STEVEN J SCHAPIRO

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionMD Anderson
DepartmentVeterinary Sciences
Address650 Cool Water Dr
Bastrop TX 78602-6621
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Hopkins WD, Procyk E, Petrides M, Schapiro SJ, Mareno MC, Amiez C. Sulcal Morphology in Cingulate Cortex is Associated with Voluntary Oro-Facial Motor Control and Gestural Communication in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Cereb Cortex. 2021 May 10; 31(6):2845-2854. PMID: 33447847.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    2. Mulholland MM, Sherwood CC, Schapiro SJ, Raghanti MA, Hopkins WD. Age- and cognition-related differences in the gray matter volume of the chimpanzee brain (Pan troglodytes): A voxel-based morphometry and conjunction analysis. Am J Primatol. 2021 Apr 26; e23264. PMID: 33899958.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    3. Nehete PN, Nehete BP, Wilkerson GK, Schapiro SJ, Williams LE. Effects of relocation on immunological and physiological measures in female squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis). PLoS One. 2021; 16(2):e0240705. PMID: 33635869.
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    4. Schapiro SJ, Neal Webb SJ, Mulholland MM, Lambeth SP. Behavioral Management is a Key Component of Ethical Research. ILAR J. 2021 Jan 13. PMID: 33434922.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    5. Neal Webb SJ, Schapiro SJ, Sherwood CC, Raghanti MA, Hopkins WD. Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): The effects of sex, age, and rearing. PLoS One. 2020; 15(12):e0244092. PMID: 33326497.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    6. Vickery S, Hopkins WD, Sherwood CC, Schapiro SJ, Latzman RD, Caspers S, Gaser C, Eickhoff SB, Dahnke R, Hoffstaedter F. Chimpanzee brain morphometry utilizing standardized MRI preprocessing and macroanatomical annotations. Elife. 2020 11 23; 9. PMID: 33226338.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    7. Hopkins WD, Mareno MC, Neal Webb SJ, Schapiro SJ, Raghanti MA, Sherwood CC. Age-related changes in chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) cognition: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Am J Primatol. 2021 03; 83(3):e23214. PMID: 33169860.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    8. O'Bryan LR, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Wilson ML. Unpacking chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) patch use: Do individuals respond to food patches as predicted by the marginal value theorem? Am J Primatol. 2020 12; 82(12):e23208. PMID: 33118192.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    9. Watson SK, Burkart JM, Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP, Mueller JL, Townsend SW. Nonadjacent dependency processing in monkeys, apes, and humans. Sci Adv. 2020 Oct; 6(43). PMID: 33087361.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    10. Westerhausen R, Fjell AM, Kompus K, Schapiro SJ, Sherwood CC, Walhovd KB, Hopkins WD. Comparative morphology of the corpus callosum across the adult lifespan in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and humans. J Comp Neurol. 2021 May 01; 529(7):1584-1596. PMID: 32978976.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    11. Spocter MA, Sherwood CC, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Reproducibility of leftward planum temporale asymmetries in two genetically isolated populations of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Proc Biol Sci. 2020 09 09; 287(1934):20201320. PMID: 32900313.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    12. Reamer LA, Neal Webb SJ, Jones R, Thiele E, Haller RL, Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP, Hanley PW. Validation and utility of a body condition scoring system for chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Primatol. 2020 10; 82(10):e23188. PMID: 32856319.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    13. Mulholland MM, Mahovetz LM, Mareno MC, Reamer LA, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Differences in the mutual eye gaze of bonobos (Pan paniscus) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). J Comp Psychol. 2020 08; 134(3):318-322. PMID: 32804530.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    14. Hopkins WD, Mulholland MM, Reamer LA, Mareno MC, Schapiro SJ. The role of early social rearing, neurological, and genetic factors on individual differences in mutual eye gaze among captive chimpanzees. Sci Rep. 2020 05 04; 10(1):7412. PMID: 32366881.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    15. DeCasien AR, Sherwood CC, Schapiro SJ, Higham JP. Greater variability in chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) brain structure among males. Proc Biol Sci. 2020 04 29; 287(1925):20192858. PMID: 32315585.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    16. Neal Webb SJ, Bridges JP, Thiele E, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ. The implementation and initial evaluation of a physical therapy program for captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Primatol. 2020 03; 82(3):e23109. PMID: 32077522.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    17. Mulholland MM, Navabpour SV, Mareno MC, Schapiro SJ, Young LJ, Hopkins WD. AVPR1A variation is linked to gray matter covariation in the social brain network of chimpanzees. Genes Brain Behav. 2020 04; 19(4):e12631. PMID: 31894656.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    18. Neal Webb SJ, Hau J, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ. Differences in Behavior Between Elderly and Nonelderly Captive Chimpanzees and the Effects of the Social Environment. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2019 11 01; 58(6):783-789. PMID: 31645233.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    19. Shelton KA, Nehete BP, Chitta S, Williams LE, Schapiro SJ, Simmons J, Abee CR, Nehete PN. Effects of Transportation and Relocation on Immunologic Measures in Cynomolgus Macaques (Macaca fascicularis). J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2019 11 01; 58(6):774-782. PMID: 31604484.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    20. Hopkins WD, Latzman RD, Mareno MC, Schapiro SJ, Gómez-Robles A, Sherwood CC. Heritability of Gray Matter Structural Covariation and Tool Use Skills in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): A Source-Based Morphometry and Quantitative Genetic Analysis. Cereb Cortex. 2019 08 14; 29(9):3702-3711. PMID: 30307488.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    21. Staes N, Sherwood CC, Freeman H, Brosnan SF, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD, Bradley BJ. Serotonin Receptor 1A Variation Is Associated with Anxiety and Agonistic Behavior in Chimpanzees. Mol Biol Evol. 2019 07 01; 36(7):1418-1429. PMID: 31045220.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    22. Hopkins WD, Mareno MC, Schapiro SJ. Further evidence of a left hemisphere specialization and genetic basis for tool use skill in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Reproducibility in two genetically isolated populations of apes. J Comp Psychol. 2019 11; 133(4):512-519. PMID: 31246047.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    23. Singh SV, Staes N, Guevara EE, Schapiro SJ, Ely JJ, Hopkins WD, Sherwood CC, Bradley BJ. Evolution of ASPM coding variation in apes and associations with brain structure in chimpanzees. Genes Brain Behav. 2019 09; 18(7):e12582. PMID: 31119860.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    24. Neal Webb SJ, Hau J, Schapiro SJ. Relationships between captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) welfare and voluntary participation in behavioural studies. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 2019 May; 214:102-109. PMID: 31244501.
      Citations: 2     
    25. Darusman HS, Agungpriyono DR, Kusumaputri VA, Sajuthi D, Schapiro SJ, Hau J. Granulovacuolar Degeneration in Brains of Senile Cynomolgus Monkeys. Front Aging Neurosci. 2019; 11:50. PMID: 30899220.
      Citations: 2     
    26. Bloomsmith MA, Clay AW, Lambeth SP, Lutz CK, Breaux SD, Lammey ML, Franklin AN, Neu KA, Perlman JE, Reamer LA, Mareno MC, Schapiro SJ, Vazquez M, Bourgeois SR. Survey of Behavioral Indices of Welfare in Research Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in the United States. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2019 03 01; 58(2):160-177. PMID: 30764895.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    27. Hall K, Smith M, Russell JL, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Brosnan SF. Chimpanzees Rarely Settle on Consistent Patterns of Play in the Hawk Dove, Assurance, and Prisoner's Dilemma Games, in a Token Exchange Task. Anim Behav Cogn. 2019 Feb; 6(1):48-70. PMID: 31245532.
      Citations: 2     
    28. Vale GL, Williams LE, Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP, Brosnan SF. Responses to Economic Games of Cooperation and Conflict in Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis). Anim Behav Cogn. 2019 Feb; 6(1):32-47. PMID: 32055674.
      Citations: 3     
    29. Neal Webb SJ, Hau J, Schapiro SJ. Does group size matter? Captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) behavior as a function of group size and composition. Am J Primatol. 2019 01; 81(1):e22947. PMID: 30620093.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    30. Bailoo JD, Quinius B, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD, Bennett AJ. Freestanding bipedal posture and coordinated bimanual manipulation significantly influence lateralized hand use in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) and chimpanzees (pan troglodytes). J Comp Psychol. 2019 05; 133(2):171-182. PMID: 30372106.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    31. Davis SJ, Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP, Wood LA, Whiten A. Behavioral conservatism is linked to complexity of behavior in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Implications for cognition and cumulative culture. J Comp Psychol. 2019 02; 133(1):20-35. PMID: 30024238.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    32. Latzman RD, Boysen ST, Schapiro SJ. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Hierarchical Personality Traits in Chimpanzees: Associations with Limbic Structures. Personal Neurosci. 2018; 1:e4. PMID: 32435726.
      Citations: 2     
    33. Watson SK, Vale GL, Hopper LM, Dean LG, Kendal RL, Price EE, Wood LA, Davis SJ, Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP, Whiten A. Chimpanzees demonstrate individual differences in social information use. Anim Cogn. 2018 Sep; 21(5):639-650. PMID: 29922865.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    34. Neal Webb SJ, Hau J, Schapiro SJ. Captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) behavior as a function of space per animal and enclosure type. Am J Primatol. 2018 03; 80(3):e22749. PMID: 29575053.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    35. Watson SK, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Whiten A. Chimpanzees prioritise social information over pre-existing behaviours in a group context but not in dyads. Anim Cogn. 2018 05; 21(3):407-418. PMID: 29574554.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    36. Nehete PN, Shelton KA, Nehete BP, Chitta S, Williams LE, Schapiro SJ, Abee CR. Effects of transportation, relocation, and acclimation on phenotypes and functional characteristics of peripheral blood lymphocytes in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). PLoS One. 2017; 12(12):e0188694. PMID: 29261698.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    37. Vale GL, Flynn EG, Kendal J, Rawlings B, Hopper LM, Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP, Kendal RL. Testing differential use of payoff-biased social learning strategies in children and chimpanzees. Proc Biol Sci. 2017 Dec 13; 284(1868). PMID: 29187629.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    38. Latzman RD, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Triarchic Psychopathy Dimensions in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Investigating Associations with Genetic Variation in the Vasopressin Receptor 1A Gene. Front Neurosci. 2017; 11:407. PMID: 28769746.
      Citations: 1     
    39. Hopkins WD, Coulon O, Meguerditchian A, Autrey M, Davidek K, Mahovetz L, Pope S, Mareno MC, Schapiro SJ. Genetic Factors and Orofacial Motor Learning Selectively Influence Variability in Central Sulcus Morphology in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). J Neurosci. 2017 05 31; 37(22):5475-5483. PMID: 28473646.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    40. Vale GL, Davis SJ, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Whiten A. Acquisition of a socially learned tool use sequence in chimpanzees: Implications for cumulative culture. Evol Hum Behav. 2017 09; 38(5):635-644. PMID: 29333058.
      Citations: 11     
    41. Latzman RD, Patrick CJ, Freeman HJ, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Etiology of Triarchic Psychopathy Dimensions in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Clin Psychol Sci. 2017 Mar; 5(2):341-354. PMID: 28503367.
      Citations: 1     
    42. Watson SK, Reamer LA, Mareno MC, Vale G, Harrison RA, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Whiten A. Socially transmitted diffusion of a novel behavior from subordinate chimpanzees. Am J Primatol. 2017 06; 79(6). PMID: 28171684.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    43. Vale GL, Davis SJ, van de Waal E, Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP, Whiten A. Lack of conformity to new local dietary preferences in migrating captive chimpanzees. Anim Behav. 2017 Feb; 124:135-144. PMID: 29200465.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    
    44. Gómez-Robles A, Hopkins WD, Schapiro SJ, Sherwood CC. The heritability of chimpanzee and human brain asymmetry. Proc Biol Sci. 2016 12 28; 283(1845). PMID: 28003442.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    45. Hopkins WD, Meguerditchian A, Coulon O, Misiura M, Pope S, Mareno MC, Schapiro SJ. Motor skill for tool-use is associated with asymmetries in Broca's area and the motor hand area of the precentral gyrus in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Behav Brain Res. 2017 02 01; 318:71-81. PMID: 27816558.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    46. Davis SJ, Vale GL, Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP, Whiten A. Foundations of cumulative culture in apes: improved foraging efficiency through relinquishing and combining witnessed behaviours in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Sci Rep. 2016 10 24; 6:35953. PMID: 27775061.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    47. Hopkins WD, Hopkins AM, Misiura M, Latash EM, Mareno MC, Schapiro SJ, Phillips KA. Sex differences in the relationship between planum temporale asymmetry and corpus callosum morphology in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): A combined MRI and DTI analysis. Neuropsychologia. 2016 Dec; 93(Pt B):325-334. PMID: 27055947.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    48. Vale GL, Flynn EG, Pender L, Price E, Whiten A, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Kendal RL. Robust retention and transfer of tool construction techniques in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). J Comp Psychol. 2016 Feb; 130(1):24-35. PMID: 26881941.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    49. Gómez-Robles A, Hopkins WD, Schapiro SJ, Sherwood CC. Relaxed genetic control of cortical organization in human brains compared with chimpanzees. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Dec 01; 112(48):14799-804. PMID: 26627234.
      Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    50. Latzman RD, Hecht LK, Freeman HD, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Neuroanatomical correlates of personality in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Associations between personality and frontal cortex. Neuroimage. 2015 Dec; 123:63-71. PMID: 26311604.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    51. Leavens DA, Reamer LA, Mareno MC, Russell JL, Wilson D, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Distal Communication by Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Evidence for Common Ground? Child Dev. 2015 Sep-Oct; 86(5):1623-38. PMID: 26292996.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    52. Taglialatela JP, Russell JL, Pope SM, Morton T, Bogart S, Reamer LA, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Multimodal communication in chimpanzees. Am J Primatol. 2015 Nov; 77(11):1143-8. PMID: 26212686.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    53. Latzman RD, Freeman HD, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. The contribution of genetics and early rearing experiences to hierarchical personality dimensions in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). J Pers Soc Psychol. 2015 Nov; 109(5):889-900. PMID: 25915132.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    54. Brosnan SF, Hopper LM, Richey S, Freeman HD, Talbot CF, Gosling SD, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ. Personality influences responses to inequity and contrast in chimpanzees. Anim Behav. 2015 Mar 01; 101:75-87. PMID: 25722495.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    
    55. Latzman RD, Drislane LE, Hecht LK, Brislin SJ, Patrick CJ, Lilienfeld SO, Freeman HJ, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. A Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) Model of Triarchic Psychopathy Constructs: Development and Initial Validation. Clin Psychol Sci. 2016 Jan 01; 4(1):50-66. PMID: 26779396.
      Citations: 3     
    56. Hopkins WD, Reamer L, Mareno MC, Schapiro SJ. Genetic basis in motor skill and hand preference for tool use in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Proc Biol Sci. 2015 Feb 07; 282(1800):20141223. PMID: 25520351.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    57. Claidière N, Whiten A, Mareno MC, Messer EJ, Brosnan SF, Hopper LM, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, McGuigan N. Selective and contagious prosocial resource donation in capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees and humans. Sci Rep. 2015 Jan 06; 5:7631. PMID: 25559658.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    58. Kendal R, Hopper LM, Whiten A, Brosnan SF, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Hoppitt W. Chimpanzees copy dominant and knowledgeable individuals: implications for cultural diversity. Evol Hum Behav. 2015 Jan; 36(1):65-72. PMID: 27053916.
      Citations: 38     
    59. Darusman HS, Gjedde A, Sajuthi D, Schapiro SJ, Kalliokoski O, Kristianingrum YP, Handaryani E, Hau J. Amyloid Beta1-42 and the Phoshorylated Tau Threonine 231 in Brains of Aged Cynomolgus Monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Front Aging Neurosci. 2014; 6:313. PMID: 25426069.
      Citations: 5     
    60. Hopper LM, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Whiten A. The importance of witnessed agency in chimpanzee social learning of tool use. Behav Processes. 2015 Mar; 112:120-9. PMID: 25444770.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    61. House BR, Silk JB, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ. Task design influences prosociality in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). PLoS One. 2014; 9(9):e103422. PMID: 25191860.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    62. Darusman HS, Kalliokoski O, Sajuthi D, Schapiro SJ, Gjedde A, Hau J. The success rate in a complicated spatial memory test is determined by age, sex, life history and search strategies in cynomolgus monkeys. In Vivo. 2014 Sep-Oct; 28(5):741-50. PMID: 25189885.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    63. Autrey MM, Reamer LA, Mareno MC, Sherwood CC, Herndon JG, Preuss T, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Age-related effects in the neocortical organization of chimpanzees: gray and white matter volume, cortical thickness, and gyrification. Neuroimage. 2014 Nov 01; 101:59-67. PMID: 24983715.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    64. Hopper LM, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Brosnan SF. Social comparison mediates chimpanzees' responses to loss, not frustration. Anim Cogn. 2014 Nov; 17(6):1303-11. PMID: 24880642.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    65. Reamer LA, Haller RL, Thiele EJ, Freeman HD, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ. Factors affecting initial training success of blood glucose testing in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Zoo Biol. 2014 May-Jun; 33(3):212-20. PMID: 24706518.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    66. Darusman HS, Pandelaki J, Mulyadi R, Sajuthi D, Putri IA, Kalliokoski OH, Call J, Abelson KS, Schapiro SJ, Gjedde A, Hau J. Poor memory performance in aged cynomolgus monkeys with hippocampal atrophy, depletion of amyloid beta 1-42 and accumulation of tau proteins in cerebrospinal fluid. In Vivo. 2014 Mar-Apr; 28(2):173-84. PMID: 24632970.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    67. Hopkins WD, Misiura M, Reamer LA, Schaeffer JA, Mareno MC, Schapiro SJ. Poor receptive joint attention skills are associated with atypical gray matter asymmetry in the posterior superior temporal gyrus of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Front Psychol. 2014; 5:7. PMID: 24523703.
      Citations: 7     
    68. Hopkins WD, Keebaugh AC, Reamer LA, Schaeffer J, Schapiro SJ, Young LJ. Genetic influences on receptive joint attention in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 20; 4:3774. PMID: 24440967.
      Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    69. Teffer K, Buxhoeveden DP, Stimpson CD, Fobbs AJ, Schapiro SJ, Baze WB, McArthur MJ, Hopkins WD, Hof PR, Sherwood CC, Semendeferi K. Developmental changes in the spatial organization of neurons in the neocortex of humans and common chimpanzees. J Comp Neurol. 2013 Dec 15; 521(18):4249-59. PMID: 23839595.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    70. Hopper LM, Price SA, Freeman HD, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Kendal RL. Influence of personality, age, sex, and estrous state on chimpanzee problem-solving success. Anim Cogn. 2014 Jul; 17(4):835-47. PMID: 24322874.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    71. Bogart SL, Bennett AJ, Schapiro SJ, Reamer LA, Hopkins WD. Different early rearing experiences have long-term effects on cortical organization in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Dev Sci. 2014 Mar; 17(2):161-74. PMID: 24206013.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    72. Vale GL, Flynn EG, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Kendal RL. Public information use in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and children (Homo sapiens). J Comp Psychol. 2014 May; 128(2):215-23. PMID: 24060244.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    73. Hopper LM, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Brosnan SF. When given the opportunity, chimpanzees maximize personal gain rather than "level the playing field". PeerJ. 2013; 1:e165. PMID: 24109550.
      Citations: 7     
    74. Magden ER, Haller RL, Thiele EJ, Buchl SJ, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ. Acupuncture as an adjunct therapy for osteoarthritis in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2013 Jul; 52(4):475-80. PMID: 23849446.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    75. Bianchi S, Stimpson CD, Duka T, Larsen MD, Janssen WG, Collins Z, Bauernfeind AL, Schapiro SJ, Baze WB, McArthur MJ, Hopkins WD, Wildman DE, Lipovich L, Kuzawa CW, Jacobs B, Hof PR, Sherwood CC. Synaptogenesis and development of pyramidal neuron dendritic morphology in the chimpanzee neocortex resembles humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jun 18; 110 Suppl 2:10395-401. PMID: 23754422.
      Citations: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    76. Freeman HD, Brosnan SF, Hopper LM, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Gosling SD. Developing a comprehensive and comparative questionnaire for measuring personality in chimpanzees using a simultaneous top-down/bottom-up design. Am J Primatol. 2013 Oct; 75(10):1042-53. PMID: 23733359.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    77. Darusman HS, Sajuthi D, Kalliokoski O, Jacobsen KR, Call J, Schapiro SJ, Gjedde A, Abelson KS, Hau J. Correlations between serum levels of beta amyloid, cerebrospinal levels of tau and phospho tau, and delayed response tasks in young and aged cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). J Med Primatol. 2013 Jun; 42(3):137-46. PMID: 23530983.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    78. Hopkins WD, Gardner M, Mingle M, Reamer L, Schapiro SJ. Within- and between-task consistency in hand use as a means of characterizing hand preferences in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). J Comp Psychol. 2013 Nov; 127(4):380-91. PMID: 23356440.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    79. Rogge J, Sherenco K, Malling R, Thiele E, Lambeth S, Schapiro S, Williams L. A comparison of positive reinforcement training techniques in owl and squirrel monkeys: time required to train to reliability. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2013; 16(3):211-20. PMID: 23795685.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    80. Miller DJ, Duka T, Stimpson CD, Schapiro SJ, Baze WB, McArthur MJ, Fobbs AJ, Sousa AM, Sestan N, Wildman DE, Lipovich L, Kuzawa CW, Hof PR, Sherwood CC. Prolonged myelination in human neocortical evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 09; 109(41):16480-5. PMID: 23012402.
      Citations: 159     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    81. Bianchi S, Stimpson CD, Bauernfeind AL, Schapiro SJ, Baze WB, McArthur MJ, Bronson E, Hopkins WD, Semendeferi K, Jacobs B, Hof PR, Sherwood CC. Dendritic morphology of pyramidal neurons in the chimpanzee neocortex: regional specializations and comparison to humans. Cereb Cortex. 2013 Oct; 23(10):2429-36. PMID: 22875862.
      Citations: 44     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    82. Wallez C, Schaeffer J, Meguerditchian A, Vauclair J, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Contrast of hemispheric lateralization for oro-facial movements between learned attention-getting sounds and species-typical vocalizations in chimpanzees: extension in a second colony. Brain Lang. 2012 Oct; 123(1):75-9. PMID: 22867751.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    83. Brosnan SF, Jones OD, Gardner M, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ. Evolution and the expression of biases: situational value changes the endowment effect in chimpanzees. Evol Hum Behav. 2012 Jul 01; 33(4):378-386. PMID: 25419111.
      Citations: 1     
    84. Braccini SN, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Fitch WT. Eye preferences in captive chimpanzees. Anim Cogn. 2012 Sep; 15(5):971-8. PMID: 22733385.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    85. Bogart SL, Mangin JF, Schapiro SJ, Reamer L, Bennett AJ, Pierre PJ, Hopkins WD. Cortical sulci asymmetries in chimpanzees and macaques: a new look at an old idea. Neuroimage. 2012 Jul 02; 61(3):533-41. PMID: 22504765.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    86. Taglialatela JP, Reamer L, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Social learning of a communicative signal in captive chimpanzees. Biol Lett. 2012 Aug 23; 8(4):498-501. PMID: 22438489.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    87. Dean LG, Kendal RL, Schapiro SJ, Thierry B, Laland KN. Identification of the social and cognitive processes underlying human cumulative culture. Science. 2012 Mar 02; 335(6072):1114-8. PMID: 22383851.
      Citations: 89     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    88. Hopper LM, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ. An evaluation of the efficacy of video displays for use with chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Primatol. 2012 May; 74(5):442-9. PMID: 22318867.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    89. Meguerditchian A, Gardner MJ, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. The sound of one-hand clapping: handedness and perisylvian neural correlates of a communicative gesture in chimpanzees. Proc Biol Sci. 2012 May 22; 279(1735):1959-66. PMID: 22217719.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    90. Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP, Jacobsen KR, Williams LE, Nehete BN, Nehete PN. Physiological and Welfare Consequences of Transport, Relocation, and Acclimatization of Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Appl Anim Behav Sci. 2012 Mar 01; 137(3-4):183-193. PMID: 22773870.
      Citations: 13     
    91. Schapiro SJ, Bernacky BJ. Socialization strategies and disease transmission in captive colonies of nonhuman primates. Am J Primatol. 2012 Jun; 74(6):518-27. PMID: 21905063.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    92. Hopper LM, Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP, Brosnan SF. Chimpanzees' socially maintained food preferences indicate both conservatism and conformity. Anim Behav. 2011 Jun 01; 81(6):1195-1202. PMID: 27011390.
      Citations: 25     Fields:    
    93. Proctor DP, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Brosnan SF. Male chimpanzees' grooming rates vary by female age, parity, and fertility status. Am J Primatol. 2011 Oct; 73(10):989-96. PMID: 21590699.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    94. Hopkins WD, Phillips KA, Bania A, Calcutt SE, Gardner M, Russell J, Schaeffer J, Lonsdorf EV, Ross SR, Schapiro SJ. Hand preferences for coordinated bimanual actions in 777 great apes: implications for the evolution of handedness in hominins. J Hum Evol. 2011 May; 60(5):605-11. PMID: 21334723.
      Citations: 25     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    95. Brosnan SF, Parrish A, Beran MJ, Flemming T, Heimbauer L, Talbot CF, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Wilson BJ. Responses to the Assurance game in monkeys, apes, and humans using equivalent procedures. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Feb 22; 108(8):3442-7. PMID: 21300874.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    96. Ross SR, Wagner KE, Schapiro SJ, Hau J. Ape behavior in two alternating environments: comparing exhibit and short-term holding areas. Am J Primatol. 2010 Nov; 72(11):951-9. PMID: 20623498.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    97. Ross SR, Calcutt S, Schapiro SJ, Hau J. Space use selectivity by chimpanzees and gorillas in an indoor-outdoor enclosure. Am J Primatol. 2011 Feb; 73(2):197-208. PMID: 20938928.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    98. Sherwood CC, Duka T, Stimpson CD, Schenker NM, Garrison AR, Schapiro SJ, Baze WB, McArthur MJ, Erwin JM, Hof PR, Hopkins WD. Neocortical synaptophysin asymmetry and behavioral lateralization in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Eur J Neurosci. 2010 Apr; 31(8):1456-64. PMID: 20384782.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    99. Brosnan SF, Talbot C, Ahlgren M, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ. Mechanisms underlying responses to inequitable outcomes in chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes. Anim Behav. 2010 Jun 01; 79(6):1229-1237. PMID: 27011389.
      Citations: 27     Fields:    
    100. Braccini S, Lambeth S, Schapiro S, Fitch WT. Bipedal tool use strengthens chimpanzee hand preferences. J Hum Evol. 2010 Mar; 58(3):234-41. PMID: 20089294.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    101. Price EE, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Whiten A. A potent effect of observational learning on chimpanzee tool construction. Proc Biol Sci. 2009 Sep 22; 276(1671):3377-83. PMID: 19570785.
      Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    102. Brosnan SF, Silk JB, Henrich J, Mareno MC, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ. Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) do not develop contingent reciprocity in an experimental task. Anim Cogn. 2009 Jul; 12(4):587-97. PMID: 19259709.
      Citations: 31     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    103. Fernström AL, Sutian W, Royo F, Westlund K, Nilsson T, Carlsson HE, Paramastri Y, Pamungkas J, Sajuthi D, Schapiro SJ, Hau J. Stress in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) subjected to long-distance transport and simulated transport housing conditions. Stress. 2008 Nov; 11(6):467-76. PMID: 18609299.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    104. Vonk J, Brosnan SF, Silk JB, Henrich J, Richardson AS, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Povinelli DJ. Chimpanzees do not take advantage of very low cost opportunities to deliver food to unrelated group members. Anim Behav. 2008 May 01; 75(5):1757-1770. PMID: 27011388.
      Citations: 30     Fields:    
    105. Hopper LM, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Whiten A. Observational learning in chimpanzees and children studied through 'ghost' conditions. Proc Biol Sci. 2008 Apr 07; 275(1636):835-40. PMID: 18182368.
      Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    106. Brosnan SF, Grady MF, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, Beran MJ. Chimpanzee autarky. PLoS One. 2008 Jan 30; 3(1):e1518. PMID: 18231604.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    107. Coleman K, Pranger L, Maier A, Lambeth SP, Perlman JE, Thiele E, Schapiro SJ. Training rhesus macaques for venipuncture using positive reinforcement techniques: a comparison with chimpanzees. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2008 Jan; 47(1):37-41. PMID: 18210997.
      Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    108. Brosnan SF, Jones OD, Lambeth SP, Mareno MC, Richardson AS, Schapiro SJ. Endowment effects in chimpanzees. Curr Biol. 2007 Oct 09; 17(19):1704-7. PMID: 17884499.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    109. Whiten A, Spiteri A, Horner V, Bonnie KE, Lambeth SP, Schapiro SJ, de Waal FB. Transmission of multiple traditions within and between chimpanzee groups. Curr Biol. 2007 Jun 19; 17(12):1038-43. PMID: 17555968.
      Citations: 64     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    110. Schapiro SJ, Lambeth SP. Control, choice, and assessments of the value of behavioral management to nonhuman primates in captivity. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2007; 10(1):39-47. PMID: 17484677.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    111. Schapiro SJ, Laule G, Seelig D. "Applied behavior" panel discussion. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2007; 10(1):79-81. PMID: 17484682.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    112. Hopkins WD, Wesley MJ, Russell JL, Schapiro SJ. Parental and perinatal factors influencing the development of handedness in captive chimpanzees. Dev Psychobiol. 2006 Sep; 48(6):428-35. PMID: 16886179.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    113. Lambeth SP, Hau J, Perlman JE, Martino M, Schapiro SJ. Positive reinforcement training affects hematologic and serum chemistry values in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Primatol. 2006 Mar; 68(3):245-56. PMID: 16477594.
      Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    114. Everitt JI, Shapiro SJ. The art and science of introducing animals to the research environment. ILAR J. 2006; 47(4):281-2. PMID: 16963808.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    115. Schapiro SA, Everitt JI. Preparation of animals for use in the laboratory: issues and challenges for the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). ILAR J. 2006; 47(4):370-5. PMID: 16963817.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    116. Bloomsmith MA, Schapiro SJ, Strobert EA. Preparing chimpanzees for laboratory research. ILAR J. 2006; 47(4):316-25. PMID: 16963812.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    117. Hopkins WD, Russell JL, Cantalupo C, Freeman H, Schapiro SJ. Factors influencing the prevalence and handedness for throwing in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). J Comp Psychol. 2005 Nov; 119(4):363-70. PMID: 16366769.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    118. Silk JB, Brosnan SF, Vonk J, Henrich J, Povinelli DJ, Richardson AS, Lambeth SP, Mascaro J, Schapiro SJ. Chimpanzees are indifferent to the welfare of unrelated group members. Nature. 2005 Oct 27; 437(7063):1357-9. PMID: 16251965.
      Citations: 98     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    119. Roof KA, Hopkins WD, Izard MK, Hook M, Schapiro SJ. Maternal age, parity, and reproductive outcome in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Primatol. 2005 Oct; 67(2):199-207. PMID: 16229006.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    120. Hopkins WD, Russell J, Freeman H, Buehler N, Reynolds E, Schapiro SJ. The distribution and development of handedness for manual gestures in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Psychol Sci. 2005 Jun; 16(6):487-93. PMID: 15943676.
      Citations: 32     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    121. Schapiro SJ, Perlman JE, Thiele E, Lambeth S. Training nonhuman primates to perform behaviors useful in biomedical research. Lab Anim (NY). 2005 May; 34(5):37-42. PMID: 15861157.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    122. Hopkins WD, Russell JL, Hook M, Braccini S, Schapiro SJ. Simple Reaching Is Not So Simple: Association Between Hand Use and Grip Preferences in Captive Chimpanzees. Int J Primatol. 2005 Apr; 26(2):259-277. PMID: 18163152.
      Citations: 19     
    123. Russell JL, Braccini S, Buehler N, Kachin MJ, Schapiro SJ, Hopkins WD. Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) intentional communication is not contingent upon food. Anim Cogn. 2005 Oct; 8(4):263-72. PMID: 15742162.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    124. Carlsson HE, Schapiro SJ, Farah I, Hau J. Use of primates in research: a global overview. Am J Primatol. 2004 Aug; 63(4):225-37. PMID: 15300710.
      Citations: 70     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    125. Hopkins WD, Wesley MJ, Izard MK, Hook M, Schapiro SJ. Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are predominantly right-handed: replication in three populations of apes. Behav Neurosci. 2004 Jun; 118(3):659-63. PMID: 15174946.
      Citations: 37     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    126. Hill LR, Nehete PN, Schapiro SJ, Nehete BP, Sastry KJ. SHIV transmission and susceptibility to re-exposure through social contact following vaccination with an HIV synthetic peptide-cocktail: a case study. J Med Primatol. 2004 Feb; 33(1):10-5. PMID: 15061727.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    127. Hopkins WD, Hook M, Braccini S, Schapiro SJ. Population-Level Right Handedness for a Coordinated Bimanual Task in Chimpanzees: Replication and Extension in a Second Colony of Apes. Int J Primatol. 2003 Jun; 24(3):677-689. PMID: 18159222.
      Citations: 18     
    128. Laule GE, Bloomsmith MA, Schapiro SJ. The use of positive reinforcement training techniques to enhance the care, management, and welfare of primates in the laboratory. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2003; 6(3):163-73. PMID: 14612265.
      Citations: 40     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    129. Schapiro SJ, Bloomsmith MA, Laule GE. Positive reinforcement training as a technique to alter nonhuman primate behavior: quantitative assessments of effectiveness. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2003; 6(3):175-87. PMID: 14612266.
      Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    130. Schapiro SJ. Effects of social manipulations and environmental enrichment on behavior and cell-mediated immune responses in rhesus macaques. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2002 Aug; 73(1):271-8. PMID: 12076745.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    131. Baines LS, Jindal RM. Religious beliefs and opinions on clinical xenotransplantation--a survey of University students from Kenya, Sweden and Texas. Clin Transplant. 2002 Aug; 16(4):314; author reply 315. PMID: 12099991.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    132. Hagelin J, Hau J, Schapiro SJ, Suleman MA, Carlsson HE. Religious beliefs and opinions on clinical xenotransplantation--a survey of university students from Kenya, Sweden and Texas. Clin Transplant. 2001 Dec; 15(6):421-5. PMID: 11737120.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    133. Schapiro SJ, Perlman JE, Boudreau BA. Manipulating the affiliative interactions of group-housed rhesus macaques using positive reinforcement training techniques. Am J Primatol. 2001 Nov; 55(3):137-49. PMID: 11746277.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    134. Dolbier CL, Cocke RR, Leiferman JA, Steinhardt MA, Schapiro SJ, Nehete PN, Perlman JE, Sastry J. Differences in functional immune responses of high vs. low hardy healthy individuals. J Behav Med. 2001 Jun; 24(3):219-29. PMID: 11436543.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    135. Nyström P, Schapiro SJ, Hau J. Accumulated means analysis: a novel method to determine reliability of behavioral studies using continuous focal sampling. In Vivo. 2001 Jan-Feb; 15(1):29-34. PMID: 11286125.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    136. Hassenbusch SJ, Satterfield WC, Gradert TL, Binhazim AW, Ahad G, Mokhtarzadeh M, Schapiro SJ, Payne R. Preclinical toxicity study of intrathecal administration of the pain relievers dextrorphan, dextromethorphan, and memantine in the sheep model. Neuromodulation. 1999 Nov; 2(4):230-40. PMID: 22151256.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    137. Sarkar AK, Mitchell MF, Hamada K, Buchl SJ, Satterfield WC, Schapiro SJ, Keeling ME, Sastry KJ. Evaluation of cellular immune responses in rhesus monkeys subjected to adenovirus-mediated gene transfer into the cervix. Cancer Gene Ther. 1999 May-Jun; 6(3):220-7. PMID: 10359207.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    138. Oka T, Sastry KJ, Nehete P, Schapiro SJ, Guo JQ, Talpaz M, Arlinghaus RB. Evidence for specific immune response against P210 BCR-ABL in long-term remission CML patients treated with interferon. Leukemia. 1998 Feb; 12(2):155-63. PMID: 9519777.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsCTClinical Trials
    139. Nehete PN, Schapiro SJ, Johnson PC, Murthy KK, Satterfield WC, Sastry KJ. A synthetic peptide from the first conserved region in the envelope protein gp160 is a strong T-cell epitope in HIV-infected chimpanzees and humans. Viral Immunol. 1998; 11(3):147-58. PMID: 9918406.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    140. Nehete PN, Johnson PC, Schapiro SJ, Arlinghaus RB, Sastry KJ. Cross-reactive T-cell proliferative responses to V3 peptides corresponding to different geographical HIV-1 isolates in HIV-seropositive individuals. J Clin Immunol. 1996 Mar; 16(2):115-24. PMID: 8690775.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    141. Schapiro SJ, Bloomsmith MA, Suarez SA, Porter LM. Effects of social and inanimate enrichment on the behavior of yearling rhesus monkeys. Am J Primatol. 1996; 40(3):247-260. PMID: 31918516.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    142. Schapiro SJ, Porter LM, Suarez SA, Bloomsmith MA. Age and social experience affect the breeding performance of subadult male rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci. 1995 Sep; 34(5):93-5. PMID: 16457550.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    143. Schapiro SJ, Bloomsmith MA. Behavioral effects of enrichment on singly-housed, yearling rhesus monkeys: An analysis including three enrichment conditions and a control group. Am J Primatol. 1995; 35(2):89-101. PMID: 31924063.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    144. Schapiro SJ, Lee-Parritz DE, Taylor LL, Watson L, Bloomsmith MA, Petto A. Behavioral management of specific pathogen-free rhesus macaques: group formation, reproduction, and parental competence. Lab Anim Sci. 1994 Jun; 44(3):229-34. PMID: 7933968.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    145. Schapiro SJ, Bloomsmith MA. Behavioral effects of enrichment on pair-housed juvenile rhesus monkeys. Am J Primatol. 1994; 32(3):159-170. PMID: 31936917.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    146. Schapiro SJ, Kessel AL. Weight gain among juvenile rhesus macaques: a comparison of enriched and control groups. Lab Anim Sci. 1993 Aug; 43(4):315-8. PMID: 8231087.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    147. Bloomsmith MA, Brent LY, Schapiro SJ. Guidelines for developing and managing an environmental enrichment program for nonhuman primates. Lab Anim Sci. 1991 Aug; 41(4):372-7. PMID: 1658487.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    148. Schapiro S, Vukovich K, Globus A. Effects of neonatal thyroxine and hydrocortisone administration on the development of dendritic spines in the visual cortex of rats. Exp Neurol. 1973 Aug; 40(2):286-96. PMID: 4730261.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    149. Litteria M, Schapiro S. Brain nucleic acid content during the estrous cycle in the rat. Experientia. 1972 Aug 15; 28(8):898. PMID: 4672811.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    150. Lobl RT, Schapiro S. Developmental alterations in uptake and retention of ( 3 H)testosterone in female rats. J Endocrinol. 1972 Aug; 54(2):359-60. PMID: 5070846.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    151. Schapiro S, Percin CJ, Kotichas FJ. Half-life of plasma corticosterone during development. Endocrinology. 1971 Jul; 89(1):284-6. PMID: 5089660.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    152. Schapiro S, Salas M. Effects of age, light and sympathetic innervation on electrical activity of the rat pineal gland. Brain Res. 1971 Apr 16; 28(1):47-55. PMID: 5557884.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    153. Litteria M, Schapiro S. Brain water: regional changes during the estrous cycle in the rat. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1971 Jan; 136(1):73-4. PMID: 5099758.
      Citations: 1     Translation:Animals
    154. Lobl RT, Schapiro S. Alterations in the binding of 3H-testosterone during development in the rat. Neuroendocrinology. 1971; 8(2):107-15. PMID: 5555963.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    155. Salas M, Schapiro S, Guzman-Flores C. Development of olfactory bulb discrimination between maternal and food odors. Physiol Behav. 1970 Nov; 5(11):1261-4. PMID: 5524509.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    156. Schapiro S, Salas M. Behavioral response of infant rats to maternal odor. Physiol Behav. 1970 Jul; 5(7):815-7. PMID: 5522499.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    157. Wetterberg L, Yuwiler A, Geller E, Schapiro S. Harderian gland: development and influence of early hormonal treatment on porphyrin content. Science. 1970 May 22; 168(3934):996-8. PMID: 5441034.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    158. Schapiro S, Salas M, Vukovich K. Hormonal effects on ontogeny of swimming ability in the rat: assessment of central nervous system development. Science. 1970 Apr 03; 168(3927):147-50. PMID: 5417059.
      Citations: 23     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    159. Schapiro S, Vukovich KR. Early experience effects upon cortical dendrites: a proposed model for development. Science. 1970 Jan 16; 167(3916):292-4. PMID: 4188192.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    160. Salas M, Schapiro S. Hormonal influences upon the maturation of the rat brain's responsiveness to sensory stimuli. Physiol Behav. 1970 Jan; 5(1):7-11. PMID: 5538405.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    161. Sawano S, Arimura A, Schally AV, Redding TW, Schapiro S. Neonatal corticoid administration: effects upon adult pituitary growth hormone and hypothalamic growth hormone-releasing hormone activity. Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1969 May; 61(1):57-67. PMID: 4977324.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    162. Yuwiler A, Geller E, Schapiro S. Response differences in some steroid-sensitive hepatic enzymes in the fasting rat. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1969 Apr; 47(4):317-28. PMID: 4388968.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    163. Geller E, Yuwiler A, Schapiro S. Tyrosine aminotransferase: activation or repression by a stress. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1969 Feb; 130(2):458-61. PMID: 4387877.
      Citations: 1     Translation:Animals
    164. Schapiro S. Interaction between growth hormone and cortisol on the regulation of liver tyrosine transaminase activity. Endocrinology. 1968 Sep; 83(3):475-8. PMID: 4386285.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    165. Schapiro S. Adrenal catecholamine response of the infant rat to insulin-provoked hypoglycemia. Endocrinology. 1968 May; 82(5):1065-7. PMID: 5653119.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    166. Schapiro S. Some physiological, biochemical, and behavioral consequences of neonatal hormone administration: cortisol and thyroxine. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 1968 Apr; 10(2):214-28. PMID: 5653481.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    167. Schapiro S, Norman RJ. Thyroxine: effects of neonatal administration on maturation, development, and behavior. Science. 1967 Apr 21; 156(3773):369. PMID: 17812380.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    168. Schapiro S, Norman RJ. Thyroxine: effects of neonatal administration on maturation, development, and behavior. Science. 1967 Mar 10; 155(3767):1279-81. PMID: 6018652.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    169. Schapiro S, Huppert M. Neonatal cortisol administration and immunological impairment in the adult rat. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1967 Mar; 124(3):744-6. PMID: 6023411.
      Citations: 1     Translation:AnimalsCells
    170. Schapiro S. "Krow" units: a new evaluation. Science. 1967 Jan 06; 155(3758):35. PMID: 17799140.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    171. Schapiro S. Allergic and psychogenic factors in ulcerative colitis in children. GP. 1967 Jan; 35(1):110-7. PMID: 6037479.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    172. Schapiro S, Yuwiler A, Geller E. Maturation of a stress-activated mechanism inhibiting induction of tyrosine transaminase. Science. 1966 Jun 17; 152(3729):1642-3. PMID: 4379973.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    173. Yuwiler A, Geller E, Schapiro S, Guze LB. Absence of adrenocortical stress responses in experimental pyelonephritis. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1966 Jun; 122(2):465-8. PMID: 4382785.
      Citations:    Translation:Animals
    174. Schapiro S. Metabolic and maturational effects of thyroxine on the infant rat. Endocrinology. 1966 Mar; 78(3):527-32. PMID: 5931635.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    175. Schapiro S. Androgen treatment in early infancy: effect upon adult adrenal cortical response to stress and adrenal and ovarian compensatory hypertrophy. Endocrinology. 1965 Sep; 77(3):585-7. PMID: 5891263.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    176. YUWILER A, GELLER E, SCHAPIRO S, SLATER GG. ADRENOCORTICAL AND ENZYMIC EFFECTS OF IMIPRAMINE AND CHLORPROMAZINE. Biochem Pharmacol. 1965 Apr; 14:621-3. PMID: 14322981.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    177. SCHAPIRO S. ADRENAL CORTICAL HORMONES AND RESISTANCE TO HISTAMINE STRESS IN THE INFANT RAT. Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1965 Feb; 48:249-52. PMID: 14259895.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    178. GELLER E, YUWILER A, SCHAPIRO S. COMPARATIVE EFFECTS OF A STRESS AND CORTISOL UPON SOME ENZYMIC ACTIVITIES. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1964 Nov 08; 93:311-5. PMID: 14251309.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    179. SCHAPIRO S, YUWILER A, GELLER E. STRESS-ACTIVATED INHIBITION OF THE CORTISOL EFFECT ON HEPATIC TRANSAMINASE. Life Sci (1962). 1964 Nov; 3:1221-6. PMID: 14231771.
      Citations:    Translation:Animals
    180. SCHAPIRO S, GELLER E. FETAL-MATERNAL ADRENAL CORTICAL RESPONSE TO STRESS IN THE INTACT AND HYPOPHYSECTOMIZED RAT. Endocrinology. 1964 May; 74:737-41. PMID: 14168562.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    181. SCHAPIRO S. PROCTOLOGIC PROBLEMS IN CHILDREN. J Lancet. 1964 Apr; 84:134-40. PMID: 14139577.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    182. SCHAPIRO S, ARAGONAS E. Ascorbic acid and corticosterone concentration of innervated and denervated adrenal glands. Endocrinology. 1963 May; 72:836-7. PMID: 13976704.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    183. SCHAPIRO S. Pituitary ACTH and compensatory adrenal hypertrophy in stress-non-responsive infant rats. Endocrinology. 1962 Dec; 71:986-9. PMID: 13976703.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    184. SCHAPIRO S, GELLER E, EIDUSON S. Corticoid response to stress in the steroid-inhibited rat. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1962 Apr; 109:935-7. PMID: 14498044.
      Citations: 2     Translation:Animals
    185. SCHAPIRO S, GELLER E, EIDUSON S. Neonatal adrenal cortical response to stress and vasopressin. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1962 Apr; 109:937-41. PMID: 14498045.
      Citations: 21     Translation:Humans
    186. SCHAPIRO S. The effect of choline 2,6-dichloro phenyl ether bromide (TM-25) on organ content and urinary excretion of catecholamines. Acta Physiol Scand. 1961 Jun; 52:146-9. PMID: 13747271.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    187. SCHAPIRO S, STJARNE L. Evidence for the granular localization of posterior pituitary hormones. Nature. 1961 Feb 25; 189:669. PMID: 13747270.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    
    188. SCHAPIRO S, MARMORSTON J. Response to stress: differing responses of atherosclerotic and normal dog to electric shock or cold. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1960 Mar; 103:520-2. PMID: 14442438.
      Citations:    Translation:Animals
    189. STJARNE L, SCHAPIRO S. Effects of reserpine on secretion from the denervated adrenal medulla. Nature. 1959 Dec 26; 184(Suppl 26):2023-4. PMID: 13834719.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    190. SCHAPIRO S, KATZ J. Preferential concentration of C14 in posterior pituitary following hydrocortisone C14 injection. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1959 Oct-Dec; 102:609-12. PMID: 14442437.
      Citations: 2     Translation:Humans
    191. SCHAPIRO S. Villous papillomas of the rectum and colon: selective therapy. J Int Coll Surg. 1958 Dec; 30(6):809-10. PMID: 13611347.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    192. STJARNE L, SCHAPIRO S. Effects of reserpine on secretion from the adrenal medulla. Nature. 1958 Nov 22; 182(4647):1450. PMID: 13600363.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    193. SCHAPIRO S, STJARNE L. A method for collection of intermittent samples of adrenal vein blood. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1958 Nov; 99(2):414-5. PMID: 13601887.
      Citations: 2     Translation:Humans
    194. SOBEL H, SCHAPIRO S, MARMORSTON J. Influence of morphine on urinary corticoid excretion by guinea pigs following exposure to cold and administration of pitressin. Am J Physiol. 1958 Oct; 195(1):147-9. PMID: 13583137.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    195. SCHAPIRO S. Effect of a catechol amine blocking agent (dibenzyline) on organ content and urine excretion of noradrenaline and adrenaline. Acta Physiol Scand. 1958 Jun 02; 42(3-4):371-5. PMID: 13544994.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    
    196. SCHAPIRO S, MARMORSTON J, SOBEL H. Mobilization of the antidiuretic hormone and the secretion of ACTH following cold stress. Endocrinology. 1958 Mar; 62(3):278-82. PMID: 13512238.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    197. Schapiro S, Marmorston J, Sobel H. The steroid feedback mechanism. Am J Physiol. 1958 01; 192(1):58-62. PMID: 13498150.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    
    198. DRURY DR, SCHAPIRO S. Renin tachyphylaxis and renal ischemia in the cat. Am J Physiol. 1956 Dec; 187(3):520-4. PMID: 13402917.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    199. GRAYZEL HG, SCHAPIRO S. Wound healing with cod liver oil ointment. West J Surg Obstet Gynecol. 1956 Oct; 64(10):558-66. PMID: 13371748.
      Citations:    Translation:Humans
    200. SCHAPIRO S, GORDON DB, DRURY DR. Renin tachyphylaxis and renin hypertension in the rabbit. Am J Physiol. 1956 Jun; 185(3):543-4. PMID: 13339988.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    201. SCHAPIRO S, MARMORSTON J, SOBEL H. Pituitary stimulating substance in brain blood of hypophysectomized rat following electric shock stress. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1956 Mar; 91(3):382-6. PMID: 13322942.
      Citations: 1     Translation:Animals
    202. SOBEL H, LEVY RS, MARMORSTON J, SCHAPIRO S, ROSENFELD S. Increased excretion of urinary corticoids by guinea pigs following administration of pitressin. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1955 May; 89(1):10-3. PMID: 14384861.
      Citations: 3     Translation:Animals
    203. GORDON DB, DRURY DR, SCHAPIRO S. The salt-fed animal as a test object for pressor substances in the blood of hypertensive animals. Am J Physiol. 1953 Oct; 175(1):123-8. PMID: 13114364.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    204. SCHAPIRO S. The occurrence of proctologic disorders in infancy and childhood; a statistical review of 2700 cases. Gastroenterology. 1950 Aug; 15(4):653-66. PMID: 15435731.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    205. SCHAPIRO S. Low back and rectal pain from an orthopedic and proctologic viewpoint; with a review of 180 cases. Am J Surg. 1950 Jan; 79(1):117-28, illust. PMID: 15399361.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    206. SCHAPIRO S. The proctologic examination of infants and children. J Pediatr. 1948 May; 32(5):543-52. PMID: 18916949.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    207. SCHAPIRO S. Applied anatomy of infants and children in proctology. Rev Gastroenterol. 1948 Apr; 15(4):307-18. PMID: 18905054.
      Citations:    Translation:Humans
    208. SCHAPIRO S, ASTRACHAN JE. Proctological manifestations in systemic disease. Rev Gastroenterol. 1947 Nov; 14(11):786-800. PMID: 20268360.
      Citations:    Translation:Humans
    209. Personality influences responses to inequity and contrast in chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour. 101:75-87.
    210. Handedness and grooming in Pan troglodytes. International Journal of Primatology. 28:1315-1326.
    211. Genetic basis in motor skill and hand preference for tool use in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 282.
    212. Effects of social and inanimate enrichment on the behavior of yearling rhesus monkeys. American Journal of Primatology. 40:247-260.
    213. Sex differences in the relationship between planum temporale asymmetry and corpus callosum morphology in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Neuropsychologia.
    214. Motor skill for tool-use is associated with asymmetries in Broca's area and the motor hand area of the precentral gyrus in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Behavioural Brain Research. 318:71-81.
    215. A comparison of the effects of simple versus complex environmental enrichment on the behaviour of group-housed, subadult rhesus macaques. Animal Welfare. 6:17-28.
    216. Neuroanatomical correlates of personality in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). NeuroImage. 123:63-71.
    217. A Few New Developments in Primate Housing and Husbandry. Scandinavian Journal of Laboratory Animal Science. 27:103-110.
    218. Transfer and Acclimatization Effects on the Behavior of Two Species of African Great Ape (Pan troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla gorilla) Moved to a Novel and Naturalistic Zoo Environment. International Journal of Primatology. 32:99-117.
    219. Evolution and the expression of biases. Evolution and Human Behavior. 33:378-386.
    220. A comparison of cell-mediated immune responses in rhesus macaques housed singly, in pairs, or in groups. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 68:67-84.
    221. Amyloid beta 1-42 and phoshorylated tau threonin 231 in brains of aged cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 6.
    222. Synaptogenesis and development of pyramidal neuron dendritic morphology in the chimpanzee neocortex resembles humans. 135-152.
    223. Nonhuman Primate Welfare in the Research Environment. 197-212.
    224. Poor receptive joint attention skills are associated with atypical gray matter asymmetry in the posterior superior temporal gyrus of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Frontiers in Psychology. 5.
    225. Mechanisms underlying responses to inequitable outcomes in chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes. Animal Behaviour. 79:1229-1237.
    226. Maternal behavior of primiparous rhesus monkeys. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 45:139-149.
    227. American Journal of Primatology. 32:159-170.
    228. Relaxed genetic control of cortical organization in human brains compared with chimpanzees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 112:14799-14804.
    229. Foundations of cumulative culture in apes. Scientific Reports. 6.
    230. The effects of different types of feeding enhancements on the behaviour of single-caged, yearling rhesus macaques. Animal Welfare. 5:129-138.
    231. Robust retention and transfer of tool construction techniques in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Comparative Psychology. 130:24-35.
    232. Delayed response task performance as a function of age in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Primates. 55:259-267.
    233. Environmental Enrichment for Animals Used in Research. 75-94.
    234. Housing of laboratory primates (multiple letters). Animal Welfare. 11:139-140.
    235. Space use as an indicator of enclosure appropriateness. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 121:42-50.
    236. Inter-group variation in abnormal behavior in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 76:165-176.
    237. Lack of conformity to new local dietary preferences in migrating captive chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour. 124:135-144.
    238. Simple reaching is not so simple. International Journal of Primatology. 26:259-277.
    239. The heritability of chimpanzee and human brain asymmetry. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 283.
    240. The behavior of singly-caged, yearling rhesus monkeys is affected by the environment outside of the cage. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 45:151-163.
    241. Experimental studies of traditions and underlying transmission processes in chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour. 73:1021-1032.
    242. Lower-row caging in a two-tiered housing system does NOT affect the behaviour of young, singly housed rhesus macaques. Animal Welfare. 10:387-394.
    243. Handedness and Neuroanatomical Asymmetries in Captive Chimpanzees. Special Topics in Primatology. 5:146-181.
    244. Primates as models of behavior in biomedical research. 259-266.
    245. Non-human primates in biomedical research. Scandinavian Journal of Laboratory Animal Science. 33:9-12.
    246. Establishing 'quality of life' parameters using behavioural guidelines for humane euthanasia of captive non-human primates. Animal Welfare. 22:429-435.
    247. Proceedings of the XXIInd Congress of the International Primatological Society, Edinburgh International Conference Centre, Edinburgh, Scotland, August 3-8, 2008. International Journal of Primatology. 32:1-23.
    248. A chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) model of triarchic psychopathy constructs. Clinical Psychological Science. 4:50-66.
    249. Chimpanzees do not take advantage of very low cost opportunities to deliver food to unrelated group members. Animal Behaviour. 75:1757-1770.
    250. Chimpanzees. 618-633.
    251. Enrichment effects on rhesus monkeys successively housed singly, in pairs, and in groups. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 48:159-172.
    252. Distal Communication by Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Child Development. 86:1623-1638.
    253. Population-level right handedness for a coordinated bimanual task in chimpanzees. International Journal of Primatology. 24:677-689.
    254. American Journal of Primatology. 35:89-101.
    255. The Contribution of Genetics and Early Rearing Experiences to Hierarchical Personality Dimensions in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 109:889-900.
    256. Proceedings of the XXI Congress of the International Primatological Society, Entebbe, Uganda, June 25-30, 2006. International Journal of Primatology. 29:273-287.
    257. Effects of enrichment and housing on cortisol response in juvenile rhesus monkeys. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 37:251-263.
    258. Effects of dominance status and environmental enrichment on cell-mediated immunity in rhesus macaques. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 56:319-332.
    259. Membership Characteristics of the American Society of Primatologists Through 2002. American Journal of Primatology. 61:45-52.
    260. Chimpanzees copy dominant and knowledgeable individuals. Evolution and Human Behavior. 36:65-72.
    261. Research with Animals. 151-188.
    262. Chimpanzees' socially maintained food preferences indicate both conservatism and conformity. Animal Behaviour. 81:1195-1202.
    263. Behavioral Management, Enrichment, and Psychological Well-being of Laboratory Nonhuman Primates. 149-176.
    264. Animal Cognition. 17:1303-1311.
    265. Physiological and welfare consequences of transport, relocation, and acclimatization of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 138:183-193.
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