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JIMMY ESPINOZA

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Obstetrics & Gynecology
DivisionObstet & Gyne: Maternal & Fetal Med
AddressOne Baylor Plaza
Houston TX 77030
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Shamshirsaz AA, Nassr AA, Erfani H, Olutoye OA, Espinoza J, Olutoye OO, Belfort MA. Fetoscopic laryngo-tracheoscopy: a novel diagnostic modality to avoid unnecessary ex-utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) in cases with suspected fetal airway compromise. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Feb 26. PMID: 29479755.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Nassr AA, Shamshirsaz AA, Sanz Cortes M, Gibbons WE, Belfort MA, Espinoza J. Unusual course of hyperreactio luteinalis in twin pregnancy complicated by twin to twin transfusion syndrome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Jan 24. PMID: 29363826.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Shamshirsaz AA, Bateni ZH, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Arian SE, Erfani H, Shamshirsaz AA, Abuhamad A, Fox KA, Ramin SM, Moaddab A, Maskatia SA, Salmanian B, Lopez KN, Hosseinzadeh P, Schutt AK, Nassr AA, Espinoza J, Dildy GA, Belfort MA, Clark SL. Cyanotic congenital heart disease following fertility treatments in the United States from 2011 to 2014. Heart. 2017 Nov 16. PMID: 29146625.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Erfani H, Kassir E, Fox KA, Clark SL, Karbasian N, Salmanian B, Shamshirsaz AA, Espinoza J, Nassr AA, Eppes CS, Belfort MA, Shamshirsaz AA. Placenta previa without morbidly adherent placenta: comparison of characteristics and outcomes between planned and emergent deliveries in a tertiary centre. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2017 Oct 18; 1-11. PMID: 29046070.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Yu YR, Espinoza J, Mehta DK, Keswani SG, Lee TC. Perinatal diagnosis and management of oropharyngeal fetus in fetu: A case report. J Clin Ultrasound. 2018 May; 46(4):286-291. PMID: 28949025.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Uchino K, Mizuno S, Sato-Otsubo A, Nannya Y, Mizutani M, Horio T, Hanamura I, Espinoza JL, Onizuka M, Kashiwase K, Morishima Y, Fukuda T, Kodera Y, Doki N, Miyamura K, Mori T, Ogawa S, Takami A. Toll-like receptor genetic variations in bone marrow transplantation. Oncotarget. 2017 Jul 11; 8(28):45670-45686. PMID: 28484092.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Nassr AA, Shazly SA, Morris SA, Ayres N, Espinoza J, Erfani H, Olutoye OA, Sexson SK, Olutoye OO, Fraser CD, Belfort MA, Shamshirsaz AA. Antenatal Management of Fetal Intrapericardial Teratoma: A Systematic Review. Prenat Diagn. 2017 Jul 10. PMID: 28695637.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Nassr AA, Ness A, Hosseinzadeh P, Salmanian B, Espinoza J, Berger V, Werner E, Erfani H, Welty S, Bateni ZH, Shamshirsaz AA, Popek E, Ruano R, Davis AS, Lee TC, Keswani S, Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Belfort MA, Shamshirsaz AA. Outcome and Treatment of Antenatally Diagnosed Nonimmune Hydrops Fetalis. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2017 Jun 24. PMID: 28647738.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Nassr AA, Erfani H, Fisher JE, Ogunleye OK, Espinoza J, Belfort MA, Shamshirsaz AA. Fetal interventional procedures and surgeries: a practical approach. J Perinat Med. 2017 May 24. PMID: 28599395.
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    10. Horio T, Mizuno S, Uchino K, Mizutani M, Hanamura I, Espinoza JL, Onizuka M, Kashiwase K, Morishima Y, Fukuda T, Kodera Y, Doki N, Miyamura K, Mori T, Takami A. The recipient CCR5 variation predicts survival outcomes after bone marrow transplantation. Transpl Immunol. 2017 06; 42:34-39. PMID: 28487238.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Belfort MA, Whitehead WE, Shamshirsaz AA, Bateni ZH, Olutoye OO, Olutoye OA, Mann DG, Espinoza J, Williams E, Lee TC, Keswani SG, Ayres N, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray AR, Sanz Cortes M, Carreras E, Peiro JL, Ruano R, Cass DL. Fetoscopic Open Neural Tube Defect Repair: Development and Refinement of a Two-Port, Carbon Dioxide Insufflation Technique. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Mar 06. PMID: 28277363.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Shamshirsaz AA, Fox KA, Erfani H, Clark SL, Salmanian B, Baker BW, Coburn M, Shamshirsaz AA, Bateni ZH, Espinoza J, Nassr AA, Popek EJ, Hui SK, Teruya J, Tung CS, Jones JA, Rac M, Dildy GA, Belfort MA. Multidisciplinary team learning in the management of the morbidly adherent placenta: outcome improvements over time. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Feb 14. PMID: 28213059.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Sack BS, Elizondo RA, Huang GO, Janzen N, Espinoza J, Sanz-Cortes M, Dietrich JE, Hakim J, Richardson E, Oden M, Hanks J, Haridas B, Hury JF, Koh CJ. Pediatric medical device development by surgeons via capstone engineering design programs. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Feb 06. PMID: 28196661.
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    14. Eppes C, Rac M, Dunn J, Versalovic J, Murray KO, Suter MA, Sanz Cortes M, Espinoza J, Seferovic MD, Lee W, Hotez P, Mastrobattista J, Clark SL, Belfort MA, Aagaard KM. Testing for Zika Virus (ZIKV) Infection in Pregnancy: Key Concepts to Deal with an Emerging Epidemic. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Jan 23. PMID: 28126366.
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    15. Belfort MA, Olutoye OO, Cass DL, Olutoye OA, Cassady CI, Mehollin-Ray AR, Shamshirsaz AA, Cruz SM, Lee TC, Mann DG, Espinoza J, Welty SE, Fernandes CJ, Ruano R. Feasibility and Outcomes of Fetoscopic Tracheal Occlusion for Severe Left Diaphragmatic Hernia. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Jan; 129(1):20-29. PMID: 27926636.
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    16. Nassr AA, Koh CK, Shamshirsaz AA, Espinoza J, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Sharhan D, Welty S, Angelo J, Roth D, Belfort MA, Braun M, Ruano R. Are ultrasound renal aspects associated with urinary biochemistry in fetuses with lower urinary tract obstruction? Prenat Diagn. 2016 Dec; 36(13):1206-1210. PMID: 27862070.
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    17. Mack LM, Lee W, Mastrobattista JM, Belfort MA, Van den Veyver IB, Shamshirsaz AA, Ruano R, Sanz Cortes M, Espinoza A, Thiam Diouf A, Espinoza J. Are First Trimester Nuchal Septations Independent Risk Factors for Chromosomal Anomalies? J Ultrasound Med. 2017 Jan; 36(1):155-161. PMID: 27925703.
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    18. Nassr AA, Shamshirsaz AA, Belfort MA, Espinoza J. Spontaneous resolution of mirror syndrome following fetal interventions for fetal anemia as a consequence of twin to twin transfusion syndrome. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2017 Jan; 208:110-111. PMID: 27914652.
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    19. Nassr AA, Ruano R, Espinoza J, Shamshirsaz AA. Successful in utero Percutaneous Fetoscopic Release of a Wrapped Pleuro-Amniotic Shunt around the Fetal Arm: Case Report and Review of the Literature. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2016 Oct 6. PMID: 27705970.
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    20. Moaddab A, Nassr AA, Espinoza J, Ruano R, Bateni ZH, Shamshirsaz AA, Mandy GT, Welty SE, Erfani H, Popek EJ, Belfort MA, Shamshirsaz AA. Twin anemia polycythemia sequence: a single center experience and literature review. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2016 Aug 25; 205:158-164. PMID: 27597647.
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    21. Bateni ZH, Clark SL, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Aagaard KM, Blumenfeld YJ, Ramin SM, Lee HC, Fox KA, Moaddab A, Shamshirsaz AA, Salmanian B, Hosseinzadeh P, Racusin DA, Erfani H, Espinoza J, Dildy GA, Belfort MA, Shamshirsaz AA. Trends in the delivery route of twin pregnancies in the United States, 2006-2013. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2016 Oct; 205:120-6. PMID: 27591713.
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    22. Uchino K, Mizuno S, Mizutani M, Horio T, Hanamura I, Espinoza JL, Matsuo K, Onizuka M, Kashiwase K, Morishima Y, Fukuda T, Kodera Y, Doki N, Miyamura K, Mori TM, Takami A. Toll-like receptor 1 variation increases the risk of transplant-related mortality in hematologic malignancies. Transpl Immunol. 2016 09; 38:60-6. PMID: 27369862.
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    23. Kurtz MP, Koh CJ, Jamail GA, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Shamshirsaz AA, Espinoza J, Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Olutoye OA, Braun MC, Roth DR, Belfort MA, Ruano R. Factors associated with fetal shunt dislodgement in lower urinary tract obstruction. Prenat Diagn. 2016 May 31. PMID: 27247093.
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    24. Belfort MA, Whitehead WE, Ball R, Silver R, Shamshirsaz A, Ruano R, Espinoza J, Becker J, Olutoye O, Hollier L. Fetoscopic Amniotic Band Release in a Case of Chorioamniotic Separation: An Innovative New Technique. AJP Rep. 2016 Apr; 6(2):e222-5. PMID: 27298754; PMCID: PMC4902712.
    25. Ruano R, Safdar A, Au J, Koh CJ, Gargollo P, Shamshirsaz AA, Espinoza J, Cass DL, Olutoye OO, Olutoye OA, Welty S, Roth DR, Belfort MA, Braun MC. Defining and predicting 'intrauterine fetal renal failure' in congenital lower urinary tract obstruction. Pediatr Nephrol. 2016 Apr; 31(4):605-12. PMID: 26525197.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Dong Y, Betancourt A, Chauhan M, Balakrishnan M, Lugo F, Anderson ML, Espinoza J, Fox K, Belfort M, Yallampalli C. Pregnancy Increases Relaxation in Human Omental Arteries to the CGRP Family of Peptides. Biol Reprod. 2015 Dec; 93(6):134. PMID: 26510864.
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    27. Bednov A, Espinoza J, Betancourt A, Vedernikov Y, Belfort M, Yallampalli C. L-arginine prevents hypoxia-induced vasoconstriction in dual-perfused human placental cotyledons. Placenta. 2015 Nov; 36(11):1254-9. PMID: 26342955.
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    28. Hosseinzadeh P, Shamshirsaz AA, Javadian P, Espinoza J, Gandhi M, Ruano R, Cass DL, Olutoye OA, Belfort MA. Prenatal Therapy of Large Placental Chorioangiomas: Case Report and Review of the Literature. AJP Rep. 2015 Oct; 5(2):e196-202. PMID: 26495184.
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    29. Moaddab A, Shamshirsaz AA, Ruano R, Salmanian B, Lee W, Belfort MA, Espinoza J. Prenatal Diagnosis of Renal Vein Thrombosis: A Case Report and Literature Review. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2016; 39(3):228-33. PMID: 25764992.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Espinoza J, Lee W, Viñals F, Martinez JM, Bennasar M, Rizzo G, Belfort M. Collaborative study of 4-dimensional fetal echocardiography in the first trimester of pregnancy. J Ultrasound Med. 2014 Jun; 33(6):1079-84. PMID: 24866615.
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    31. Espinoza J, Good S, Russell E, Lee W. Does the use of automated fetal biometry improve clinical work flow efficiency? J Ultrasound Med. 2013 May; 32(5):847-50. PMID: 23620327.
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    32. Hamill N, Romero R, Hassan S, Lee W, Myers SA, Mittal P, Kusanovic JP, Balasubramaniam M, Chaiworapongsa T, Vaisbuch E, Espinoza J, Gotsch F, Goncalves LF, Mazaki-Tovi S, Erez O, Hernandez-Andrade E, Yeo L. The fetal cardiovascular response to increased placental vascular impedance to flow determined with 4-dimensional ultrasound using spatiotemporal image correlation and virtual organ computer-aided analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Feb; 208(2):153.e1-13. PMID: 23220270; PMCID: PMC4070322.
    33. Nakata K, Takami A, Espinoza JL, Matsuo K, Morishima Y, Onizuka M, Fukuda T, Kodera Y, Akiyama H, Miyamura K, Mori T, Nakao S. The recipient CXCL10 + 1642C>G variation predicts survival outcomes after HLA fully matched unrelated bone marrow transplantation. Clin Immunol. 2013 Feb; 146(2):104-11. PMID: 23291247.
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    34. Espinoza JL, Takami A, Onizuka M, Morishima Y, Fukuda T, Kodera Y, Akiyama H, Miyamura K, Mori T, Nakao S. Recipient PTPN22 -1123 C/C genotype predicts acute graft-versus-host disease after HLA fully matched unrelated bone marrow transplantation for hematologic malignancies. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2013 Feb; 19(2):240-6. PMID: 23025987.
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    35. Espinoza J. Abnormal fetal-maternal interactions: an evolutionary value? Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Aug; 120(2 Pt 1):370-4. PMID: 22825098.
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    36. Espinoza J. The need to redefine preeclampsia. Expert Opin Med Diagn. 2012 Jul; 6(4):347-57. PMID: 23480743.
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    37. Espinoza J. Recent biomarkers for the identification of patients at risk for preeclampsia: the role of uteroplacental ischemia. Expert Opin Med Diagn. 2012 Mar; 6(2):121-30. PMID: 23480655.
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    38. Espinoza JL, Takami A, Nakata K, Onizuka M, Kawase T, Akiyama H, Miyamura K, Morishima Y, Fukuda T, Kodera Y, Nakao S. A genetic variant in the IL-17 promoter is functionally associated with acute graft-versus-host disease after unrelated bone marrow transplantation. PLoS One. 2011; 6(10):e26229. PMID: 22028838; PMCID: PMC3197629.
    39. Rizzo G, Abuhamad AZ, Benacerraf BR, Chaoui R, Corral E, Addario VD, Espinoza J, Lee W, Mercé Alberto LT, Pooh R, Sepulveda W, Sinkovskaya E, Viñals F, Volpe P, Pietrolucci ME, Arduini D. Collaborative study on 3-dimensional sonography for the prenatal diagnosis of central nervous system defects. J Ultrasound Med. 2011 Jul; 30(7):1003-8. PMID: 21705734.
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    40. Espinoza J, Espinoza AF, Power GG. High fetal plasma adenosine concentration: a role for the fetus in preeclampsia? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Nov; 205(5):485.e24-7. PMID: 21855848.
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    41. Hamill N, Yeo L, Romero R, Hassan SS, Myers SA, Mittal P, Kusanovic JP, Balasubramaniam M, Chaiworapongsa T, Vaisbuch E, Espinoza J, Gotsch F, Goncalves LF, Lee W. Fetal cardiac ventricular volume, cardiac output, and ejection fraction determined with 4-dimensional ultrasound using spatiotemporal image correlation and virtual organ computer-aided analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Jul; 205(1):76.e1-10. PMID: 21531373; PMCID: PMC3175283.
    42. Espinoza J. Contemporary clinical applications of spatio-temporal image correlation in prenatal diagnosis. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Apr; 23(2):94-102. PMID: 21178772.
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    43. Espinoza J, Lee W, Comstock C, Romero R, Yeo L, Rizzo G, Paladini D, Viñals F, Achiron R, Gindes L, Abuhamad A, Sinkovskaya E, Russell E, Yagel S. Collaborative study on 4-dimensional echocardiography for the diagnosis of fetal heart defects: the COFEHD study. J Ultrasound Med. 2010 Nov; 29(11):1573-80. PMID: 20966468.
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    44. Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Bahado-Singh R, Gervasi MT, Romero R, Lee W, Vaisbuch E, Mazaki-Tovi S, Mittal P, Gotsch F, Erez O, Gomez R, Yeo L, Hassan SS. Should bilateral uterine artery notching be used in the risk assessment for preeclampsia, small-for-gestational-age, and gestational hypertension? J Ultrasound Med. 2010 Jul; 29(7):1103-15. PMID: 20587434; PMCID: PMC3020574.
    45. Soto E, Romero R, Richani K, Espinoza J, Chaiworapongsa T, Nien JK, Edwin SS, Kim YM, Hong JS, Goncalves LF, Yeo L, Mazor M, Hassan SS, Kusanovic JP. Preeclampsia and pregnancies with small-for-gestational age neonates have different profiles of complement split products. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010 Jul; 23(7):646-57. PMID: 19900030; PMCID: PMC3482544.
    46. Gotsch F, Romero R, Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Hassan S, Yeo L. Prenatal diagnosis of truncus arteriosus using multiplanar display in 4D ultrasonography. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010 Apr; 23(4):297-307. PMID: 19900032; PMCID: PMC3437769.
    47. Espinoza J, Uckele JE, Starr RA, Seubert DE, Espinoza AF, Berry SM. Angiogenic imbalances: the obstetric perspective. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Jul; 203(1):17.e1-8. PMID: 20231008.
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    48. Kusanovic JP, Romero R, Gotsch F, Mittal P, Erez O, Kim CJ, Hassan SS, Espinoza J, Yeo L. Discordant placental echogenicity: a novel sign of impaired placental perfusion in twin-twin transfusion syndrome? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010 Jan; 23(1):103-6. PMID: 19626497; PMCID: PMC3445264.
    49. Erez O, Romero R, Vaisbuch E, Kusanovic JP, Mazaki-Tovi S, Chaiworapongsa T, Gotsch F, Fareed J, Hoppensteadt D, Than NG, Yoon BH, Edwin S, Dong Z, Espinoza J, Mazor M, Hassan SS. High tissue factor activity and low tissue factor pathway inhibitor concentrations in patients with preterm labor. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010 Jan; 23(1):23-33. PMID: 19883261; PMCID: PMC3419585.
    50. Hassan SS, Romero R, Pineles B, Tarca AL, Montenegro D, Erez O, Mittal P, Kusanovic JP, Mazaki-Tovi S, Espinoza J, Nhan-Chang CL, Draghici S, Kim CJ. MicroRNA expression profiling of the human uterine cervix after term labor and delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Jan; 202(1):80.e1-8. PMID: 19889381.
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    51. Lampl M, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Gotsch F, Espinoza J, Goncalves L, Lee W, Gomez R, Nien JK, Frongillo EA, Romero R. Growth perturbations in a phenotype with rapid fetal growth preceding preterm labor and term birth. Am J Hum Biol. 2009 Nov-Dec; 21(6):782-92. PMID: 19298010.
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    52. Hamill N, Romero R, Hassan SS, Lee W, Myers SA, Mittal P, Kusanovic JP, Chaiworapongsa T, Vaisbuch E, Espinoza J, Gotsch F, Carletti A, Gonçalves LF, Yeo L. Repeatability and reproducibility of fetal cardiac ventricular volume calculations using spatiotemporal image correlation and virtual organ computer-aided analysis. J Ultrasound Med. 2009 Oct; 28(10):1301-11. PMID: 19778875; PMCID: PMC3071609.
    53. Espinoza J, Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Gotsch F, Erez O, Hassan S, Yeo L. Prenatal diagnosis of coarctation of the aorta with the multiplanar display and B-flow imaging using 4-dimensional sonography. J Ultrasound Med. 2009 Oct; 28(10):1375-8. PMID: 19778885; PMCID: PMC3470477.
    54. Espinoza JL, Takami A, Onizuka M, Sao H, Akiyama H, Miyamura K, Okamoto S, Inoue M, Kanda Y, Ohtake S, Fukuda T, Morishima Y, Kodera Y, Nakao S. NKG2D gene polymorphism has a significant impact on transplant outcomes after HLA-fully-matched unrelated bone marrow transplantation for standard risk hematologic malignancies. Haematologica. 2009 Oct; 94(10):1427-34. PMID: 19794085; PMCID: PMC2754959.
    55. Espinoza J, Uckele JE, Starr RA, Lorenz RP, Bronsteen RA, Berry SM. Insights into angiogenic imbalances during pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Aug; 114(2 Pt 2):437-40. PMID: 19622952.
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    56. Lampl M, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Espinoza J, Gotsch F, Goncalves L, Hassan S, Gomez R, Nien JK, Frongillo EA, Romero R. Early rapid growth, early birth: accelerated fetal growth and spontaneous late preterm birth. Am J Hum Biol. 2009 Mar-Apr; 21(2):141-50. PMID: 18988282; PMCID: PMC3166224.
    57. Erez O, Romero R, Hoppensteadt D, Than NG, Fareed J, Mazaki-Tovi S, Espinoza J, Chaiworapongsa T, Kim SS, Yoon BH, Hassan SS, Gotsch F, Friel L, Vaisbuch E, Kusanovic JP. Tissue factor and its natural inhibitor in pre-eclampsia and SGA. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Dec; 21(12):855-69. PMID: 19065458; PMCID: PMC3171292.
    58. Nhan-Chang CL, Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Gotsch F, Edwin SS, Erez O, Mittal P, Kim CJ, Kim MJ, Espinoza J, Friel LA, Vaisbuch E, Than NG, Mazaki-Tovi S, Hassan SS. A role for CXCL13 (BCA-1) in pregnancy and intra-amniotic infection/inflammation. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Nov; 21(11):763-75. PMID: 19031272.
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    59. Bujold E, Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Gotsch F, Chaiworapongsa T, Gomez R, Espinoza J, Vaisbuch E, Mee Kim Y, Edwin S, Pisano M, Allen B, Podust VN, Dalmasso EA, Rutherford J, Rogers W, Moser A, Yoon BH, Barder T. Proteomic profiling of amniotic fluid in preterm labor using two-dimensional liquid separation and mass spectrometry. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Oct; 21(10):697-713. PMID: 19012186.
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    60. Erez O, Espinoza J, Chaiworapongsa T, Gotsch F, Kusanovic JP, Than NG, Mazaki-Tovi S, Vaisbuch E, Papp Z, Yoon BH, Han YM, Hoppensteadt D, Fareed J, Hassan SS, Romero R. A link between a hemostatic disorder and preterm PROM: a role for tissue factor and tissue factor pathway inhibitor. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Oct; 21(10):732-44. PMID: 19012190.
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    61. Gotsch F, Romero R, Chaiworapongsa T, Erez O, Vaisbuch E, Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Mittal P, Mazaki-Tovi S, Kim CJ, Kim JS, Edwin S, Nhan-Chang CL, Hamill N, Friel L, Than NG, Mazor M, Yoon BH, Hassan SS. Evidence of the involvement of caspase-1 under physiologic and pathologic cellular stress during human pregnancy: a link between the inflammasome and parturition. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Sep; 21(9):605-16. PMID: 18828051.
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    62. Nien JK, Romero R, Hoppensteadt D, Erez O, Espinoza J, Soto E, Kusanovic JP, Gotsch F, Kim CJ, Mittal P, Fareed J, Santolaya J, Chaiworapongsa T, Edwin S, Pineles B, Hassan S. Pyelonephritis during pregnancy: a cause for an acquired deficiency of protein Z. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Sep; 21(9):629-37. PMID: 18828054.
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    63. Mittal P, Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Edwin SS, Gotsch F, Mazaki-Tovi S, Espinoza J, Erez O, Nhan-Chang CL, Than NG, Vaisbuch E, Hassan SS. CXCL6 (granulocyte chemotactic protein-2): a novel chemokine involved in the innate immune response of the amniotic cavity. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2008 Sep; 60(3):246-57. PMID: 18782286; PMCID: PMC2577773.
    64. Gotsch F, Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Espinoza J, Kim CJ, Vaisbuch E, Than NG, Mazaki-Tovi S, Chaiworapongsa T, Mazor M, Yoon BH, Edwin S, Gomez R, Mittal P, Hassan SS, Sharma S. The anti-inflammatory limb of the immune response in preterm labor, intra-amniotic infection/inflammation, and spontaneous parturition at term: a role for interleukin-10. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Aug; 21(8):529-47. PMID: 18609361.
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    65. Than NG, Erez O, Wildman DE, Tarca AL, Edwin SS, Abbas A, Hotra J, Kusanovic JP, Gotsch F, Hassan SS, Espinoza J, Papp Z, Romero R. Severe preeclampsia is characterized by increased placental expression of galectin-1. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Jul; 21(7):429-42. PMID: 18570123.
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    66. Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Than NG, Erez O, Gotsch F, Espinoza J, Edwin S, Chefetz I, Gomez R, Nien JK, Sammar M, Pineles B, Hassan SS, Meiri H, Tal Y, Kuhnreich I, Papp Z, Cuckle HS. First-trimester maternal serum PP13 in the risk assessment for preeclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Aug; 199(2):122.e1-122.e11. PMID: 18539259; PMCID: PMC2784814.
    67. Gotsch F, Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Chaiworapongsa T, Dombrowski M, Erez O, Than NG, Mazaki-Tovi S, Mittal P, Espinoza J, Hassan SS. Preeclampsia and small-for-gestational age are associated with decreased concentrations of a factor involved in angiogenesis: soluble Tie-2. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Jun; 21(6):389-402. PMID: 18570117; PMCID: PMC2780324.
    68. Romero R, Espinoza J, Rogers WT, Moser A, Nien JK, Kusanovic JP, Gotsch F, Erez O, Gomez R, Edwin S, Hassan SS. Proteomic analysis of amniotic fluid to identify women with preterm labor and intra-amniotic inflammation/infection: the use of a novel computational method to analyze mass spectrometric profiling. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Jun; 21(6):367-88. PMID: 18570116; PMCID: PMC2570775.
    69. Erez O, Romero R, Kim SS, Kim JS, Kim YM, Wildman DE, Than NG, Mazaki-Tovi S, Gotsch F, Pineles B, Kusanovic JP, Espinoza J, Mittal P, Mazor M, Hassan SS, Kim CJ. Over-expression of the thrombin receptor (PAR-1) in the placenta in preeclampsia: a mechanism for the intersection of coagulation and inflammation. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Jun; 21(6):345-55. PMID: 18570113.
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    70. Erez O, Romero R, Espinoza J, Fu W, Todem D, Kusanovic JP, Gotsch F, Edwin S, Nien JK, Chaiworapongsa T, Mittal P, Mazaki-Tovi S, Than NG, Gomez R, Hassan SS. The change in concentrations of angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors in maternal plasma between the first and second trimesters in risk assessment for the subsequent development of preeclampsia and small-for-gestational age. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 May; 21(5):279-87. PMID: 18446652; PMCID: PMC2846114.
    71. Toft JH, Lian IA, Tarca AL, Erez O, Espinoza J, Eide IP, Bjørge L, Draghici S, Romero R, Austgulen R. Whole-genome microarray and targeted analysis of angiogenesis-regulating gene expression (ENG, FLT1, VEGF, PlGF) in placentas from pre-eclamptic and small-for-gestational-age pregnancies. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Apr; 21(4):267-73. PMID: 18330824.
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    72. Kusanovic JP, Romero R, Espinoza J, Nien JK, Kim CJ, Mittal P, Edwin S, Erez O, Gotsch F, Mazaki-Tovi S, Than NG, Soto E, Camacho N, Gomez R, Quintero R, Hassan SS. Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome: an antiangiogenic state? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Apr; 198(4):382.e1-8. PMID: 18395032; PMCID: PMC2678902.
    73. Hamill N, Romero R, Gotsch F, Kusanovic JP, Edwin S, Erez O, Than NG, Mittal P, Espinoza J, Friel LA, Vaisbuch E, Mazaki-Tovi S, Hassan SS. Exodus-1 (CCL20): evidence for the participation of this chemokine in spontaneous labor at term, preterm labor, and intrauterine infection. J Perinat Med. 2008; 36(3):217-27. PMID: 18576931; PMCID: PMC3182481.
    74. Chaiworapongsa T, Romero R, Gotsch F, Espinoza J, Nien JK, Goncalves L, Edwin S, Kim YM, Erez O, Kusanovic JP, Pineles BL, Papp Z, Hassan S. Low maternal concentrations of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 in preeclampsia and small for gestational age. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Jan; 21(1):41-52. PMID: 18175243.
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    75. Mazaki-Tovi S, Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Gotsch F, Mittal P, Than NG, Nhan-Chang CL, Hamill N, Vaisbuch E, Chaiworapongsa T, Edwin SS, Nien JK, Gomez R, Espinoza J, Kendal-Wright C, Hassan SS, Bryant-Greenwood G. Visfatin/Pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor in amniotic fluid in normal pregnancy, spontaneous labor at term, preterm labor and prelabor rupture of membranes: an association with subclinical intrauterine infection in preterm parturition. J Perinat Med. 2008; 36(6):485-96. PMID: 18598235; PMCID: PMC2581638.
    76. Romero R, Schaudinn C, Kusanovic JP, Gorur A, Gotsch F, Webster P, Nhan-Chang CL, Erez O, Kim CJ, Espinoza J, Gonçalves LF, Vaisbuch E, Mazaki-Tovi S, Hassan SS, Costerton JW. Detection of a microbial biofilm in intraamniotic infection. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jan; 198(1):135.e1-5. PMID: 18166328; PMCID: PMC2614390.
    77. Romero R, Nien JK, Espinoza J, Todem D, Fu W, Chung H, Kusanovic JP, Gotsch F, Erez O, Mazaki-Tovi S, Gomez R, Edwin S, Chaiworapongsa T, Levine RJ, Karumanchi SA. A longitudinal study of angiogenic (placental growth factor) and anti-angiogenic (soluble endoglin and soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1) factors in normal pregnancy and patients destined to develop preeclampsia and deliver a small for gestational age neonate. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Jan; 21(1):9-23. PMID: 18175241; PMCID: PMC2587364.
    78. Chaiworapongsa T, Espinoza J, Gotsch F, Kim YM, Kim GJ, Goncalves LF, Edwin S, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Than NG, Hassan SS, Romero R. The maternal plasma soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 concentration is elevated in SGA and the magnitude of the increase relates to Doppler abnormalities in the maternal and fetal circulation. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2008 Jan; 21(1):25-40. PMID: 18175242.
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    79. Santolaya-Forgas J, Edwin S, Zeiter K, Pitt A, Pineles B, Tarca AL, Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Wolf R, Romero R. The timed-pregnant baboon animal model can be used for determining the role of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1 and 2 during development. J Med Primatol. 2007 Dec; 36(6):370-4. PMID: 17976042.
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    80. Kusanovic JP, Romero R, Hassan SS, Gotsch F, Edwin S, Chaiworapongsa T, Erez O, Mittal P, Mazaki-Tovi S, Soto E, Than NG, Friel LA, Yoon BH, Espinoza J. Maternal serum soluble CD30 is increased in normal pregnancy, but decreased in preeclampsia and small for gestational age pregnancies. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Dec; 20(12):867-78. PMID: 17853188; PMCID: PMC2276339.
    81. Gotsch F, Romero R, Friel L, Kusanovic JP, Espinoza J, Erez O, Than NG, Mittal P, Edwin S, Yoon BH, Kim CJ, Mazaki-Tovi S, Chaiworapongsa T, Hassan SS. CXCL10/IP-10: a missing link between inflammation and anti-angiogenesis in preeclampsia? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Nov; 20(11):777-92. PMID: 17943641; PMCID: PMC2396489.
    82. Espinoza J, Hassan SS, Gotsch F, Kusanovic JP, Lee W, Erez O, Gonçalves LF, Schoen ML, Romero R. A systematic approach to the use of the multiplanar display in evaluation of abnormal vascular connections to the fetal heart using 4-dimensional ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med. 2007 Nov; 26(11):1461-7. PMID: 17957040; PMCID: PMC2678920.
    83. Gotsch F, Romero R, Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Mazaki-Tovi S, Erez O, Than NG, Edwin S, Mazor M, Yoon BH, Hassan SS. Maternal serum concentrations of the chemokine CXCL10/IP-10 are elevated in acute pyelonephritis during pregnancy. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Oct; 20(10):735-44. PMID: 17763275.
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    84. Hassan SS, Romero R, Tarca AL, Draghici S, Pineles B, Bugrim A, Khalek N, Camacho N, Mittal P, Yoon BH, Espinoza J, Kim CJ, Sorokin Y, Malone J. Signature pathways identified from gene expression profiles in the human uterine cervix before and after spontaneous term parturition. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Sep; 197(3):250.e1-7. PMID: 17826407; PMCID: PMC2556276.
    85. Espinoza J, Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Gotsch F, Erez O, Lee W, Gonçalves LF, Schoen ML, Hassan SS. The role of the sagittal view of the ductal arch in identification of fetuses with conotruncal anomalies using 4-dimensional ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med. 2007 Sep; 26(9):1181-8; quiz 1189-90. PMID: 17715312; PMCID: PMC2430072.
    86. Mittal P, Espinoza J, Hassan S, Kusanovic JP, Edwin SS, Nien JK, Gotsch F, Than NG, Erez O, Mazaki-Tovi S, Romero R. Placental growth hormone is increased in the maternal and fetal serum of patients with preeclampsia. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Sep; 20(9):651-9. PMID: 17701665.
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    87. Erez O, Hoppensteadt D, Romero R, Espinoza J, Goncalves L, Nien JK, Kusanovic JP, Fareed J, Gotsch F, Pineles B, Chaiworapongsa T. Preeclampsia is associated with low concentrations of protein Z. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Sep; 20(9):661-7. PMID: 17701666; PMCID: PMC2394190.
    88. Montenegro D, Romero R, Pineles BL, Tarca AL, Kim YM, Draghici S, Kusanovic JP, Kim JS, Erez O, Mazaki-Tovi S, Hassan S, Espinoza J, Kim CJ. Differential expression of microRNAs with progression of gestation and inflammation in the human chorioamniotic membranes. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Sep; 197(3):289.e1-6. PMID: 17826424; PMCID: PMC2810125.
    89. Espinoza J, Chaiworapongsa T, Romero R, Kim YM, Kim GJ, Nien JK, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Bujold E, Gonçalves LF, Gomez R, Edwin S. Unexplained fetal death: another anti-angiogenic state. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Jul; 20(7):495-507. PMID: 17674262.
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    90. Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Kim CJ, Kim YM, Kim JS, Hassan SS, Gotsch F, Gonçalves LF, Erez O, Friel L, Soto E, Romero R. An episode of preterm labor is a risk factor for the birth of a small-for-gestational-age neonate. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Jun; 196(6):574.e1-5; discussion 574.e5-6. PMID: 17547901; PMCID: PMC2041912.
    91. Kusanovic JP, Espinoza J, Romero R, Hoppensteadt D, Nien JK, Kim CJ, Erez O, Soto E, Fareed J, Edwin S, Chaiwerapongsa T, Than NG, Yoon BH, Gomez R, Papp Z, Hassan SS. Plasma protein Z concentrations in pregnant women with idiopathic intrauterine bleeding and in women with spontaneous preterm labor. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Jun; 20(6):453-63. PMID: 17674255.
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    92. Espinoza J, Gotsch F, Kusanovic JP, Gonçalves LF, Lee W, Hassan S, Mittal P, Schoen ML, Romero R. Changes in fetal cardiac geometry with gestation: implications for 3- and 4-dimensional fetal echocardiography. J Ultrasound Med. 2007 Apr; 26(4):437-43; quiz 444. PMID: 17384040; PMCID: PMC2190734.
    93. Espinoza J, Romero R, Nien JK, Gomez R, Kusanovic JP, Gonçalves LF, Medina L, Edwin S, Hassan S, Carstens M, Gonzalez R. Identification of patients at risk for early onset and/or severe preeclampsia with the use of uterine artery Doppler velocimetry and placental growth factor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Apr; 196(4):326.e1-13. PMID: 17403407; PMCID: PMC2190731.
    94. Mittal P, Gonçalves LF, Kusanovic JP, Espinoza J, Lee W, Nien JK, Soto E, Romero R. Objective evaluation of sylvian fissure development by multiplanar 3-dimensional ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med. 2007 Mar; 26(3):347-53. PMID: 17324984; PMCID: PMC1994905.
    95. Pineles BL, Romero R, Montenegro D, Tarca AL, Han YM, Kim YM, Draghici S, Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Mittal P, Hassan SS, Kim CJ. Distinct subsets of microRNAs are expressed differentially in the human placentas of patients with preeclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Mar; 196(3):261.e1-6. PMID: 17346547.
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    96. Gomez R, Romero R, Nien JK, Medina L, Carstens M, Kim YM, Espinoza J, Chaiworapongsa T, Gonzalez R, Iams JD, Rojas I. Antibiotic administration to patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes does not eradicate intra-amniotic infection. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Feb; 20(2):167-73. PMID: 17437216.
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    97. Friel LA, Romero R, Edwin S, Nien JK, Gomez R, Chaiworapongsa T, Kusanovic JP, Tolosa JE, Hassan SS, Espinoza J. The calcium binding protein, S100B, is increased in the amniotic fluid of women with intra-amniotic infection/inflammation and preterm labor with intact or ruptured membranes. J Perinat Med. 2007; 35(5):385-93. PMID: 17624933; PMCID: PMC2587429.
    98. Nien JK, Mazaki-Tovi S, Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Gotsch F, Pineles BL, Friel LA, Espinoza J, Goncalves L, Santolaya J, Gomez R, Hong JS, Edwin S, Soto E, Richani K, Mazor M, Hassan SS. Resistin: a hormone which induces insulin resistance is increased in normal pregnancy. J Perinat Med. 2007; 35(6):513-21. PMID: 17919114; PMCID: PMC2413054.
    99. Soto E, Espinoza J, Nien JK, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Richani K, Santolaya-Forgas J, Romero R. Human beta-defensin-2: a natural antimicrobial peptide present in amniotic fluid participates in the host response to microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Jan; 20(1):15-22. PMID: 17437194; PMCID: PMC3516412.
    100. Espinoza J, Romero R, Nien JK, Kusanovic JP, Richani K, Gomez R, Kim CJ, Mittal P, Gotsh F, Erez O, Chaiworapongsa T, Hassan S. A role of the anti-angiogenic factor sVEGFR-1 in the 'mirror syndrome' (Ballantyne's syndrome). J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2006 Oct; 19(10):607-13. PMID: 17118734.
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    101. Nien JK, Yoon BH, Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Erez O, Soto E, Richani K, Gomez R, Hassan S, Mazor M, Edwin S, Bahado-Singh R, Romero R. A rapid MMP-8 bedside test for the detection of intra-amniotic inflammation identifies patients at risk for imminent preterm delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Oct; 195(4):1025-30. PMID: 17000236.
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    102. Kim CJ, Kim JS, Kim YM, Cushenberry E, Richani K, Espinoza J, Romero R. Fetal macrophages are not present in the myometrium of women with labor at term. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Sep; 195(3):829-33. PMID: 16949420.
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    103. Richani K, Romero R, Kim YM, Cushenberry E, Soto E, Han YM, Espinoza J, Kim CJ. Tissue microarray: an effective high-throughput method to study the placenta for clinical and research purposes. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2006 Aug; 19(8):509-15. PMID: 16966117.
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    104. Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Gonçalves LF, Nien JK, Hassan S, Lee W, Romero R. A novel algorithm for comprehensive fetal echocardiography using 4-dimensional ultrasonography and tomographic imaging. J Ultrasound Med. 2006 Aug; 25(8):947-56. PMID: 16870887; PMCID: PMC1800884.
    105. Romero R, Espinoza J, Gonçalves LF, Kusanovic JP, Friel LA, Nien JK. Inflammation in preterm and term labour and delivery. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2006 Oct; 11(5):317-26. PMID: 16839830.
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    106. Gonçalves LF, Nien JK, Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Lee W, Swope B, Soto E, Treadwell MC, Romero R. What does 2-dimensional imaging add to 3- and 4-dimensional obstetric ultrasonography? J Ultrasound Med. 2006 Jun; 25(6):691-9. PMID: 16731885; PMCID: PMC1484505.
    107. Gonçalves LF, Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Lee W, Nien JK, Santolaya-Forgas J, Mari G, Treadwell MC, Romero R. Applications of 2-dimensional matrix array for 3- and 4-dimensional examination of the fetus: a pictorial essay. J Ultrasound Med. 2006 Jun; 25(6):745-55. PMID: 16731891; PMCID: PMC1513649.
    108. Kusanovic JP, Soto E, Espinoza J, Stites S, Gonçalves LF, Santolaya J, Nien JK, Erez O, Sorokin Y, Romero R. Cervical varix as a cause of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy: prenatal diagnosis by color Doppler ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med. 2006 Apr; 25(4):545-9. PMID: 16567447; PMCID: PMC1483885.
    109. Espinoza J, Erez O, Romero R. Preconceptional antibiotic treatment to prevent preterm birth in women with a previous preterm delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Mar; 194(3):630-7. PMID: 16522390.
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    110. Romero R, Espinoza J, Erez O, Hassan S. The role of cervical cerclage in obstetric practice: can the patient who could benefit from this procedure be identified? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Jan; 194(1):1-9. PMID: 16389003.
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    111. Hassan S, Romero R, Hendler I, Gomez R, Khalek N, Espinoza J, Nien JK, Berry SM, Bujold E, Camacho N, Sorokin Y. A sonographic short cervix as the only clinical manifestation of intra-amniotic infection. J Perinat Med. 2006; 34(1):13-9. PMID: 16489881; PMCID: PMC1866167.
    112. Santolaya-Forgas J, De Leon-Luis J, Espinoza J, Gonçalves LF, Romero R. Solutes in maternal circulation and gestational sac compartments during early human development. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2006; 21(3):287-92. PMID: 16601340.
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    113. Gonçalves LF, Espinoza J, Romero R, Kusanovic JP, Swope B, Nien JK, Erez O, Soto E, Treadwell MC. Four-dimensional ultrasonography of the fetal heart using a novel Tomographic Ultrasound Imaging display. J Perinat Med. 2006; 34(1):39-55. PMID: 16489885; PMCID: PMC1384859.
    114. Chaiworapongsa T, Romero R, Espinoza J, Kim YM, Edwin S, Bujold E, Gomez R, Kuivaniemi H. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor in patients with preterm parturition and microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 Dec; 18(6):405-16. PMID: 16390807; PMCID: PMC1383603.
    115. Gonçalves LF, Lee W, Espinoza J, Romero R. Three- and 4-dimensional ultrasound in obstetric practice: does it help? J Ultrasound Med. 2005 Dec; 24(12):1599-624. PMID: 16301717.
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    116. Hong JS, Santolaya-Forgas J, Romero R, Espinoza J, Gonçalves LF, Kim YM, Edwin S, Yoon BH, Nien JK, Hassan S, Mazor M. Maternal plasma osteoprotegerin concentration in normal pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Sep; 193(3 Pt 2):1011-5. PMID: 16157103; PMCID: PMC1351230.
    117. Kim GJ, Romero R, Kuivaniemi H, Tromp G, Haddad R, Kim YM, Kim MR, Nien JK, Hong JS, Espinoza J, Santolaya J, Yoon BH, Mazor M, Kim CJ. Expression of bone morphogenetic protein 2 in normal spontaneous labor at term, preterm labor, and preterm premature rupture of membranes. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Sep; 193(3 Pt 2):1137-43. PMID: 16157126; PMCID: PMC1351231.
    118. Bujold E, Romero R, Chaiworapongsa T, Kim YM, Kim GJ, Kim MR, Espinoza J, Gonçalves LF, Edwin S, Mazor M. Evidence supporting that the excess of the sVEGFR-1 concentration in maternal plasma in preeclampsia has a uterine origin. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 Jul; 18(1):9-16. PMID: 16105786.
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    119. Gómez R, Romero R, Nien JK, Medina L, Carstens M, Kim YM, Chaiworapongsa T, Espinoza J, González R. Idiopathic vaginal bleeding during pregnancy as the only clinical manifestation of intrauterine infection. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 Jul; 18(1):31-7. PMID: 16105789.
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    120. Lee W, Deter RL, McNie B, Gonçalves LF, Espinoza J, Chaiworapongsa T, Balasubramaniam M, Romero R. The fetal arm: individualized growth assessment in normal pregnancies. J Ultrasound Med. 2005 Jun; 24(6):817-28. PMID: 15914686.
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    121. Gonçalves LF, Espinoza J, Romero R, Lee W, Treadwell MC, Huang R, Devore G, Chaiworapongsa T, Schoen ML, Beyer B. Four-dimensional fetal echocardiography with spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC): a systematic study of standard cardiac views assessed by different observers. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 May; 17(5):323-31. PMID: 16147845.
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    122. Gonçalves LF, Espinoza J, Lee W, Nien JK, Hong JS, Santolaya-Forgas J, Mazor M, Romero R. A new approach to fetal echocardiography: digital casts of the fetal cardiac chambers and great vessels for detection of congenital heart disease. J Ultrasound Med. 2005 Apr; 24(4):415-24. PMID: 15784759.
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    123. Richani K, Soto E, Romero R, Espinoza J, Chaiworapongsa T, Nien JK, Edwin S, Kim YM, Hong JS, Mazor M. Normal pregnancy is characterized by systemic activation of the complement system. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 Apr; 17(4):239-45. PMID: 16147832; PMCID: PMC1421513.
    124. Soto E, Richani K, Romero R, Espinoza J, Chaiworapongsa T, Nien JK, Edwin S, Kim YM, Hong JS, Goncalves L, Mazor M. Increased concentration of the complement split product C5a in acute pyelonephritis during pregnancy. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 Apr; 17(4):247-52. PMID: 16147833; PMCID: PMC1421514.
    125. Gomez R, Romero R, Nien JK, Chaiworapongsa T, Medina L, Kim YM, Yoon BH, Carstens M, Espinoza J, Iams JD, Gonzalez R. A short cervix in women with preterm labor and intact membranes: a risk factor for microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Mar; 192(3):678-89. PMID: 15746658.
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    126. Gomez R, Romero R, Medina L, Nien JK, Chaiworapongsa T, Carstens M, González R, Espinoza J, Iams JD, Edwin S, Rojas I. Cervicovaginal fibronectin improves the prediction of preterm delivery based on sonographic cervical length in patients with preterm uterine contractions and intact membranes. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Feb; 192(2):350-9. PMID: 15695971.
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    127. Lee W, Gonçalves LF, Espinoza J, Romero R. Inversion mode: a new volume analysis tool for 3-dimensional ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med. 2005 Feb; 24(2):201-7. PMID: 15661951.
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    128. Chaiworapongsa T, Romero R, Kim YM, Kim GJ, Kim MR, Espinoza J, Bujold E, Gonçalves L, Gomez R, Edwin S, Mazor M. Plasma soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 concentration is elevated prior to the clinical diagnosis of pre-eclampsia. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 Jan; 17(1):3-18. PMID: 15804781.
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    129. Gonçalves LF, Espinoza J, Lee W, Schoen ML, Devers P, Mazor M, Chaiworapongsa T, DeVore GR, Romero R. Phenotypic characteristics of absent and hypoplastic nasal bones in fetuses with Down syndrome: description by 3-dimensional ultrasonography and clinical significance. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Dec; 23(12):1619-27. PMID: 15557305.
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    130. Espinoza J, Gonçalves LF, Lee W, Chaiworapongsa T, Treadwell MC, Stites S, Schoen ML, Mazor M, Romero R. The use of the minimum projection mode in 4-dimensional examination of the fetal heart with spatiotemporal image correlation. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Oct; 23(10):1337-48. PMID: 15448324.
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    131. Kim YM, Romero R, Chaiworapongsa T, Kim GJ, Kim MR, Kuivaniemi H, Tromp G, Espinoza J, Bujold E, Abrahams VM, Mor G. Toll-like receptor-2 and -4 in the chorioamniotic membranes in spontaneous labor at term and in preterm parturition that are associated with chorioamnionitis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Oct; 191(4):1346-55. PMID: 15507964.
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    132. Gonçalves LF, Espinoza J, Romero R, Lee W, Beyer B, Treadwell MC, Humes R. A systematic approach to prenatal diagnosis of transposition of the great arteries using 4-dimensional ultrasonography with spatiotemporal image correlation. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Sep; 23(9):1225-31. PMID: 15328439.
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    133. Chaiworapongsa T, Romero R, Espinoza J, Bujold E, Mee Kim Y, Gonçalves LF, Gomez R, Edwin S. Evidence supporting a role for blockade of the vascular endothelial growth factor system in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. Young Investigator Award. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Jun; 190(6):1541-7; discussion 1547-50. PMID: 15284729.
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    134. Gonçalves LF, Romero R, Espinoza J, Lee W, Treadwell M, Chintala K, Brandl H, Chaiworapongsa T. Four-dimensional ultrasonography of the fetal heart using color Doppler spatiotemporal image correlation. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Apr; 23(4):473-81. PMID: 15098864.
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    135. McAuliffe F, Kametas N, Espinoza J, Greenough A, Nicolaides K. Respiratory function in pregnancy at sea level and at high altitude. BJOG. 2004 Apr; 111(4):311-5. PMID: 15008764.
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    136. Gonçalves LF, Lee W, Chaiworapongsa T, Espinoza J, Schoen ML, Falkensammer P, Treadwell M, Romero R. Four-dimensional ultrasonography of the fetal heart with spatiotemporal image correlation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Dec; 189(6):1792-802. PMID: 14710117.
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    137. Kalache K, Romero R, Goncalves LF, Chaiworapongsa T, Espinoza J, Schoen ML, Treadwell MC, Lee W. Three-dimensional color power imaging of the fetal hepatic circulation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Nov; 189(5):1401-6. PMID: 14634577.
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    138. Park KH, Chaiworapongsa T, Kim YM, Espinoza J, Yoshimatsu J, Edwin S, Gomez R, Yoon BH, Romero R. Matrix metalloproteinase 3 in parturition, premature rupture of the membranes, and microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity. J Perinat Med. 2003; 31(1):12-22. PMID: 12661139.
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    139. Romero R, Chaiworapongsa T, Espinoza J, Gomez R, Yoon BH, Edwin S, Mazor M, Maymon E, Berry S. Fetal plasma MMP-9 concentrations are elevated in preterm premature rupture of the membranes. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Nov; 187(5):1125-30. PMID: 12439489.
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    140. Chaiworapongsa T, Gervasi MT, Refuerzo J, Espinoza J, Yoshimatsu J, Berman S, Romero R. Maternal lymphocyte subpopulations (CD45RA+ and CD45RO+) in preeclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Oct; 187(4):889-93. PMID: 12388971.
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    141. Romero R, Dekker G, Kupferminc M, Saade G, Livingston J, Peaceman A, Mazor M, Yoon BH, Espinoza J, Chaiworapongsa T, Gomez R, Arias F, Sibai B. Can heparin prevent adverse pregnancy outcome? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2002 Jul; 12(1):1-8. PMID: 12422903.
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