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CLAUDIA SUE ROBERTSON

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Neurosurgery
DivisionNeurosurgery
AddressBen Taub Hospital
1504 Taub Loop, 4th Floor
Houston TX 77030
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    Other Positions
    TitleProfessor
    InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
    DepartmentDepartment of Neuroscience
    DivisionNeuroscience


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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse awards and honors
    2013Honorary Membership for Outstanding Contribution to the Field of Neurocritical Care, Neurocritical Care Society
    2004Brain Injury Association of Texas Lifetime Achievement Award, Brain Injury Association of Texas
    2008Neurosurgery Department Academic Award of Excellence, Neurosurgery Department, Baylor College of Medicine

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse keywords
    neurotrauma, neurocritical care, brain injury, cerebral blood flow


    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Rubin ML, Chan W, Yamal JM, Robertson CS. A joint logistic regression and covariate-adjusted continuous-time Markov chain model. Stat Med. 2017 Jul 10. PMID: 28695582.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Vedantam A, Yamal JM, Hwang H, Robertson CS, Gopinath SP. Factors associated with shunt-dependent hydrocephalus after decompressive craniectomy for traumatic brain injury. J Neurosurg. 2017 Jun 16; 1-6. PMID: 28621627.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Howard JT, Janak JC, Bukhman V, Robertson C, Frolov I, Nawn CD, Schiller AM, Convertino VA. The neurovascular complexity index as a potential indicator of traumatic brain injury severity: A case series study. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Apr 05. PMID: 28383469.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Robertson CS, McCarthy JJ, Miller ER, Levin H, McCauley SR, Swank PR. Phase II Clinical Trial of Atorvastatin in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2016 Dec 22. PMID: 28006970.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Reddy GD, Gopinath S, Robertson C. Critical Care Management of the Patient with Traumatic Brain Injury. Semin Neurol. 2016 Dec; 36(6):570-576. PMID: 27907961.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Lazaridis C, Robertson CS. The Role of Multimodal Invasive Monitoring in Acute Traumatic Brain Injury. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2016 Oct; 27(4):509-17. PMID: 27637400.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Aisiku IP, Yamal JM, Doshi P, Benoit JS, Gopinath S, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Plasma cytokines IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 are associated with the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Crit Care. 2016; 20:288. PMID: 27630085.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Myers RB, Lazaridis C, Jermaine CM, Robertson CS, Rusin CG. Predicting Intracranial Pressure and Brain Tissue Oxygen Crises in Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Crit Care Med. 2016 Sep; 44(9):1754-61. PMID: 27315192.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Lazaridis C, Robertson CS. Hypothermia for Increased Intracranial Pressure: Is It Dead? Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2016 Sep; 16(9):78. PMID: 27443645.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Sen AN, Gopinath SP, Robertson CS. Clinical application of near-infrared spectroscopy in patients with traumatic brain injury: a review of the progress of the field. Neurophotonics. 2016 Jul; 3(3):031409. PMID: 27226973; PMCID: PMC4874161 [Available on 04/25/17].
    11. Govindarajan KA, Narayana PA, Hasan KM, Wilde EA, Levin HS, Hunter JV, Miller ER, Patel VK, Robertson CS, McCarthy JJ. Cortical Thickness in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2016 Mar 9. PMID: 26959810.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Vedantam A, Yamal JM, Rubin ML, Robertson CS, Gopinath SP. Progressive hemorrhagic injury after severe traumatic brain injury: effect of hemoglobin transfusion thresholds. J Neurosurg. 2016 Nov; 125(5):1229-1234. PMID: 26943843.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Aisiku IP, Yamal JM, Doshi P, Rubin ML, Benoit JS, Hannay J, Tilley BC, Gopinath S, Robertson CS. The incidence of ARDS and associated mortality in severe TBI using the Berlin definition. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 Feb; 80(2):308-12. PMID: 26491799; PMCID: PMC4731296 [Available on 02/01/17].
    14. Levin H, Wilde EA, Li X, Hunter JV, Narayana PA, Hasan KM, Biekman B, Swank PR, Robertson CS, Miller ER, McCauley SR, Chu Z, Faber J, McCarthy JJ. Loss of Consciousness is Related to White Matter Injury in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2016 Jan 22. PMID: 26801471.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Yamal JM, Benoit JS, Doshi P, Rubin ML, Tilley BC, Hannay HJ, Robertson CS. Association of transfusion red blood cell storage age and blood oxygenation, long-term neurologic outcome, and mortality in traumatic brain injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015 Nov; 79(5):843-9. PMID: 26496111.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Reddy GD, Gopinath S, Robertson CS. Transfusion in Traumatic Brain Injury. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2015 Nov; 17(11):46. PMID: 26407615.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Robertson CS, Ropper AH. Getting Warmer on Critical Care for Head Injury. N Engl J Med. 2015 Dec 17; 373(25):2469-70. PMID: 26444055.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Hutchinson PJ, Jalloh I, Helmy A, Carpenter KL, Rostami E, Bellander BM, Boutelle MG, Chen JW, Claassen J, Dahyot-Fizelier C, Enblad P, Gallagher CN, Helbok R, Hillered L, Le Roux PD, Magnoni S, Mangat HS, Menon DK, Nordström CH, O'Phelan KH, Oddo M, Perez Barcena J, Robertson C, Ronne-Engström E, Sahuquillo J, Smith M, Stocchetti N, Belli A, Carpenter TA, Coles JP, Czosnyka M, Dizdar N, Goodman JC, Gupta AK, Nielsen TH, Marklund N, Montcriol A, O'Connell MT, Poca MA, Sarrafzadeh A, Shannon RJ, Skjøth-Rasmussen J, Smielewski P, Stover JF, Timofeev I, Vespa P, Zavala E, Ungerstedt U. Consensus statement from the 2014 International Microdialysis Forum. Intensive Care Med. 2015 Sep; 41(9):1517-28. PMID: 26194024.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Chesnut RM, Bleck TP, Citerio G, Classen J, Cooper DJ, Coplin WM, Diringer MN, Grände PO, Hemphill JC, Hutchinson PJ, Le Roux P, Mayer SA, Menon DK, Myburgh JA, Okonkwo DO, Robertson CS, Sahuquillo J, Stocchetti N, Sung G, Temkin N, Vespa PM, Videtta W, Yonas H. A Consensus-Based Interpretation of the Benchmark Evidence from South American Trials: Treatment of Intracranial Pressure Trial. J Neurotrauma. 2015 Nov 15; 32(22):1722-4. PMID: 26061135.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Lazaridis C, Yang M, DeSantis SM, Luo ST, Robertson CS. Predictors of intensive care unit length of stay and intracranial pressure in severe traumatic brain injury. J Crit Care. 2015 Dec; 30(6):1258-62. PMID: 26324412.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Georgiadis AL, Palesch YY, Zygun D, Hemphill JC, Robertson CS, Leroux PD, Suarez JI. Multi-modality neuro-monitoring: conventional clinical trial design. Neurocrit Care. 2015 Jun; 22(3):369-77. PMID: 25832350.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Tóth A, Schmalfuss I, Heaton SC, Gabrielli A, Hannay HJ, Papa L, Brophy GM, Wang KK, Büki A, Schwarcz A, Hayes RL, Robertson CS, Robicsek SA. Lateral Ventricle Volume Asymmetry Predicts Midline Shift in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2015 Sep 1; 32(17):1307-11. PMID: 25752227.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Yamal JM, Rubin ML, Benoit JS, Tilley BC, Gopinath S, Hannay HJ, Doshi P, Aisiku IP, Robertson CS. Effect of Hemoglobin Transfusion Threshold on Cerebral Hemodynamics and Oxygenation. J Neurotrauma. 2015 Aug 15; 32(16):1239-45. PMID: 25566694.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Baalman K, Marin MA, Ho TS, Godoy M, Cherian L, Robertson C, Rasband MN. Axon initial segment-associated microglia. J Neurosci. 2015 Feb 4; 35(5):2283-92. PMID: 25653382; PMCID: PMC4315845.
    25. Papa L, Robertson CS, Wang KK, Brophy GM, Hannay HJ, Heaton S, Schmalfuss I, Gabrielli A, Hayes RL, Robicsek SA. Biomarkers improve clinical outcome predictors of mortality following non-penetrating severe traumatic brain injury. Neurocrit Care. 2015 Feb; 22(1):52-64. PMID: 25052159.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Gaddam SS, Buell T, Robertson CS. Systemic manifestations of traumatic brain injury. Handb Clin Neurol. 2015; 127:205-18. PMID: 25702219.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Rubenstein R, Chang B, Davies P, Wagner AK, Robertson CS, Wang KK. A novel, ultrasensitive assay for tau: potential for assessing traumatic brain injury in tissues and biofluids. J Neurotrauma. 2015 Mar 1; 32(5):342-52. PMID: 25177776; PMCID: PMC4348038.
    28. Chou SH, Robertson CS. Monitoring biomarkers of cellular injury and death in acute brain injury. Neurocrit Care. 2014 Dec; 21 Suppl 2:S187-214. PMID: 25208676.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Le Roux P, Menon DK, Citerio G, Vespa P, Bader MK, Brophy GM, Diringer MN, Stocchetti N, Videtta W, Armonda R, Badjatia N, Böesel J, Chesnut R, Chou S, Claassen J, Czosnyka M, De Georgia M, Figaji A, Fugate J, Helbok R, Horowitz D, Hutchinson P, Kumar M, McNett M, Miller C, Naidech A, Oddo M, Olson D, O'Phelan K, Provencio JJ, Puppo C, Riker R, Robertson C, Schmidt M, Taccone F. Consensus summary statement of the International Multidisciplinary Consensus Conference on Multimodality Monitoring in Neurocritical Care: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Neurocritical Care Society and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. Neurocrit Care. 2014 Dec; 21 Suppl 2:S1-26. PMID: 25208678.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Fridley J, Robertson C, Gopinath S. Quantitative lobar cerebral blood flow for outcome prediction after traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2015 Jan 15; 32(2):75-82. PMID: 25019579.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Robertson CS, Yamal JM, Tilley BC. Erythropoietin for traumatic brain injury--reply. JAMA. 2014 Nov 12; 312(18):1929. PMID: 25387194; PMCID: PMC4462129.
    32. Cruz Navarro J, Pillai S, Ponce LL, Van M, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase mediates the cerebrovascular effects of erythropoietin in traumatic brain injury. Front Immunol. 2014; 5:494. PMID: 25346735; PMCID: PMC4191322.
    33. Papa L, Silvestri S, Brophy GM, Giordano P, Falk JL, Braga CF, Tan CN, Ameli NJ, Demery JA, Dixit NK, Mendes ME, Hayes RL, Wang KK, Robertson CS. GFAP out-performs S100? in detecting traumatic intracranial lesions on computed tomography in trauma patients with mild traumatic brain injury and those with extracranial lesions. J Neurotrauma. 2014 Nov 15; 31(22):1815-22. PMID: 24903744; PMCID: PMC4224051.
    34. Le Roux P, Menon DK, Citerio G, Vespa P, Bader MK, Brophy GM, Diringer MN, Stocchetti N, Videtta W, Armonda R, Badjatia N, Böesel J, Chesnut R, Chou S, Claassen J, Czosnyka M, De Georgia M, Figaji A, Fugate J, Helbok R, Horowitz D, Hutchinson P, Kumar M, McNett M, Miller C, Naidech A, Oddo M, Olson D, O'Phelan K, Provencio JJ, Puppo C, Riker R, Robertson C, Schmidt M, Taccone F. Consensus summary statement of the International Multidisciplinary Consensus Conference on Multimodality Monitoring in Neurocritical Care : a statement for healthcare professionals from the Neurocritical Care Society and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. Intensive Care Med. 2014 Sep; 40(9):1189-209. PMID: 25138226.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Narayana PA, Yu X, Hasan KM, Wilde EA, Levin HS, Hunter JV, Miller ER, Patel VK, Robertson CS, McCarthy JJ. Multi-modal MRI of mild traumatic brain injury. Neuroimage Clin. 2015; 7:87-97. PMID: 25610770; PMCID: PMC4299969.
    36. Gressot LV, Chamoun RB, Patel AJ, Valadka AB, Suki D, Robertson CS, Gopinath SP. Predictors of outcome in civilians with gunshot wounds to the head upon presentation. J Neurosurg. 2014 Sep; 121(3):645-52. PMID: 24995781.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Robertson CS, Hannay HJ, Yamal JM, Gopinath S, Goodman JC, Tilley BC. Effect of erythropoietin and transfusion threshold on neurological recovery after traumatic brain injury: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 Jul 2; 312(1):36-47. PMID: 25058216; PMCID: PMC4113910.
    38. Yang Z, Lin F, Robertson CS, Wang KK. Dual vulnerability of TDP-43 to calpain and caspase-3 proteolysis after neurotoxic conditions and traumatic brain injury. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2014 Sep; 34(9):1444-52. PMID: 24917042; PMCID: PMC4158661.
    39. Yamal JM, Robertson CS, Rubin ML, Benoit JS, Hannay HJ, Tilley BC. Enrollment of racially/ethnically diverse participants in traumatic brain injury trials: effect of availability of exception from informed consent. Clin Trials. 2014 Apr; 11(2):187-94. PMID: 24686108; PMCID: PMC3974159.
    40. Zhang Z, Zoltewicz JS, Mondello S, Newsom KJ, Yang Z, Yang B, Kobeissy F, Guingab J, Glushakova O, Robicsek S, Heaton S, Buki A, Hannay J, Gold MS, Rubenstein R, Lu XC, Dave JR, Schmid K, Tortella F, Robertson CS, Wang KK. Human traumatic brain injury induces autoantibody response against glial fibrillary acidic protein and its breakdown products. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3):e92698. PMID: 24667434; PMCID: PMC3965455.
    41. Hasan KM, Wilde EA, Miller ER, Kumar Patel V, Staewen TD, Frisby ML, Garza HM, McCarthy JJ, Hunter JV, Levin HS, Robertson CS, Narayana PA. Serial atlas-based diffusion tensor imaging study of uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury in adults. J Neurotrauma. 2014 Mar 1; 31(5):466-75. PMID: 24224684.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Robertson CS, Hulsebosch CE. Studies of mild traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2013 May 1; 30(9):687. PMID: 23662620.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Dewitt DS, Perez-Polo R, Hulsebosch CE, Dash PK, Robertson CS. Challenges in the development of rodent models of mild traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2013 May 1; 30(9):688-701. PMID: 23286417.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Robertson CS, Hulsebosch CE. Studies of mild traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2013 Apr 15; 30(8):609. PMID: 23621646.
      View in: PubMed
    45. McCauley SR, Wilde EA, Miller ER, Frisby ML, Garza HM, Varghese R, Levin HS, Robertson CS, McCarthy JJ. Preinjury resilience and mood as predictors of early outcome following mild traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2013 Apr 15; 30(8):642-52. PMID: 23046394.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Robertson C, Sadrameli S. Erythropoietin in the neurology ICU. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2013 Apr; 15(2):104-12. PMID: 23436114; PMCID: PMC3612372.
    47. Levin HS, Robertson CS. Mild traumatic brain injury in translation. J Neurotrauma. 2013 Apr 15; 30(8):610-7. PMID: 23046349; PMCID: PMC3638686.
    48. Gaddam SK, Cruz J, Robertson C. Erythropoietin and cytoprotective cytokines in experimental traumatic brain injury. Methods Mol Biol. 2013; 982:141-62. PMID: 23456867.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Robertson CS, Garcia R, Gaddam SS, Grill RJ, Cerami Hand C, Tian TS, Hannay HJ. Treatment of mild traumatic brain injury with an erythropoietin-mimetic peptide. J Neurotrauma. 2013 May 1; 30(9):765-74. PMID: 22827443; PMCID: PMC3653382.
    50. Lian H, Shim DJ, Gaddam SS, Rodriguez-Rivera J, Bitner BR, Pautler RG, Robertson CS, Zheng H. I?B? deficiency in brain leads to elevated basal neuroinflammation and attenuated response following traumatic brain injury: implications for functional recovery. Mol Neurodegener. 2012; 7:47. PMID: 22992283; PMCID: PMC3473257.
    51. O?Dell KM, Hannay HJ, Biney FO, Robertson CS, Tian TS. The effect of blood alcohol level and preinjury chronic alcohol use on outcome from severe traumatic brain injury in Hispanics, anglo-Caucasians, and African-americans. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2012 Sep-Oct; 27(5):361-9. PMID: 22955101; PMCID: PMC3437541.
    52. Bitner BR, Marcano DC, Berlin JM, Fabian RH, Cherian L, Culver JC, Dickinson ME, Robertson CS, Pautler RG, Kent TA, Tour JM. Antioxidant carbon particles improve cerebrovascular dysfunction following traumatic brain injury. ACS Nano. 2012 Sep 25; 6(9):8007-14. PMID: 22866916; PMCID: PMC3458163.
    53. Ponce LL, Pillai S, Cruz J, Li X, Julia H, Gopinath S, Robertson CS. Position of probe determines prognostic information of brain tissue PO2 in severe traumatic brain injury. Neurosurgery. 2012 Jun; 70(6):1492-502; discussion 1502-3. PMID: 22289784; PMCID: PMC3954543.
    54. Papa L, Lewis LM, Silvestri S, Falk JL, Giordano P, Brophy GM, Demery JA, Liu MC, Mo J, Akinyi L, Mondello S, Schmid K, Robertson CS, Tortella FC, Hayes RL, Wang KK. Serum levels of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase distinguish mild traumatic brain injury from trauma controls and are elevated in mild and moderate traumatic brain injury patients with intracranial lesions and neurosurgical intervention. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 May; 72(5):1335-44. PMID: 22673263.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Ponce LL, Navarro JC, Ahmed O, Robertson CS. Erythropoietin neuroprotection with traumatic brain injury. Pathophysiology. 2013 Feb; 20(1):31-8. PMID: 22421507; PMCID: PMC3390457.
    56. Hall CE, Mirski M, Palesch YY, Diringer MN, Qureshi AI, Robertson CS, Geocadin R, Wijman CA, Le Roux PD, Suarez JI. Clinical trial design in the neurocritical care unit. Neurocrit Care. 2012 Feb; 16(1):6-19. PMID: 21792753.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Geocadin RG, Bleck TP, Koroshetz WJ, Robertson CS, Zaidat OO, LeRoux PD, Wijman CA, Suarez JI. Research priorities in neurocritical care. Neurocrit Care. 2012 Feb; 16(1):35-41. PMID: 21792752.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Navarro JC, Pillai S, Cherian L, Garcia R, Grill RJ, Robertson CS. Histopathological and behavioral effects of immediate and delayed hemorrhagic shock after mild traumatic brain injury in rats. J Neurotrauma. 2012 Jan 20; 29(2):322-34. PMID: 22077317.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Guo Q, Li H, Gaddam SS, Justice NJ, Robertson CS, Zheng H. Amyloid precursor protein revisited: neuron-specific expression and highly stable nature of soluble derivatives. J Biol Chem. 2012 Jan 20; 287(4):2437-45. PMID: 22144675; PMCID: PMC3268404.
    60. Papa L, Lewis LM, Falk JL, Zhang Z, Silvestri S, Giordano P, Brophy GM, Demery JA, Dixit NK, Ferguson I, Liu MC, Mo J, Akinyi L, Schmid K, Mondello S, Robertson CS, Tortella FC, Hayes RL, Wang KK. Elevated levels of serum glial fibrillary acidic protein breakdown products in mild and moderate traumatic brain injury are associated with intracranial lesions and neurosurgical intervention. Ann Emerg Med. 2012 Jun; 59(6):471-83. PMID: 22071014; PMCID: PMC3830977.
    61. Robertson CS, Cherian L, Shah M, Garcia R, Navarro JC, Grill RJ, Hand CC, Tian TS, Hannay HJ. Neuroprotection with an erythropoietin mimetic peptide (pHBSP) in a model of mild traumatic brain injury complicated by hemorrhagic shock. J Neurotrauma. 2012 Apr 10; 29(6):1156-66. PMID: 21545288.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Fahim DK, Luo L, Patel AJ, Robertson CS, Gopinath SP. Pulmonary embolus from acute superior sagittal sinus thrombosis secondary to skull fracture: case report. Neurosurgery. 2011 Jun; 68(6):E1756-60; discussion E1760. PMID: 21389895.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Robertson CS, Gopinath SP, Valadka AB, Van M, Swank PR, Goodman JC. Variants of the endothelial nitric oxide gene and cerebral blood flow after severe traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2011 May; 28(5):727-37. PMID: 21332418; PMCID: PMC3088960.
    64. Namiranian K, Brink CD, Goodman JC, Robertson CS, Bryan RM. Traumatic brain injury in mice lacking the K channel, TREK-1. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2011 Mar; 31(3):e1-6. PMID: 21157470; PMCID: PMC3063636.
    65. Shahin H, Gopinath SP, Robertson CS. Influence of alcohol on early Glasgow Coma Scale in head-injured patients. J Trauma. 2010 Nov; 69(5):1176-81; discussion 1181. PMID: 21068620; PMCID: PMC3485579.
    66. Robertson CS, Zager EL, Narayan RK, Handly N, Sharma A, Hanley DF, Garza H, Maloney-Wilensky E, Plaum JM, Koenig CH, Johnson A, Morgan T. Clinical evaluation of a portable near-infrared device for detection of traumatic intracranial hematomas. J Neurotrauma. 2010 Sep; 27(9):1597-604. PMID: 20568959.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Widmayer MA, Browning JL, Gopinath SP, Robertson CS, Baskin DS. Increased intracranial pressure is associated with elevated cerebrospinal fluid ADH levels in closed-head injury. Neurol Res. 2010 Dec; 32(10):1021-6. PMID: 20810023.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Wilde EA, McCauley SR, Kelly TM, Levin HS, Pedroza C, Clifton GL, Robertson CS, Valadka AB, Moretti P. Feasibility of the Neurological Outcome Scale for Traumatic Brain Injury (NOS-TBI) in adults. J Neurotrauma. 2010 Jun; 27(6):975-81. PMID: 20210593; PMCID: PMC2943506.
    69. Bitner BR, Brink DC, Mathew LC, Pautler RG, Robertson CS. Impact of arginase II on CBF in experimental cortical impact injury in mice using MRI. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2010 Jun; 30(6):1105-9. PMID: 20372170; PMCID: PMC2949199.
    70. Papa L, Akinyi L, Liu MC, Pineda JA, Tepas JJ, Oli MW, Zheng W, Robinson G, Robicsek SA, Gabrielli A, Heaton SC, Hannay HJ, Demery JA, Brophy GM, Layon J, Robertson CS, Hayes RL, Wang KK. Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase is a novel biomarker in humans for severe traumatic brain injury. Crit Care Med. 2010 Jan; 38(1):138-44. PMID: 19726976; PMCID: PMC3445330.
    71. Chamoun RB, Robertson CS, Gopinath SP. Outcome in patients with blunt head trauma and a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3 at presentation. J Neurosurg. 2009 Oct; 111(4):683-7. PMID: 19326973; PMCID: PMC2798060.
    72. Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Microdialysis: is it ready for prime time? Curr Opin Crit Care. 2009 Apr; 15(2):110-7. PMID: 19578321; PMCID: PMC3593094.
    73. Brophy GM, Pineda JA, Papa L, Lewis SB, Valadka AB, Hannay HJ, Heaton SC, Demery JA, Liu MC, Tepas JJ, Gabrielli A, Robicsek S, Wang KK, Robertson CS, Hayes RL. alphaII-Spectrin breakdown product cerebrospinal fluid exposure metrics suggest differences in cellular injury mechanisms after severe traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2009 Apr; 26(4):471-9. PMID: 19206997; PMCID: PMC2848834.
    74. Folkersma H, Brevé JJ, Tilders FJ, Cherian L, Robertson CS, Vandertop WP. Cerebral microdialysis of interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6: extraction efficiency and production in the acute phase after severe traumatic brain injury in rats. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008 Dec; 150(12):1277-84; discussion 1284. PMID: 19031041.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Rangel-Castilla L, Gasco J, Nauta HJ, Okonkwo DO, Robertson CS. Cerebral pressure autoregulation in traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct; 25(4):E7. PMID: 18828705.
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    76. Papa L, Robinson G, Oli M, Pineda J, Demery J, Brophy G, Robicsek SA, Gabrielli A, Robertson CS, Wang KK, Hayes RL. Use of biomarkers for diagnosis and management of traumatic brain injury patients. Expert Opin Med Diagn. 2008 Aug; 2(8):937-45. PMID: 23495867.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Rangel-Castilla L, Rangel-Castillo L, Gopinath S, Robertson CS. Management of intracranial hypertension. Neurol Clin. 2008 May; 26(2):521-41, x. PMID: 18514825; PMCID: PMC2452989.
    78. Robertson CS. Neuroscience. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2008 Apr; 14(2):127-8. PMID: 18388672.
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    79. Hlatky R, Valadka AB, Gopinath SP, Robertson CS. Brain tissue oxygen tension response to induced hyperoxia reduced in hypoperfused brain. J Neurosurg. 2008 Jan; 108(1):53-8. PMID: 18173310.
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    80. Goodman JC, Van M, Gopinath SP, Robertson CS. Pro-inflammatory and pro-apoptotic elements of the neuroinflammatory response are activated in traumatic brain injury. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2008; 102:437-9. PMID: 19388362.
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    81. Goodman JC, Cherian L, Robertson CS. Cortical expression of prolactin (PRL), growth hormone (GH) and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) is not increased in experimental traumatic brain injury. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2008; 102:389-90. PMID: 19388352.
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    82. Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Surgery of cerebral trauma and associated critical care. Neurosurgery. 2007 Jul; 61(1 Suppl):203-20; discussion 220-1. PMID: 18813168.
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    83. Hlatky R, Valadka AB, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Evolution of brain tissue injury after evacuation of acute traumatic subdural hematomas. Neurosurgery. 2007 Jul; 61(1 Suppl):249-54; discussion 254-5. PMID: 18813164.
      View in: PubMed
    84. Pineda JA, Lewis SB, Valadka AB, Papa L, Hannay HJ, Heaton SC, Demery JA, Liu MC, Aikman JM, Akle V, Brophy GM, Tepas JJ, Wang KK, Robertson CS, Hayes RL. Clinical significance of alphaII-spectrin breakdown products in cerebrospinal fluid after severe traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2007 Feb; 24(2):354-66. PMID: 17375999.
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    85. Robertson CS, McCullough LB, Brody B. Finding family for prospective consent in emergency research. Clin Trials. 2007; 4(6):631-7. PMID: 18042572.
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    86. Rangel-Castillo L, Robertson CS. Management of intracranial hypertension. Crit Care Clin. 2006 Oct; 22(4):713-32; abstract ix. PMID: 17239751.
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    87. Hlatky R, Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Analysis of dynamic autoregulation assessed by the cuff deflation method. Neurocrit Care. 2006; 4(2):127-32. PMID: 16627900.
      View in: PubMed
    88. Hlatky R, Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Intracranial pressure response to induced hypertension: role of dynamic pressure autoregulation. Neurosurgery. 2005 Nov; 57(5):917-23; discussion 917-23. PMID: 16284561.
      View in: PubMed
    89. Darouiche RO, Berger DH, Khardori N, Robertson CS, Wall MJ, Metzler MH, Shah S, Mansouri MD, Cerra-Stewart C, Versalovic J, Reardon MJ, Raad II. Comparison of antimicrobial impregnation with tunneling of long-term central venous catheters: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Surg. 2005 Aug; 242(2):193-200. PMID: 16041209; PMCID: PMC1357724.
    90. Yang J, Clark JW, Bryan RM, Robertson CS. Mathematical modeling of the nitric oxide/cGMP pathway in the vascular smooth muscle cell. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Aug; 289(2):H886-97. PMID: 15833804.
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    91. Hlatky R, Valadka AB, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Evolution of brain tissue injury after evacuation of acute traumatic subdural hematomas. Neurosurgery. 2004 Dec; 55(6):1318-23; discussion 1324. PMID: 15574213.
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    92. Cherian L, Hlatky R, Robertson CS. Comparison of tetrahydrobiopterin and L-arginine on cerebral blood flow after controlled cortical impact injury in rats. J Neurotrauma. 2004 Sep; 21(9):1196-203. PMID: 15453989.
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    93. Mendez DR, Cherian L, Robertson CS. Laser Doppler flow and brain tissue PO2 after cortical impact injury complicated by secondary ischemia in rats treated with arginine. J Trauma. 2004 Aug; 57(2):244-50. PMID: 15345968.
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    94. Hlatky R, Valadka AB, Goodman JC, Contant CF, Robertson CS. Patterns of energy substrates during ischemia measured in the brain by microdialysis. J Neurotrauma. 2004 Jul; 21(7):894-906. PMID: 15307902.
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    95. Mendez DR, Cherian L, Moore N, Arora T, Liu PK, Robertson CS. Oxidative DNA lesions in a rodent model of traumatic brain injury. J Trauma. 2004 Jun; 56(6):1235-40. PMID: 15211131.
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    96. Cherian L, Hlatky R, Robertson CS. Nitric oxide in traumatic brain injury. Brain Pathol. 2004 Apr; 14(2):195-201. PMID: 15193032.
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    97. Hlatky R, Contant CF, Diaz-Marchan P, Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Significance of a reduced cerebral blood flow during the first 12 hours after traumatic brain injury. Neurocrit Care. 2004; 1(1):69-83. PMID: 16174900.
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    98. Hlatky R, Lui H, Cherian L, Goodman JC, O'Brien WE, Contant CF, Robertson CS. The role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in the cerebral hemodynamics after controlled cortical impact injury in mice. J Neurotrauma. 2003 Oct; 20(10):995-1006. PMID: 14588116.
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    99. Yang J, Clark JW, Bryan RM, Robertson CS. The myogenic response in isolated rat cerebrovascular arteries: vessel model. Med Eng Phys. 2003 Oct; 25(8):711-7. PMID: 12900185.
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    100. Chiou-Tan FY, Garza H, Chan KT, Parsons KC, Donovan WH, Robertson CS, Holmes SA, Graves DE, Rintala DH. Comparison of dalteparin and enoxaparin for deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis in patients with spinal cord injury. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Sep; 82(9):678-85. PMID: 12960909.
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    101. Lu K, Clark JW, Ghorbel FH, Robertson CS, Ware DL, Zwischenberger JB, Bidani A. Cerebral autoregulation and gas exchange studied using a human cardiopulmonary model. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Feb; 286(2):H584-601. PMID: 12946929.
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    102. Hlatky R, Goodman JC, Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Role of nitric oxide in cerebral blood flow abnormalities after traumatic brain injury. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2003 May; 23(5):582-8. PMID: 12771573.
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    103. Hlatky R, Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Intracranial hypertension and cerebral ischemia after severe traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Apr 15; 14(4):e2. PMID: 15679301.
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    104. Long Y, Zou L, Liu H, Lu H, Yuan X, Robertson CS, Yang K. Altered expression of randomly selected genes in mouse hippocampus after traumatic brain injury. J Neurosci Res. 2003 Mar 1; 71(5):710-20. PMID: 12584729.
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    105. Furuya Y, Hlatky R, Valadka AB, Diaz P, Robertson CS. Comparison of cerebral blood flow in computed tomographic hypodense areas of the brain in head-injured patients. Neurosurgery. 2003 Feb; 52(2):340-5; discussion 345-6. PMID: 12535362.
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    106. Golding EM, Robertson CS, Fitch JC, Goodman JC, Bryan RM. Segmental vascular resistance after mild controlled cortical impact injury in the rat. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2003 Feb; 23(2):210-8. PMID: 12571452.
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    107. Cherian L, Chacko G, Goodman C, Robertson CS. Neuroprotective effects of L-arginine administration after cortical impact injury in rats: dose response and time window. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Feb; 304(2):617-23. PMID: 12538814.
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    108. Cherian L, Robertson CS. L-arginine and free radical scavengers increase cerebral blood flow and brain tissue nitric oxide concentrations after controlled cortical impact injury in rats. J Neurotrauma. 2003 Jan; 20(1):77-85. PMID: 12614590.
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    109. Hlatky R, Furuya Y, Valadka AB, Gonzalez J, Chacko A, Mizutani Y, Contant CF, Robertson CS. Dynamic autoregulatory response after severe head injury. J Neurosurg. 2002 Nov; 97(5):1054-61. PMID: 12450026.
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    110. Dickerson J, Valadka AB, Levert T, Davis K, Kurian M, Robertson CS. Organ donation rates in a neurosurgical intensive care unit. J Neurosurg. 2002 Oct; 97(4):811-4. PMID: 12405367.
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    111. Hlatky R, Robertson CS. Multimodality monitoring in severe head injury. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2002 Oct; 15(5):489-93. PMID: 17019243.
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    112. Castro RF, Jackson KA, Goodell MA, Robertson CS, Liu H, Shine HD. Failure of bone marrow cells to transdifferentiate into neural cells in vivo. Science. 2002 Aug 23; 297(5585):1299. PMID: 12193778.
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    113. Liu PK, Robertson CS, Valadka A. The association between neuronal nitric oxide synthase and neuronal sensitivity in the brain after brain injury. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 May; 962:226-41. PMID: 12076978; PMCID: PMC2751793.
    114. Narayan RK, Michel ME, Ansell B, Baethmann A, Biegon A, Bracken MB, Bullock MR, Choi SC, Clifton GL, Contant CF, Coplin WM, Dietrich WD, Ghajar J, Grady SM, Grossman RG, Hall ED, Heetderks W, Hovda DA, Jallo J, Katz RL, Knoller N, Kochanek PM, Maas AI, Majde J, Marion DW, Marmarou A, Marshall LF, McIntosh TK, Miller E, Mohberg N, Muizelaar JP, Pitts LH, Quinn P, Riesenfeld G, Robertson CS, Strauss KI, Teasdale G, Temkin N, Tuma R, Wade C, Walker MD, Weinrich M, Whyte J, Wilberger J, Young AB, Yurkewicz L. Clinical trials in head injury. J Neurotrauma. 2002 May; 19(5):503-57. PMID: 12042091; PMCID: PMC1462953.
    115. Liu H, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. The effects of L-arginine on cerebral hemodynamics after controlled cortical impact injury in the mouse. J Neurotrauma. 2002 Mar; 19(3):327-34. PMID: 11939500.
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    116. Hlatky R, Furuya Y, Valadka AB, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Comparison of microdialysate arginine and glutamate levels in severely head-injured patient. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2002; 81:347-9. PMID: 12168343.
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    117. Valadka AB, Hlatky R, Furuya Y, Robertson CS. Brain tissue PO2: correlation with cerebral blood flow. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2002; 81:299-301. PMID: 12168330.
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    118. Hlatky R, Furuya Y, Valadka AB, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Microdialysate nitrate/nitrite levels following severe head injury. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2002; 81:331-3. PMID: 12168339.
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    119. Goodman JC, Feng YQ, Valadka AB, Bryan RJ, Robertson CS. Measurement of the nitric oxide metabolites nitrate and nitrite in the human brain by microdialysis. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2002; 81:343-5. PMID: 12168342.
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    120. Robertson CS. Management of cerebral perfusion pressure after traumatic brain injury. Anesthesiology. 2001 Dec; 95(6):1513-7. PMID: 11748413.
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    121. Contant CF, Valadka AB, Gopinath SP, Hannay HJ, Robertson CS. Adult respiratory distress syndrome: a complication of induced hypertension after severe head injury. J Neurosurg. 2001 Oct; 95(4):560-8. PMID: 11596949.
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    122. Liu PK, Grossman RG, Hsu CY, Robertson CS. Ischemic injury and faulty gene transcripts in the brain. Trends Neurosci. 2001 Oct; 24(10):581-8. PMID: 11576672; PMCID: PMC2726704.
    123. Cormio M, Robertson CS. Ultrasound is a reliable method for determining jugular bulb dominance. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2001 Jul; 13(3):250-4. PMID: 11426103.
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    124. Golding EM, You J, Robertson CS, Bryan RM. Potentiated endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor-mediated dilations in cerebral arteries following mild head injury. J Neurotrauma. 2001 Jul; 18(7):691-7. PMID: 11497095.
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    125. Yoshor D, Gentry JB, LeMaire SA, Dickerson J, Saul J, Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Subarachnoid-pleural fistula treated with noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2001 Apr; 94(2 Suppl):319-22. PMID: 11302641.
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    126. Struchen MA, Hannay HJ, Contant CF, Robertson CS. The relation between acute physiological variables and outcome on the Glasgow Outcome Scale and Disability Rating Scale following severe traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2001 Feb; 18(2):115-25. PMID: 11229706.
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    127. Bell MJ, Robertson CS, Kochanek PM, Goodman JC, Gopinath SP, Carcillo JA, Clark RS, Marion DW, Mi Z, Jackson EK. Interstitial brain adenosine and xanthine increase during jugular venous oxygen desaturations in humans after traumatic brain injury. Crit Care Med. 2001 Feb; 29(2):399-404. PMID: 11246323.
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    128. Hlatky R, Furuya Y, Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Management of cerebral perfusion pressure. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2001; 22(1):3-12. PMID: 16088656.
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    129. Valadka AB, Furuya Y, Hlatky R, Robertson CS. Global and regional techniques for monitoring cerebral oxidative metabolism after severe traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2000; 9(5):e3. PMID: 16821755.
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    130. Valadka AB, Gopinath SP, Robertson CS. Midline shift after severe head injury: pathophysiologic implications. J Trauma. 2000 Jul; 49(1):1-8; discussion 8-10. PMID: 10912851.
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    131. Golding EM, Robertson CS, Bryan RM. L-arginine partially restores the diminished CO2 reactivity after mild controlled cortical impact injury in the adult rat. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2000 May; 20(5):820-8. PMID: 10826532.
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    132. Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Should we be using hypertonic saline to treat intracranial hypertension? Crit Care Med. 2000 Apr; 28(4):1245-6. PMID: 10809326.
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    133. Cherian L, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Brain nitric oxide changes after controlled cortical impact injury in rats. J Neurophysiol. 2000 Apr; 83(4):2171-8. PMID: 10758126.
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    134. Valadka AB, Gopinath SP, Mizutani Y, Chacko AG, Robertson CS. Similarities between civilian gunshot wounds to the head and nongunshot head injuries. J Trauma. 2000 Feb; 48(2):296-302. PMID: 10697090.
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    135. Gopinath SP, Valadka AB, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Extracellular glutamate and aspartate in head injured patients. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2000; 76:437-8. PMID: 11450062.
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    136. Gopinath SP, Valadka AB, Uzura M, Robertson CS. Comparison of jugular venous oxygen saturation and brain tissue Po2 as monitors of cerebral ischemia after head injury. Crit Care Med. 1999 Nov; 27(11):2337-45. PMID: 10579245.
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    137. Hannay HJ, Feldman Z, Phan P, Keyani A, Panwar N, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Validation of a controlled cortical impact model of head injury in mice. J Neurotrauma. 1999 Nov; 16(11):1103-14. PMID: 10595826.
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    138. Cherian L, Chacko G, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Cerebral hemodynamic effects of phenylephrine and L-arginine after cortical impact injury. Crit Care Med. 1999 Nov; 27(11):2512-7. PMID: 10579273.
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    139. Robertson CS, Valadka AB, Hannay HJ, Contant CF, Gopinath SP, Cormio M, Uzura M, Grossman RG. Prevention of secondary ischemic insults after severe head injury. Crit Care Med. 1999 Oct; 27(10):2086-95. PMID: 10548187.
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    140. Cormio M, Gopinath SP, Valadka A, Robertson CS. Cerebral hemodynamic effects of pentobarbital coma in head-injured patients. J Neurotrauma. 1999 Oct; 16(10):927-36. PMID: 10547101.
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    141. Golding EM, Steenberg ML, Contant CF, Krishnappa I, Robertson CS, Bryan RM. Cerebrovascular reactivity to CO(2) and hypotension after mild cortical impact injury. Am J Physiol. 1999 Oct; 277(4 Pt 2):H1457-66. PMID: 10516183.
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    142. Goodman JC, Valadka AB, Gopinath SP, Uzura M, Robertson CS. Extracellular lactate and glucose alterations in the brain after head injury measured by microdialysis. Crit Care Med. 1999 Sep; 27(9):1965-73. PMID: 10507626.
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    143. Chiou-Tan FY, Eisele SG, Song JX, Markowski J, Javors M, Robertson CS. Increased norepinephrine levels during catheterization in patients with spinal cord injury. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1999 Jul-Aug; 78(4):350-3. PMID: 10418841.
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    144. Golding EM, Robertson CS, Bryan RM. The consequences of traumatic brain injury on cerebral blood flow and autoregulation: a review. Clin Exp Hypertens. 1999 May; 21(4):299-332. PMID: 10369378.
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    145. Krishnappa IK, Contant CF, Robertson CS. Regional changes in cerebral extracellular glucose and lactate concentrations following severe cortical impact injury and secondary ischemia in rats. J Neurotrauma. 1999 Mar; 16(3):213-24. PMID: 10195469.
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    146. Goodman JC, Valadka AB, Gopinath SP, Uzura M, Grossman RG, Robertson CS. Simultaneous measurement of cortical potassium, calcium, and magnesium levels measured in head injured patients using microdialysis with ion chromatography. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 1999; 75:35-7. PMID: 10635374.
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    147. Cormio M, Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Elevated jugular venous oxygen saturation after severe head injury. J Neurosurg. 1999 Jan; 90(1):9-15. PMID: 10413150.
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    148. Cherian L, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Effect of glucose administration on contusion volume after moderate cortical impact injury in rats. J Neurotrauma. 1998 Dec; 15(12):1059-66. PMID: 9872462.
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    149. Golding EM, Contant CF, Robertson CS, Bryan RM. Temporal effect of severe controlled cortical impact injury in the rat on the myogenic response of the middle cerebral artery. J Neurotrauma. 1998 Nov; 15(11):973-84. PMID: 9840770.
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    150. Valadka AB, Gopinath SP, Contant CF, Uzura M, Robertson CS. Relationship of brain tissue PO2 to outcome after severe head injury. Crit Care Med. 1998 Sep; 26(9):1576-81. PMID: 9751596.
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    151. Robertson AG, Robertson C, Perone C, Clarke K, Dewar J, Elia MH, Hurman D, MacDougall RH, Yosef HM. Effect of gap length and position on results of treatment of cancer of the larynx in Scotland by radiotherapy: a linear quadratic analysis. Radiother Oncol. 1998 Aug; 48(2):165-73. PMID: 9783888.
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    152. Golding EM, Steenberg ML, Cherian L, Marrelli SP, Robertson CS, Bryan RM. Endothelial-mediated dilations following severe controlled cortical impact injury in the rat middle cerebral artery. J Neurotrauma. 1998 Aug; 15(8):635-44. PMID: 9726262.
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    153. Valadka AB, Goodman JC, Gopinath SP, Uzura M, Robertson CS. Comparison of brain tissue oxygen tension to microdialysis-based measures of cerebral ischemia in fatally head-injured humans. J Neurotrauma. 1998 Jul; 15(7):509-19. PMID: 9674554.
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    154. Cherian L, Hannay HJ, Vagner G, Goodman JC, Contant CF, Robertson CS. Hyperglycemia increases neurological damage and behavioral deficits from post-traumatic secondary ischemic insults. J Neurotrauma. 1998 May; 15(5):307-21. PMID: 9605346.
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    155. Chiou-Tan FY, Robertson CS, Chiou GC. Catecholamine assays in a rat model for autonomic dysreflexia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 Apr; 79(4):402-4. PMID: 9552105.
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    156. Golding EM, Robertson CS, Bryan RM. Comparison of the myogenic response in rat cerebral arteries of different calibers. Brain Res. 1998 Mar 2; 785(2):293-8. PMID: 9518656.
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    157. Rumana CS, Gopinath SP, Uzura M, Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Brain temperature exceeds systemic temperature in head-injured patients. Crit Care Med. 1998 Mar; 26(3):562-7. PMID: 9504587.
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    158. Robertson CS, Gopinath SP, Uzura M, Valadka AB, Goodman JC. Metabolic changes in the brain during transient ischemia measured with microdialysis. Neurol Res. 1998; 20 Suppl 1:S91-4. PMID: 9584933.
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    159. Mills CD, Robertson CS, Contant CF, Henley CM. Effects of anesthesia on polyamine metabolism and water content in the rat brain. J Neurotrauma. 1997 Dec; 14(12):943-9. PMID: 9475375.
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    160. Sapire KJ, Gopinath SP, Farhat G, Thakar DR, Gabrielli A, Jones JW, Robertson CS, Chance B. Cerebral oxygenation during warming after cardiopulmonary bypass. Crit Care Med. 1997 Oct; 25(10):1655-62. PMID: 9377879.
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    161. Cherian L, Goodman JC, Robertson CS. Hyperglycemia increases brain injury caused by secondary ischemia after cortical impact injury in rats. Crit Care Med. 1997 Aug; 25(8):1378-83. PMID: 9267953.
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    162. Henley CM, Wey K, Takashima A, Mills C, Granmayeh E, Krishnappa I, Robertson CS. S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase activity is decreased in the rat cortex after traumatic brain injury. J Neurochem. 1997 Jul; 69(1):259-65. PMID: 9202318.
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    163. Feldman Z, Robertson CS, Contant CF, Gopinath SP, Grossman RG. Positive end expiratory pressure reduces intracranial compliance in the rabbit. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1997 Apr; 9(2):175-9. PMID: 9100190.
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    164. Cormio M, Robertson CS, Narayan RK. Secondary insults to the injured brain. J Clin Neurosci. 1997 Apr; 4(2):132-48. PMID: 18638945.
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    165. Feldman Z, Robertson CS. Monitoring of cerebral hemodynamics with jugular bulb catheters. Crit Care Clin. 1997 Jan; 13(1):51-77. PMID: 9012576.
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    166. Robertson CS, Gopinath S, Chance B. Use of near infrared spectroscopy to identify traumatic intracranial hemotomas. J Biomed Opt. 1997 Jan; 2(1):31-41. PMID: 23014820.
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    167. Simpson RK, Gondo M, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Reduction in thermal hyperalgesia by intrathecal administration of glycine and related compounds. Neurochem Res. 1997 Jan; 22(1):75-9. PMID: 9021766.
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    168. Gopinath SP, Cormio M, Ziegler J, Raty S, Valadka A, Robertson CS. Intraoperative jugular desaturation during surgery for traumatic intracranial hematomas. Anesth Analg. 1996 Nov; 83(5):1014-21. PMID: 8895278.
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    169. Simpson RK, Gondo M, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Reduction in the mechanonociceptive response by intrathecal administration of glycine and related compounds. Neurochem Res. 1996 Oct; 21(10):1221-6. PMID: 8923484.
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    170. Goodman JC, Valadka AB, Gopinath SP, Cormio M, Robertson CS. Lactate and excitatory amino acids measured by microdialysis are decreased by pentobarbital coma in head-injured patients. J Neurotrauma. 1996 Oct; 13(10):549-56. PMID: 8915906.
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    171. Simpson RK, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. The role of glycine in spinal shock. J Spinal Cord Med. 1996 Oct; 19(4):215-24. PMID: 9237788.
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    172. Henley CM, Muszynski C, Cherian L, Robertson CS. Activation of ornithine decarboxylase and accumulation of putrescine after traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 1996 Sep; 13(9):487-96. PMID: 8913965.
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    173. Ritter AM, Robertson CS, Goodman JC, Contant CF, Grossman RG. Evaluation of a carbohydrate-free diet for patients with severe head injury. J Neurotrauma. 1996 Aug; 13(8):473-85. PMID: 8880611.
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    174. Cherian L, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Secondary insults increase injury after controlled cortical impact in rats. J Neurotrauma. 1996 Jul; 13(7):371-83. PMID: 8863193.
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    175. Ritter AM, Gopinath SP, Contant C, Narayan RK, Robertson CS. Evaluation of a regional oxygen saturation catheter for monitoring SjvO2 in head injured patients. J Clin Monit. 1996 Jul; 12(4):285-91. PMID: 8863107.
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    176. Goodman JC, Gopinath SP, Valadka AB, Narayan RK, Grossman RG, Simpson RK, Robertson CS. Lactic acid and amino acid fluctuations measured using microdialysis reflect physiological derangements in head injury. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 1996; 67:37-9. PMID: 8870799.
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    177. Simpson RK, Gondo M, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. The influence of glycine and related compounds on spinal cord injury-induced spasticity. Neurochem Res. 1995 Oct; 20(10):1203-10. PMID: 8746806.
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    178. Robertson CS, Gopinath SP, Goodman JC, Contant CF, Valadka AB, Narayan RK. SjvO2 monitoring in head-injured patients. J Neurotrauma. 1995 Oct; 12(5):891-6. PMID: 8594216.
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    179. Gopinath SP, Robertson CS, Contant CF, Narayan RK, Grossman RG, Chance B. Early detection of delayed traumatic intracranial hematomas using near-infrared spectroscopy. J Neurosurg. 1995 Sep; 83(3):438-44. PMID: 7666220.
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    180. Robertson CS, Gopinath SP, Chance B. A new application for near-infrared spectroscopy: detection of delayed intracranial hematomas after head injury. J Neurotrauma. 1995 Aug; 12(4):591-600. PMID: 8683610.
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    181. Robertson CS, Cormio M. Cerebral metabolic management. New Horiz. 1995 Aug; 3(3):410-22. PMID: 7496749.
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    182. Gopinath SP, Robertson CS, Contant CF, Narayan RK, Grossman RG. Clinical evaluation of a miniature strain-gauge transducer for monitoring intracranial pressure. Neurosurgery. 1995 Jun; 36(6):1137-40; discussion 1140-1. PMID: 7643993.
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    183. Contant CF, Robertson CS, Crouch J, Gopinath SP, Narayan RK, Grossman RG. Intracranial pressure waveform indices in transient and refractory intracranial hypertension. J Neurosci Methods. 1995 Mar; 57(1):15-25. PMID: 7791362.
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    184. Cherian L, Peek K, Robertson CS, Goodman JC, Grossman RG. Calorie sources and recovery from central nervous system ischemia. Crit Care Med. 1994 Nov; 22(11):1841-50. PMID: 7956290.
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    185. Ritter AM, Robertson CS. Cerebral metabolism. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1994 Oct; 5(4):633-45. PMID: 7827475.
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    186. Goodman JC, Cherian L, Bryan RM, Robertson CS. Lateral cortical impact injury in rats: pathologic effects of varying cortical compression and impact velocity. J Neurotrauma. 1994 Oct; 11(5):587-97. PMID: 7861450.
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    187. Cherian L, Robertson CS, Contant CF, Bryan RM. Lateral cortical impact injury in rats: cerebrovascular effects of varying depth of cortical deformation and impact velocity. J Neurotrauma. 1994 Oct; 11(5):573-85. PMID: 7861449.
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    188. Chiou-Tan FY, Lenz ML, Robertson CS, Grabois M. Pharmacologic treatment of autonomic dysreflexia in the rat. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1994 Jul-Aug; 73(4):251-5. PMID: 7913819.
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    189. Gopinath SP, Robertson CS, Contant CF, Hayes C, Feldman Z, Narayan RK, Grossman RG. Jugular venous desaturation and outcome after head injury. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1994 Jun; 57(6):717-23. PMID: 8006653; PMCID: PMC1072976.
    190. Simpson RK, Contant CF, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Spectral analysis of corticomotor evoked potentials in spinal cord injury. Part 1. Acute studies. Neurol Res. 1993 Dec; 15(6):367-72. PMID: 7907402.
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    191. Simpson RK, Contant CF, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Spectral analysis of corticomotor evoked potentials in spinal cord injury. Part 2. Chronic studies. Neurol Res. 1993 Dec; 15(6):373-8. PMID: 7907403.
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    192. Muszynski CA, Robertson CS, Goodman JC, Henley CM. DFMO reduces cortical infarct volume after middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1993 Nov; 13(6):1033-7. PMID: 8408313.
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    193. Simpson RK, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Glycine: an important potential component of spinal shock. Neurochem Res. 1993 Aug; 18(8):887-92. PMID: 8103919.
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    194. Gopinath SP, Cherian L, Robertson CS, Narayan RK, Grossman RG. Evaluation of a microsensor intracranial pressure transducer. J Neurosci Methods. 1993 Aug; 49(1-2):11-5. PMID: 8271823.
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    195. Gopinath SP, Robertson CS, Grossman RG, Chance B. Near-infrared spectroscopic localization of intracranial hematomas. J Neurosurg. 1993 Jul; 79(1):43-7. PMID: 8315468.
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    196. Feldman Z, Contant CF, Pahwa R, Goodman JC, Robertson CS, Narayan RK, Grossman RG. The relationship between hormonal mediators and systemic hypermetabolism after severe head injury. J Trauma. 1993 Jun; 34(6):806-16. PMID: 8315675.
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    197. Simpson RK, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Spinal epidural corticomotor evoked potentials as a predictor of outcome from ischaemic myelopathy. Neurol Res. 1993 Apr; 15(2):104-8. PMID: 8099203.
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    198. Robertson CS, Evans DF, Ledingham SJ, Atkinson M. Cisapride in the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1993 Apr; 7(2):181-90. PMID: 8485271.
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    199. Simpson RK, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Segmental recovery of amino acid neurotransmitters during posterior epidural stimulation after spinal cord injury. J Am Paraplegia Soc. 1993 Jan; 16(1):34-41. PMID: 8093898.
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    200. Robertson CS, Contant CF, Gokaslan ZL, Narayan RK, Grossman RG. Cerebral blood flow, arteriovenous oxygen difference, and outcome in head injured patients. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1992 Jul; 55(7):594-603. PMID: 1640238; PMCID: PMC489173.
    201. Robertson CS, Goodman JC, Grossman RG. Blood flow and metabolic therapy in CNS injury. J Neurotrauma. 1992 May; 9 Suppl 2:S579-94. PMID: 1613815.
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    202. Robertson CS, Contant CF, Narayan RK, Grossman RG. Cerebral blood flow, AVDO2, and neurologic outcome in head-injured patients. J Neurotrauma. 1992 Mar; 9 Suppl 1:S349-58. PMID: 1588626.
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    203. Sheinberg M, Kanter MJ, Robertson CS, Contant CF, Narayan RK, Grossman RG. Continuous monitoring of jugular venous oxygen saturation in head-injured patients. J Neurosurg. 1992 Feb; 76(2):212-7. PMID: 1472169.
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    204. Feldman Z, Kanter MJ, Robertson CS, Contant CF, Hayes C, Sheinberg MA, Villareal CA, Narayan RK, Grossman RG. Effect of head elevation on intracranial pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure, and cerebral blood flow in head-injured patients. J Neurosurg. 1992 Feb; 76(2):207-11. PMID: 1730949.
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    205. Evans DF, Robertson CS, Morris DL, Ledingham SJ, Doran J, Hardcastle JD. An objective long-term evaluation of the Angelchik antireflux prosthesis. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1991 Nov; 73(6):355-60. PMID: 1759764; PMCID: PMC2499447.
    206. Robertson CS. Inflammatory cells and the hypermetabolism of head injury. J Lab Clin Med. 1991 Sep; 118(3):205. PMID: 1919292.
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    207. Feldman Z, Contant CF, Robertson CS, Narayan RK, Grossman RG. Evaluation of the Leeds prognostic score for severe head injury. Lancet. 1991 Jun 15; 337(8755):1451-3. PMID: 1675328.
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    208. Evans DF, Robertson CS, Ledingham SJ, Kapila L. Esophageal pH monitoring for gastroesophageal reflux: a United Kingdom study. J Pediatr Surg. 1991 Jun; 26(6):682-5. PMID: 1941457.
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    209. Simpson RK, Contant CF, Fischer DK, Cech DA, Robertson CS, Narayan RK. The influence of diabetes mellitus on outcome from subarachnoid hemorrhage. Diabetes Res. 1991 Apr; 16(4):165-9. PMID: 1802482.
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    210. Robertson CS, Simpson RK. Neurophysiologic monitoring of patients with head injuries. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1991 Apr; 2(2):285-99. PMID: 1821742.
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    211. Simpson RK, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Segmental release of amino acid neurotransmitters from transcranial stimulation. Neurochem Res. 1991 Jan; 16(1):89-94. PMID: 1675777.
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    212. Robertson CS, Goodman JC, Narayan RK, Contant CF, Grossman RG. The effect of glucose administration on carbohydrate metabolism after head injury. J Neurosurg. 1991 Jan; 74(1):43-50. PMID: 1984505.
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    213. Simpson RK, Contant CF, Fischer DK, Cech DA, Robertson CS, Narayan RK. Epidemiological characteristics of subarachnoid hemorrhage in an urban population. J Clin Epidemiol. 1991; 44(7):641-8. PMID: 2066744.
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    214. Simpson RK, Robertson CS, Goodman JC, Halter JA. Recovery of amino acid neurotransmitters from the spinal cord during posterior epidural stimulation: a preliminary study. J Am Paraplegia Soc. 1991 Jan; 14(1):3-8. PMID: 1673708.
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    215. Simpson RK, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Release of segmental amino acid neurotransmitters in response to peripheral afferent and motor cortex stimulation: a pilot study. Life Sci. 1991; 49(17):PL113-8. PMID: 1682779.
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    216. Goodman JC, Robertson CS, Grossman RG, Narayan RK. Elevation of tumor necrosis factor in head injury. J Neuroimmunol. 1990 Dec; 30(2-3):213-7. PMID: 2229409.
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    217. Simpson RK, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Spinal cord ischemia-induced elevation of amino acids: extracellular measurement with microdialysis. Neurochem Res. 1990 Jun; 15(6):635-9. PMID: 1977091.
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    218. Crutchfield JS, Narayan RK, Robertson CS, Michael LH. Evaluation of a fiberoptic intracranial pressure monitor. J Neurosurg. 1990 Mar; 72(3):482-7. PMID: 2303881.
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    219. Kanter MJ, Robertson CS. Measurement of intracranial pressure. Intensive Care World. 1990 Mar; 7(1):16-9. PMID: 10148193.
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    220. Simpson RK, Fischer DK, Narayan RK, Cech DA, Robertson CS. Intravenous cocaine abuse and subarachnoid haemorrhage: effect on outcome. Br J Neurosurg. 1990; 4(1):27-30. PMID: 2334523.
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    221. Robertson CS, Goodman JC, Grossman RG, Priessman A. Reduction in spinal cord postischemic lactic acidosis and functional improvement with dichloroacetate. J Neurotrauma. 1990; 7(1):1-12. PMID: 2342114.
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    222. Robertson CS, Narayan RK, Contant CF, Grossman RG, Gokaslan ZL, Pahwa R, Caram P, Bray RS, Sherwood AM. Clinical experience with a continuous monitor of intracranial compliance. J Neurosurg. 1989 Nov; 71(5 Pt 1):673-80. PMID: 2681566.
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    223. Robertson CS, Ledingham SJ, Cooper SM, Evans DF. A double-blind dose ranging study of BRL 24924 and metoclopramide on lower oesophageal sphincter pressure in healthy volunteers. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1989 Sep; 28(3):323-7. PMID: 2789926; PMCID: PMC1379951.
    224. Robertson CS, Hardy JG, Atkinson M. Quantitative assessment of the response to therapy in achalasia of the cardia. Gut. 1989 Jun; 30(6):768-73. PMID: 2753399; PMCID: PMC1434143.
    225. Simpson RK, Robertson CS, Goodman JC. Alterations in the corticomotor evoked potential following spinal cord ischemia. J Neurosci Methods. 1989 Jun; 28(3):171-8. PMID: 2755175.
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    226. Robertson CS, Narayan RK, Gokaslan ZL, Pahwa R, Grossman RG, Caram P, Allen E. Cerebral arteriovenous oxygen difference as an estimate of cerebral blood flow in comatose patients. J Neurosurg. 1989 Feb; 70(2):222-30. PMID: 2913221.
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    227. Clifton GL, Robertson CS, Grossman RG. Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to severe head injury. Neurosurg Rev. 1989; 12 Suppl 1:465-73. PMID: 2812417.
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    228. Atkinson M, Robertson CS. Benign oesophageal stricture in Barrett's columnar epithelialised oesophagus and its responsiveness to conservative management. Gut. 1988 Dec; 29(12):1721-4. PMID: 3220313; PMCID: PMC1434098.
    229. Robertson CS, Clifton GL, Grossman RG, Ou CN, Goodman JC, Borum P, Bejot S, Barrodale P. Alterations in cerebral availability of metabolic substrates after severe head injury. J Trauma. 1988 Nov; 28(11):1523-32. PMID: 3184214.
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    230. Robertson CS, Hardy JG. Oesophageal transit of small tablets. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1988 Aug; 40(8):595-6. PMID: 2907022.
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    231. Robertson CS, Grossman RG. Protection against spinal cord ischemia with insulin-induced hypoglycemia. J Neurosurg. 1987 Nov; 67(5):739-44. PMID: 3312514.
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    232. Robertson CS, Grossman RG, Goodman JC, Narayan RK. The predictive value of cerebral anaerobic metabolism with cerebral infarction after head injury. J Neurosurg. 1987 Sep; 67(3):361-8. PMID: 3612268.
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    233. Atkinson M, Ogilvie AL, Robertson CS, Smart HL. Vagal function in achalasia of the cardia. Q J Med. 1987 Apr; 63(240):297-303. PMID: 3685243.
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    234. Clifton GL, Robertson CS, Choi SC. Assessment of nutritional requirements of head-injured patients. J Neurosurg. 1986 Jun; 64(6):895-901. PMID: 3701439.
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    235. Robertson CS, Foltz R, Grossman RG, Goodman JC. Protection against experimental ischemic spinal cord injury. J Neurosurg. 1986 Apr; 64(4):633-42. PMID: 3950746.
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    236. Robertson CS, Clifton GL, Goodman JC. Steroid administration and nitrogen excretion in the head-injured patient. J Neurosurg. 1985 Nov; 63(5):714-8. PMID: 4056873.
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    237. Clifton GL, Robertson CS, Contant CF. Enteral hyperalimentation in head injury. J Neurosurg. 1985 Feb; 62(2):186-93. PMID: 3918145.
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    238. Robertson CS, Clifton GL, Grossman RG. Oxygen utilization and cardiovascular function in head-injured patients. Neurosurgery. 1984 Sep; 15(3):307-14. PMID: 6435007.
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    239. Clifton GL, Robertson CS, Grossman RG, Hodge S, Foltz R, Garza C. The metabolic response to severe head injury. J Neurosurg. 1984 Apr; 60(4):687-96. PMID: 6423780.
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    240. Robertson CS, Clifton GL, Taylor AA, Grossman RG. Treatment of hypertension associated with head injury. J Neurosurg. 1983 Sep; 59(3):455-60. PMID: 6886759.
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    241. Clifton GL, Robertson CS, Kyper K, Taylor AA, Dhekne RD, Grossman RG. Cardiovascular response to severe head injury. J Neurosurg. 1983 Sep; 59(3):447-54. PMID: 6886758.
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