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GARABED EKNOYAN

TitleDistinguished Emeritus Professor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Medicine
DivisionMedicine-Nephrology
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Eknoyan G. On the Etymology of Nephritis: A Historical Appraisal of its Origins. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2020 Jun; 31(6):1170-1173. PMID: 32300068.
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    2. Anumudu SJ, Eknoyan G. A historical perspective of how public policy shaped dialysis care delivery in the United States. Semin Dial. 2020 01; 33(1):5-9. PMID: 31943368.
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    3. Airy M, Eknoyan G. Lupus nephritis: A historical appraisal of how a skin lesion became a kidney disease?. Clin Nephrol. 2019 Jun; 91(6):325-333. PMID: 30900983.
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    4. Anumudu S, Eknoyan G. Pyelonephritis: A Historical Reappraisal. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2019 06; 30(6):914-917. PMID: 31028101.
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    5. Raghavan R, Eknoyan G. Uremia: A historical reappraisal of what happened?. Clin Nephrol. 2018 May; 89(5):305-313. PMID: 29451473.
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    6. Eknoyan G. On the contributions of Fernand Widal to the classification of chronic kidney disease. G Ital Nefrol. 2018 Feb; 35(Suppl 70):18-22. PMID: 29482269.
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    7. Eknoyan G. A History of Uremia Research. J Ren Nutr. 2017 11; 27(6):449-452. PMID: 29056163.
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    8. Airy M, Eknoyan G. The kidney in sickle hemoglobinopathies?. Clin Nephrol. 2017 Feb; 87 (2017)(2):55-68. PMID: 27900941.
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    9. Eknoyan G. Nephrology: As It Was Then, But Is Not Now. Am J Kidney Dis. 2017 Jan; 69(1):129-135. PMID: 27751612.
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    10. Eknoyan G. Stephen Hales: the contributions of an Enlightenment physiologist to the study of the kidney in health and disease. G Ital Nefrol. 2016 Feb; 33 Suppl 66:33.S66.5. PMID: 26913873.
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    11. Eknoyan G. Why the history of nephrology? G Ital Nefrol. 2016 Jan-Feb; 33(1). PMID: 26913750.
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    12. Eknoyan G. Beginnings-The Kidney and Nephrology in Ancient Mesopotamian Culture. Semin Dial. 2016 05; 29(3):236-46. PMID: 26424002.
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    13. Epstein M, Eknoyan G. A forgotten chapter in the history of the renal circulation: the Josep Trueta and Homer Smith intellectual conflict. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2015 Jul 15; 309(2):F90-7. PMID: 25995107.
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    14. Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Bosmia AN, Fakhree MA, Jouyban A, Balch MW, Loukas M, Khodadoust K, Khalili M, Eknoyan G. Herbal diuretics in medieval Persian and Arabic medicine. J Altern Complement Med. 2015 Jun; 21(6):309-20. PMID: 25965078.
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    15. Eknoyan G. The Scientific Revolution--The Kidney and Nephrology in and about the Seventeenth Century (Part 1). Semin Dial. 2015 May-Jun; 28(3):282-92. PMID: 25560324.
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    16. Eknoyan G. Clinical trials in uremia-time to reappraise. J Ren Nutr. 2015 Mar; 25(2):250-5. PMID: 25497457.
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    17. Raghavan R, Eknoyan G. Acute interstitial nephritis - a reappraisal and update. Clin Nephrol. 2014 Sep; 82(3):149-62. PMID: 25079860.
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    18. Eknoyan G. The early modern kidney--nephrology in and about the nineteenth century (part 2). Semin Dial. 2014 Sep-Oct; 27(5):494-503. PMID: 24655113.
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    19. Eknoyan G. The quest for certitude in medicine and nephrology. J Nephrol. 2013 Dec 23; 26(Suppl. 22):18-22. PMID: 24375335.
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    20. Airy M, Raghavan R, Truong LD, Eknoyan G. Tubulointerstitial nephritis and cancer chemotherapy: update on a neglected clinical entity. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2013 Oct; 28(10):2502-9. PMID: 24009289.
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    21. Eknoyan G. Women: medicine, their kidneys, and nephrology. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2013 Sep; 20(5):382-9. PMID: 23978542.
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    22. Raghavan R, Eknoyan G. Music, musicians, medicine, and the kidney. Semin Dial. 2014 Jan-Feb; 27(1):50-6. PMID: 24033748.
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    23. Eknoyan G. The early modern kidney--nephrology in and about the nineteenth century. Part 1. Semin Dial. 2013 Jan-Feb; 26(1):73-84. PMID: 23278189.
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    24. Ahmed S, Truong L, Eknoyan G, Workeneh B. Evolving spectrum of HIV-associated nephropathy. Nephron Clin Pract. 2012; 121(3-4):c131-5. PMID: 23208246.
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    25. Eknoyan G. A decade after the KDOQI CKD guidelines: a historical perspective. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012 Nov; 60(5):686-8. PMID: 23067629.
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    26. Eknoyan G. The late medieval kidney--nephrology in and about the fourteenth century. Semin Dial. 2012 Sep-Oct; 25(5):550-9. PMID: 22681599.
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    27. Khodadoust K, Ardalan M, Ghabili K, Golzari SE, Eknoyan G. Discourse on pulse in medieval Persia--the Hidayat of Al-Akhawayni (?-983 A D.). Int J Cardiol. 2013 Jun 20; 166(2):289-93. PMID: 22595812.
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    28. Eknoyan G. The Renaissance Kidney-Nephrology in and about the Sixteenth Century. Semin Dial. 2012 Jul; 25(4):451-9. PMID: 22320147.
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    29. Shastri S, Tangri N, Tighiouart H, Beck GJ, Vlagopoulos P, Ornt D, Eknoyan G, Kusek JW, Herzog C, Cheung AK, Sarnak MJ. Predictors of sudden cardiac death: a competing risk approach in the hemodialysis study. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012 Jan; 7(1):123-30. PMID: 22076880.
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    30. Eknoyan G, De Santo NG. The enlightenment kidney-nephrology in and about the eighteenth century. Semin Dial. 2012 Jan-Feb; 25(1):74-81. PMID: 21992711.
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    31. Tangri N, Shastri S, Tighiouart H, Beck GJ, Cheung AK, Eknoyan G, Sarnak MJ. ß-Blockers for prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients on hemodialysis: a propensity score analysis of the HEMO Study. Am J Kidney Dis. 2011 Dec; 58(6):939-45. PMID: 21872979.
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    32. Sever MS, Namal A, Eknoyan G. Erich Frank (1884-1957): unsung pioneer in nephrology. Am J Kidney Dis. 2011 Oct; 58(4):654-65. PMID: 21864962.
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    33. Rocco MV, Lockridge RS, Beck GJ, Eggers PW, Gassman JJ, Greene T, Larive B, Chan CT, Chertow GM, Copland M, Hoy CD, Lindsay RM, Levin NW, Ornt DB, Pierratos A, Pipkin MF, Rajagopalan S, Stokes JB, Unruh ML, Star RA, Kliger AS, Kliger A, Eggers P, Briggs J, Hostetter T, Narva A, Star R, Augustine B, Mohr P, Beck G, Fu Z, Gassman J, Greene T, Daugirdas J, Hunsicker L, Larive B, Li M, Mackrell J, Wiggins K, Sherer S, Weiss B, Rajagopalan S, Sanz J, Dellagrottaglie S, Kariisa M, Tran T, West J, Unruh M, Keene R, Schlarb J, Chan C, McGrath-Chong M, Frome R, Higgins H, Ke S, Mandaci O, Owens C, Snell C, Eknoyan G, Appel L, Cheung A, Derse A, Kramer C, Geller N, Grimm R, Henderson L, Prichard S, Roecker E, Rocco M, Miller B, Riley J, Schuessler R, Lockridge R, Pipkin M, Peterson C, Hoy C, Fensterer A, Steigerwald D, Stokes J, Somers D, Hilkin A, Lilli K, Wallace W, Franzwa B, Waterman E, Chan C, McGrath-Chong M, Copland M, Levin A, Sioson L, Cabezon E, Kwan S, Roger D, Lindsay R, Suri R, Champagne J, Bullas R, Garg A, Mazzorato A, Spanner E, Rocco M, Burkart J, Moossavi S, Mauck V, Kaufman T, Pierratos A, Chan W, Regozo K, Kwok S. The effects of frequent nocturnal home hemodialysis: the Frequent Hemodialysis Network Nocturnal Trial. Kidney Int. 2011 Nov; 80(10):1080-91. PMID: 21775973.
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    34. Eknoyan G. Obesity and chronic kidney disease. Nefrologia. 2011; 31(4):397-403. PMID: 21623393.
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    35. Feng B, Eknoyan G, Guo ZS, Jadoul M, Rao HY, Zhang W, Wei L. Effect of interferon-alpha-based antiviral therapy on hepatitis C virus-associated glomerulonephritis: a meta-analysis. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2012 Feb; 27(2):640-6. PMID: 21558431.
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    36. Eknoyan G. Jean-Martin Charcot: neurologist by avocation, nephrologist by yearning. J Nephrol. 2011 May-Jun; 24 Suppl 17:S4-11. PMID: 21614774.
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    37. Eknoyan G, Rutkowski B, Bellinghieri G, Massry S, Muszytowski M, De Santo NG. On the usefulness of the history of nephrology. J Nephrol. 2011 May-Jun; 24 Suppl 17:S1-3. PMID: 21614773.
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    38. De Santo NG, Cirillo M, Bisaccia C, Richet G, Eknoyan G. Nephrological excerpts from the Encyclopédie of Diderot and d'Alembert. Am J Kidney Dis. 2011 May; 57(5):788-98. PMID: 21420773.
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    39. Truong LD, Gaber L, Eknoyan G. Obstructive uropathy. Contrib Nephrol. 2011; 169:311-326. PMID: 21252529.
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    40. Eknoyan G. A history of diabetes insipidus: paving the road to internal water balance. Am J Kidney Dis. 2010 Dec; 56(6):1175-83. PMID: 20888099.
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    41. Eknoyan G. Why we need clinical practice guidelines in chronic kidney disease. J Ren Nutr. 2010 Sep; 20(5 Suppl):S127-30. PMID: 20797561.
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    42. Huang CX, Tighiouart H, Beddhu S, Cheung AK, Dwyer JT, Eknoyan G, Beck GJ, Levey AS, Sarnak MJ. Both low muscle mass and low fat are associated with higher all-cause mortality in hemodialysis patients. Kidney Int. 2010 Apr; 77(7):624-9. PMID: 20072111.
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    43. Eknoyan G. Armenian medicine and diseases of the kidney. J Nephrol. 2009 Nov-Dec; 22 Suppl 14:3-7. PMID: 20013725.
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    44. De Santo NG, Bellinghieri G, Touwaide A, Massry SG, Savica V, Eknoyan G. History of Nephrology: a process confronted with changing times and of those who practiced it. J Nephrol. 2009 Nov-Dec; 22 Suppl 14:1-2. PMID: 20013724.
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    45. Eknoyan G, Rubens R, Lameire N. The juxtaglomerular apparatus of Norbert Goormaghtigh--a critical appraisal. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2009 Dec; 24(12):3876-81. PMID: 19783597.
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    46. Eknoyan G. The wonderful apparatus of John Jacob Abel called the "artificial kidney". Semin Dial. 2009 May-Jun; 22(3):287-96. PMID: 19573009.
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    47. Eknoyan G. Chronic kidney disease definition and classification: no need for a rush to judgment. Kidney Int. 2009 May; 75(10):1015-8. PMID: 19262459.
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    48. Eknoyan G. Salivary phosphorus binding: a novel approach to control hyperphosphatemia. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009 Mar; 20(3):460-2. PMID: 19244574.
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    49. Eknoyan G, Lameire N. Global nephrology guidelines: a first small step in the right direction. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2009 Mar; 24(3):728-30. PMID: 19179410.
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    50. Eknoyan G. Progress and promise in the management of chronic kidney disease. CMAJ. 2008 Nov 18; 179(11):1107-8. PMID: 19015553.
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    51. Eknoyan G. Are global nephrology guidelines feasible? Nat Clin Pract Nephrol. 2008 Oct; 4(10):521. PMID: 18818662.
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    52. Eknoyan G. A clinical view of simple and complex renal cysts. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009 Sep; 20(9):1874-6. PMID: 18776117.
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    53. Eknoyan G. The artificial kidney: past, present, and future. Minerva Chir. 2008 Aug; 63(4):293-9. PMID: 18607326.
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    54. Wald R, Sarnak MJ, Tighiouart H, Cheung AK, Levey AS, Eknoyan G, Miskulin DC. Disordered mineral metabolism in hemodialysis patients: an analysis of cumulative effects in the Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study. Am J Kidney Dis. 2008 Sep; 52(3):531-40. PMID: 18657891.
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    55. Locatelli F, Nissenson AR, Barrett BJ, Walker RG, Wheeler DC, Eckardt KU, Lameire NH, Eknoyan G. Clinical practice guidelines for anemia in chronic kidney disease: problems and solutions. A position statement from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Kidney Int. 2008 Nov; 74(10):1237-40. PMID: 18596731.
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    56. Eknoyan G. Emergence of the concept of acute kidney injury. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2008 Jul; 15(3):308-13. PMID: 18565481.
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    57. Eknoyan G. Artificial kidneys: progress and promise. Lancet. 2007 Dec 15; 370(9604):1977-8. PMID: 18083384.
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    58. Cheung AK, Greene T, Leypoldt JK, Yan G, Allon M, Delmez J, Levey AS, Levin NW, Rocco MV, Schulman G, Eknoyan G. Association between serum 2-microglobulin level and infectious mortality in hemodialysis patients. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Jan; 3(1):69-77. PMID: 18057309.
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    59. Eknoyan G. Obesity, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease. Curr Diab Rep. 2007 Dec; 7(6):449-53. PMID: 18255009.
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    60. Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Ardalan MR, Loukas M, Eknoyan G, Salter EG, Oakes WJ. Anatomy of the cranial nerves in medieval Persian literature: Esmail Jorjani (AD 1042-1137) and The treasure of the Khwarazm shah. Neurosurgery. 2007 Dec; 61(6):1325-30; discussion 1330-1. PMID: 18162914.
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    61. Eknoyan G. Chronic kidney disease definition and classification: the quest for refinements. Kidney Int. 2007 Nov; 72(10):1183-5. PMID: 17972908.
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    62. Beddhu S, Cheung AK, Larive B, Greene T, Kaysen GA, Levey AS, Rocco M, Sarnak M, Toto R, Eknoyan G. Inflammation and inverse associations of body mass index and serum creatinine with mortality in hemodialysis patients. J Ren Nutr. 2007 Nov; 17(6):372-80. PMID: 17971309.
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    63. Eknoyan G. Adolphe Quetelet (1796-1874)--the average man and indices of obesity. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2008 Jan; 23(1):47-51. PMID: 17890752.
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    64. Ardalan MR, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Eknoyan G. Diseases of the kidney in medieval Persia the--Hidayat of Al-Akawayni. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2007 Dec; 22(12):3413-21. PMID: 17855422.
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    65. Levey AS, Atkins R, Coresh J, Cohen EP, Collins AJ, Eckardt KU, Nahas ME, Jaber BL, Jadoul M, Levin A, Powe NR, Rossert J, Wheeler DC, Lameire N, Eknoyan G. Chronic kidney disease as a global public health problem: approaches and initiatives - a position statement from Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes. Kidney Int. 2007 Aug; 72(3):247-59. PMID: 17568785.
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    66. Eknoyan G. Looking at the urine: the renaissance of an unbroken tradition. Am J Kidney Dis. 2007 Jun; 49(6):865-72. PMID: 17533032.
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    67. Vanbelleghem H, Vanholder R, Levin NW, Becker G, Craig JC, Ito S, Lau J, Locatelli F, Zoccali C, Solez K, Hales M, Lameire N, Eknoyan G. The Kidney Disease: improving Global Outcomes website: comparison of guidelines as a tool for harmonization. Kidney Int. 2007 May; 71(10):1054-61. PMID: 17377511.
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    68. Eknoyan G. Kidney disease: wherefore, whence, and whereto? Kidney Int. 2007 Mar; 71(6):473-5. PMID: 17344892.
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    69. Moe SM, Drüeke T, Lameire N, Eknoyan G. Chronic kidney disease-mineral-bone disorder: a new paradigm. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2007 Jan; 14(1):3-12. PMID: 17200038.
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    70. Eknoyan G. A history of obesity, or how what was good became ugly and then bad. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2006 Oct; 13(4):421-7. PMID: 17045228.
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    71. Uhlig K, Macleod A, Craig J, Lau J, Levey AS, Levin A, Moist L, Steinberg E, Walker R, Wanner C, Lameire N, Eknoyan G. Grading evidence and recommendations for clinical practice guidelines in nephrology. A position statement from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Kidney Int. 2006 Dec; 70(12):2058-65. PMID: 17003817.
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    72. Moe S, Drüeke T, Cunningham J, Goodman W, Martin K, Olgaard K, Ott S, Sprague S, Lameire N, Eknoyan G. Definition, evaluation, and classification of renal osteodystrophy: a position statement from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Kidney Int. 2006 Jun; 69(11):1945-53. PMID: 16641930.
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    73. De Santo NG, Rutkowski B, George CR, Zdrojewski Z, Massry SG, Eknoyan G. History of nephrology, a prophecy in the past. J Nephrol. 2006 May-Jun; 19 Suppl 10:S1-3. PMID: 16874706.
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    74. Eknoyan G. A history of diabetes mellitus -- a disease of the kidneys that became a kidney disease. J Nephrol. 2006 May-Jun; 19 Suppl 10:S71-4. PMID: 16874717.
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    75. Ng YH, Meyer KB, Kusek JW, Yan G, Rocco MV, Kimmel PL, Benz RL, Beddhu S, Dwyer JT, Toto RD, Eknoyan G, Unruh ML. Hemodialysis timing, survival, and cardiovascular outcomes in the Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study. Am J Kidney Dis. 2006 Apr; 47(4):614-24. PMID: 16564939.
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    76. Eknoyan G. On the origin of genetics and beginnings of medical genetics of diseases of the kidney. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2006 Apr; 13(2):174-7. PMID: 16580619.
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    77. Port FK, Pisoni RL, Bommer J, Locatelli F, Jadoul M, Eknoyan G, Kurokawa K, Canaud BJ, Finley MP, Young EW. Improving outcomes for dialysis patients in the international Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Mar; 1(2):246-55. PMID: 17699213.
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    78. Cheung AK, Rocco MV, Yan G, Leypoldt JK, Levin NW, Greene T, Agodoa L, Bailey J, Beck GJ, Clark W, Levey AS, Ornt DB, Schulman G, Schwab S, Teehan B, Eknoyan G. Serum beta-2 microglobulin levels predict mortality in dialysis patients: results of the HEMO study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Feb; 17(2):546-55. PMID: 16382021.
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    79. Eknoyan G. The kidneys in the Bible: what happened? J Am Soc Nephrol. 2005 Dec; 16(12):3464-71. PMID: 16267151.
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    80. Eknoyan G. On the evolution of pediatrics and the emergence of pediatric nephrology. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2005 Oct; 12(4):406-11. PMID: 16198280.
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    81. Greene T, Daugirdas J, Depner T, Allon M, Beck G, Chumlea C, Delmez J, Gotch F, Kusek JW, Levin N, Owen W, Schulman G, Star R, Toto R, Eknoyan G. Association of achieved dialysis dose with mortality in the hemodialysis study: an example of "dose-targeting bias". J Am Soc Nephrol. 2005 Nov; 16(11):3371-80. PMID: 16192421.
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    82. Eknoyan G. Alternative medicine: the renaissance of an unbroken tradition. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2005 Jul; 12(3):247-50. PMID: 16010639.
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    83. Levey AS, Eckardt KU, Tsukamoto Y, Levin A, Coresh J, Rossert J, De Zeeuw D, Hostetter TH, Lameire N, Eknoyan G. Definition and classification of chronic kidney disease: a position statement from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Kidney Int. 2005 Jun; 67(6):2089-100. PMID: 15882252.
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    84. Eknoyan G, Nagy J. A history of diabetes mellitus or how a disease of the kidneys evolved into a kidney disease. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2005 Apr; 12(2):223-9. PMID: 15822058.
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    85. Eknoyan G. Introduction: Adequacy of dialysis: problems and challenges. Semin Nephrol. 2005 Mar; 25(2):67-9. PMID: 15791556.
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    86. Lameire N, Eknoyan G, Barsoum R, Eckardt KU, Levin A, Levin N, Locatelli F, MacLeod A, Vanholder R, Walker R, Wang H. A new initiative in nephrology: 'Kidney disease: improving global outcomes'. Contrib Nephrol. 2005; 149:90-99. PMID: 15876832.
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    87. Eknoyan G. Emergence of quantification in clinical investigation and the quest for certainty in therapeutics: the road from Hammurabi to Kefauver. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2005 Jan; 12(1):88-95. PMID: 15719339.
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    88. Rocco MV, Cheung AK, Greene T, Eknoyan G. The HEMO Study: applicability and generalizability. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2005 Feb; 20(2):278-84. PMID: 15615811.
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    89. Port FK, Eknoyan G. The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) and the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI): a cooperative initiative to improve outcomes for hemodialysis patients worldwide. Am J Kidney Dis. 2004 Nov; 44(5 Suppl 2):1-6. PMID: 15486867.
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    90. Eknoyan G, Lameire N, Barsoum R, Eckardt KU, Levin A, Levin N, Locatelli F, MacLeod A, Vanholder R, Walker R, Wang H. The burden of kidney disease: improving global outcomes. Kidney Int. 2004 Oct; 66(4):1310-4. PMID: 15458424.
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    91. Eknoyan G. Emergence of the concept of endocrine function and endocrinology. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2004 Oct; 11(4):371-6. PMID: 15492974.
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    92. Johnson CA, Levey AS, Coresh J, Levin A, Lau J, Eknoyan G. Clinical practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease in adults: Part II. Glomerular filtration rate, proteinuria, and other markers. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Sep 15; 70(6):1091-7. PMID: 15456118.
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    93. Johnson CA, Levey AS, Coresh J, Levin A, Lau J, Eknoyan G. Clinical practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease in adults: Part I. Definition, disease stages, evaluation, treatment, and risk factors. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Sep 01; 70(5):869-76. PMID: 15368726.
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    94. Eknoyan G. Emergence of the concept of cardiovascular disease. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2004 Jul; 11(3):304-9. PMID: 15241744.
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    95. Eknoyan G. On the central role of studies on the kidney in the recognition, conceptual evolution, and understanding of hypertension. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2004 Apr; 11(2):192-6. PMID: 15216490.
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    96. Depner T, Daugirdas J, Greene T, Allon M, Beck G, Chumlea C, Delmez J, Gotch F, Kusek J, Levin N, Macon E, Milford E, Owen W, Star R, Toto R, Eknoyan G. Dialysis dose and the effect of gender and body size on outcome in the HEMO Study. Kidney Int. 2004 Apr; 65(4):1386-94. PMID: 15086479.
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    97. Cameron S, Eknoyan G. Bravo!--Renal physicians in conflict. Semin Dial. 2004 Jan-Feb; 17(1):74. PMID: 14717822.
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    98. Cheung AK, Levin NW, Greene T, Agodoa L, Bailey J, Beck G, Clark W, Levey AS, Leypoldt JK, Ornt DB, Rocco MV, Schulman G, Schwab S, Teehan B, Eknoyan G. Effects of high-flux hemodialysis on clinical outcomes: results of the HEMO study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Dec; 14(12):3251-63. PMID: 14638924.
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    99. Eknoyan G, Hostetter T, Bakris GL, Hebert L, Levey AS, Parving HH, Steffes MW, Toto R. Proteinuria and other markers of chronic kidney disease: a position statement of the national kidney foundation (NKF) and the national institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney diseases (NIDDK). Am J Kidney Dis. 2003 Oct; 42(4):617-22. PMID: 14520612.
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    100. Campbell JL, Eknoyan G. Francis Delafield (1841-1915): the original contributions of an American investigator to diseases of the kidney. J Nephrol. 2003 Sep-Oct; 16(5):779-84. PMID: 14733429.
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    101. Levey AS, Coresh J, Balk E, Kausz AT, Levin A, Steffes MW, Hogg RJ, Perrone RD, Lau J, Eknoyan G. National Kidney Foundation practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease: evaluation, classification, and stratification. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Jul 15; 139(2):137-47. PMID: 12859163.
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    102. Eknoyan G. On testing for proteinuria: time for a methodical approach. Cleve Clin J Med. 2003 Jun; 70(6):493, 496-7, 501. PMID: 12828220.
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    103. Hogg RJ, Furth S, Lemley KV, Portman R, Schwartz GJ, Coresh J, Balk E, Lau J, Levin A, Kausz AT, Eknoyan G, Levey AS. National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative clinical practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease in children and adolescents: evaluation, classification, and stratification. Pediatrics. 2003 Jun; 111(6 Pt 1):1416-21. PMID: 12777562.
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    104. Eknoyan G. Meeting the challenges of the new K/DOQI guidelines. Am J Kidney Dis. 2003 Jun; 41(5 Suppl):3-10. PMID: 12776308.
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    105. Eknoyan G, Lindberg JS. On the evolving nature of understanding dialysis-related disorders. Am J Kidney Dis. 2003 Apr; 41(4 Suppl 4):S1-3. PMID: 12751048.
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    106. Eknoyan G. The Armenian earthquake of 1988: a milestone in the evolution of nephrology. Adv Ren Replace Ther. 2003 Apr; 10(2):87-92. PMID: 12879368.
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    107. Eknoyan G, Latos DL, Lindberg J. Practice recommendations for the use of L-carnitine in dialysis-related carnitine disorder. National Kidney Foundation Carnitine Consensus Conference. Am J Kidney Dis. 2003 Apr; 41(4):868-76. PMID: 12666074.
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    108. Coresh J, Astor BC, Greene T, Eknoyan G, Levey AS. Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and decreased kidney function in the adult US population: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Am J Kidney Dis. 2003 Jan; 41(1):1-12. PMID: 12500213.
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    109. Eknoyan G, Beck GJ, Cheung AK, Daugirdas JT, Greene T, Kusek JW, Allon M, Bailey J, Delmez JA, Depner TA, Dwyer JT, Levey AS, Levin NW, Milford E, Ornt DB, Rocco MV, Schulman G, Schwab SJ, Teehan BP, Toto R. Effect of dialysis dose and membrane flux in maintenance hemodialysis. N Engl J Med. 2002 Dec 19; 347(25):2010-9. PMID: 12490682.
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    110. Coresh J, Eknoyan G, Levey AS. Estimating the prevalence of low glomerular filtration rate requires attention to the creatinine assay calibration. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2002 Nov; 13(11):2811-2; author reply 2812-6. PMID: 12397055.
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    111. Cheung AK, Yan G, Greene T, Daugirdas JT, Dwyer JT, Levin NW, Ornt DB, Schulman G, Eknoyan G. Seasonal variations in clinical and laboratory variables among chronic hemodialysis patients. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2002 Sep; 13(9):2345-52. PMID: 12191979.
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    112. Eknoyan G. Emergence of the concept of acute renal failure. Am J Nephrol. 2002 Jul; 22(2-3):225-30. PMID: 12097745.
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    113. Eknoyan G. Rufus of Ephesus and his "Diseases of the Kidneys". Nephron. 2002 Jul; 91(3):383-90. PMID: 12119467.
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    114. Eknoyan G, Agodoa L. On improving outcomes and quality of dialysis care, and more. Am J Kidney Dis. 2002 Apr; 39(4):889-91. PMID: 11920358.
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    115. Eknoyan G, Levin NW. Impact of the new K/DOQI guidelines. Blood Purif. 2002; 20(1):103-8. PMID: 11803166.
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    116. Eknoyan G, Levey AS, Levin NW, Keane WF. The national epidemic of chronic kidney disease. What we know and what we can do. Postgrad Med. 2001 Sep; 110(3):23-9: quiz 8. PMID: 11570203.
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    117. Eknoyan G, Levin N, Nissenson A, Owen W, Levey AS, Bolton K. NKF and RPA collaborating on clinical practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease. Nephrol News Issues. 2001 Jul; 15(8):13, 54. PMID: 12099224.
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    118. Eknoyan G, Levin N. NKF-K/DOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines: Update 2000. Foreword. Am J Kidney Dis. 2001 Jan; 37(1 Suppl 1):S5-6. PMID: 11229966.
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    119. Eknoyan G, Levin NW, Eschbach JW, Golper TA, Owen WF, Schwab S, Steinberg EP. Continuous quality improvement: DOQI becomes K/DOQI and is updated. National Kidney Foundation's Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative. Am J Kidney Dis. 2001 Jan; 37(1):179-194. PMID: 11136186.
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    120. Eknoyan G. The importance of early treatment of the anaemia of chronic kidney disease. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2001; 16 Suppl 5:45-9. PMID: 11509684.
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    121. Greene T, Beck GJ, Gassman JJ, Gotch FA, Kusek JW, Levey AS, Levin NW, Schulman G, Eknoyan G. Design and statistical issues of the hemodialysis (HEMO) study. Control Clin Trials. 2000 Oct; 21(5):502-25. PMID: 11018567.
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    122. Steinberg EP, Eknoyan G, Levin NW, Eschbach JW, Golper TA, Owen WF, Schwab S. Methods used to evaluate the quality of evidence underlying the National Kidney Foundation-Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative Clinical Practice Guidelines: description, findings, and implications. Am J Kidney Dis. 2000 Jul; 36(1):1-11. PMID: 10873866.
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    123. Eknoyan G, Levin NW, Steinberg EP. The dialysis outcomes quality initiative: history, impact, and prospects. Am J Kidney Dis. 2000 Apr; 35(4 Suppl 1):S69-75. PMID: 10766003.
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    124. Eknoyan G. Michelangelo: art, anatomy, and the kidney. Kidney Int. 2000 Mar; 57(3):1190-201. PMID: 10720972.
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    125. Eknoyan G, Levin N. Implementation of NKF-DOQI: a progress report. Nephrol News Issues. 1999 May; 13(5):11-5, 43. PMID: 10578815.
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    126. Keane WF, Eknoyan G. Proteinuria, albuminuria, risk, assessment, detection, elimination (PARADE): a position paper of the National Kidney Foundation. Am J Kidney Dis. 1999 May; 33(5):1004-10. PMID: 10213663.
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    127. Levey AS, Eknoyan G. Cardiovascular disease in chronic renal disease. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1999 Apr; 14(4):828-33. PMID: 10328452.
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    128. Eknoyan G. Cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in dialysis patients. Miner Electrolyte Metab. 1999 Jan-Apr; 25(1-2):100-4. PMID: 10207269.
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    129. Eknoyan G, Levin NW. An overview of the National Kidney Foundation-Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative Implementation. Adv Ren Replace Ther. 1999 Jan; 6(1):3-6. PMID: 9925143.
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    130. Eknoyan G. Santorio Sanctorius (1561-1636) - founding father of metabolic balance studies. Am J Nephrol. 1999; 19(2):226-33. PMID: 10213823.
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    131. Salem ME, Eknoyan G. The kidney in ancient Egyptian medicine: where does it stand? Am J Nephrol. 1999; 19(2):140-7. PMID: 10213808.
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    132. Depner T, Beck G, Daugirdas J, Kusek J, Eknoyan G. Lessons from the Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study: an improved measure of the actual hemodialysis dose. Am J Kidney Dis. 1999 Jan; 33(1):142-9. PMID: 9915282.
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    133. Eknoyan G. The NKF research and training program: a report to its alumni and supporters and a promise for the future. National Kidney Foundation. Am J Kidney Dis. 1998 Dec; 32(6):xlvi-xlviii. PMID: 9856506.
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    134. Levey AS, Beto JA, Coronado BE, Eknoyan G, Foley RN, Kasiske BL, Klag MJ, Mailloux LU, Manske CL, Meyer KB, Parfrey PS, Pfeffer MA, Wenger NK, Wilson PW, Wright JT. Controlling the epidemic of cardiovascular disease in chronic renal disease: what do we know? What do we need to learn? Where do we go from here? National Kidney Foundation Task Force on Cardiovascular Disease. Am J Kidney Dis. 1998 Nov; 32(5):853-906. PMID: 9820460.
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    135. Eknoyan G. On the epidemic of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic renal disease and progressive renal failure: a first step to improve the outcomes. Am J Kidney Dis. 1998 Nov; 32(5 Suppl 3):S1-4. PMID: 9820462.
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    136. Eknoyan G, Massry SG. Laudatio Joel D. Kopple. Miner Electrolyte Metab. 1998; 24(4):207-10. PMID: 9554558.
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    137. Agodoa L, Eknoyan G, Ingelfinger J, Keane W, Mauer M, Mitch W, Striker G, Wilcox C. Assessment of structure and function in progressive renal disease. Kidney Int Suppl. 1997 Dec; 63:S144-50. PMID: 9407444.
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    138. Eknoyan G, Levin NW, Steinberg E. The National Kidney Foundation Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative. Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 1997 Nov; 6(6):520-3. PMID: 9375263.
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    139. Levin N, Eknoyan G, Pipp M, Steinberg E. National Kidney Foundation: Dialysis Outcome Quality Initiative--development of methodology for clinical practice guidelines. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1997 Oct; 12(10):2060-3. PMID: 9351065.
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    140. Eknoyan G. A history of edema and its management. Kidney Int Suppl. 1997 Jun; 59:S118-26. PMID: 9185118.
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    141. Eknoyan G, De Santo NG. Realdo Colombo (1516-1559). A reappraisal. Am J Nephrol. 1997; 17(3-4):261-8. PMID: 9189244.
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    142. Eknoyan G, Levin NW. Implementation of the National Kidney Foundation's Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative: The Need for Continued Renal Community Involvement. Semin Dial. 1997 Jan-Feb; 10(1):9-10. PMID: 19140857.
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    143. Golper TA, Twardowski ZJ, Warady BA, Lewy JE, Gotch FA, Firanek C, Eknoyan G. Dose and adequacy. Perit Dial Int. 1997; 17 Suppl 3:S40-1. PMID: 9304658.
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    144. Eknoyan G. Sir William Bowman: his contributions to physiology and nephrology. Kidney Int. 1996 Dec; 50(6):2120-8. PMID: 8943499.
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    145. Ailabouni W, Eknoyan G. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acute renal failure in the elderly. A risk-benefit assessment. Drugs Aging. 1996 Nov; 9(5):341-51. PMID: 8922561.
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    146. Eknoyan G. Historical note. On the contributions of Paracelsus to nephrology. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1996 Jul; 11(7):1388-94. PMID: 8672051.
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    147. Panjwani M, Truong LD, Eknoyan G. Membranous glomerulonephritis associated with inflammatory demyelinating peripheral neuropathies. Am J Kidney Dis. 1996 Feb; 27(2):279-83. PMID: 8659507.
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    148. Henrich WL, Agodoa LE, Barrett B, Bennett WM, Blantz RC, Buckalew VM, D'Agati VD, DeBroe ME, Duggin GG, Eknoyan G. Analgesics and the kidney: summary and recommendations to the Scientific Advisory Board of the National Kidney Foundation from an Ad Hoc Committee of the National Kidney Foundation. Am J Kidney Dis. 1996 Jan; 27(1):162-5. PMID: 8546133.
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    149. Eknoyan G. A history of the parathyroid glands. Am J Kidney Dis. 1995 Nov; 26(5):801-7. PMID: 7485136.
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    150. Eknoyan G, Klahr S. Shaul G. Massry: a man of the world and a scholar for all seasons. Am J Kidney Dis. 1995 Nov; 26(5):797-800. PMID: 7485135.
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    151. Eknoyan G. Votive offerings of the kidney. Am J Nephrol. 1995; 15(5):453-4. PMID: 7503150.
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    152. Eknoyan G. Current status of chronic analgesic and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug nephropathy. Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 1994 Mar; 3(2):182-8. PMID: 7842267.
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    153. Coward A, Eknoyan G, De Santo NG. Codices on the art of medicine in the Montecassino Archives. Am J Nephrol. 1994; 14(4-6):488-92. PMID: 7847493.
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    154. Eknoyan G. Arabic medicine and nephrology. Am J Nephrol. 1994; 14(4-6):270-8. PMID: 7847454.
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    155. Solez K, Bihari D, Collins AJ, Eknoyan G, Eliahou H, Fedorov VD, Kjellstrand C, Lameire N, Letteri J, Nissenson AR, et al. International dialysis aid in earthquakes and other disasters. Kidney Int. 1993 Sep; 44(3):479-83. PMID: 8231019.
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    156. Dobyan DC, Truong LD, Eknoyan G. Renal malacoplakia reappraised. Am J Kidney Dis. 1993 Aug; 22(2):243-52. PMID: 8352248.
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    157. Eknoyan G. On the renal ailments of creators and leaders. Am J Kidney Dis. 1993 Jun; 21(6):653-8. PMID: 8503420.
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    158. Eknoyan G. Acute renal failure in the Armenian earthquake. Ren Fail. 1992; 14(3):241-4. PMID: 1509155.
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    159. De Santo NG, Capasso G, Ciacci C, Gallo L, Eknoyan G. Origins of nephrology: the 17th century. I. The fallacies deriving from examination of the urine according to James Primrose. Am J Nephrol. 1992; 12(1-2):94-101. PMID: 1415373.
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    160. Eknoyan G, Suki WN. Renal consequences of antihypertensive therapy. Semin Nephrol. 1991 Mar; 11(2):129-37. PMID: 1674622.
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    161. Eknoyan G, McDonald MA, Appel D, Truong LD. Chronic tubulo-interstitial nephritis: correlation between structural and functional findings. Kidney Int. 1990 Oct; 38(4):736-43. PMID: 2232511.
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    162. Eknoyan G, Riggs SA. Renal involvement in patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Am J Nephrol. 1986; 6(2):117-31. PMID: 3706416.
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    163. Eknoyan G, Lister BJ, Kim HS, Greenberg SD. Renal complications of bacterial endocarditis. Am J Nephrol. 1985; 5(6):457-69. PMID: 3909821.
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    164. Eknoyan G. Side effects of hemodialysis. N Engl J Med. 1984 Oct 04; 311(14):915-7. PMID: 6472405.
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    165. Adrogué HJ, Wilson H, Boyd AE, Suki WN, Eknoyan G. Plasma acid-base patterns in diabetic ketoacidosis. N Engl J Med. 1982 Dec 23; 307(26):1603-10. PMID: 6815530.
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    166. Eknoyan G, Brown CH. Biochemical abnormalities of platelets in renal failure. Evidence for decreased platelet serotonin, adenosine diphosphate and Mg-dependent adenosine triphosphatase. Am J Nephrol. 1981; 1(1):17-23. PMID: 6216810.
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    167. Minuth AN, Nottebohm GA, Eknoyan G, Suki WN. Indomethacin treatment of pericarditis in chronic hemodialysis patients. Arch Intern Med. 1975 Jun; 135(6):807-10. PMID: 1130925.
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    168. Hebert CS, Rouse D, Eknoyan G, Martinez-Maldonado M, Suki WN. Decreased phosphate reabsorption by volume expansion in the dog. Kidney Int. 1972 Nov; 2(5):247-52. PMID: 4670903.
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    169. Martinez-Maldonado M, Yium JJ, Eknoyan G, Suki WN. Adult polycystic kidney disease: studies of the defect in urine concentration. Kidney Int. 1972 Aug; 2(2):107-13. PMID: 4671535.
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    170. Eknoyan G, Györkey F, Dichoso C, Martinez-Maldonado M, Suki WN, Györkey P. Renal morphological and immunological changes associated with acute viral hepatitis. Kidney Int. 1972 Jun; 1(6):413-9. PMID: 4365635.
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    171. Eknoyan G, Martinez-Maldonado M, Yium JJ, Suki WN. Combined ascitic-fluid and furosemide infusion in the management of ascites. N Engl J Med. 1970 Mar 26; 282(13):713-7. PMID: 5416204.
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    172. Eknoyan G, Wacksman SJ, Glueck HI, Will JJ. Platelet function in renal failure. N Engl J Med. 1969 Mar 27; 280(13):677-81. PMID: 5766077.
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