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RAMIRO SALAS

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
DivisionPsychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
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    Other Positions
    TitleAssociate Professor
    InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
    DepartmentDepartment of Neuroscience
    DivisionNeuroscience


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    K01DA026539     (SALAS, RAMIRO)Aug 1, 2010 - May 31, 2014
    NIH/NIDA
    Role of Habenula in Tobacco Addiction
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R03DA029167     (SALAS, RAMIRO)Mar 1, 2011 - Feb 28, 2013
    NIH/NIDA
    Functional Imaging of the Habenula in Tobacco Smokers
    Role: Principal Investigator

    I01CX000994     (SALAS, RAMIRO)Jul 1, 2014 - Jun 30, 2017
    VA
    Multimodal Imaging of Reward Brain Centers in Tobacco Smoking Veterans
    Role: Principal Investigator

    I21RX002588     (SALAS, RAMIRO)May 1, 2018 - Apr 30, 2020
    VA
    A Virtual World/Neurofeedback Real Time Functional MRI Approach to PTSD Treatment
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. De La Garza R, Shuman SL, Yammine L, Yoon JH, Salas R, Holst M. A Pilot Study of E-Cigarette Naïve Cigarette Smokers and the Effects on Craving After Acute Exposure to E-Cigarettes in the Laboratory. Am J Addict. 2019 May 08. PMID: 31066987.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Nielsen DA, Deng H, Patriquin MA, Harding MJ, Oldham J, Salas R, Fowler JC, Frueh BC. Association of TPH1 and serotonin transporter genotypes with treatment response for suicidal ideation: a preliminary study. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2019 Mar 28. PMID: 30923939.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Lijffijt M, O'Brien B, Salas R, Mathew SJ, Swann AC. Interactions of immediate and long-term action regulation in the course and complications of bipolar disorder. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2019 Feb 18; 374(1766):20180132. PMID: 30966917.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Curtis K, Stewart CJ, Robinson M, Molfese DL, Gosnell SN, Kosten TR, Petrosino JF, De La Garza R, Salas R. Insular resting state functional connectivity is associated with gut microbiota diversity. Eur J Neurosci. 2018 Dec 16. PMID: 30554441.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Ambrosi E, Arciniegas DB, Curtis KN, Patriquin MA, Spalletta G, Sani G, Frueh BC, Fowler JC, Madan A, Salas R. Resting-State Functional Connectivity of the Habenula in Mood Disorder Patients With and Without Suicide-Related Behaviors. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2019; 31(1):49-56. PMID: 30282513.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Stewart CJ, Auchtung TA, Ajami NJ, Velasquez K, Smith DP, De La Garza R, Salas R, Petrosino JF. Correction: Effects of tobacco smoke and electronic cigarette vapor exposure on the oral and gut microbiota in humans: a pilot study. PeerJ. 2018; 6. PMID: 30148001.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Gosnell SN, Curtis KN, Velasquez K, Fowler JC, Madan A, Goodman W, Salas R. Habenular connectivity may predict treatment response in depressed psychiatric inpatients. J Affect Disord. 2019 01 01; 242:211-219. PMID: 30195174.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Stewart CJ, Auchtung TA, Ajami NJ, Velasquez K, Smith DP, De La Garza R, Salas R, Petrosino JF. Effects of tobacco smoke and electronic cigarette vapor exposure on the oral and gut microbiota in humans: a pilot study. PeerJ. 2018; 6:e4693. PMID: 29736335.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Maldonado M, Molfese DL, Viswanath H, Curtis K, Jones A, Hayes TG, Marcelli M, Mediwala S, Baldwin P, Garcia JM, Salas R. The habenula as a novel link between the homeostatic and hedonic pathways in cancer-associated weight loss: a pilot study. J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2018 06; 9(3):497-504. PMID: 29575771.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Broussard JI, Acion L, De Jesús-Cortés H, Yin T, Britt JK, Salas R, Costa-Mattioli M, Robertson C, Pieper AA, Arciniegas DB, Jorge R. Repeated mild traumatic brain injury produces neuroinflammation, anxiety-like behaviour and impaired spatial memory in mice. Brain Inj. 2018; 32(1):113-122. PMID: 29156991.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Abdallah CG, Averill CL, Salas R, Averill LA, Baldwin PR, Krystal JH, Mathew SJ, Mathalon DH. Prefrontal Connectivity and Glutamate Transmission: Relevance to Depression Pathophysiology and Ketamine Treatment. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2017 Oct; 2(7):566-574. PMID: 29034354.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Qian DC, Molfese DL, Jin JL, Titus AJ, He Y, Li Y, Vaissié M, Viswanath H, Baldwin PR, Krahe R, Salas R, Amos CI. Genome-wide imaging association study implicates functional activity and glial homeostasis of the caudate in smoking addiction. BMC Genomics. 2017 Sep 19; 18(1):740. PMID: 28927378.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Curtis K, Viswanath H, Velasquez KM, Molfese DL, Harding MJ, Aramayo E, Baldwin PR, Ambrosi E, Madan A, Patriquin M, Frueh BC, Fowler JC, Kosten TR, Nielsen DA, Salas R. Increased habenular connectivity in opioid users is associated with an a5 subunit nicotinic receptor genetic variant. Am J Addict. 2017 Oct; 26(7):751-759. PMID: 28857330.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Venta A, Sharp C, Patriquin M, Salas R, Newlin E, Curtis K, Baldwin P, Fowler C, Frueh BC. Amygdala-frontal connectivity predicts internalizing symptom recovery among inpatient adolescents. J Affect Disord. 2018 01 01; 225:453-459. PMID: 28858660.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Abdallah CG, Jackowski A, Salas R, Gupta S, Sato JR, Mao X, Coplan JD, Shungu DC, Mathew SJ. The Nucleus Accumbens and Ketamine Treatment in Major Depressive Disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2017 Jul; 42(8):1739-1746. PMID: 28272497.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Madan A, Fowler JC, Patriquin MA, Salas R, Baldwin PR, Velasquez KM, Viswanath H, Molfese DL, Sharp C, Allen JG, Hardesty S, Oldham JM, Frueh BC. A Novel Approach to Identifying a Neuroimaging Biomarker for Patients With Serious Mental Illness. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2017; 29(3):275-283. PMID: 28238273.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Gosnell SN, Velasquez KM, Molfese DL, Molfese PJ, Madan A, Fowler JC, Christopher Frueh B, Baldwin PR, Salas R. Prefrontal cortex, temporal cortex, and hippocampus volume are affected in suicidal psychiatric patients. Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging. 2016 Oct 30; 256:50-56. PMID: 27685801.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Gu X, Lohrenz T, Salas R, Baldwin PR, Soltani A, Kirk U, Cinciripini PM, Montague PR. Belief about Nicotine Modulates Subjective Craving and Insula Activity in Deprived Smokers. Front Psychiatry. 2016; 7:126. PMID: 27468271.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Baldwin PR, Velasquez K, Koenig HG, Salas R, Boelens PA. Neural correlates of healing prayers, depression and traumatic memories: A preliminary study. Complement Ther Med. 2016 Aug; 27:123-9. PMID: 27515886.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Baeza-Loya S, Velasquez KM, Molfese DL, Viswanath H, Curtis KN, Thompson-Lake DG, Baldwin PR, Ellmore TM, De La Garza R, Salas R. Anterior cingulum white matter is altered in tobacco smokers. Am J Addict. 2016 Apr; 25(3):210-4. PMID: 27001211.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Placzek AN, Molfese DL, Khatiwada S, Viana Di Prisco G, Huang W, Sidrauski C, Krnjevic K, Amos CL, Ray R, Dani JA, Walter P, Salas R, Costa-Mattioli M. Translational control of nicotine-evoked synaptic potentiation in mice and neuronal responses in human smokers by eIF2a. Elife. 2016 Mar 01; 5. PMID: 26928076.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Zhang XY, Fan FM, Chen DC, Tan YL, Tan SP, Hu K, Salas R, Kosten TR, Zunta-Soares G, Soares JC. Extensive white matter abnormalities and clinical symptoms in drug-naive patients with first-episode schizophrenia: a voxel-based diffusion tensor imaging study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2016 Feb; 77(2):205-11. PMID: 26761708.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Sharp C, Fowler JC, Salas R, Nielsen D, Allen J, Oldham J, Kosten T, Mathew S, Madan A, Frueh BC, Fonagy P. Operationalizing NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) in naturalistic clinical settings. Bull Menninger Clin. 2016; 80(3):187-212. PMID: 27583809.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Lal TM, Baldwin PR, Cai MB, Savjani RR, Eagleman DM, Ress D, Salas R. Real time functional MRI training to decrease motion in imaging studies: Lack of significant improvement. Bull Menninger Clin. 2016; 80(4):348-356. PMID: 27936900.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Baldwin PR, Curtis KN, Patriquin MA, Wolf V, Viswanath H, Shaw C, Sakai Y, Salas R. Identifying diagnostically-relevant resting state brain functional connectivity in the ventral posterior complex via genetic data mining in autism spectrum disorder. Autism Res. 2016 05; 9(5):553-62. PMID: 26451751.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Viswanath H, Velasquez KM, Thompson-Lake DG, Savjani R, Carter AQ, Eagleman D, Baldwin PR, De La Garza R, Salas R. Alterations in interhemispheric functional and anatomical connectivity are associated with tobacco smoking in humans. Front Hum Neurosci. 2015; 9:116. PMID: 25805986.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Gu X, Lohrenz T, Salas R, Baldwin PR, Soltani A, Kirk U, Cinciripini PM, Montague PR. Belief about nicotine selectively modulates value and reward prediction error signals in smokers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Feb 24; 112(8):2539-44. PMID: 25605923.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Viswanath H, Velasquez KM, Savjani R, Molfese DL, Curtis K, Molfese PJ, Eagleman DM, Baldwin PR, Frueh BC, Fowler JC, Salas R. Interhemispheric insular and inferior frontal connectivity are associated with substance abuse in a psychiatric population. Neuropharmacology. 2015 May; 92:63-8. PMID: 25592214.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Ridgewell C, Bray A, Curtis K, Velasquez K, Baldwin PR, Fowler JC, Mathew SJ, Salas R. Enhanced Olfactory Cortex Connectivity in a Patient With PTSD With Olfactory Hallucinations. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2015; 27(2):e170-1. PMID: 25923873.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Thompson-Lake DG, Cooper KN, Mahoney JJ, Bordnick PS, Salas R, Kosten TR, Dani JA, De La Garza R. Withdrawal Symptoms and Nicotine Dependence Severity Predict Virtual Reality Craving in Cigarette-Deprived Smokers. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Jul; 17(7):796-802. PMID: 25475087.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Savjani RR, Velasquez KM, Thompson-Lake DG, Baldwin PR, Eagleman DM, De La Garza R, Salas R. Characterizing white matter changes in cigarette smokers via diffusion tensor imaging. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Dec 01; 145:134-42. PMID: 25457737.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Wesley MJ, Lohrenz T, Koffarnus MN, McClure SM, De La Garza R, Salas R, Thompson-Lake DG, Newton TF, Bickel WK, Montague PR. Choosing Money over Drugs: The Neural Underpinnings of Difficult Choice in Chronic Cocaine Users. J Addict. 2014; 2014:189853. PMID: 25197609.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Abdallah CG, Salas R, Jackowski A, Baldwin P, Sato JR, Mathew SJ. Hippocampal volume and the rapid antidepressant effect of ketamine. J Psychopharmacol. 2015 May; 29(5):591-5. PMID: 25122038.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Velasquez KM, Molfese DL, Salas R. The role of the habenula in drug addiction. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:174. PMID: 24734015.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Viswanath H, Carter AQ, Baldwin PR, Molfese DL, Salas R. The medial habenula: still neglected. Front Hum Neurosci. 2013; 7:931. PMID: 24478666.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Baeza-Loya S, Viswanath H, Carter A, Molfese DL, Velasquez KM, Baldwin PR, Thompson-Lake DG, Sharp C, Fowler JC, De La Garza R, Salas R. Perceptions about e-cigarette safety may lead to e-smoking during pregnancy. Bull Menninger Clin. 2014; 78(3):243-52. PMID: 25247743.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Salas R, Steele K, Lin A, Loe C, Gauna L, Jafar-Nejad P. Playback Theatre as a tool to enhance communication in medical education. Med Educ Online. 2013 Dec 23; 18:22622. PMID: 24369762.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Salas R, Fung B, Sturm R, De Biasi M. Abnormal social behavior in nicotinic acetylcholine receptor ß4 subunit-null mice. Nicotine Tob Res. 2013 May; 15(5):983-6. PMID: 23042983.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Baldwin PR, Alanis R, Salas R. The Role of the Habenula in Nicotine Addiction. J Addict Res Ther. 2011 Oct 20; S1(2). PMID: 22493758.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Mineur YS, Abizaid A, Rao Y, Salas R, DiLeone RJ, Gündisch D, Diano S, De Biasi M, Horvath TL, Gao XB, Picciotto MR. Nicotine decreases food intake through activation of POMC neurons. Science. 2011 Jun 10; 332(6035):1330-2. PMID: 21659607.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Salas R, Baldwin P, de Biasi M, Montague PR. BOLD Responses to Negative Reward Prediction Errors in Human Habenula. Front Hum Neurosci. 2010; 4:36. PMID: 20485575.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Salas R, Sturm R, Boulter J, De Biasi M. Nicotinic receptors in the habenulo-interpeduncular system are necessary for nicotine withdrawal in mice. J Neurosci. 2009 Mar 11; 29(10):3014-8. PMID: 19279237.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Gangitano D, Salas R, Teng Y, Perez E, De Biasi M. Progesterone modulation of alpha5 nAChR subunits influences anxiety-related behavior during estrus cycle. Genes Brain Behav. 2009 Jun; 8(4):398-406. PMID: 19220484.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Perán M, Hooper H, Marchal JA, Boulaiz H, Rodríguez-Serrano F, Velez C, Aránega A, Salas R. Cell surface immobilization of GABAA Rs in cerebellar granule cells depends on the M3/M4 cytoplasmatic loop of the alpha 1 subunit. Cells Tissues Organs. 2009; 189(6):420-4. PMID: 18824838.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Salas R, Main A, Gangitano DA, Zimmerman G, Ben-Ari S, Soreq H, De Biasi M. Nicotine relieves anxiogenic-like behavior in mice that overexpress the read-through variant of acetylcholinesterase but not in wild-type mice. Mol Pharmacol. 2008 Dec; 74(6):1641-8. PMID: 18776044.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Fonck C, Nashmi R, Salas R, Zhou C, Huang Q, De Biasi M, Lester RA, Lester HA. Demonstration of functional alpha4-containing nicotinic receptors in the medial habenula. Neuropharmacology. 2009 Jan; 56(1):247-53. PMID: 18789953.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Salas R, De Biasi M. Opposing actions of chronic stress and chronic nicotine on striatal function in mice. Neurosci Lett. 2008 Jul 25; 440(1):32-4. PMID: 18539390.
      View in: PubMed
    48. De Biasi M, Salas R. Influence of neuronal nicotinic receptors over nicotine addiction and withdrawal. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2008 Aug; 233(8):917-29. PMID: 18480414.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Salas R, Main A, Gangitano D, De Biasi M. Decreased withdrawal symptoms but normal tolerance to nicotine in mice null for the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit. Neuropharmacology. 2007 Dec; 53(7):863-9. PMID: 17920082.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Perán M, Hooper H, Boulaiz H, Marchal JA, Aránega A, Salas R. The M3/M4 cytoplasmic loop of the alpha1 subunit restricts GABAARs lateral mobility: a study using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching. Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 2006 Dec; 63(12):747-57. PMID: 17029290.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Zhou FM, Liang Y, Salas R, Zhang L, De Biasi M, Dani JA. Corelease of dopamine and serotonin from striatal dopamine terminals. Neuron. 2005 Apr 07; 46(1):65-74. PMID: 15820694.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Liang Y, Salas R, Marubio L, Bercovich D, De Biasi M, Beaudet AL, Dani JA. Functional polymorphisms in the human beta4 subunit of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Neurogenetics. 2005 Feb; 6(1):37-44. PMID: 15742216.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Salas R, Pieri F, De Biasi M. Decreased signs of nicotine withdrawal in mice null for the beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit. J Neurosci. 2004 Nov 10; 24(45):10035-9. PMID: 15537871.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Petit FG, Salas R, Tsai MJ, Tsai SY. The regulation of COUP-TFII gene expression by Ets-1 is enhanced by the steroid receptor co-activators. Mech Ageing Dev. 2004 Oct-Nov; 125(10-11):719-32. PMID: 15541767.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Salas R, Cook KD, Bassetto L, De Biasi M. The alpha3 and beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits are necessary for nicotine-induced seizures and hypolocomotion in mice. Neuropharmacology. 2004 Sep; 47(3):401-7. PMID: 15275829.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Peran M, Hooper H, Rayner SL, Stephenson FA, Salas R. GABAA receptor alpha1 and alpha6 subunits mediate cell surface anchoring in cultured cells. Neurosci Lett. 2004 Jul 01; 364(2):67-70. PMID: 15196679.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Salas R, Pieri F, Fung B, Dani JA, De Biasi M. Altered anxiety-related responses in mutant mice lacking the beta4 subunit of the nicotinic receptor. J Neurosci. 2003 Jul 16; 23(15):6255-63. PMID: 12867510.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Salas R, Orr-Urtreger A, Broide RS, Beaudet A, Paylor R, De Biasi M. The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha 5 mediates short-term effects of nicotine in vivo. Mol Pharmacol. 2003 May; 63(5):1059-66. PMID: 12695534.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Tsuneki H, Salas R, Dani JA. Mouse muscle denervation increases expression of an alpha7 nicotinic receptor with unusual pharmacology. J Physiol. 2003 Feb 15; 547(Pt 1):169-79. PMID: 12562921.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Broide RS, Salas R, Ji D, Paylor R, Patrick JW, Dani JA, De Biasi M. Increased sensitivity to nicotine-induced seizures in mice expressing the L250T alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor mutation. Mol Pharmacol. 2002 Mar; 61(3):695-705. PMID: 11854451.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Franceschini D, Paylor R, Broide R, Salas R, Bassetto L, Gotti C, De Biasi M. Absence of alpha7-containing neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors does not prevent nicotine-induced seizures. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2002 Jan 31; 98(1-2):29-40. PMID: 11834293.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Salas R, Petit FG, Pipaon C, Tsai MJ, Tsai SY. Induction of chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor I (COUP-TFI ) gene expression is mediated by ETS factor binding sites. Eur J Biochem. 2002 Jan; 269(1):317-25. PMID: 11784326.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Peran M, Hicks BW, Peterson NL, Hooper H, Salas R. Lateral mobility and anchoring of recombinant GABAA receptors depend on subunit composition. Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 2001 Oct; 50(2):89-100. PMID: 11746674.
      View in: PubMed
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