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ASHOK BALASUBRAMANYAM

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Medicine
DivisionMedicine-Endocrinology
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    Other Positions
    TitleProfessor
    InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
    DepartmentDepartment of Molecular & Cellular Biology
    DivisionMolecular & Cellular Biology


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    R01DK059537     (BALASUBRAMANYAM, ASHOK)Aug 1, 2001 - Jun 30, 2005
    NIH/NIDDK
    MOLECULAR BASIS OF HIV LIPODYSTROPHY: ROLE OF VPR
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HL073696     (BALASUBRAMANYAM, ASHOK)Sep 1, 2003 - Jul 31, 2010
    NIH/NHLBI
    Diet/Exercise, Niacin, Fenofibrate for HIV Lipodystrophy
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R21DK082827     (BALASUBRAMANYAM, ASHOK)Apr 10, 2009 - Mar 31, 2012
    NIH/NIDDK
    Pathogenesis of Ketosis Prone Diabetes
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01DK081553     (BALASUBRAMANYAM, ASHOK)May 15, 2009 - Mar 31, 2014
    NIH/NIDDK
    Viral mechanisms of adipocyte dysfuntion: Role of Vpr.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R21AI116208     (LEWIS, DOROTHY E.)Sep 1, 2014 - Aug 31, 2016
    NIH/NIAID
    Adipose Tissue is a significant reservoir for HIV
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    R33AI116208     (LEWIS, DOROTHY E.)Sep 1, 2014 - Aug 31, 2019
    NIH/NIAID
    Adipose Tissue is a significant reservoir for HIV
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    R01DK101411     (JAHOOR, FAROOK)Sep 11, 2014 - Jun 30, 2019
    NIH/NIDDK
    Arginine and Nitric Oxide Synthesis in the Pathogenesis of Ketosis-Prone Diabetes
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    R01DK104832     (BALASUBRAMANYAM, ASHOK)Sep 16, 2015 - Aug 31, 2020
    NIH/NIDDK
    Role of Islet Injury and Autoimmunity in T2D Beta Cell Dysfunction
    Role: Principal Investigator

    U54DK118638     (BALASUBRAMANYAM, ASHOK)Sep 10, 2018 - May 31, 2023
    NIH/NIDDK
    Center for Identification and Study of Individuals with Atypical Diabetes Mellitus (U54)
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Couturier J, Nuotio-Antar AM, Agarwal N, Wilkerson GK, Saha P, Kulkarni V, Lakhashe SK, Esquivel J, Nehete PN, Ruprecht RM, Sastry KJ, Meyer JM, Hill LR, Lake JE, Balasubramanyam A, Lewis DE. Lymphocytes upregulate CD36 in adipose tissue and liver. Adipocyte. 2019 Dec; 8(1):154-163. PMID: 31035848.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Mulukutla SN, Acevedo-Calado M, Hampe CS, Pietropaolo M, Balasubramanyam A. Response to Comment on Mulukutla et al. Autoantibodies to the IA-2 Extracellular Domain Refine the Definition of "A+" Subtypes of Ketosis-Prone Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2018;41:2637-2640. Diabetes Care. 2019 May; 42(5):e82-e83. PMID: 31010950.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Gaba R, Mehta P, Balasubramanyam A. Evaluation and management of ketosis-prone diabetes. Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab. 2019 01; 14(1):43-48. PMID: 30612498.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Pilla SJ, Balasubramanyam A, Knowler WC, Lazo M, Nathan DM, Pi-Sunyer X, Clark JM, Maruthur NM. Islet autoantibody positivity in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes. Autoimmunity. 2018 12; 51(8):408-416. PMID: 30661481.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Balasubramanyam A. SYNDROMES OF KETOSIS-PRONE DIABETES. Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2019; 130:145-155. PMID: 31516178.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Mulukutla SN, Acevedo-Calado M, Hampe CS, Pietropaolo M, Balasubramanyam A. Autoantibodies to the IA-2 Extracellular Domain Refine the Definition of "A+" Subtypes of Ketosis-Prone Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2018 12; 41(12):2637-2640. PMID: 30327357.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Hendrie HC, Zheng M, Lane KA, Ambuehl R, Purnell C, Li S, Unverzagt FW, Murray MD, Balasubramanyam A, Callahan CM, Gao S. Changes of glucose levels precede dementia in African-Americans with diabetes but not in Caucasians. Alzheimers Dement. 2018 12; 14(12):1572-1579. PMID: 29678640.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Couturier J, Winchester LC, Suliburk JW, Wilkerson GK, Podany AT, Agarwal N, Xuan Chua CY, Nehete PN, Nehete BP, Grattoni A, Sastry KJ, Fletcher CV, Lake JE, Balasubramanyam A, Lewis DE. Adipocytes impair efficacy of antiretroviral therapy. Antiviral Res. 2018 06; 154:140-148. PMID: 29630975.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Mulukutla SN, Hsu JW, Gaba R, Bohren KM, Guthikonda A, Iyer D, Ajami NJ, Petrosino JF, Hampe CS, Ram N, Jahoor F, Balasubramanyam A. Arginine Metabolism Is Altered in Adults with A-ß + Ketosis-Prone Diabetes. J Nutr. 2018 02 01; 148(2):185-193. PMID: 29490093.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Mulukutla SN, Tersey SA, Hampe CS, Mirmira RG, Balasubramanyam A. Elevated unmethylated and methylated insulin DNA are unique markers of A+ß+ ketosis prone diabetes. J Diabetes Complications. 2018 02; 32(2):193-195. PMID: 29175121.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Agarwal N, Iyer D, Gabbi C, Saha P, Patel SG, Mo Q, Chang B, Goswami B, Schubert U, Kopp JB, Lewis DE, Balasubramanyam A. HIV-1 viral protein R (Vpr) induces fatty liver in mice via LXRa and PPARa dysregulation: implications for HIV-specific pathogenesis of NAFLD. Sci Rep. 2017 10 17; 7(1):13362. PMID: 29042644.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Hahn F, Schmalen A, Setz C, Friedrich M, Schlößer S, Kölle J, Spranger R, Rauch P, Fraedrich K, Reif T, Karius-Fischer J, Balasubramanyam A, Henklein P, Fossen T, Schubert U. Proteolysis of mature HIV-1 p6 Gag protein by the insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) regulates virus replication in an Env-dependent manner. PLoS One. 2017; 12(4):e0174254. PMID: 28388673.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Bruera S, Kalakota NR, Balasubramanyam A. The Malnourished Heart: An Unusual Case of Heart Failure. Am J Med. 2017 Jul; 130(7):e297-e298. PMID: 28219636.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Patel RM, Misra R, Raj S, Balasubramanyam A. Effectiveness of a Group-Based Culturally Tailored Lifestyle Intervention Program on Changes in Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes among Asian Indians in the United States. J Diabetes Res. 2017; 2017:2751980. PMID: 28168201.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Bashamboo A, Donohoue PA, Vilain E, Rojo S, Calvel P, Seneviratne SN, Buonocore F, Barseghyan H, Bingham N, Rosenfeld JA, Mulukutla SN, Jain M, Burrage L, Dhar S, Balasubramanyam A, Lee B, Dumargne MC, Eozenou C, Suntharalingham JP, de Silva K, Lin L, Bignon-Topalovic J, Poulat F, Lagos CF, McElreavey K, Achermann JC. A recurrent p.Arg92Trp variant in steroidogenic factor-1 (NR5A1) can act as a molecular switch in human sex development. Hum Mol Genet. 2016 12 01; 25(23):5286. PMID: 28031288.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Hendrie HC, Zheng M, Li W, Lane K, Ambuehl R, Purnell C, Unverzagt FW, Torke A, Balasubramanyam A, Callahan CM, Gao S. Glucose level decline precedes dementia in elderly African Americans with diabetes. Alzheimers Dement. 2017 02; 13(2):111-118. PMID: 27793691.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Bashamboo A, Donohoue PA, Vilain E, Rojo S, Calvel P, Seneviratne SN, Buonocore F, Barseghyan H, Bingham N, Rosenfeld JA, Mulukutla SN, Jain M, Burrage L, Dhar S, Balasubramanyam A, Lee B, Dumargne MC, Eozenou C, Suntharalingham JP, de Silva K, Lin L, Bignon-Topalovic J, Poulat F, Lagos CF, McElreavey K, Achermann JC. A recurrent p.Arg92Trp variant in steroidogenic factor-1 (NR5A1) can act as a molecular switch in human sex development. Hum Mol Genet. 2016 08 15; 25(16):3446-3453. PMID: 27378692.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Sanguankeo A, Lazo M, Upala S, Brancati FL, Bonekamp S, Pownall HJ, Balasubramanyam A, Clark JM. Effects of visceral adipose tissue reduction on CVD risk factors independent of weight loss: The Look AHEAD study. Endocr Res. 2017 May; 42(2):86-95. PMID: 27351077.
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    19. Couturier J, Agarwal N, Nehete PN, Baze WB, Barry MA, Jagannadha Sastry K, Balasubramanyam A, Lewis DE. Infectious SIV resides in adipose tissue and induces metabolic defects in chronically infected rhesus macaques. Retrovirology. 2016 Apr 27; 13:30. PMID: 27117277.
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    20. Andersen LW, Berg KM, Montissol S, Sulmonte C, Balkema J, Cocchi MN, Wolfe RE, Balasubramanyam A, Liu X, Donnino MW. Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Activity Is Decreased in Emergency Department Patients With Diabetic Ketoacidosis. Acad Emerg Med. 2016 06; 23(6):685-9. PMID: 26733088.
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    21. Belalcazar LM, Papandonatos GD, Erar B, Peter I, Alkofide H, Balasubramanyam A, Brautbar A, Kahn SE, Knowler WC, Ballantyne CM, McCaffery JM, Huggins GS. Lifestyle Intervention for Weight Loss and Cardiometabolic Changes in the Setting of Glucokinase Regulatory Protein Inhibition: Glucokinase Regulatory Protein-Leu446Pro Variant in Look AHEAD. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2016 Feb; 9(1):71-8. PMID: 26578543.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Belalcazar LM, Lang W, Haffner SM, Schwenke DC, Kriska A, Balasubramanyam A, Hoogeveen RC, Pi-Sunyer FX, Tracy RP, Ballantyne CM. Improving Adiponectin Levels in Individuals With Diabetes and Obesity: Insights From Look AHEAD. Diabetes Care. 2015 Aug; 38(8):1544-50. PMID: 25972574.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Gaba R, Gambhire D, Uy N, Gonzalez EV, Iyer D, Hampe CS, Ram N, Balasubramanyam A. Factors associated with early relapse to insulin dependence in unprovoked A-ß+ ketosis-prone diabetes. J Diabetes Complications. 2015 Sep-Oct; 29(7):918-22. PMID: 26071380.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Couturier J, Suliburk JW, Brown JM, Luke DJ, Agarwal N, Yu X, Nguyen C, Iyer D, Kozinetz CA, Overbeek PA, Metzker ML, Balasubramanyam A, Lewis DE. Human adipose tissue as a reservoir for memory CD4+ T cells and HIV. AIDS. 2015 Mar 27; 29(6):667-74. PMID: 25849830.
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    25. Belalcazar LM, Papandonatos GD, McCaffery JM, Peter I, Pajewski NM, Erar B, Allred ND, Balasubramanyam A, Bowden DW, Brautbar A, Pi-Sunyer FX, Ballantyne CM, Huggins GS. A common variant in the CLDN7/ELP5 locus predicts adiponectin change with lifestyle intervention and improved fitness in obese individuals with diabetes. Physiol Genomics. 2015 Jun; 47(6):215-24. PMID: 25759378.
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    26. Davidson LE, Kelley DE, Heshka S, Thornton J, Pi-Sunyer FX, Boxt L, Balasubramanyam A, Gallagher D. Skeletal muscle and organ masses differ in overweight adults with type 2 diabetes. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014 Aug 15; 117(4):377-82. PMID: 24947030.
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    27. Ladenson PW, Balasubramanyam A, Danoff A, Bhasin S. Defining, assessing, and certifying procedural competency in endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Aug; 99(8):2651-3. PMID: 24823467.
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    28. Redondo MJ, Muniz J, Rodriguez LM, Iyer D, Vaziri-Sani F, Haymond MW, Hampe CS, Metzker ML, Grant SF, Balasubramanyam A. Association of TCF7L2 variation with single islet autoantibody expression in children with type 1 diabetes. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2014; 2(1):e000008. PMID: 25452857.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Oak S, Gaur LK, Radtke J, Patel R, Iyer D, Ram N, Gaba R, Balasubramanyam A, Hampe CS. Masked and overt autoantibodies specific to the DPD epitope of 65-kDa glutamate decarboxylase (GAD65-DPD) are associated with preserved ß-cell functional reserve in ketosis-prone diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Jun; 99(6):E1040-4. PMID: 24601691.
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    30. Balasubramanyam A. The villain with a thousand faces. J Diabetes Complications. 2014 Jul-Aug; 28(4):434-5. PMID: 24768207.
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    31. Peter I, Papandonatos GD, Belalcazar LM, Yang Y, Erar B, Jakicic JM, Unick JL, Balasubramanyam A, Lipkin EW, Delahanty LM, Wagenknecht LE, Wing RR, McCaffery JM, Huggins GS. Genetic modifiers of cardiorespiratory fitness response to lifestyle intervention. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2014 Feb; 46(2):302-11. PMID: 23899896.
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    32. Agarwal N, Iyer D, Patel SG, Sekhar RV, Phillips TM, Schubert U, Oplt T, Buras ED, Samson SL, Couturier J, Lewis DE, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Jahoor F, Kino T, Kopp JB, Balasubramanyam A. HIV-1 Vpr induces adipose dysfunction in vivo through reciprocal effects on PPAR/GR co-regulation. Sci Transl Med. 2013 Nov 27; 5(213):213ra164. PMID: 24285483.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Brooks-Worrell BM, Iyer D, Coraza I, Hampe CS, Nalini R, Ozer K, Narla R, Palmer JP, Balasubramanyam A. Islet-specific T-cell responses and proinflammatory monocytes define subtypes of autoantibody-negative ketosis-prone diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2013 Dec; 36(12):4098-103. PMID: 24130366.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Shrivastav S, Zhang L, Okamoto K, Lee H, Lagranha C, Abe Y, Balasubramanyam A, Lopaschuk GD, Kino T, Kopp JB. HIV-1 Vpr enhances PPARß/d-mediated transcription, increases PDK4 expression, and reduces PDC activity. Mol Endocrinol. 2013 Sep; 27(9):1564-76. PMID: 23842279.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Wooten JS, Nambi P, Gillard BK, Pownall HJ, Coraza I, Scott LW, Nambi V, Ballantyne CM, Balasubramanyam A. Intensive lifestyle modification reduces Lp-PLA2 in dyslipidemic HIV/HAART patients. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2013 Jun; 45(6):1043-50. PMID: 23299761.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Gillard BK, Raya JL, Ruiz-Esponda R, Iyer D, Coraza I, Balasubramanyam A, Pownall HJ. Impaired lipoprotein processing in HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy: aberrant high-density lipoprotein lipids, stability, and function. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2013 Jul; 33(7):1714-21. PMID: 23640486.
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    37. Misra R, Chandra P, Riechman SE, Long DM, Shinde S, Pownall HJ, Coraza I, Lewis DE, Sekhar RV, Balasubramanyam A. Relationship of ethnicity and CD4 Count with glucose metabolism among HIV patients on Highly-Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART). BMC Endocr Disord. 2013 Apr 22; 13:13. PMID: 23607267.
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    38. Patel PS, Buras ED, Balasubramanyam A. The role of the immune system in obesity and insulin resistance. J Obes. 2013; 2013:616193. PMID: 23577240.
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    39. Vu CN, Ruiz-Esponda R, Yang E, Chang E, Gillard B, Pownall HJ, Hoogeveen RC, Coraza I, Balasubramanyam A. Altered relationship of plasma triglycerides to HDL cholesterol in patients with HIV/HAART-associated dyslipidemia: further evidence for a unique form of metabolic syndrome in HIV patients. Metabolism. 2013 Jul; 62(7):1014-20. PMID: 23522788.
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    40. Redondo MJ, Rodriguez LM, Escalante M, Smith EO, Balasubramanyam A, Haymond MW. Types of pediatric diabetes mellitus defined by anti-islet autoimmunity and random C-peptide at diagnosis. Pediatr Diabetes. 2013 Aug; 14(5):333-40. PMID: 23458188.
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    41. Fernandez R, Misra R, Nalini R, Hampe CS, Ozer K, Balasubramanyam A. Characteristics of patients with ketosis-prone diabetes (KPD) presenting with acute pancreatitis: implications for the natural history and etiology of a KPD subgroup. Endocr Pract. 2013 Mar-Apr; 19(2):243-51. PMID: 23529349.
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    42. Patel SG, Hsu JW, Jahoor F, Coraza I, Bain JR, Stevens RD, Iyer D, Nalini R, Ozer K, Hampe CS, Newgard CB, Balasubramanyam A. Pathogenesis of A?ß? ketosis-prone diabetes. Diabetes. 2013 Mar; 62(3):912-22. PMID: 23160531.
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    43. Belalcazar LM, Lang W, Haffner SM, Hoogeveen RC, Pi-Sunyer FX, Schwenke DC, Balasubramanyam A, Tracy RP, Kriska AP, Ballantyne CM. Adiponectin and the mediation of HDL-cholesterol change with improved lifestyle: the Look AHEAD Study. J Lipid Res. 2012 Dec; 53(12):2726-33. PMID: 22956782.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Abdelmalek MF, Lazo M, Horska A, Bonekamp S, Lipkin EW, Balasubramanyam A, Bantle JP, Johnson RJ, Diehl AM, Clark JM. Higher dietary fructose is associated with impaired hepatic adenosine triphosphate homeostasis in obese individuals with type 2 diabetes. Hepatology. 2012 Sep; 56(3):952-60. PMID: 22467259.
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    45. Redondo MJ, Rodriguez LM, Escalante M, O'Brian Smith E, Balasubramanyam A, Haymond MW. Beta cell function and BMI in ethnically diverse children with newly diagnosed autoimmune type 1 diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes. 2012 Nov; 13(7):564-71. PMID: 22642603.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Sekhar RV, Jahoor F, Iyer D, Guthikonda A, Paranilam J, Elhaj F, Coraza I, Balasubramanyam A. Leptin replacement therapy does not improve the abnormal lipid kinetics of hypoleptinemic patients with HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome. Metabolism. 2012 Oct; 61(10):1395-403. PMID: 22542724.
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    47. McCaffery JM, Papandonatos GD, Peter I, Huggins GS, Raynor HA, Delahanty LM, Cheskin LJ, Balasubramanyam A, Wagenknecht LE, Wing RR. Obesity susceptibility loci and dietary intake in the Look AHEAD Trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Jun; 95(6):1477-86. PMID: 22513296.
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    48. Saxena R, Elbers CC, Guo Y, Peter I, Gaunt TR, Mega JL, Lanktree MB, Tare A, Castillo BA, Li YR, Johnson T, Bruinenberg M, Gilbert-Diamond D, Rajagopalan R, Voight BF, Balasubramanyam A, Barnard J, Bauer F, Baumert J, Bhangale T, Böhm BO, Braund PS, Burton PR, Chandrupatla HR, Clarke R, Cooper-DeHoff RM, Crook ED, Davey-Smith G, Day IN, de Boer A, de Groot MC, Drenos F, Ferguson J, Fox CS, Furlong CE, Gibson Q, Gieger C, Gilhuijs-Pederson LA, Glessner JT, Goel A, Gong Y, Grant SF, Grobbee DE, Hastie C, Humphries SE, Kim CE, Kivimaki M, Kleber M, Meisinger C, Kumari M, Langaee TY, Lawlor DA, Li M, Lobmeyer MT, Maitland-van der Zee AH, Meijs MF, Molony CM, Morrow DA, Murugesan G, Musani SK, Nelson CP, Newhouse SJ, O'Connell JR, Padmanabhan S, Palmen J, Patel SR, Pepine CJ, Pettinger M, Price TS, Rafelt S, Ranchalis J, Rasheed A, Rosenthal E, Ruczinski I, Shah S, Shen H, Silbernagel G, Smith EN, Spijkerman AW, Stanton A, Steffes MW, Thorand B, Trip M, van der Harst P, van der A DL, van Iperen EP, van Setten J, van Vliet-Ostaptchouk JV, Verweij N, Wolffenbuttel BH, Young T, Zafarmand MH, Zmuda JM, Boehnke M, Altshuler D, McCarthy M, Kao WH, Pankow JS, Cappola TP, Sever P, Poulter N, Caulfield M, Dominiczak A, Shields DC, Bhatt DL, Bhatt D, Zhang L, Curtis SP, Danesh J, Casas JP, van der Schouw YT, Onland-Moret NC, Doevendans PA, Dorn GW, Farrall M, FitzGerald GA, Hamsten A, Hegele R, Hingorani AD, Hofker MH, Huggins GS, Illig T, Jarvik GP, Johnson JA, Klungel OH, Knowler WC, Koenig W, März W, Meigs JB, Melander O, Munroe PB, Mitchell BD, Bielinski SJ, Rader DJ, Reilly MP, Rich SS, Rotter JI, Saleheen D, Samani NJ, Schadt EE, Shuldiner AR, Silverstein R, Kottke-Marchant K, Talmud PJ, Watkins H, Asselbergs FW, Asselbergs F, de Bakker PI, McCaffery J, Wijmenga C, Sabatine MS, Wilson JG, Reiner A, Bowden DW, Hakonarson H, Siscovick DS, Keating BJ. Large-scale gene-centric meta-analysis across 39 studies identifies type 2 diabetes loci. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Mar 09; 90(3):410-25. PMID: 22325160.
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    49. Gutierrez AD, Balasubramanyam A. Dysregulation of glucose metabolism in HIV patients: epidemiology, mechanisms, and management. Endocrine. 2012 Feb; 41(1):1-10. PMID: 22134974.
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    50. Couturier J, Patel SG, Iyer D, Balasubramanyam A, Lewis DE. Human monocytes accelerate proliferation and blunt differentiation of preadipocytes in association with suppression of C/EBP? mRNA. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Feb; 20(2):253-62. PMID: 21869759.
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    51. Sekhar RV, Patel SG, Guthikonda AP, Reid M, Balasubramanyam A, Taffet GE, Jahoor F. Deficient synthesis of glutathione underlies oxidative stress in aging and can be corrected by dietary cysteine and glycine supplementation. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Sep; 94(3):847-53. PMID: 21795440.
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    52. Smart-Halajko MC, Kelley-Hedgepeth A, Montefusco MC, Cooper JA, Kopin A, McCaffrey JM, Balasubramanyam A, Pownall HJ, Nathan DM, Peter I, Talmud PJ, Huggins GS. ANGPTL4 variants E40K and T266M are associated with lower fasting triglyceride levels in Non-Hispanic White Americans from the Look AHEAD Clinical Trial. BMC Med Genet. 2011 Jun 29; 12:89. PMID: 21714923.
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    53. Balasubramanyam A, Coraza I, Smith EO, Scott LW, Patel P, Iyer D, Taylor AA, Giordano TP, Sekhar RV, Clark P, Cuevas-Sanchez E, Kamble S, Ballantyne CM, Pownall HJ. Combination of niacin and fenofibrate with lifestyle changes improves dyslipidemia and hypoadiponectinemia in HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy: results of "heart positive," a randomized, controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jul; 96(7):2236-47. PMID: 21565796.
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    54. Sekhar RV, McKay SV, Patel SG, Guthikonda AP, Reddy VT, Balasubramanyam A, Jahoor F. Glutathione synthesis is diminished in patients with uncontrolled diabetes and restored by dietary supplementation with cysteine and glycine. Diabetes Care. 2011 Jan; 34(1):162-7. PMID: 20929994.
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    55. Sekhar RV, Patel SG, D'Amico S, Shi J, Balasubramanyam A, Rehman K, Jahoor F, Visnegarwala F. Effects of rosiglitazone on abnormal lipid kinetics in HIV-associated dyslipidemic lipodystrophy: a stable isotope study. Metabolism. 2011 Jun; 60(6):754-60. PMID: 20832829.
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    56. Sekhar RV, Balasubramanyam A. Treatment of dyslipidemia in HIV-infected patients. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2010 Aug; 11(11):1845-54. PMID: 20486828.
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    57. Nalini R, Ozer K, Maldonado M, Patel SG, Hampe CS, Guthikonda A, Villanueva J, O'Brian Smith E, Gaur LK, Balasubramanyam A. Presence or absence of a known diabetic ketoacidosis precipitant defines distinct syndromes of "A-ß+" ketosis-prone diabetes based on long-term ß-cell function, human leukocyte antigen class II alleles, and sex predilection. Metabolism. 2010 Oct; 59(10):1448-55. PMID: 20170930.
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    58. Misra R, Patel T, Kotha P, Raji A, Ganda O, Banerji M, Shah V, Vijay K, Mudaliar S, Iyer D, Balasubramanyam A. Prevalence of diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular risk factors in US Asian Indians: results from a national study. J Diabetes Complications. 2010 May-Jun; 24(3):145-53. PMID: 19303333.
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    59. Haaland WC, Scaduto DI, Maldonado MR, Mansouri DL, Nalini R, Iyer D, Patel S, Guthikonda A, Hampe CS, Balasubramanyam A, Metzker ML. A-beta-subtype of ketosis-prone diabetes is not predominantly a monogenic diabetic syndrome. Diabetes Care. 2009 May; 32(5):873-7. PMID: 19228875.
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    60. Balasubramanyam A. Intensive glycemic control in the intensive care unit: promises and pitfalls. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Feb; 94(2):416-7. PMID: 19193915.
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    61. Nalini R, Gaur LK, Maldonado M, Hampe CS, Rodriguez L, Garza G, Lernmark A, Balasubramanyam A. HLA class II alleles specify phenotypes of ketosis-prone diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2008 Jun; 31(6):1195-200. PMID: 18316396.
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    62. Balasubramanyam A, Nalini R, Hampe CS, Maldonado M. Syndromes of ketosis-prone diabetes mellitus. Endocr Rev. 2008 May; 29(3):292-302. PMID: 18292467.
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    63. Nalini R, Maldonado M, Balasubramanyam A. Re: A comparison of classification schemes for ketosis-prone diabetes. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Dec; 3(12):E1. PMID: 18026157.
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    64. Lichtenstein K, Balasubramanyam A, Sekhar R, Freedland E. HIV-associated adipose redistribution syndrome (HARS): definition, epidemiology and clinical impact. AIDS Res Ther. 2007 Jul 16; 4:16. PMID: 17634130.
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    65. Lichtenstein K, Balasubramanyam A, Sekhar R, Freedland E. HIV-associated adipose redistribution syndrome (HARS): etiology and pathophysiological mechanisms. AIDS Res Ther. 2007 Jun 27; 4:14. PMID: 17597538.
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    66. Fareau GG, Maldonado M, Oral E, Balasubramanyam A. Regression of acanthosis nigricans correlates with disappearance of anti-insulin receptor autoantibodies and achievement of euglycemia in type B insulin resistance syndrome. Metabolism. 2007 May; 56(5):670-5. PMID: 17445543.
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    67. Chang E, Sekhar R, Patel S, Balasubramanyam A. Dysregulated energy expenditure in HIV-infected patients: a mechanistic review. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Jun 01; 44(11):1509-17. PMID: 17479951.
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    68. Balasubramanyam A, Garza G, Rodriguez L, Hampe CS, Gaur L, Lernmark A, Maldonado MR. Accuracy and predictive value of classification schemes for ketosis-prone diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2006 Dec; 29(12):2575-9. PMID: 17130187.
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    69. Hampe CS, Nalini R, Maldonado MR, Hall TR, Garza G, Iyer D, Balasubramanyam A. Association of amino-terminal-specific antiglutamate decarboxylase (GAD65) autoantibodies with beta-cell functional reserve and a milder clinical phenotype in patients with GAD65 antibodies and ketosis-prone diabetes mellitus. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Feb; 92(2):462-7. PMID: 17090641.
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    70. Garcia JM, Iyer D, Poston WS, Marcelli M, Reeves R, Foreyt J, Balasubramanyam A. Rise of plasma ghrelin with weight loss is not sustained during weight maintenance. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006 Oct; 14(10):1716-23. PMID: 17062800.
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    71. Balasubramanyam A, Mersmann H, Jahoor F, Phillips TM, Sekhar RV, Schubert U, Brar B, Iyer D, Smith EO, Takahashi H, Lu H, Anderson P, Kino T, Henklein P, Kopp JB. Effects of transgenic expression of HIV-1 Vpr on lipid and energy metabolism in mice. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Jan; 292(1):E40-8. PMID: 16882932.
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    72. Samson SL, Pownall HJ, Scott LW, Ballantyne CM, Smith EO, Sekhar RV, Balasubramanyam A. Heart positive: design of a randomized controlled clinical trial of intensive lifestyle intervention, niacin and fenofibrate for HIV lipodystrophy/dyslipidemia. Contemp Clin Trials. 2006 Dec; 27(6):518-30. PMID: 16914390.
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    73. Balasubramanyam A, Hinnen D, Polonsky W. Cardiovascular event prevention in the person with type 2 diabetes: case examples for identifying and treating multiple risks. Diabetes Educ. 2006 Jul-Aug; 32 Suppl 5:163S-173S; quiz 174S-177S. PMID: 16873585.
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    74. D'Amico S, Shi J, Sekhar RV, Jahoor F, Ellis KJ, Rehman K, Willis J, Maldonado M, Balasubramanyam A. Physiologic growth hormone replacement improves fasting lipid kinetics in patients with HIV lipodystrophy syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jul; 84(1):204-11. PMID: 16825697.
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    75. Villalpando S, Gopal J, Balasubramanyam A, Bandi VP, Guntupalli K, Jahoor F. In vivo arginine production and intravascular nitric oxide synthesis in hypotensive sepsis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jul; 84(1):197-203. PMID: 16825696.
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    76. Iyer D, Chang D, Marx J, Wei L, Olson EN, Parmacek MS, Balasubramanyam A, Schwartz RJ. Serum response factor MADS box serine-162 phosphorylation switches proliferation and myogenic gene programs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Mar 21; 103(12):4516-21. PMID: 16537394.
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    77. Balasubramanyam A, Sekhar RV. HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome: an accelerated form of the metabolic syndrome of insulin resistance due to altered fat distribution. Res Initiat Treat Action. 2006; 12(1):5-11. PMID: 17153230.
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    78. Otiniano ME, Balasubramanyam A, Maldonado M. Presence of the metabolic syndrome distinguishes patients with ketosis-prone diabetes who have a Type 2 diabetic phenotype. J Diabetes Complications. 2005 Nov-Dec; 19(6):313-8. PMID: 16260347.
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    79. Sekhar RV, Goodman JC, Balasubramanyam A, Tatro JB, Mihaly E. Regulation of body weight by proopiomelanocortin peptides in humans: lessons from the Nelson syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 2005 Aug 02; 143(3):238-9. PMID: 16061931.
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    80. Sekhar RV, Jahoor F, Pownall HJ, Rehman K, Gaubatz J, Iyer D, Balasubramanyam A. Severely dysregulated disposal of postprandial triacylglycerols exacerbates hypertriacylglycerolemia in HIV lipodystrophy syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Jun; 81(6):1405-10. PMID: 15941894.
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    81. Paschali AA, Goodrick GK, Kalantzi-Azizi A, Papadatou D, Balasubramanyam A. Accelerometer feedback to promote physical activity in adults with type 2 diabetes: a pilot study. Percept Mot Skills. 2005 Feb; 100(1):61-8. PMID: 15773694.
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    82. Vasudevan AR, Balasubramanyam A. Thiazolidinediones: a review of their mechanisms of insulin sensitization, therapeutic potential, clinical efficacy, and tolerability. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2004 Dec; 6(6):850-63. PMID: 15684639.
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    83. Visnegarwala F, Maldonado M, Sajja P, Minihan JL, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Ong O, Lahart CJ, Hasan MQ, Balasubramanyam A, White AC. Lipid lowering effects of statins and fibrates in the management of HIV dyslipidemias associated with antiretroviral therapy in HIV clinical practice. J Infect. 2004 Nov; 49(4):283-90. PMID: 15474625.
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    84. Rao A, D'Amico S, Balasubramanyam A, Maldonado M. Fenofibrate is effective in treating hypertriglyceridemia associated with HIV lipodystrophy. Am J Med Sci. 2004 Jun; 327(6):315-8. PMID: 15201643.
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    85. Sekhar RV, Jahoor F, Pownall HJ, Ballantyne CM, Balasubramanyam A. Cardiovascular implications of HIV-associated dyslipidemic lipodystrophy. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2004 May; 6(3):173-9. PMID: 15068741.
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    86. Balasubramanyam A, Maldonado M. Novel syndromes of ketosis-prone diabetes: implications for management and medical economics. Manag Care. 2004 Apr; 13(4 Suppl):7-10; discussion 19-21. PMID: 15156714.
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    87. Maldonado MR, Otiniano ME, Lee R, Rodriguez L, Balasubramanyam A. Characteristics of ketosis-prone diabetes in a multiethnic indigent community. Ethn Dis. 2004; 14(2):243-9. PMID: 15132210.
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    88. Shi J, Sekhar RV, Balasubramanyam A, Ellis K, Reeds PJ, Jahoor F, Sharma MD. Short- and long-term effects of growth hormone (GH) replacement on protein metabolism in GH-deficient adults. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Dec; 88(12):5827-33. PMID: 14671176.
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    89. Maldonado M, Hampe CS, Gaur LK, D'Amico S, Iyer D, Hammerle LP, Bolgiano D, Rodriguez L, Rajan A, Lernmark A, Balasubramanyam A. Ketosis-prone diabetes: dissection of a heterogeneous syndrome using an immunogenetic and beta-cell functional classification, prospective analysis, and clinical outcomes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Nov; 88(11):5090-8. PMID: 14602731.
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    90. Maldonado MR, Otiniano ME, Lee R, Rodriguez L, Balasubramanyam A. Ethnic differences in beta-cell functional reserve and clinical features in patients with ketosis-prone diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003 Aug; 26(8):2469. PMID: 12882882.
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    91. Scott LW, Balasubramanyam A, Kimball KT, Aherns AK, Fordis CM, Ballantyne CM. Long-term, randomized clinical trial of two diets in the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003 Aug; 26(8):2481-2. PMID: 12882894.
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    92. Iyer D, Belaguli N, Flück M, Rowan BG, Wei L, Weigel NL, Booth FW, Epstein HF, Schwartz RJ, Balasubramanyam A. Novel phosphorylation target in the serum response factor MADS box regulates alpha-actin transcription. Biochemistry. 2003 Jun 24; 42(24):7477-86. PMID: 12809504.
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    93. Maldonado MR, Chong ER, Oehl MA, Balasubramanyam A. Economic impact of diabetic ketoacidosis in a multiethnic indigent population: analysis of costs based on the precipitating cause. Diabetes Care. 2003 Apr; 26(4):1265-9. PMID: 12663608.
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    94. Maldonado MR, D'Amico S, Rodriguez L, Iyer D, Balasubramanyam A. Improved outcomes in indigent patients with ketosis-prone diabetes: effect of a dedicated diabetes treatment unit. Endocr Pract. 2003 Jan-Feb; 9(1):26-32. PMID: 12917089.
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    95. Stringer JL, Belaguli NS, Iyer D, Schwartz RJ, Balasubramanyam A. Developmental expression of serum response factor in the rat central nervous system. Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 2002 Sep 20; 138(1):81-6. PMID: 12234660.
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    96. Sekhar RV, Jahoor F, White AC, Pownall HJ, Visnegarwala F, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Sharma M, Reeds PJ, Balasubramanyam A. Metabolic basis of HIV-lipodystrophy syndrome. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Aug; 283(2):E332-7. PMID: 12110539.
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