UC, Crawford SE, Ajami NJ, Murakami K, Kou B, Ettayebi K, Papanicolaou GA, Jongwutiwes U, Perales MA, Shia J, Mercer D, Finegold MJ, Vinjé J, Atmar RL, Estes MK. Detection of human norovirus in intestinal biopsies from immunocompromised transplant patients. J Gen Virol. 2016 09; 97(9):2291-300. PMID: 27412790.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Chou A, Nuila RE, Franco LM, Stager CE, Atmar RL, Zechiedrich L. Prevalence of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae-associated genes rmpA and magA in two tertiary hospitals in Houston, TX, USA. J Med Microbiol. 2016 Sep; 65(9):1047-8. PMID: 27392968.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Sapparapu G, Czakó R, Alvarado G, Shanker S, Prasad BV, Atmar RL, Estes MK, Crowe JE. Frequent Use of the IgA Isotype in Human B Cells Encoding Potent Norovirus-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies That Block HBGA Binding. PLoS Pathog. 2016 06; 12(6):e1005719. PMID: 27355511.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Atmar RL, Baehner F, Cramer JP, Song E, Borkowski A, Mendelman PM. Rapid Responses to 2 Virus-Like Particle Norovirus Vaccine Candidate Formulations in Healthy Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Infect Dis. 2016 Sep 15; 214(6):845-53. PMID: 27354368.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Prasad BV, Shanker S, Muhaxhiri Z, Deng L, Choi JM, Estes MK, Song Y, Palzkill T, Atmar RL. Antiviral targets of human noroviruses. Curr Opin Virol. 2016 06; 18:117-25. PMID: 27318434.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Ramani S, Estes MK, Atmar RL. Correlates of Protection against Norovirus Infection and Disease-Where Are We Now, Where Do We Go? PLoS Pathog. 2016 04; 12(4):e1005334. PMID: 27115358.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Chen H, Hagström AE, Kim J, Garvey G, Paterson A, Ruiz-Ruiz F, Raja B, Strych U, Rito-Palomares M, Kourentzi K, Conrad JC, Atmar RL, Willson RC. Flotation Immunoassay: Masking the Signal from Free Reporters in Sandwich Immunoassays. Sci Rep. 2016 Apr 14; 6:24297. PMID: 27075635.
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    34. Hesse S, Neill FH, Estes MK, Shanker S, Prasad BV, Ferreira J, Atmar RL. Serological Responses to a Norovirus Nonstructural Fusion Protein after Vaccination and Infection. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2016 02; 23(2):181-3. PMID: 26656120.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Mbawuike IN, Atmar RL, Patel SM, Corry DB, Winokur PL, Brady RC, Chen WH, Edwards KM, Creech CB, Walter EB, Frey SE, Belshe RB, Goll JB, Hill H, Keitel WA. Cell mediated immune responses following revaccination with an influenza A/H5N1 vaccine. Vaccine. 2016 Jan 20; 34(4):547-554. PMID: 26657997.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Cherian J, Atmar RL, Gopinath SP. Shunting in cryptococcal meningitis. J Neurosurg. 2016 07; 125(1):177-86. PMID: 26517766.
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    37. Atmar RL, Keitel WA. Influenza Vaccination of Patients Receiving Statins: Where Do We Go From Here? J Infect Dis. 2016 Apr 15; 213(8):1211-3. PMID: 26516140.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Kou B, Huang W, Neill FH, Palzkill T, Estes MK, Atmar RL. Norovirus Antigen Detection with a Combination of Monoclonal and Single-Chain Antibodies. J Clin Microbiol. 2015 Dec; 53(12):3916-8. PMID: 26447115.
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    39. Aitken SL, Alam MJ, Khaleduzzaman M, Khaleduzzuman M, Walk ST, Musick WL, Pham VP, Christensen JL, Atmar RL, Xie Y, Garey KW. In the Endemic Setting, Clostridium difficile Ribotype 027 Is Virulent But Not Hypervirulent. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2015 Nov; 36(11):1318-23. PMID: 26288985.
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    40. Jackson LA, Campbell JD, Frey SE, Edwards KM, Keitel WA, Kotloff KL, Berry AA, Graham I, Atmar RL, Creech CB, Thomsen IP, Patel SM, Gutierrez AF, Anderson EL, El Sahly HM, Hill H, Noah DL, Bellamy AR. Effect of Varying Doses of a Monovalent H7N9 Influenza Vaccine With and Without AS03 and MF59 Adjuvants on Immune Response: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2015 Jul 21; 314(3):237-46. PMID: 26197184.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Frey SE, Wald A, Edupuganti S, Jackson LA, Stapleton JT, El Sahly H, El-Kamary SS, Edwards K, Keyserling H, Winokur P, Keitel W, Hill H, Goll JB, Anderson EL, Graham IL, Johnston C, Mulligan M, Rouphael N, Atmar R, Patel S, Chen W, Kotloff K, Creech CB, Chaplin P, Belshe RB. Comparison of lyophilized versus liquid modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA) formulations and subcutaneous versus intradermal routes of administration in healthy vaccinia-naïve subjects. Vaccine. 2015 Sep 22; 33(39):5225-34. PMID: 26143613.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Zhai Y, Franco LM, Atmar RL, Quarles JM, Arden N, Bucasas KL, Wells JM, Niño D, Wang X, Zapata GE, Shaw CA, Belmont JW, Couch RB. Host Transcriptional Response to Influenza and Other Acute Respiratory Viral Infections--A Prospective Cohort Study. PLoS Pathog. 2015 Jun; 11(6):e1004869. PMID: 26070066.
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    43. Atmar RL, Bernstein DI, Lyon GM, Treanor JJ, Al-Ibrahim MS, Graham DY, Vinjé J, Jiang X, Gregoricus N, Frenck RW, Moe CL, Chen WH, Ferreira J, Barrett J, Opekun AR, Estes MK, Borkowski A, Baehner F, Goodwin R, Edmonds A, Mendelman PM. Serological Correlates of Protection against a GII.4 Norovirus. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2015 Aug; 22(8):923-9. PMID: 26041041.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Hagström AE, Garvey G, Paterson AS, Dhamane S, Adhikari M, Estes MK, Strych U, Kourentzi K, Atmar RL, Willson RC. Sensitive detection of norovirus using phage nanoparticle reporters in lateral-flow assay. PLoS One. 2015; 10(5):e0126571. PMID: 25978622.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Ye X, Van JN, Munoz FM, Revell PA, Kozinetz CA, Krance RA, Atmar RL, Estes MK, Koo HL. Noroviruses as a Cause of Diarrhea in Immunocompromised Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell and Solid Organ Transplant Recipients. Am J Transplant. 2015 Jul; 15(7):1874-81. PMID: 25788003.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Ramani S, Neill FH, Opekun AR, Gilger MA, Graham DY, Estes MK, Atmar RL. Mucosal and Cellular Immune Responses to Norwalk Virus. J Infect Dis. 2015 Aug 01; 212(3):397-405. PMID: 25635121.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Czakó R, Atmar RL, Opekun AR, Gilger MA, Graham DY, Estes MK. Experimental human infection with Norwalk virus elicits a surrogate neutralizing antibody response with cross-genogroup activity. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2015 Feb; 22(2):221-8. PMID: 25540269.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Crawford SE, Ajami N, Parker TD, Kitamoto N, Natori K, Takeda N, Tanaka T, Kou B, Atmar RL, Estes MK. Mapping broadly reactive norovirus genogroup I and II monoclonal antibodies. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2015 Feb; 22(2):168-77. PMID: 25428246.
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    49. Kou B, Crawford SE, Ajami NJ, Czakó R, Neill FH, Tanaka TN, Kitamoto N, Palzkill TG, Estes MK, Atmar RL. Characterization of cross-reactive norovirus-specific monoclonal antibodies. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2015 Feb; 22(2):160-7. PMID: 25428247.
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    50. Sundararajan A, Sangster MY, Frey S, Atmar RL, Chen WH, Ferreira J, Bargatze R, Mendelman PM, Treanor JJ, Topham DJ. Robust mucosal-homing antibody-secreting B cell responses induced by intramuscular administration of adjuvanted bivalent human norovirus-like particle vaccine. Vaccine. 2015 Jan 15; 33(4):568-76. PMID: 25444793.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Frey SE, Bernstein DI, Brady RC, Keitel WA, El Sahly H, Rouphael NG, Mulligan MJ, Atmar RL, Edupuganti S, Patel SM, Dickey M, Graham I, Anderson EL, Noah DL, Hill H, Wolff M, Belshe RB. Phase II trial in adults of concurrent or sequential 2009 pandemic H1N1 and 2009-2010 seasonal trivalent influenza vaccinations. Vaccine. 2015 Jan 01; 33(1):163-73. PMID: 25444805.
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    52. Bernstein DI, Atmar RL, Lyon GM, Treanor JJ, Chen WH, Jiang X, Vinjé J, Gregoricus N, Frenck RW, Moe CL, Al-Ibrahim MS, Barrett J, Ferreira J, Estes MK, Graham DY, Goodwin R, Borkowski A, Clemens R, Mendelman PM. Norovirus vaccine against experimental human GII.4 virus illness: a challenge study in healthy adults. J Infect Dis. 2015 Mar 15; 211(6):870-8. PMID: 25210140.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Katayama K, Murakami K, Sharp TM, Guix S, Oka T, Takai-Todaka R, Nakanishi A, Crawford SE, Atmar RL, Estes MK. Plasmid-based human norovirus reverse genetics system produces reporter-tagged progeny virus containing infectious genomic RNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Sep 23; 111(38):E4043-52. PMID: 25192933.
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    54. Venkataram Prasad BV, Shanker S, Hu L, Choi JM, Crawford SE, Ramani S, Czako R, Atmar RL, Estes MK. Structural basis of glycan interaction in gastroenteric viral pathogens. Curr Opin Virol. 2014 Aug; 7:119-27. PMID: 25073118.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Atmar RL, Opekun AR, Estes MK, Graham DY. Reply to Kirby et al. J Infect Dis. 2015 Jan 01; 211(1):167. PMID: 25015947.
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    56. Qu L, Vongpunsawad S, Atmar RL, Prasad BV, Estes MK. Development of a Gaussia luciferase-based human norovirus protease reporter system: cell type-specific profile of Norwalk virus protease precursors and evaluation of inhibitors. J Virol. 2014 Sep; 88(18):10312-26. PMID: 25008934.
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    57. Treanor JJ, Atmar RL, Frey SE, Gormley R, Chen WH, Ferreira J, Goodwin R, Borkowski A, Clemens R, Mendelman PM. A novel intramuscular bivalent norovirus virus-like particle vaccine candidate--reactogenicity, safety, and immunogenicity in a phase 1 trial in healthy adults. J Infect Dis. 2014 Dec 01; 210(11):1763-71. PMID: 24951828.
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    58. Huang W, Samanta M, Crawford SE, Estes MK, Neill FH, Atmar RL, Palzkill T. Identification of human single-chain antibodies with broad reactivity for noroviruses. Protein Eng Des Sel. 2014 Oct; 27(10):339-49. PMID: 24946948.
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    59. Shanker S, Czako R, Sankaran B, Atmar RL, Estes MK, Prasad BV. Structural analysis of determinants of histo-blood group antigen binding specificity in genogroup I noroviruses. J Virol. 2014 Jun; 88(11):6168-80. PMID: 24648450.
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    60. Ramani S, Atmar RL, Estes MK. Epidemiology of human noroviruses and updates on vaccine development. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2014 Jan; 30(1):25-33. PMID: 24232370.
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    61. Ajami NJ, Kavanagh OV, Ramani S, Crawford SE, Atmar RL, Jiang ZD, Okhuysen PC, Estes MK, DuPont HL. Seroepidemiology of norovirus-associated travelers' diarrhea. J Travel Med. 2014 Jan-Feb; 21(1):6-11. PMID: 24383649.
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    62. Atmar RL, Opekun AR, Gilger MA, Estes MK, Crawford SE, Neill FH, Ramani S, Hill H, Ferreira J, Graham DY. Determination of the 50% human infectious dose for Norwalk virus. J Infect Dis. 2014 Apr 01; 209(7):1016-22. PMID: 24253285.
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    63. Miura T, Parnaudeau S, Grodzki M, Okabe S, Atmar RL, Le Guyader FS. Environmental detection of genogroup I, II, and IV noroviruses by using a generic real-time reverse transcription-PCR assay. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013 Nov; 79(21):6585-92. PMID: 23956397.
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    64. Schaeffer J, Le Saux JC, Lora M, Atmar RL, Le Guyader FS. Norovirus contamination on French marketed oysters. Int J Food Microbiol. 2013 Sep 02; 166(2):244-8. PMID: 23973835.
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    65. Keitel WA, Dai Z, Awe RW, Atmar RL, Morris S, Schneerson R, Robbins JB. Effects of infection and disease with Mycobacterium tuberculosis on serum antibody to glucan and arabinomannan: two surface polysaccharides of this pathogen. BMC Infect Dis. 2013 Jun 19; 13:276. PMID: 23783070.
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    66. Cacao E, Sherlock T, Nasrullah A, Kemper S, Knoop J, Kourentzi K, Ruchhoeft P, Stein GE, Atmar RL, Willson RC. Helium beam shadowing for high spatial resolution patterning of antibodies on microstructured diagnostic surfaces. Biointerphases. 2013 Dec; 8(1):9. PMID: 24706125.
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    67. Rogers JD, Ajami NJ, Fryszczyn BG, Estes MK, Atmar RL, Palzkill T. Identification and characterization of a peptide affinity reagent for detection of noroviruses in clinical samples. J Clin Microbiol. 2013 Jun; 51(6):1803-8. PMID: 23554202.
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    68. Nofs SA, Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Hanlon C, Stanton JJ, Tan J, Flanagan JP, Howard L, Ling PD. Prenatal passive transfer of maternal immunity in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2013 Jun 15; 153(3-4):308-11. PMID: 23582266.
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    69. Herbst-Kralovetz MM, Radtke AL, Lay MK, Hjelm BE, Bolick AN, Sarker SS, Atmar RL, Kingsley DH, Arntzen CJ, Estes MK, Nickerson CA. Lack of norovirus replication and histo-blood group antigen expression in 3-dimensional intestinal epithelial cells. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 Mar; 19(3):431-8. PMID: 23622517.
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    70. Couch RB, Atmar RL, Franco LM, Quarles JM, Wells J, Arden N, Niño D, Belmont JW. Antibody correlates and predictors of immunity to naturally occurring influenza in humans and the importance of antibody to the neuraminidase. J Infect Dis. 2013 Mar 15; 207(6):974-81. PMID: 23307936.
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    71. Couch RB, Decker WK, Utama B, Atmar RL, Niño D, Feng JQ, Halpert MM, Air GM. Evaluations for in vitro correlates of immunogenicity of inactivated influenza a H5, H7 and H9 vaccines in humans. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e50830. PMID: 23239987.
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    72. Couch RB, Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Quarles JM, Wells J, Arden N, Niño D. Randomized comparative study of the serum antihemagglutinin and antineuraminidase antibody responses to six licensed trivalent influenza vaccines. Vaccine. 2012 Dec 17; 31(1):190-5. PMID: 23107591.
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    73. Ajami NJ, Barry MA, Carrillo B, Muhaxhiri Z, Neill FH, Prasad BV, Opekun AR, Gilger MA, Graham DY, Atmar RL, Estes MK. Antibody responses to norovirus genogroup GI.1 and GII.4 proteases in volunteers administered Norwalk virus. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012 Dec; 19(12):1980-3. PMID: 23035177.
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    74. Sharp TM, Crawford SE, Ajami NJ, Neill FH, Atmar RL, Katayama K, Utama B, Estes MK. Secretory pathway antagonism by calicivirus homologues of Norwalk virus nonstructural protein p22 is restricted to noroviruses. Virol J. 2012 Sep 03; 9:181. PMID: 22943503.
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    75. Patel SM, Atmar RL, El Sahly HM, Guo K, Hill H, Keitel WA. Direct comparison of an inactivated subvirion influenza A virus subtype H5N1 vaccine administered by the intradermal and intramuscular routes. J Infect Dis. 2012 Oct 01; 206(7):1069-77. PMID: 22891287.
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    76. Koo HL, Neill FH, Estes MK, Munoz FM, Cameron A, DuPont HL, Atmar RL. Noroviruses: The Most Common Pediatric Viral Enteric Pathogen at a Large University Hospital After Introduction of Rotavirus Vaccination. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2013 Mar; 2(1):57-60. PMID: 23687584.
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    77. Finkbeiner SR, Zeng XL, Utama B, Atmar RL, Shroyer NF, Estes MK. Stem cell-derived human intestinal organoids as an infection model for rotaviruses. MBio. 2012; 3(4):e00159-12. PMID: 22761392.
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    78. Tseng CT, Sbrana E, Iwata-Yoshikawa N, Newman PC, Garron T, Atmar RL, Peters CJ, Couch RB. Immunization with SARS coronavirus vaccines leads to pulmonary immunopathology on challenge with the SARS virus. PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e35421. PMID: 22536382.
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    79. Czakó R, Atmar RL, Opekun AR, Gilger MA, Graham DY, Estes MK. Serum hemagglutination inhibition activity correlates with protection from gastroenteritis in persons infected with Norwalk virus. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012 Feb; 19(2):284-7. PMID: 22190401.
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    80. Atmar RL, Bernstein DI, Harro CD, Al-Ibrahim MS, Chen WH, Ferreira J, Estes MK, Graham DY, Opekun AR, Richardson C, Mendelman PM. Norovirus vaccine against experimental human Norwalk Virus illness. N Engl J Med. 2011 Dec 08; 365(23):2178-87. PMID: 22150036.
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    81. Le Guyader FS, Atmar RL, Le Pendu J. Transmission of viruses through shellfish: when specific ligands come into play. Curr Opin Virol. 2012 Feb; 2(1):103-10. PMID: 22440973.
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    82. Atmar RL, Piedra PA, Patel SM, Greenberg SB, Couch RB, Glezen WP. Picornavirus, the most common respiratory virus causing infection among patients of all ages hospitalized with acute respiratory illness. J Clin Microbiol. 2012 Feb; 50(2):506-8. PMID: 22116142.
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    83. Couch RB, Atmar RL, Franco LM, Quarles JM, Niño D, Wells JM, Arden N, Cheung S, Belmont JW. Prior infections with seasonal influenza A/H1N1 virus reduced the illness severity and epidemic intensity of pandemic H1N1 influenza in healthy adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Feb 01; 54(3):311-7. PMID: 22075792.
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    84. Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Quarles JM, Cate TR, Patel SM, Nino D, Wells J, Arden N, Guo K, Hill H, Couch RB. Evaluation of age-related differences in the immunogenicity of a G9 H9N2 influenza vaccine. Vaccine. 2011 Oct 19; 29(45):8066-72. PMID: 21864622.
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    85. Shanker S, Choi JM, Sankaran B, Atmar RL, Estes MK, Prasad BV. Structural analysis of histo-blood group antigen binding specificity in a norovirus GII.4 epidemic variant: implications for epochal evolution. J Virol. 2011 Sep; 85(17):8635-45. PMID: 21715503.
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    86. Kavanagh O, Estes MK, Reeck A, Raju RM, Opekun AR, Gilger MA, Graham DY, Atmar RL. Serological responses to experimental Norwalk virus infection measured using a quantitative duplex time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2011 Jul; 18(7):1187-90. PMID: 21593238.
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    87. Maalouf H, Schaeffer J, Parnaudeau S, Le Pendu J, Atmar RL, Crawford SE, Le Guyader FS. Strain-dependent norovirus bioaccumulation in oysters. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011 May; 77(10):3189-96. PMID: 21441327.
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    88. Atmar RL, Patel SM, Keitel WA. Intanza(®): a new intradermal vaccine for seasonal influenza. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2010 Dec; 9(12):1399-409. PMID: 21105776.
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    89. Reeck A, Kavanagh O, Estes MK, Opekun AR, Gilger MA, Graham DY, Atmar RL. Serological correlate of protection against norovirus-induced gastroenteritis. J Infect Dis. 2010 Oct 15; 202(8):1212-8. PMID: 20815703.
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    90. El Sahly HM, Patel SM, Atmar RL, Lanford TA, Dube T, Thompson D, Sim BK, Long C, Keitel WA. Safety and immunogenicity of a recombinant nonglycosylated erythrocyte binding antigen 175 Region II malaria vaccine in healthy adults living in an area where malaria is not endemic. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2010 Oct; 17(10):1552-9. PMID: 20702657.
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    91. Lay MK, Atmar RL, Guix S, Bharadwaj U, He H, Neill FH, Sastry KJ, Yao Q, Estes MK. Norwalk virus does not replicate in human macrophages or dendritic cells derived from the peripheral blood of susceptible humans. Virology. 2010 Oct 10; 406(1):1-11. PMID: 20667573.
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    92. Ajami N, Koo H, Darkoh C, Atmar RL, Okhuysen PC, Jiang ZD, Flores J, Dupont HL. Characterization of norovirus-associated traveler's diarrhea. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Jul 15; 51(2):123-30. PMID: 20540620.
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    93. Koo HL, Ajami N, Atmar RL, DuPont HL. Noroviruses: The leading cause of gastroenteritis worldwide. Discov Med. 2010 Jul; 10(50):61-70. PMID: 20670600.
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    94. Maalouf H, Zakhour M, Le Pendu J, Le Saux JC, Atmar RL, Le Guyader FS. Distribution in tissue and seasonal variation of norovirus genogroup I and II ligands in oysters. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010 Aug; 76(16):5621-30. PMID: 20562271.
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    95. Singh M, Lee SH, Porter P, Xu C, Ohno A, Atmar RL, Greenberg SB, Bandi V, Gern J, Amineva S, Aminev A, Skern T, Smithwick P, Perusich S, Barrow N, Roberts L, Corry DB, Kheradmand F. Human rhinovirus proteinase 2A induces TH1 and TH2 immunity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 Jun; 125(6):1369-1378.e2. PMID: 20430426.
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    96. Koo HL, Ajami NJ, Jiang ZD, Neill FH, Atmar RL, Ericsson CD, Okhuysen PC, Taylor DN, Bourgeois AL, Steffen R, DuPont HL. Noroviruses as a cause of diarrhea in travelers to Guatemala, India, and Mexico. J Clin Microbiol. 2010 May; 48(5):1673-6. PMID: 20305012.
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    97. Le Guyader FS, Krol J, Ambert-Balay K, Ruvoen-Clouet N, Desaubliaux B, Parnaudeau S, Le Saux JC, Ponge A, Pothier P, Atmar RL, Le Pendu J. Comprehensive analysis of a norovirus-associated gastroenteritis outbreak, from the environment to the consumer. J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Mar; 48(3):915-20. PMID: 20053852.
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    98. Atmar RL. Noroviruses - State of the Art. Food Environ Virol. 2010; 2(3):117-126. PMID: 20814448.
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    99. Cate TR, Rayford Y, Niño D, Winokur P, Brady R, Belshe R, Chen W, Atmar RL, Couch RB. A high dosage influenza vaccine induced significantly more neuraminidase antibody than standard vaccine among elderly subjects. Vaccine. 2010 Feb 25; 28(9):2076-9. PMID: 20044052.
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    100. Patel SM, Atmar RL, El Sahly HM, Cate TR, Keitel WA. A phase I evaluation of inactivated influenza A/H5N1 vaccine administered by the intradermal or the intramuscular route. Vaccine. 2010 Apr 09; 28(17):3025-9. PMID: 19931380.
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    101. Couch RB, Atmar RL, Cate TR, Quarles JM, Keitel WA, Arden NH, Wells J, Niño D, Wyde PR. Contrasting effects of type I interferon as a mucosal adjuvant for influenza vaccine in mice and humans. Vaccine. 2009 Aug 27; 27(39):5344-8. PMID: 19607949.
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    102. Brady RC, Treanor JJ, Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Edelman R, Chen WH, Winokur P, Belshe R, Graham IL, Noah DL, Guo K, Hill H. Safety and immunogenicity of a subvirion inactivated influenza A/H5N1 vaccine with or without aluminum hydroxide among healthy elderly adults. Vaccine. 2009 Aug 13; 27(37):5091-5. PMID: 19577636.
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    103. El Sahly HM, Atmar RL, Patel SM, Wells JM, Cate T, Ho M, Guo K, Pasetti MF, Lewis DE, Sztein MB, Keitel WA. Safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain in humans. Vaccine. 2009 Aug 06; 27(36):4905-11. PMID: 19567246.
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    104. Koo HL, Ajami NJ, Jiang ZD, Atmar RL, DuPont HL. Norovirus infection as a cause of sporadic healthcare-associated diarrhoea. J Hosp Infect. 2009 Jun; 72(2):185-7. PMID: 19380178.
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    105. Koo HL, Ajami NJ, Jiang ZD, Dupont HL, Atmar RL, Lewis D, Byers P, Abraham P, Quijano RA, Musher DM, Young EJ. A nosocomial outbreak of norovirus infection masquerading as clostridium difficile infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Apr 01; 48(7):e75-7. PMID: 19245344.
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    106. Atmar RL, Keitel WA. Adjuvants for pandemic influenza vaccines. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2009; 333:323-44. PMID: 19768413.
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    107. Le Guyader FS, Parnaudeau S, Schaeffer J, Bosch A, Loisy F, Pommepuy M, Atmar RL. Detection and quantification of noroviruses in shellfish. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009 Feb; 75(3):618-24. PMID: 19047383.
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    108. Le Guyader FS, Le Saux JC, Ambert-Balay K, Krol J, Serais O, Parnaudeau S, Giraudon H, Delmas G, Pommepuy M, Pothier P, Atmar RL. Aichi virus, norovirus, astrovirus, enterovirus, and rotavirus involved in clinical cases from a French oyster-related gastroenteritis outbreak. J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Dec; 46(12):4011-7. PMID: 18842942.
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    109. Atmar RL, Opekun AR, Gilger MA, Estes MK, Crawford SE, Neill FH, Graham DY. Norwalk virus shedding after experimental human infection. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 Oct; 14(10):1553-7. PMID: 18826818.
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    110. Keitel WA, Atmar RL, Nino D, Cate TR, Couch RB. Increasing doses of an inactivated influenza A/H1N1 vaccine induce increasing levels of cross-reacting antibody to subsequent, antigenically different, variants. J Infect Dis. 2008 Oct 01; 198(7):1016-8. PMID: 18729777.
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    111. Livorsi DJ, Daver NG, Atmar RL, Shelburne SA, White AC, Musher DM. Outcomes of treatment for hematogenous Staphylococcus aureus vertebral osteomyelitis in the MRSA ERA. J Infect. 2008 Aug; 57(2):128-31. PMID: 18562009.
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    112. Boyd LB, Atmar RL, Randall GL, Hamill RJ, Steffen D, Zechiedrich L. Increased fluoroquinolone resistance with time in Escherichia coli from >17,000 patients at a large county hospital as a function of culture site, age, sex, and location. BMC Infect Dis. 2008 Jan 15; 8:4. PMID: 18197977.
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    113. Shelburne SA, Singh KV, White AC, Byrne L, Carmer A, Austin C, Graviss E, Stager C, Murray BE, Atmar RL. Sequential outbreaks of infections by distinct Acinetobacter baumannii strains in a public teaching hospital in Houston, Texas. J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Jan; 46(1):198-205. PMID: 18003801.
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    114. Guix S, Asanaka M, Katayama K, Crawford SE, Neill FH, Atmar RL, Estes MK. Norwalk virus RNA is infectious in mammalian cells. J Virol. 2007 Nov; 81(22):12238-48. PMID: 17855551.
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    115. Keitel WA, Atmar RL. Preparing for a possible pandemic: influenza A/H5N1 vaccine development. Curr Opin Pharmacol. 2007 Oct; 7(5):484-90. PMID: 17644429.
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    116. Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Cate TR, Munoz FM, Ruben F, Couch RB. A dose-response evaluation of inactivated influenza vaccine given intranasally and intramuscularly to healthy young adults. Vaccine. 2007 Jul 20; 25(29):5367-73. PMID: 17559990.
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    117. Bennett BL, Garofalo RP, Cron SG, Hosakote YM, Atmar RL, Macias CG, Piedra PA. Immunopathogenesis of respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. J Infect Dis. 2007 May 15; 195(10):1532-40. PMID: 17436234.
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    118. Yee EL, Palacio H, Atmar RL, Shah U, Kilborn C, Faul M, Gavagan TE, Feigin RD, Versalovic J, Neill FH, Panlilio AL, Miller M, Spahr J, Glass RI. Widespread outbreak of norovirus gastroenteritis among evacuees of Hurricane Katrina residing in a large "megashelter" in Houston, Texas: lessons learned for prevention. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Apr 15; 44(8):1032-9. PMID: 17366445.
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    119. Couch RB, Winokur P, Edwards KM, Black S, Atmar RL, Stapleton JT, Kissner JM, Shinefield H, Denny TN, Bybel MJ, Newman FK, Yan L. Reducing the dose of smallpox vaccine reduces vaccine-associated morbidity without reducing vaccination success rates or immune responses. J Infect Dis. 2007 Mar 15; 195(6):826-32. PMID: 17299712.
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    120. Chinowsky TM, Soelberg SD, Baker P, Swanson NR, Kauffman P, Mactutis A, Grow MS, Atmar R, Yee SS, Furlong CE. Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection. Biosens Bioelectron. 2007 Apr 15; 22(9-10):2268-75. PMID: 17223032.
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    121. Estes MK, Prasad BV, Atmar RL. Noroviruses everywhere: has something changed? Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2006 Oct; 19(5):467-74. PMID: 16940871.
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    122. Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Patel SM, Katz JM, She D, El Sahly H, Pompey J, Cate TR, Couch RB. Safety and immunogenicity of nonadjuvanted and MF59-adjuvanted influenza A/H9N2 vaccine preparations. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Nov 01; 43(9):1135-42. PMID: 17029131.
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    123. Le Guyader F, Loisy F, Atmar RL, Hutson AM, Estes MK, Ruvoën-Clouet N, Pommepuy M, Le Pendu J. Norwalk virus-specific binding to oyster digestive tissues. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Jun; 12(6):931-6. PMID: 16707048.
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    124. Atmar RL, Estes MK. The epidemiologic and clinical importance of norovirus infection. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2006 Jun; 35(2):275-90, viii. PMID: 16880066.
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    125. Keitel WA, Atmar RL, Cate TR, Petersen NJ, Greenberg SB, Ruben F, Couch RB. Safety of high doses of influenza vaccine and effect on antibody responses in elderly persons. Arch Intern Med. 2006 May 22; 166(10):1121-7. PMID: 16717175.
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    126. Ison MG, Gubareva LV, Atmar RL, Treanor J, Hayden FG. Recovery of drug-resistant influenza virus from immunocompromised patients: a case series. J Infect Dis. 2006 Mar 15; 193(6):760-4. PMID: 16479508.
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    127. Hanania NA, Atmar RL, Castro M. Influenza vaccine in patients with asthma. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2006 Feb; 5(1):111-8. PMID: 16451113.
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    128. Loisy F, Atmar RL, Le Saux JC, Cohen J, Caprais MP, Pommepuy M, Le Guyader FS. Use of rotavirus virus-like particles as surrogates to evaluate virus persistence in shellfish. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005 Oct; 71(10):6049-53. PMID: 16204520.
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    129. Hutson AM, Airaud F, LePendu J, Estes MK, Atmar RL. Norwalk virus infection associates with secretor status genotyped from sera. J Med Virol. 2005 Sep; 77(1):116-20. PMID: 16032732.
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    130. Asanaka M, Atmar RL, Ruvolo V, Crawford SE, Neill FH, Estes MK. Replication and packaging of Norwalk virus RNA in cultured mammalian cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Jul 19; 102(29):10327-32. PMID: 16002473.
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    131. Atmar RL. Uncommon(ly considered) manifestations of infection with rhinovirus, agent of the common cold. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Jul 15; 41(2):266-7. PMID: 15983927.
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    132. Greenberg BM, Atmar RL, Stager CE, Greenberg SB. Bacteraemia in the elderly: predictors of outcome in an urban teaching hospital. J Infect. 2005 May; 50(4):288-95. PMID: 15845426.
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    133. Beckham JD, Cadena A, Lin J, Piedra PA, Glezen WP, Greenberg SB, Atmar RL. Respiratory viral infections in patients with chronic, obstructive pulmonary disease. J Infect. 2005 May; 50(4):322-30. PMID: 15845430.
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    134. Shelburne SA, Darcourt J, White AC, Greenberg SB, Hamill RJ, Atmar RL, Visnegarwala F. The role of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in AIDS-related Cryptococcus neoformans disease in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Apr 01; 40(7):1049-52. PMID: 15825000.
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    135. Loisy F, Atmar RL, Guillon P, Le Cann P, Pommepuy M, Le Guyader FS. Real-time RT-PCR for norovirus screening in shellfish. J Virol Methods. 2005 Jan; 123(1):1-7. PMID: 15582692.
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    136. Trautner BW, Atmar RL, Hulstrom A, Darouiche RO. Inactivated influenza vaccination for people with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Nov; 85(11):1886-9. PMID: 15520986.
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    137. Hutson AM, Estes MK, Atmar RL. Re: Nosocomial outbreak of norovirus gastroenteritis and investigation of ABO histo-blood group type in infected staff and patients. J Hosp Infect. 2004 Oct; 58(2):163-4. PMID: 15474193.
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    138. Loisy F, Atmar RL, Cohen J, Bosch A, Le Guyader FS. Rotavirus VLP2/6: a new tool for tracking rotavirus in the marine environment. Res Microbiol. 2004 Sep; 155(7):575-8. PMID: 15313259.
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    139. Hutson AM, Atmar RL, Estes MK. Norovirus disease: changing epidemiology and host susceptibility factors. Trends Microbiol. 2004 Jun; 12(6):279-87. PMID: 15165606.
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    140. Hanania NA, Sockrider M, Castro M, Holbrook JT, Tonascia J, Wise R, Atmar RL. Immune response to influenza vaccination in children and adults with asthma: effect of corticosteroid therapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Apr; 113(4):717-24. PMID: 15100679.
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    141. Duizer E, Schwab KJ, Neill FH, Atmar RL, Koopmans MP, Estes MK. Laboratory efforts to cultivate noroviruses. J Gen Virol. 2004 Jan; 85(Pt 1):79-87. PMID: 14718622.
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    142. Le Guyader FS, Neill FH, Dubois E, Bon F, Loisy F, Kohli E, Pommepuy M, Atmar RL. A semiquantitative approach to estimate Norwalk-like virus contamination of oysters implicated in an outbreak. Int J Food Microbiol. 2003 Oct 15; 87(1-2):107-12. PMID: 12927712.
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    143. Piedra PA, Jewell AM, Cron SG, Atmar RL, Glezen WP. Correlates of immunity to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) associated-hospitalization: establishment of minimum protective threshold levels of serum neutralizing antibodies. Vaccine. 2003 Jul 28; 21(24):3479-82. PMID: 12850364.
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    144. Qiu Y, Zhu J, Bandi V, Atmar RL, Hattotuwa K, Guntupalli KK, Jeffery PK. Biopsy neutrophilia, neutrophil chemokine and receptor gene expression in severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2003 Oct 15; 168(8):968-75. PMID: 12857718.
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    145. Bandi V, Jakubowycz M, Kinyon C, Mason EO, Atmar RL, Greenberg SB, Murphy TF. Infectious exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associated with respiratory viruses and non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2003 Jun 10; 37(1):69-75. PMID: 12770762.
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    146. O'Donnell FT, Munoz FM, Atmar RL, Hwang LY, Demmler GJ, Glezen WP. Epidemiology and molecular characterization of co-circulating influenza A/H3N2 virus variants in children: Houston, Texas, 1997-8. Epidemiol Infect. 2003 Jun; 130(3):521-31. PMID: 12825738.
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    147. Hutson AM, Atmar RL, Marcus DM, Estes MK. Norwalk virus-like particle hemagglutination by binding to h histo-blood group antigens. J Virol. 2003 Jan; 77(1):405-15. PMID: 12477845.
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    148. Newton DW, Mellen CF, Baxter BD, Atmar RL, Menegus MA. Practical and sensitive screening strategy for detection of influenza virus. J Clin Microbiol. 2002 Nov; 40(11):4353-6. PMID: 12409430.
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    149. White Jr AC, Atmar RL. Infections in Hispanic immigrants. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Jun 15; 34(12):1627-32. PMID: 12032899.
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    150. Shelburne SA, Hamill RJ, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Greenberg SB, Atmar RL, Musher DW, Gathe JC, Visnegarwala F, Trautner BW. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome: emergence of a unique syndrome during highly active antiretroviral therapy. Medicine (Baltimore). 2002 May; 81(3):213-27. PMID: 11997718.
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    151. Hutson AM, Atmar RL, Graham DY, Estes MK. Norwalk virus infection and disease is associated with ABO histo-blood group type. J Infect Dis. 2002 May 01; 185(9):1335-7. PMID: 12001052.
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    152. Frey SE, Couch RB, Tacket CO, Treanor JJ, Wolff M, Newman FK, Atmar RL, Edelman R, Nolan CM, Belshe RB. Clinical responses to undiluted and diluted smallpox vaccine. N Engl J Med. 2002 Apr 25; 346(17):1265-74. PMID: 11923490.
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    153. Bandi V, Apicella MA, Mason E, Murphy TF, Siddiqi A, Atmar RL, Greenberg SB. Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae in the lower respiratory tract of patients with chronic bronchitis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2001 Dec 01; 164(11):2114-9. PMID: 11739144.
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    154. Jones RL, Froeschle JE, Atmar RL, Matthews JS, Sanders R, Pardalos J, Moeller L, Chin JE, Famula M, Briggs DJ, Lang J. Immunogenicity, safety and lot consistency in adults of a chromatographically purified Vero-cell rabies vaccine: a randomized, double-blind trial with human diploid cell rabies vaccine. Vaccine. 2001 Sep 14; 19(32):4635-43. PMID: 11535311.
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    155. Schwab KJ, Neill FH, Le Guyader F, Estes MK, Atmar RL. Development of a reverse transcription-PCR-DNA enzyme immunoassay for detection of "Norwalk-like" viruses and hepatitis A virus in stool and shellfish. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2001 Feb; 67(2):742-9. PMID: 11157239.
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    156. Atmar RL, Estes MK. Diagnosis of noncultivatable gastroenteritis viruses, the human caliciviruses. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2001 Jan; 14(1):15-37. PMID: 11148001.
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    157. Gilpatrick SG, Schwab KJ, Estes MK, Atmar RL. Development of an immunomagnetic capture reverse transcription-PCR assay for the detection of Norwalk virus. J Virol Methods. 2000 Oct; 90(1):69-78. PMID: 11011082.
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    158. El-Sahly HM, Atmar RL, Glezen WP, Greenberg SB. Spectrum of clinical illness in hospitalized patients with "common cold" virus infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Jul; 31(1):96-100. PMID: 10913403.
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    159. Greenberg SB, Allen M, Wilson J, Atmar RL. Respiratory viral infections in adults with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Jul; 162(1):167-73. PMID: 10903237.
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    160. Daniels NA, Bergmire-Sweat DA, Schwab KJ, Hendricks KA, Reddy S, Rowe SM, Fankhauser RL, Monroe SS, Atmar RL, Glass RI, Mead P. A foodborne outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with Norwalk-like viruses: first molecular traceback to deli sandwiches contaminated during preparation. J Infect Dis. 2000 Apr; 181(4):1467-70. PMID: 10753727.
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    161. Noyola DE, Clark B, O'Donnell FT, Atmar RL, Greer J, Demmler GJ. Comparison of a new neuraminidase detection assay with an enzyme immunoassay, immunofluorescence, and culture for rapid detection of influenza A and B viruses in nasal wash specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 2000 Mar; 38(3):1161-5. PMID: 10699013.
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    162. Glezen WP, Greenberg SB, Atmar RL, Piedra PA, Couch RB. Impact of respiratory virus infections on persons with chronic underlying conditions. JAMA. 2000 Jan 26; 283(4):499-505. PMID: 10659876.
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    163. Schwab KJ, Neill FH, Fankhauser RL, Daniels NA, Monroe SS, Bergmire-Sweat DA, Estes MK, Atmar RL. Development of methods to detect "Norwalk-like viruses" (NLVs) and hepatitis A virus in delicatessen foods: application to a food-borne NLV outbreak. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000 Jan; 66(1):213-8. PMID: 10618226.
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    164. Hayden FG, Atmar RL, Schilling M, Johnson C, Poretz D, Paar D, Huson L, Ward P, Mills RG. Use of the selective oral neuraminidase inhibitor oseltamivir to prevent influenza. N Engl J Med. 1999 Oct 28; 341(18):1336-43. PMID: 10536125.
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    165. Keitel WA, Kester KE, Atmar RL, White AC, Bond NH, Holland CA, Krzych U, Palmer DR, Egan A, Diggs C, Ballou WR, Hall BF, Kaslow D. Phase I trial of two recombinant vaccines containing the 19kd carboxy terminal fragment of Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 1 (msp-1(19)) and T helper epitopes of tetanus toxoid. Vaccine. 1999 Oct 14; 18(5-6):531-9. PMID: 10519944.
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    166. Munoz FM, Campbell JR, Atmar RL, Garcia-Prats J, Baxter BD, Johnson LE, Englund JA. Influenza A virus outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999 Sep; 18(9):811-5. PMID: 10493343.
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    167. Carlini ME, White AC, Atmar RL. Vivax malaria complicated by adult respiratory distress syndrome. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 May; 28(5):1182-3. PMID: 10452670.
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    168. Greenberg SB, Atmar RL. Chronic airway disease: the infection connection. Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 1999; 110:38-48; discussion 49-50. PMID: 10344005.
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    169. Englund JA, Whimbey E, Atmar RL. Diagnosis of respiratory viruses in cancer and transplant patients. Curr Clin Top Infect Dis. 1999; 19:30-59. PMID: 10472479.
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    170. Schwab KJ, Neill FH, Estes MK, Metcalf TG, Atmar RL. Distribution of Norwalk virus within shellfish following bioaccumulation and subsequent depuration by detection using RT-PCR. J Food Prot. 1998 Dec; 61(12):1674-80. PMID: 9874348.
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    171. Atmar RL, Guy E, Guntupalli KK, Zimmerman JL, Bandi VD, Baxter BD, Greenberg SB. Respiratory tract viral infections in inner-city asthmatic adults. Arch Intern Med. 1998 Dec 7-21; 158(22):2453-9. PMID: 9855383.
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    172. Visnegarwala F, Graviss EA, Lacke CE, Dural AT, Johnson PC, Atmar RL, Hamill RJ. Acute respiratory failure associated with cryptococcosis in patients with AIDS: analysis of predictive factors. Clin Infect Dis. 1998 Nov; 27(5):1231-7. PMID: 9827275.
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    173. Englund JA, Champlin RE, Wyde PR, Kantarjian H, Atmar RL, Tarrand J, Yousuf H, Regnery H, Klimov AI, Cox NJ, Whimbey E. Common emergence of amantadine- and rimantadine-resistant influenza A viruses in symptomatic immunocompromised adults. Clin Infect Dis. 1998 Jun; 26(6):1418-24. PMID: 9636873.
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    174. Ball JM, Hardy ME, Atmar RL, Conner ME, Estes MK. Oral immunization with recombinant Norwalk virus-like particles induces a systemic and mucosal immune response in mice. J Virol. 1998 Feb; 72(2):1345-53. PMID: 9445035.
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    175. Drews AL, Atmar RL, Glezen WP, Baxter BD, Piedra PA, Greenberg SB. Dual respiratory virus infections. Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Dec; 25(6):1421-9. PMID: 9431390.
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    176. White AC, Atmar RL, Wilson J, Cate TR, Stager CE, Greenberg SB. Effects of requiring prior authorization for selected antimicrobials: expenditures, susceptibilities, and clinical outcomes. Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Aug; 25(2):230-9. PMID: 9332517.
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    177. Robinson P, Atmar RL, Lewis DE, White AC. Granuloma cytokines in murine cysticercosis. Infect Immun. 1997 Jul; 65(7):2925-31. PMID: 9199468.
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    178. Mbawuike IN, Acuna CL, Walz KC, Atmar RL, Greenberg SB, Couch RB. Cytokines and impaired CD8+ CTL activity among elderly persons and the enhancing effect of IL-12. Mech Ageing Dev. 1997 Mar; 94(1-3):25-39. PMID: 9147358.
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    179. Schwab KJ, Estes MK, Neill FH, Atmar RL. Use of heat release and an internal RNA standard control in reverse transcription-PCR detection of Norwalk virus from stool samples. J Clin Microbiol. 1997 Feb; 35(2):511-4. PMID: 9003630.
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    180. Le Guyader F, Neill FH, Estes MK, Monroe SS, Ando T, Atmar RL. Detection and analysis of a small round-structured virus strain in oysters implicated in an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1996 Nov; 62(11):4268-72. PMID: 8900022.
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    181. Atmar RL, Baxter BD. Typing and subtyping clinical isolates of influenza virus using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Clin Diagn Virol. 1996 Nov; 7(2):77-84. PMID: 9137863.
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    182. Atmar RL, Baxter BD, Dominguez EA, Taber LH. Comparison of reverse transcription-PCR with tissue culture and other rapid diagnostic assays for detection of type A influenza virus. J Clin Microbiol. 1996 Oct; 34(10):2604-6. PMID: 8880531.
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    183. Keitel WA, Cate TR, Atmar RL, Turner CS, Nino D, Dukes CM, Six HR, Couch RB. Increasing doses of purified influenza virus hemagglutinin and subvirion vaccines enhance antibody responses in the elderly. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1996 Sep; 3(5):507-10. PMID: 8877126.
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    184. Bernicker EH, Atmar RL, Schaffner DL, Greenberg SB. Unanticipated diagnoses found at autopsy in an urban public teaching hospital. Am J Med Sci. 1996 May; 311(5):215-20. PMID: 8615396.
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    185. Atmar RL, Neill FH, Woodley CM, Manger R, Fout GS, Burkhardt W, Leja L, McGovern ER, Le Guyader F, Metcalf TG, Estes MK. Collaborative evaluation of a method for the detection of Norwalk virus in shellfish tissues by PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1996 Jan; 62(1):254-8. PMID: 8572702.
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    186. Le Guyader F, Estes MK, Hardy ME, Neill FH, Green J, Brown DW, Atmar RL. Evaluation of a degenerate primer for the PCR detection of human caliciviruses. Arch Virol. 1996; 141(11):2225-35. PMID: 8973536.
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    187. Atmar RL, Neill FH, Romalde JL, Le Guyader F, Woodley CM, Metcalf TG, Estes MK. Detection of Norwalk virus and hepatitis A virus in shellfish tissues with the PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1995 Aug; 61(8):3014-8. PMID: 7487032.
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    188. Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Cate TR, Quarles JM, Couch RB. Comparison of trivalent cold-adapted recombinant (CR) influenza virus vaccine with monovalent CR vaccines in healthy unselected adults. J Infect Dis. 1995 Jul; 172(1):253-7. PMID: 7797925.
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    189. Keitel WA, Couch RB, Cate TR, Hess KR, Baxter B, Quarles JM, Atmar RL, Six HR. High doses of purified influenza A virus hemagglutinin significantly augment serum and nasal secretion antibody responses in healthy young adults. J Clin Microbiol. 1994 Oct; 32(10):2468-73. PMID: 7814484.
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    190. Gill EP, Dominguez EA, Greenberg SB, Atmar RL, Hogue BG, Baxter BD, Couch RB. Development and application of an enzyme immunoassay for coronavirus OC43 antibody in acute respiratory illness. J Clin Microbiol. 1994 Oct; 32(10):2372-6. PMID: 7814468.
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    191. Romalde JL, Estes MK, Szücs G, Atmar RL, Woodley CM, Metcalf TG. In situ detection of hepatitis A virus in cell cultures and shellfish tissues. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1994 Jun; 60(6):1921-6. PMID: 8031087.
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    192. Atmar RL, Georghiou PR. Classification of respiratory tract picornavirus isolates as enteroviruses or rhinoviruses by using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. J Clin Microbiol. 1993 Sep; 31(9):2544-6. PMID: 7691879.
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    193. Atmar RL, Metcalf TG, Neill FH, Estes MK. Detection of enteric viruses in oysters by using the polymerase chain reaction. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1993 Feb; 59(2):631-5. PMID: 8382024.
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    194. Kielhofner M, Atmar RL, Hamill RJ, Musher DM. Life-threatening Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Feb; 14(2):403-11. PMID: 1554824.
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    195. Reuben JM, Liang L, Atmar RL, Greenberg S. B-cell activation and differentiation by HIV-1 antigens among volunteers vaccinated with VaxSyn HIV-1. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1992; 5(7):719-25. PMID: 1613672.
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    196. Atmar RL, Englund JA, Hammill H. Complications of measles during pregnancy. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Jan; 14(1):217-26. PMID: 1571434.
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    197. Dolin R, Graham BS, Greenberg SB, Tacket CO, Belshe RB, Midthun K, Clements ML, Gorse GJ, Horgan BW, Atmar RL, et al. The safety and immunogenicity of a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) recombinant gp160 candidate vaccine in humans. NIAID AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Network. Ann Intern Med. 1991 Jan 15; 114(2):119-27. PMID: 1984386.
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    198. Atmar RL, Greenberg SB, Quarles JM, Wilson SZ, Tyler B, Feldman S, Couch RB. Safety and pharmacokinetics of rimantadine small-particle aerosol. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1990 Nov; 34(11):2228-33. PMID: 2073113.
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    199. Atmar RL, Bloom K, Keitel W, Couch RB, Greenberg SB. Effect of live attenuated, cold recombinant (CR) influenza virus vaccines on pulmonary function in healthy and asthmatic adults. Vaccine. 1990 Jun; 8(3):217-24. PMID: 2194380.
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    200. Atmar RL, Greenberg SB. Pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae and the TWAR agent. Semin Respir Infect. 1989 Mar; 4(1):19-31. PMID: 2496449.
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    201. Atmar RL, Allen ML, Freiman J, Kiefe C, Ehrman S, Greenberg SB. Effect of BMY-28100, a new cephalosporin, on Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage. Eur J Clin Microbiol. 1987 Dec; 6(6):679-81. PMID: 3440459.
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    202. Taber LH, Knight V, Gilbert BE, McClung HW, Wilson SZ, Norton HJ, Thurson JM, Gordon WH, Atmar RL, Schlaudt WR. Ribavirin aerosol treatment of bronchiolitis associated with respiratory syncytial virus infection in infants. Pediatrics. 1983 Nov; 72(5):613-8. PMID: 6356005.
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