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XIAORONG RONALD ZHU

TitleProfessor
InstitutionMD Anderson
DepartmentRadiation Physics
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Wu RY, Liu AY, Wisdom P, Zhu XR, Frank SJ, Fuller CD, Gunn GB, Palmer MB, Wages CA, Gillin MT, Yang J. Characterization of a new physical phantom for testing rigid and deformable image registration. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2019 Jan; 20(1):145-153. PMID: 30580471.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Wang L, Han S, Zhu J, Wang X, Li Y, Wang Z, Lin E, Wang X, Molkentine DP, Blanchard P, Yang Y, Zhang R, Sahoo N, Gillin M, Zhu XR, Zhang X, Myers JN, Frank SJ. Proton versus photon radiation-induced cell death in head and neck cancer cells. Head Neck. 2019 Jan; 41(1):46-55. PMID: 30561022.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Sahoo N, Poenisch F, Zhang X, Li Y, Lii M, Li H, Gautam AS, Wu R, Gillin M, Zhu XR. 3D treatment planning system-Varian Eclipse for proton therapy planning. Med Dosim. 2018 Summer; 43(2):184-194. PMID: 29753334.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Wang X, Li Y, Zhang X, Li H, Miyazaki K, Fujimoto R, Akiyama H, Gillin MT, Poenisch F, Sahoo N, Grosshans D, Gunn B, Frank SJ, Wang P, Lang J, Hou Q, Zhu XR. Synchrotron-Based Pencil Beam Scanning Nozzle with an Integrated Mini-Ridge Filter: A Dosimetric Study to Optimize Treatment Delivery. Cancers (Basel). 2017 Dec 13; 9(12). PMID: 29236051.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Titt U, Suzuki K, Li Y, Sahoo N, Gillin MT, Zhu XR. Technical Note: Dosimetric characteristics of the ocular beam line and commissioning data for an ocular proton therapy planning system at the Proton Therapy Center Houston. Med Phys. 2017 Dec; 44(12):6661-6671. PMID: 28975637.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Wang X, Li H, Zhu XR, Hou Q, Liao L, Jiang B, Li Y, Wang P, Lang J, Zhang X. Multiple-CT optimization of intensity-modulated proton therapy - Is it possible to eliminate adaptive planning? Radiother Oncol. 2018 07; 128(1):167-173. PMID: 29054378.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Rechner LA, Maraldo MV, Vogelius IR, Zhu XR, Dabaja BS, Brodin NP, Petersen PM, Specht L, Aznar MC. Life years lost attributable to late effects after radiotherapy for early stage Hodgkin lymphoma: The impact of proton therapy and/or deep inspiration breath hold. Radiother Oncol. 2017 10; 125(1):41-47. PMID: 28838605.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Chang JY, Zhang X, Knopf A, Li H, Mori S, Dong L, Lu HM, Liu W, Badiyan SN, Both S, Meijers A, Lin L, Flampouri S, Li Z, Umegaki K, Simone CB, Zhu XR. Consensus Guidelines for Implementing Pencil-Beam Scanning Proton Therapy for Thoracic Malignancies on Behalf of the PTCOG Thoracic and Lymphoma Subcommittee. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017 09 01; 99(1):41-50. PMID: 28816159.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Wang L, Wang X, Li Y, Han S, Zhu J, Wang X, Molkentine DP, Blanchard P, Yang Y, Zhang R, Sahoo N, Gillin M, Zhu XR, Zhang X, Myers JN, Frank SJ. Human papillomavirus status and the relative biological effectiveness of proton radiotherapy in head and neck cancer cells. Head Neck. 2017 04; 39(4):708-715. PMID: 28039958.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Gunn GB, Blanchard P, Garden AS, Zhu XR, Fuller CD, Mohamed AS, Morrison WH, Phan J, Beadle BM, Skinner HD, Sturgis EM, Kies MS, Hutcheson KA, Rosenthal DI, Mohan R, Gillin MT, Frank SJ. Clinical Outcomes and Patterns of Disease Recurrence After Intensity Modulated Proton Therapy for Oropharyngeal Squamous Carcinoma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2016 May 01; 95(1):360-7. PMID: 27084653.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Chang JY, Jabbour SK, De Ruysscher D, Schild SE, Simone CB, Rengan R, Feigenberg S, Khan AJ, Choi NC, Bradley JD, Zhu XR, Lomax AJ, Hoppe BS. Consensus Statement on Proton Therapy in Early-Stage and Locally Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2016 May 01; 95(1):505-16. PMID: 27084663.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Munck af Rosenschold P, Engelholm SA, Brodin PN, Jørgensen M, Grosshans DR, Zhu RX, Palmer M, Crawford CN, Mahajan A. A Retrospective Evaluation of the Benefit of Referring Pediatric Cancer Patients to an External Proton Therapy Center. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2016 Feb; 63(2):262-9. PMID: 26397177.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Holliday EB, Esmaeli B, Pinckard J, Garden AS, Rosenthal DI, Morrison WH, Kies MS, Gunn GB, Fuller CD, Phan J, Beadle BM, Zhu XR, Zhang X, Frank SJ. A Multidisciplinary Orbit-Sparing Treatment Approach That Includes Proton Therapy for Epithelial Tumors of the Orbit and Ocular Adnexa. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2016 May 01; 95(1):344-52. PMID: 26454680.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Li Y, Niemela P, Liao L, Jiang S, Li H, Poenisch F, Zhu XR, Siljamaki S, Vanderstraeten R, Sahoo N, Gillin M, Zhang X. Selective robust optimization: A new intensity-modulated proton therapy optimization strategy. Med Phys. 2015 Aug; 42(8):4840-7. PMID: 26233211.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Liengsawangwong P, Sahoo N, Ding X, Lii M, Gillin MT, Zhu XR. Dosimetric Characteristics of a Two-Dimensional Diode Array Detector Irradiated with Passively Scattered Proton Beams. Cancers (Basel). 2015 Jul 30; 7(3):1425-35. PMID: 26264024.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Li H, Zhu XR, Zhang X. Reducing Dose Uncertainty for Spot-Scanning Proton Beam Therapy of Moving Tumors by Optimizing the Spot Delivery Sequence. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2015 Nov 01; 93(3):547-56. PMID: 26460997.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Zhu XR, Li Y, Mackin D, Li H, Poenisch F, Lee AK, Mahajan A, Frank SJ, Gillin MT, Sahoo N, Zhang X. Towards effective and efficient patient-specific quality assurance for spot scanning proton therapy. Cancers (Basel). 2015 Apr 10; 7(2):631-47. PMID: 25867000.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Li H, Zhang X, Park P, Liu W, Chang J, Liao Z, Frank S, Li Y, Poenisch F, Mohan R, Gillin M, Zhu R. Robust optimization in intensity-modulated proton therapy to account for anatomy changes in lung cancer patients. Radiother Oncol. 2015 Mar; 114(3):367-72. PMID: 25708992.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Cao W, Lim G, Liao L, Li Y, Jiang S, Li X, Li H, Suzuki K, Zhu XR, Gomez D, Zhang X. Proton energy optimization and reduction for intensity-modulated proton therapy. Phys Med Biol. 2014 Nov 07; 59(21):6341-54. PMID: 25295881.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Grosshans DR, Zhu XR, Melancon A, Allen PK, Poenisch F, Palmer M, McAleer MF, McGovern SL, Gillin M, DeMonte F, Chang EL, Brown PD, Mahajan A. Spot scanning proton therapy for malignancies of the base of skull: treatment planning, acute toxicities, and preliminary clinical outcomes. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014 Nov 01; 90(3):540-6. PMID: 25304948.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Tabibian AA, Powers A, Dolormente K, Oommen S, Tiwari A, Palmer M, Zhu XR, Li H, Sahoo N, Wisdom P, Velasco K, Erhart K, Stanley H, Nguyen BN. Is there a clinical benefit with a smooth compensator design compared with a plunged compensator design for passive scattered protons? Med Dosim. 2015; 40(1):37-43. PMID: 25263491.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Chang JY, Li H, Zhu XR, Liao Z, Zhao L, Liu A, Li Y, Sahoo N, Poenisch F, Gomez DR, Wu R, Gillin M, Zhang X. Clinical implementation of intensity modulated proton therapy for thoracic malignancies. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014 Nov 15; 90(4):809-18. PMID: 25260491.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Li H, Zhang X, Sahoo N, Wu RY, Li X, Lee AK, Chang EL, Choi S, Pugh T, Frank SJ, Gillin MT, Mahajan A, Grosshans DR. A single-field integrated boost treatment planning technique for spot scanning proton therapy. Radiat Oncol. 2014 Sep 11; 9:202. PMID: 25212571.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Liu W, Liao Z, Schild SE, Liu Z, Li H, Li Y, Park PC, Li X, Stoker J, Shen J, Keole S, Anand A, Fatyga M, Dong L, Sahoo N, Vora S, Wong W, Zhu XR, Bues M, Mohan R. Impact of respiratory motion on worst-case scenario optimized intensity modulated proton therapy for lung cancers. Pract Radiat Oncol. 2015 Mar-Apr; 5(2):e77-86. PMID: 25413400.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Li H, Liu W, Park P, Matney J, Liao Z, Chang J, Zhang X, Li Y, Zhu RX. Evaluation of the systematic error in using 3D dose calculation in scanning beam proton therapy for lung cancer. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2014 Sep 08; 15(5):4810. PMID: 25207565.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Haque W, Wages C, Zhu XR, Choi S, Pugh TJ, Frank SJ, Lee A, Mahmood U. Proton therapy for seminoma: Case report describing the technique, efficacy, and advantages of proton-based therapy for seminoma. Pract Radiat Oncol. 2015 Mar-Apr; 5(2):135-40. PMID: 25413401.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Stoker JB, Grant J, Zhu XR, Pidikiti R, Mahajan A, Grosshans DR. Intensity modulated proton therapy for craniospinal irradiation: organ-at-risk exposure and a low-gradient junctioning technique. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014 Nov 01; 90(3):637-44. PMID: 25194667.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Kardar L, Li Y, Li X, Li H, Cao W, Chang JY, Liao L, Zhu RX, Sahoo N, Gillin M, Liao Z, Komaki R, Cox JD, Lim G, Zhang X. Evaluation and mitigation of the interplay effects of intensity modulated proton therapy for lung cancer in a clinical setting. Pract Radiat Oncol. 2014 Nov-Dec; 4(6):e259-68. PMID: 25407877.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Shao Y, Sun X, Lou K, Zhu XR, Mirkovic D, Poenisch F, Grosshans D. In-beam PET imaging for on-line adaptive proton therapy: an initial phantom study. Phys Med Biol. 2014 Jul 07; 59(13):3373-88. PMID: 24874943.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Frank SJ, Cox JD, Gillin M, Mohan R, Garden AS, Rosenthal DI, Gunn GB, Weber RS, Kies MS, Lewin JS, Munsell MF, Palmer MB, Sahoo N, Zhang X, Liu W, Zhu XR. Multifield optimization intensity modulated proton therapy for head and neck tumors: a translation to practice. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014 Jul 15; 89(4):846-53. PMID: 24867532.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Li Y, Kardar L, Li X, Li H, Cao W, Chang JY, Liao L, Zhu RX, Sahoo N, Gillin M, Liao Z, Komaki R, Cox JD, Lim G, Zhang X. On the interplay effects with proton scanning beams in stage III lung cancer. Med Phys. 2014 Feb; 41(2):021721. PMID: 24506612.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Liu W, Mohan R, Park P, Liu Z, Li H, Li X, Li Y, Wu R, Sahoo N, Dong L, Zhu XR, Grosshans DR. Dosimetric benefits of robust treatment planning for intensity modulated proton therapy for base-of-skull cancers. Pract Radiat Oncol. 2014 Nov-Dec; 4(6):384-91. PMID: 25407859.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Dinh J, Stoker J, Georges RH, Sahoo N, Zhu XR, Rath S, Mahajan A, Grosshans DR. Comparison of proton therapy techniques for treatment of the whole brain as a component of craniospinal radiation. Radiat Oncol. 2013 Dec 17; 8:289. PMID: 24344645.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Mackin D, Li Y, Taylor MB, Kerr M, Holmes C, Sahoo N, Poenisch F, Li H, Lii J, Amos R, Wu R, Suzuki K, Gillin MT, Zhu XR, Zhang X. Improving spot-scanning proton therapy patient specific quality assurance with HPlusQA, a second-check dose calculation engine. Med Phys. 2013 Dec; 40(12):121708. PMID: 24320494.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Li H, Park P, Liu W, Matney J, Liao Z, Balter P, Li Y, Zhang X, Li X, Zhu XR. Patient-specific quantification of respiratory motion-induced dose uncertainty for step-and-shoot IMRT of lung cancer. Med Phys. 2013 Dec; 40(12):121712. PMID: 24320498.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Pugh TJ, Munsell MF, Choi S, Nguyen QN, Mathai B, Zhu XR, Sahoo N, Gillin M, Johnson JL, Amos RA, Dong L, Mahmood U, Kuban DA, Frank SJ, Hoffman KE, McGuire SE, Lee AK. Quality of life and toxicity from passively scattered and spot-scanning proton beam therapy for localized prostate cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2013 Dec 01; 87(5):946-53. PMID: 24139077.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Dhanesar S, Sahoo N, Kerr M, Taylor MB, Summers P, Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Gillin M. Quality assurance of proton beams using a multilayer ionization chamber system. Med Phys. 2013 Sep; 40(9):092102. PMID: 24007171.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Kandula S, Zhu X, Garden AS, Gillin M, Rosenthal DI, Ang KK, Mohan R, Amin MV, Garcia JA, Wu R, Sahoo N, Frank SJ. Spot-scanning beam proton therapy vs intensity-modulated radiation therapy for ipsilateral head and neck malignancies: a treatment planning comparison. Med Dosim. 2013; 38(4):390-4. PMID: 23916884.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Quan EM, Liu W, Wu R, Li Y, Frank SJ, Zhang X, Zhu XR, Mohan R. Preliminary evaluation of multifield and single-field optimization for the treatment planning of spot-scanning proton therapy of head and neck cancer. Med Phys. 2013 Aug; 40(8):081709. PMID: 23927306.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Cao W, Lim G, Li X, Li Y, Zhu XR, Zhang X. Incorporating deliverable monitor unit constraints into spot intensity optimization in intensity-modulated proton therapy treatment planning. Phys Med Biol. 2013 Aug 07; 58(15):5113-25. PMID: 23835656.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Pugh TJ, Amos RA, John Baptiste S, Choi S, Nhu Nguyen Q, Ronald Zhu X, Palmer MB, Lee AK. Multifield optimization intensity-modulated proton therapy (MFO-IMPT) for prostate cancer: Robustness analysis through simulation of rotational and translational alignment errors. Med Dosim. 2013; 38(3):344-50. PMID: 23747223.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Park PC, Cheung JP, Zhu XR, Lee AK, Sahoo N, Tucker SL, Liu W, Li H, Mohan R, Court LE, Dong L. Statistical assessment of proton treatment plans under setup and range uncertainties. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2013 Aug 01; 86(5):1007-13. PMID: 23688812.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Cheung JP, Park PC, Court LE, Ronald Zhu X, Kudchadker RJ, Frank SJ, Dong L. A novel dose-based positioning method for CT image-guided proton therapy. Med Phys. 2013 May; 40(5):051714. PMID: 23635262.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Liu W, Frank SJ, Li X, Li Y, Park PC, Dong L, Ronald Zhu X, Mohan R. Effectiveness of robust optimization in intensity-modulated proton therapy planning for head and neck cancers. Med Phys. 2013 May; 40(5):051711. PMID: 23635259.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Lii M, Sawakuchi GO, Titt U, Bues M, Song X, Zhang X, Li Y, Ciangaru G, Li H, Taylor MB, Suzuki K, Mohan R, Gillin MT, Sahoo N. Commissioning dose computation models for spot scanning proton beams in water for a commercially available treatment planning system. Med Phys. 2013 Apr; 40(4):041723. PMID: 23556893.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Liu W, Frank SJ, Li X, Li Y, Zhu RX, Mohan R. PTV-based IMPT optimization incorporating planning risk volumes vs robust optimization. Med Phys. 2013 Feb; 40(2):021709. PMID: 23387732.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Li H, Sahoo N, Poenisch F, Suzuki K, Li Y, Li X, Zhang X, Lee AK, Gillin MT, Zhu XR. Use of treatment log files in spot scanning proton therapy as part of patient-specific quality assurance. Med Phys. 2013 Feb; 40(2):021703. PMID: 23387726.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Li H, Li Y, Zhang X, Li X, Liu W, Gillin MT, Zhu XR. Dynamically accumulated dose and 4D accumulated dose for moving tumors. Med Phys. 2012 Dec; 39(12):7359-67. PMID: 23231285.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Cao W, Lim GJ, Lee A, Li Y, Liu W, Ronald Zhu X, Zhang X. Uncertainty incorporated beam angle optimization for IMPT treatment planning. Med Phys. 2012 Aug; 39(8):5248-56. PMID: 22894449.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Yang M, Zhu XR, Park PC, Titt U, Mohan R, Virshup G, Clayton JE, Dong L. Comprehensive analysis of proton range uncertainties related to patient stopping-power-ratio estimation using the stoichiometric calibration. Phys Med Biol. 2012 Jul 07; 57(13):4095-115. PMID: 22678123.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Park PC, Cheung J, Zhu XR, Sahoo N, Court L, Dong L. Fast range-corrected proton dose approximation method using prior dose distribution. Phys Med Biol. 2012 Jun 07; 57(11):3555-69. PMID: 22588165.
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    52. Anand A, Sahoo N, Zhu XR, Sawakuchi GO, Poenisch F, Amos RA, Ciangaru G, Titt U, Suzuki K, Mohan R, Gillin MT. A procedure to determine the planar integral spot dose values of proton pencil beam spots. Med Phys. 2012 Feb; 39(2):891-900. PMID: 22320798.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Li Y, Zhu RX, Sahoo N, Anand A, Zhang X. Beyond Gaussians: a study of single-spot modeling for scanning proton dose calculation. Phys Med Biol. 2012 Feb 21; 57(4):983-97. PMID: 22297324.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Amsbaugh MJ, Grosshans DR, McAleer MF, Zhu R, Wages C, Crawford CN, Palmer M, De Gracia B, Woo S, Mahajan A. Proton therapy for spinal ependymomas: planning, acute toxicities, and preliminary outcomes. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Aug 01; 83(5):1419-24. PMID: 22245209.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Li H, Dong L, Zhang L, Yang JN, Gillin MT, Zhu XR. Toward a better understanding of the gamma index: Investigation of parameters with a surface-based distance method. Med Phys. 2011 Dec; 38(12):6730-41. PMID: 22149855.
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    56. Zhang X, Liu W, Li Y, Li X, Quan M, Mohan R, Anand A, Sahoo N, Gillin M, Zhu XR. Parameterization of multiple Bragg curves for scanning proton beams using simultaneous fitting of multiple curves. Phys Med Biol. 2011 Dec 21; 56(24):7725-35. PMID: 22085829.
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    57. Huang JY, Newhauser WD, Zhu XR, Lee AK, Kudchadker RJ. Investigation of dose perturbations and the radiographic visibility of potential fiducials for proton radiation therapy of the prostate. Phys Med Biol. 2011 Aug 21; 56(16):5287-302. PMID: 21799236.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Suzuki K, Gillin MT, Sahoo N, Zhu XR, Lee AK, Lippy D. Quantitative analysis of beam delivery parameters and treatment process time for proton beam therapy. Med Phys. 2011 Jul; 38(7):4329-37. PMID: 21859034.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Yang M, Virshup G, Clayton J, Zhu XR, Mohan R, Dong L. Does kV-MV dual-energy computed tomography have an advantage in determining proton stopping power ratios in patients? Phys Med Biol. 2011 Jul 21; 56(14):4499-515. PMID: 21719949.
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    60. Park PC, Zhu XR, Lee AK, Sahoo N, Melancon AD, Zhang L, Dong L. A beam-specific planning target volume (PTV) design for proton therapy to account for setup and range uncertainties. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Feb 01; 82(2):e329-36. PMID: 21703781.
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    61. Welsh J, Gomez D, Palmer MB, Riley BA, Mayankkumar AV, Komaki R, Dong L, Zhu XR, Likhacheva A, Liao Z, Hofstetter WL, Ajani JA, Cox JD. Intensity-modulated proton therapy further reduces normal tissue exposure during definitive therapy for locally advanced distal esophageal tumors: a dosimetric study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011 Dec 01; 81(5):1336-42. PMID: 21470796.
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    62. Li H, Lee AK, Johnson JL, Zhu RX, Kudchadker RJ. Characterization of dose impact on IMRT and VMAT from couch attenuation for two Varian couches. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2011 Mar 02; 12(3):3471. PMID: 21844859.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Song X, Johnson JL, Ciangaru G, Taylor MB, Lii M, Martin C, Arjomandy B, Lee AK, Choi S, Nguyen QN, Gillin MT, Sahoo N. Patient-specific quality assurance for prostate cancer patients receiving spot scanning proton therapy using single-field uniform dose. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011 Oct 01; 81(2):552-9. PMID: 21300457.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Siochi RA, Balter P, Bloch CD, Santanam L, Blodgett K, Curran BH, Engelsman M, Feng W, Mechalakos J, Pavord D, Simon T, Sutlieff S, Zhu XR. A rapid communication from the AAPM Task Group 201: recommendations for the QA of external beam radiotherapy data transfer. AAPM TG 201: quality assurance of external beam radiotherapy data transfer. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2010 Dec 04; 12(1):3479. PMID: 21330992.
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    65. Cheung J, Kudchadker RJ, Zhu XR, Lee AK, Newhauser WD. Dose perturbations and image artifacts caused by carbon-coated ceramic and stainless steel fiducials used in proton therapy for prostate cancer. Phys Med Biol. 2010 Dec 07; 55(23):7135-47. PMID: 21076190.
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    66. Arjomandy B, Sahoo N, Ciangaru G, Zhu R, Song X, Gillin M. Verification of patient-specific dose distributions in proton therapy using a commercial two-dimensional ion chamber array. Med Phys. 2010 Nov; 37(11):5831-7. PMID: 21158295.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Li H, Zhang L, Dong L, Sahoo N, Gillin MT, Zhu XR. A CT-based software tool for evaluating compensator quality in passively scattered proton therapy. Phys Med Biol. 2010 Nov 21; 55(22):6759-71. PMID: 21030745.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Sawakuchi GO, Mirkovic D, Perles LA, Sahoo N, Zhu XR, Ciangaru G, Suzuki K, Gillin MT, Mohan R, Titt U. An MCNPX Monte Carlo model of a discrete spot scanning proton beam therapy nozzle. Med Phys. 2010 Sep; 37(9):4960-70. PMID: 20964215.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Sawakuchi GO, Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Suzuki K, Ciangaru G, Titt U, Anand A, Mohan R, Gillin MT, Sahoo N. Experimental characterization of the low-dose envelope of spot scanning proton beams. Phys Med Biol. 2010 Jun 21; 55(12):3467-78. PMID: 20508318.
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    70. Zhu XR, Das RK, Orton CG. Point/counterpoint. Most residency programs for radiation oncology physicists do not reflect the heightened importance of medical imaging. Med Phys. 2010 May; 37(5):1939-41. PMID: 20527527.
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    71. Zhu XR, Sahoo N, Zhang X, Robertson D, Li H, Choi S, Lee AK, Gillin MT. Intensity modulated proton therapy treatment planning using single-field optimization: the impact of monitor unit constraints on plan quality. Med Phys. 2010 Mar; 37(3):1210-9. PMID: 20384258.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Yang M, Virshup G, Clayton J, Zhu XR, Mohan R, Dong L. Theoretical variance analysis of single- and dual-energy computed tomography methods for calculating proton stopping power ratios of biological tissues. Phys Med Biol. 2010 Mar 07; 55(5):1343-62. PMID: 20145291.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Wang X, Sahoo N, Zhu RX, Zullo JR, Gillin MT. Measurement of neutron dose equivalent and its dependence on beam configuration for a passive scattering proton delivery system. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2010 Apr; 76(5):1563-70. PMID: 20097484.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Meyer J, Bluett J, Amos R, Levy L, Choi S, Nguyen QN, Zhu XR, Gillin M, Lee A. Spot scanning proton beam therapy for prostate cancer: treatment planning technique and analysis of consequences of rotational and translational alignment errors. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2010 Oct 01; 78(2):428-34. PMID: 20100641.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Sawakuchi GO, Titt U, Mirkovic D, Ciangaru G, Zhu XR, Sahoo N, Gillin MT, Mohan R. Monte Carlo investigation of the low-dose envelope from scanned proton pencil beams. Phys Med Biol. 2010 Feb 07; 55(3):711-21. PMID: 20071752.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Gillin MT, Sahoo N, Bues M, Ciangaru G, Sawakuchi G, Poenisch F, Arjomandy B, Martin C, Titt U, Suzuki K, Smith AR, Zhu XR. Commissioning of the discrete spot scanning proton beam delivery system at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Proton Therapy Center, Houston. Med Phys. 2010 Jan; 37(1):154-63. PMID: 20175477.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Ciangaru G, Sahoo N, Zhu XR, Sawakuchi GO, Gillin MT. Computation of doses for large-angle Coulomb scattering of proton pencil beams. Phys Med Biol. 2009 Dec 21; 54(24):7285-300. PMID: 19926912.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Smith A, Gillin M, Bues M, Zhu XR, Suzuki K, Mohan R, Woo S, Lee A, Komaki R, Cox J, Hiramoto K, Akiyama H, Ishida T, Sasaki T, Matsuda K. The M. D. Anderson proton therapy system. Med Phys. 2009 Sep; 36(9):4068-83. PMID: 19810479.
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    79. Li H, Mawlawi OR, Zhu RX, Zheng Y. Blind deblurring reconstruction technique with applications in PET imaging. Int J Biomed Imaging. 2009; 2009:718157. PMID: 19547704.
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    80. Arjomandy B, Sahoo N, Zhu XR, Zullo JR, Wu RY, Zhu M, Ding X, Martin C, Ciangaru G, Gillin MT. An overview of the comprehensive proton therapy machine quality assurance procedures implemented at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Center-Houston. Med Phys. 2009 Jun; 36(6):2269-82. PMID: 19610316.
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    81. Zullo JR, Kudchadker RJ, Zhu XR, Sahoo N, Gillin MT. LiF TLD-100 as a dosimeter in high energy proton beam therapy--can it yield accurate results? Med Dosim. 2010; 35(1):63-6. PMID: 19931017.
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    82. Giebeler A, Fontenot J, Balter P, Ciangaru G, Zhu R, Newhauser W. Dose perturbations from implanted helical gold markers in proton therapy of prostate cancer. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2009 Jan 27; 10(1):2875. PMID: 19223836.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Li H, Mohan R, Zhu XR. Scatter kernel estimation with an edge-spread function method for cone-beam computed tomography imaging. Phys Med Biol. 2008 Dec 07; 53(23):6729-48. PMID: 18997269.
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    84. Sahoo N, Zhu XR, Arjomandy B, Ciangaru G, Lii M, Amos R, Wu R, Gillin MT. A procedure for calculation of monitor units for passively scattered proton radiotherapy beams. Med Phys. 2008 Nov; 35(11):5088-97. PMID: 19070243.
      View in: PubMed
    85. Titt U, Sahoo N, Ding X, Zheng Y, Newhauser WD, Zhu XR, Polf JC, Gillin MT, Mohan R. Assessment of the accuracy of an MCNPX-based Monte Carlo simulation model for predicting three-dimensional absorbed dose distributions. Phys Med Biol. 2008 Aug 21; 53(16):4455-70. PMID: 18670050.
      View in: PubMed
    86. Yang M, Virshup G, Mohan R, Shaw CC, Zhu XR, Dong L. Improving accuracy of electron density measurement in the presence of metallic implants using orthovoltage computed tomography. Med Phys. 2008 May; 35(5):1932-41. PMID: 18561669.
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    87. Li H, Zhu XR, Zhang L, Dong L, Tung S, Ahamad A, Chao KS, Morrison WH, Rosenthal DI, Schwartz DL, Mohan R, Garden AS. Comparison of 2D radiographic images and 3D cone beam computed tomography for positioning head-and-neck radiotherapy patients. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2008 Jul 01; 71(3):916-25. PMID: 18395358.
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    88. Zhu XR, Gillin MT. Effect of output variation with dose rate on the Virtual Wedge factor. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2008 Jan 28; 9(1):2784. PMID: 18449167.
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    89. Li Y, Zhang X, Lii M, Sahoo N, Zhu RX, Gillin M, Mohan R. Incorporating partial shining effects in proton pencil-beam dose calculation. Phys Med Biol. 2008 Feb 07; 53(3):605-16. PMID: 18199905.
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    90. Lu J, Guerrero TM, Munro P, Jeung A, Chi PC, Balter P, Zhu XR, Mohan R, Pan T. Four-dimensional cone beam CT with adaptive gantry rotation and adaptive data sampling. Med Phys. 2007 Sep; 34(9):3520-9. PMID: 17926955.
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    91. Kang Y, Zhang X, Chang JY, Wang H, Wei X, Liao Z, Komaki R, Cox JD, Balter PA, Liu H, Zhu XR, Mohan R, Dong L. 4D Proton treatment planning strategy for mobile lung tumors. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007 Mar 01; 67(3):906-14. PMID: 17293240.
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    92. Zhang X, Dong L, Lee AK, Cox JD, Kuban DA, Zhu RX, Wang X, Li Y, Newhauser WD, Gillin M, Mohan R. Effect of anatomic motion on proton therapy dose distributions in prostate cancer treatment. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007 Feb 01; 67(2):620-9. PMID: 17236979.
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    93. Zhang Y, Zhang L, Zhu XR, Lee AK, Chambers M, Dong L. Reducing metal artifacts in cone-beam CT images by preprocessing projection data. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007 Mar 01; 67(3):924-32. PMID: 17161556.
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    94. Zhu XR, Kang Y, Gillin MT. Measurements of in-air output ratios for a linear accelerator with and without the flattening filter. Med Phys. 2006 Oct; 33(10):3723-33. PMID: 17089838.
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    95. Wang D, Schultz CJ, Jursinic PA, Bialkowski M, Zhu XR, Brown WD, Rand SD, Michel MA, Campbell BH, Wong S, Li XA, Wilson JF. Initial experience of FDG-PET/CT guided IMRT of head-and-neck carcinoma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006 May 01; 65(1):143-51. PMID: 16618577.
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    96. Zhang L, Garden AS, Lo J, Ang KK, Ahamad A, Morrison WH, Rosenthal DI, Chambers MS, Zhu XR, Mohan R, Dong L. Multiple regions-of-interest analysis of setup uncertainties for head-and-neck cancer radiotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006 Apr 01; 64(5):1559-69. PMID: 16580505.
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    97. Zhu XR, Prado K, Liu HH, Guerrero TM, Jeter M, Liao Z, Rice D, Forster K, Stevens CW. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy for mesothelioma: impact of multileaf collimator leaf width and pencil beam size on planning quality and delivery efficiency. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2005 Aug 01; 62(5):1525-34. PMID: 16029815.
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    98. Stevens CW, Wong PF, Rice D, Jeter M, Jeeter M, Forster K, Zhu XR. Treatment planning system evaluation for mesothelioma IMRT. Lung Cancer. 2005 Jul; 49 Suppl 1:S75-81. PMID: 15950806.
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    99. Zhu XR, Gillin MT. Derivation of the distribution of extrafocal radiation for head scatter factor calculation. Med Phys. 2005 Feb; 32(2):351-9. PMID: 15789579.
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    100. Zhu XR, Schultz CJ, Gillin MT. Planning quality and delivery efficiency of sMLC delivered IMRT treatment of oropharyngeal cancers evaluated by RTOG H-0022 dosimetric criteria. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2004; 5(4):80-95. PMID: 15738923.
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    101. Zhu XR, Yoo S, Jursinic PA, Grimm DF, Lopez F, Rownd JJ, Gillin MT. Characteristics of sensitometric curves of radiographic films. Med Phys. 2003 May; 30(5):912-9. PMID: 12773000.
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    102. Yoo S, Grimm D, Zhu R, Jursinic P, Lopez F, Rownd J, Gillin M. Clinical implementation of AAPM TG61 protocol for kilovoltage x-ray beam dosimetry. Med Phys. 2002 Oct; 29(10):2269-73. PMID: 12408301.
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    103. Zhu XR, Jursinic PA, Grimm DF, Lopez F, Rownd JJ, Gillin MT. Evaluation of Kodak EDR2 film for dose verification of intensity modulated radiation therapy delivered by a static multileaf collimator. Med Phys. 2002 Aug; 29(8):1687-92. PMID: 12201414.
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    104. Zhu XR, Gillin MT, Ehlers K, Lopez F, Grimm DF, Rownd JJ, Steinberg TH. Dependence of virtual wedge factor on dose calibration and monitor units. Med Phys. 2001 Feb; 28(2):174-7. PMID: 11243340.
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    105. Zhu XR, Gillin MT, Jursinic PA, Lopez F, Grimm DF, Rownd JJ. Comparison of dosimetric characteristics of Siemens virtual and physical wedges. Med Phys. 2000 Oct; 27(10):2267-77. PMID: 11099193.
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    106. Miften M, Zhu XR, Takahashi K, Lopez F, Gillin MT. Implementation and verification of virtual wedge in a three-dimensional radiotherapy planning system. Med Phys. 2000 Jul; 27(7):1635-43. PMID: 10947267.
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    107. Zhu XR, Allen JJ, Shi J, Simon WE. Total scatter factors and tissue maximum ratios for small radiosurgery fields: comparison of diode detectors, a parallel-plate ion chamber, and radiographic film. Med Phys. 2000 Mar; 27(3):472-7. PMID: 10757599.
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    108. Zhu XR. Entrance dose measurements for in-vivo diode dosimetry: Comparison of correction factors for two types of commercial silicon diode detectors. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2000; 1(3):100-7. PMID: 11674824.
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    109. Tinger A, Michalski JM, Cheng A, Low DA, Zhu R, Bosch WR, Purdy JA, Perez CA. A critical evaluation of the planning target volume for 3-D conformal radiotherapy of prostate cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1998 Aug 01; 42(1):213-21. PMID: 9747840.
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    110. Zhu XR, Klein EE, Low DA. Geometric and dosimetric analysis of multileaf collimation conformity. Radiother Oncol. 1998 Apr; 47(1):63-8. PMID: 9632294.
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    111. Hansen RL, Zhu XR, Harris JM. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy with patterned photoexcitation for measuring solution diffusion coefficients of robust fluorophores. Anal Chem. 1998 Apr 01; 70(7):1281-7. PMID: 21644725.
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    112. Klein EE, Gerber R, Zhu XR, Oehmke F, Purdy JA. Multiple machine implementation of enhanced dynamic wedge. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1998 Mar 01; 40(4):977-85. PMID: 9531384.
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    113. Low DA, Zhu XR, Purdy JA, Söderström S. The influence of angular misalignment on fixed-portal intensity modulated radiation therapy. Med Phys. 1997 Jul; 24(7):1123-39. PMID: 9243475.
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    114. Low DA, Zhu XR, Harms WB, Purdy JA. Measurement of a photon penumbra-generating kernel for a convolution-adapted ratio-TAR algorithm for 3D treatment planning. Med Phys. 1995 Sep; 22(9):1395-403. PMID: 8531864.
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    115. Zhu XR, Low DA, Harms WB, Purdy JA. A convolution-adapted ratio-TAR algorithm for 3D photon beam treatment planning. Med Phys. 1995 Aug; 22(8):1315-27. PMID: 7476719.
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    116. Mathias CJ, Welch MJ, Perry DJ, McGuire AH, Zhu X, Connett JM, Green MA. Investigation of copper-PTSM as a PET tracer for tumor blood flow. Int J Rad Appl Instrum B. 1991; 18(7):807-11. PMID: 1787092.
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    117. Assessment of implanted helical gold markers for patients receiving proton radiotherapy for prostate cancer. 578-579.
    118. Homodyne photon-correlation spectroscopy of a supercooled liquid. The Journal of chemical physics. 84:6086-6090.
    119. Studies of excited-state absorption and photoisomerization of cyanine dyes by using laser-induced anharmonic thermal gratings. Chemical Physics. 142:301-309.
    120. Calculation of dose distributions with constraint checking for siemens virtual wedge. 3204-3205.
    121. Spatial mapping of the biologic effectiveness of scanned particle beams. Scientific Reports. 5.
    122. Angular and temperature dependence of depolarized and polarized rayleigh-brillouin spectra of a supercooled liquid. Molecular Physics. 62:749-764.
    123. Perturbation of water-equivalent thickness as a surrogate for respiratory motion in proton therapy. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 17:368-378.
    124. Lateral diffusion of an adsorbate at a chromatographic C18/water interface. Analytical Chemistry. 66:1708-1712.
    125. Characterization of dose impact on IMRT and VMAT from couch attenuation for two Varian couches. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 12:23-31.
    126. Definitive proton radiation therapy and concurrent cisplatin for unresectable head and neck adenoid cystic carcinoma. Head and Neck.
    127. Medical physics residents should be placed using a matching program. Medical Physics. 41.
    128. Diffraction from anharmonic volume gratings calculated by two-dimensional fourier transforms to evaluate nonlinear-optical absorption. Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics. 7:796-802.
    129. Chemical Physics. 124:321-332.
    130. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 816:40-46.
    131. Comparison of dosimetric properties of virtual wedge and physical wedges. 2539-2541.
    132. Erratum. Medical Physics. 40.
    133. Early experience with intensity modulated proton therapy for lung-intact mesothelioma. Practical Radiation Oncology.
    134. Nonlinear absorption by all-trans-β-carotene studied by diffraction from laser-induced anharmonic thermal gratings. Journal of Physical Chemistry. 93:75-83.
    135. A rapid communication from the AAPM Task Group 201. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 12:170-181.
    136. Derivation of scatter kernel in CBCT imaging system. 1851-1854.
    137. Dose perturbations from implanted helical gold markers in proton therapy of prostate cancer. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 10:63-70.
    138. Formation, relaxation, and quenching of Br2 excited states in CCl4. Journal of Physical Chemistry. 97:6650-6655.
    139. Photodissociation and nongeminate recombination of bromine in liquids initiated by 532 nm radiation. Chemical Physics Letters. 186:183-188.
    140. Motion-robust intensity-modulated proton therapy for distal esophageal cancer. Medical Physics. 43:1111-1118.
    141. Effect of output variation with dose rate on the virtual wedge factor. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 9:54-58.
    142. Photothermal grating spectroscopy study of nongeminate atom recombination of photodissociated iodine in liquids. Chemical Physics. 157:409-422.
    143. Improved beam angle arrangement in intensity modulated proton therapy treatment planning for localized prostate cancer. Cancers. 7:574-584.
    144. Holographic spectroscopy. Analytical Chemistry. 64:710-718.
    145. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 120:48-55.
    146. Monte Carlo simulation study of in-beam intra-treatment PET imaging for adaptive proton therapy.
    147. Proton beam therapy for the treatment of prostate cancer. Practical Radiation Oncology. 3.
    148. Towards effective and efficient patient-specific quality assurance for spot scanning proton therapy. Cancers. 7:631-647.
    149. Amplitude correlated 4-dimensional cone beam CT.
    150. Blind deblurring reconstruction technique with applications in PET imaging. 173-176.
    151. Evaluating rates and yields of second-order, photoinitiated reactions under conditions of Gaussian-profile excitation. Journal of Physical Chemistry. 98:8726-8733.
    152. Quantitative analysis of treatment process time and throughput capacity for spot scanning proton therapy. Medical Physics. 43:3975-3986.
    153. Dosimetric characteristics of a two-dimensional diode array detector irradiated with passively scattered proton beams. Cancers. 7:1425-1435.
    154. Evaluation of the systematic error in using 3D dose calculation in scanning beam proton therapy for lung cancer. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 15:47-56.
    155. Toward a model-based patient selection strategy for proton therapy. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 121:381-386.
    156. Spot scanning proton therapy minimizes neutron dose in the setting of radiation therapy administered during pregnancy. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 17:366-376.
    157. Erratum. Lung Cancer. 50:425.
    158. Spot scanning proton therapy for craniopharyngioma. Practical Radiation Oncology. 2:314-318.
    159. Human papillomavirus status and the relative biological effectiveness of proton radiotherapy in head and neck cancer cells. Head and Neck.
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