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ROBERT BARNARD COUCH

TitleDistinguished Emeritus Professor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Molecular Virology & Microbiology
AddressOne Baylor Plaza
Houston TX 77030
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    Other Positions
    TitleDistinguished Emeritus Professor
    InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
    DepartmentDepartment of Medicine
    DivisionMedicine-Infectious Disease


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Franco LM, Bucasas KL, Wells JM, Niño D, Wang X, Zapata GE, Arden N, Renwick A, Yu P, Quarles JM, Bray MS, Couch RB, Belmont JW, Shaw CA. Correction: Integrative genomic analysis of the human immune response to influenza vaccination. Elife. 2016 Aug 30; 5. PMID: 27576045.
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    2. Agrawal AS, Tao X, Algaissi A, Garron T, Narayanan K, Peng BH, Couch RB, Tseng CT. Immunization with inactivated Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus vaccine leads to lung immunopathology on challenge with live virus. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2016 Sep; 12(9):2351-6. PMID: 27269431.
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    3. Tao X, Garron T, Agrawal AS, Algaissi A, Peng BH, Wakamiya M, Chan TS, Lu L, Du L, Jiang S, Couch RB, Tseng CT. Characterization and Demonstration of the Value of a Lethal Mouse Model of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection and Disease. J Virol. 2015; 90(1):57-67. PMID: 26446606.
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    4. Zhai Y, Franco LM, Atmar RL, Quarles JM, Arden N, Bucasas KL, Wells JM, Niño D, Wang X, Zapata GE, Shaw CA, Belmont JW, Couch RB. Host Transcriptional Response to Influenza and Other Acute Respiratory Viral Infections--A Prospective Cohort Study. PLoS Pathog. 2015 Jun; 11(6):e1004869. PMID: 26070066.
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    5. Agrawal AS, Garron T, Tao X, Peng BH, Wakamiya M, Chan TS, Couch RB, Tseng CT. Generation of a transgenic mouse model of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection and disease. J Virol. 2015 Apr; 89(7):3659-70. PMID: 25589660; PMCID: PMC4403411.
    6. Couch RB, Bayas JM, Caso C, Mbawuike IN, López CN, Claeys C, El Idrissi M, Hervé C, Laupèze B, Oostvogels L, Moris P. Superior antigen-specific CD4+ T-cell response with AS03-adjuvantation of a trivalent influenza vaccine in a randomised trial of adults aged 65 and older. BMC Infect Dis. 2014; 14:425. PMID: 25078387; PMCID: PMC4138369.
    7. Franco LM, Bucasas KL, Wells JM, Niño D, Wang X, Zapata GE, Arden N, Renwick A, Yu P, Quarles JM, Bray MS, Couch RB, Belmont JW, Shaw CA. Integrative genomic analysis of the human immune response to influenza vaccination. Elife. 2013; 2:e00299. PMID: 23878721; PMCID: PMC3713456.
    8. Gulati S, Smith DF, Cummings RD, Couch RB, Griesemer SB, St George K, Webster RG, Air GM. Human H3N2 Influenza Viruses Isolated from 1968 To 2012 Show Varying Preference for Receptor Substructures with No Apparent Consequences for Disease or Spread. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e66325. PMID: 23805213; PMCID: PMC3689742.
    9. Bucasas KL, Mian AI, Demmler-Harrison GJ, Caviness AC, Piedra PA, Franco LM, Shaw CA, Zhai Y, Wang X, Bray MS, Couch RB, Belmont JW. Global gene expression profiling in infants with acute respiratory syncytial virus broncholitis demonstrates systemic activation of interferon signaling networks. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013 Feb; 32(2):e68-76. PMID: 23190772.
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    10. Fouchier RA, García-Sastre A, Kawaoka Y, Barclay WS, Bouvier NM, Brown IH, Capua I, Chen H, Compans RW, Couch RB, Cox NJ, Doherty PC, Donis RO, Feldmann H, Guan Y, Katz JM, Kiselev OI, Klenk HD, Kobinger G, Liu J, Liu X, Lowen A, Mettenleiter TC, Osterhaus AD, Palese P, Peiris JS, Perez DR, Richt JA, Schultz-Cherry S, Steel J, Subbarao K, Swayne DE, Takimoto T, Tashiro M, Taubenberger JK, Thomas PG, Tripp RA, Tumpey TM, Webby RJ, Webster RG. Transmission studies resume for avian flu. Science. 2013 Feb 1; 339(6119):520-1. PMID: 23345603; PMCID: PMC3838856.
    11. Couch RB, Atmar RL, Franco LM, Quarles JM, Wells J, Arden N, Niño D, Belmont JW. Antibody correlates and predictors of immunity to naturally occurring influenza in humans and the importance of antibody to the neuraminidase. J Infect Dis. 2013 Mar 15; 207(6):974-81. PMID: 23307936; PMCID: PMC3633450.
    12. Couch RB, Decker WK, Utama B, Atmar RL, Niño D, Feng JQ, Halpert MM, Air GM. Evaluations for in vitro correlates of immunogenicity of inactivated influenza a H5, H7 and H9 vaccines in humans. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e50830. PMID: 23239987; PMCID: PMC3519816.
    13. Couch RB, Patel SM, Wade-Bowers CL, Niño D. A randomized clinical trial of an inactivated avian influenza A (H7N7) vaccine. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e49704. PMID: 23239968; PMCID: PMC3519847.
    14. Couch RB, Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Quarles JM, Wells J, Arden N, Niño D. Randomized comparative study of the serum antihemagglutinin and antineuraminidase antibody responses to six licensed trivalent influenza vaccines. Vaccine. 2012 Dec 17; 31(1):190-5. PMID: 23107591; PMCID: PMC3520601.
    15. Tseng CT, Sbrana E, Iwata-Yoshikawa N, Newman PC, Garron T, Atmar RL, Peters CJ, Couch RB. Immunization with SARS coronavirus vaccines leads to pulmonary immunopathology on challenge with the SARS virus. PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e35421. PMID: 22536382; PMCID: PMC3335060.
    16. Fouchier RA, García-Sastre A, Kawaoka Y, Barclay WS, Bouvier NM, Brown IH, Capua I, Chen H, Compans RW, Couch RB, Cox NJ, Doherty PC, Donis RO, Feldmann H, Guan Y, Katz J, Klenk HD, Kobinger G, Liu J, Liu X, Lowen A, Mettenleiter TC, Osterhaus AD, Palese P, Peiris JS, Perez DR, Richt JA, Schultz-Cherry S, Steel J, Subbarao K, Swayne DE, Takimoto T, Tashiro M, Taubenberger JK, Thomas PG, Tripp RA, Tumpey TM, Webby RJ, Webster RG. Pause on avian flu transmission research. Science. 2012 Jan 27; 335(6067):400-1. PMID: 22282787; PMCID: PMC3812248.
    17. Atmar RL, Piedra PA, Patel SM, Greenberg SB, Couch RB, Glezen WP. Picornavirus, the most common respiratory virus causing infection among patients of all ages hospitalized with acute respiratory illness. J Clin Microbiol. 2012 Feb; 50(2):506-8. PMID: 22116142; PMCID: PMC3264172.
    18. Couch RB, Atmar RL, Franco LM, Quarles JM, Niño D, Wells JM, Arden N, Cheung S, Belmont JW. Prior infections with seasonal influenza A/H1N1 virus reduced the illness severity and epidemic intensity of pandemic H1N1 influenza in healthy adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Feb 1; 54(3):311-7. PMID: 22075792; PMCID: PMC3258274.
    19. Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Quarles JM, Cate TR, Patel SM, Nino D, Wells J, Arden N, Guo K, Hill H, Couch RB. Evaluation of age-related differences in the immunogenicity of a G9 H9N2 influenza vaccine. Vaccine. 2011 Oct 19; 29(45):8066-72. PMID: 21864622; PMCID: PMC3196602.
    20. Bucasas KL, Franco LM, Shaw CA, Bray MS, Wells JM, Niño D, Arden N, Quarles JM, Couch RB, Belmont JW. Early patterns of gene expression correlate with the humoral immune response to influenza vaccination in humans. J Infect Dis. 2011 Apr 1; 203(7):921-9. PMID: 21357945; PMCID: PMC3068032.
    21. Couch RB, Davis BR. Has oseltamivir been shown to be effective for treatment of H5N1 influenza? J Infect Dis. 2010 Oct 15; 202(8):1149-51. PMID: 20831386.
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    22. Cate TR, Rayford Y, Niño D, Winokur P, Brady R, Belshe R, Chen W, Atmar RL, Couch RB. A high dosage influenza vaccine induced significantly more neuraminidase antibody than standard vaccine among elderly subjects. Vaccine. 2010 Feb 25; 28(9):2076-9. PMID: 20044052; PMCID: PMC2853016.
    23. Couch RB, Atmar RL, Cate TR, Quarles JM, Keitel WA, Arden NH, Wells J, Niño D, Wyde PR. Contrasting effects of type I interferon as a mucosal adjuvant for influenza vaccine in mice and humans. Vaccine. 2009 Aug 27; 27(39):5344-8. PMID: 19607949; PMCID: PMC2778204.
    24. Keitel WA, Atmar RL, Nino D, Cate TR, Couch RB. Increasing doses of an inactivated influenza A/H1N1 vaccine induce increasing levels of cross-reacting antibody to subsequent, antigenically different, variants. J Infect Dis. 2008 Oct 1; 198(7):1016-8. PMID: 18729777.
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    25. Couch RB. Seasonal inactivated influenza virus vaccines. Vaccine. 2008 Sep 12; 26 Suppl 4:D5-9. PMID: 18602728; PMCID: PMC2643340.
    26. Couch RB, Winokur P, Brady R, Belshe R, Chen WH, Cate TR, Sigurdardottir B, Hoeper A, Graham IL, Edelman R, He F, Nino D, Capellan J, Ruben FL. Safety and immunogenicity of a high dosage trivalent influenza vaccine among elderly subjects. Vaccine. 2007 Nov 1; 25(44):7656-63. PMID: 17913310; PMCID: PMC2243220.
    27. Mbawuike IN, Zhang Y, Couch RB. Control of mucosal virus infection by influenza nucleoprotein-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Respir Res. 2007; 8:44. PMID: 17597533; PMCID: PMC1914056.
    28. Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Cate TR, Munoz FM, Ruben F, Couch RB. A dose-response evaluation of inactivated influenza vaccine given intranasally and intramuscularly to healthy young adults. Vaccine. 2007 Jul 20; 25(29):5367-73. PMID: 17559990; PMCID: PMC2063441.
    29. Couch RB, Winokur P, Edwards KM, Black S, Atmar RL, Stapleton JT, Kissner JM, Shinefield H, Denny TN, Bybel MJ, Newman FK, Yan L. Reducing the dose of smallpox vaccine reduces vaccine-associated morbidity without reducing vaccination success rates or immune responses. J Infect Dis. 2007 Mar 15; 195(6):826-32. PMID: 17299712.
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    30. Mbawuike I, Zang Y, Couch RB. Humoral and cell-mediated immune responses of humans to inactivated influenza vaccine with or without QS21 adjuvant. Vaccine. 2007 Apr 30; 25(17):3263-9. PMID: 17280748; PMCID: PMC2017113.
    31. Feng J, Zhang M, Mozdzanowska K, Zharikova D, Hoff H, Wunner W, Couch RB, Gerhard W. Influenza A virus infection engenders a poor antibody response against the ectodomain of matrix protein 2. Virol J. 2006; 3:102. PMID: 17150104; PMCID: PMC1702354.
    32. Safdar A, Rodriguez MA, Fayad LE, Rodriguez GH, Pro B, Wang M, Romaguera JE, Goy AH, Hagemeister FB, McLaughlin P, Bodey GP, Kwak LW, Raad II, Couch RB. Dose-related safety and immunogenicity of baculovirus-expressed trivalent influenza vaccine: a double-blind, controlled trial in adult patients with non-Hodgkin B cell lymphoma. J Infect Dis. 2006 Nov 15; 194(10):1394-7. PMID: 17054068.
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    33. Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Patel SM, Katz JM, She D, El Sahly H, Pompey J, Cate TR, Couch RB. Safety and immunogenicity of nonadjuvanted and MF59-adjuvanted influenza A/H9N2 vaccine preparations. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Nov 1; 43(9):1135-42. PMID: 17029131.
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    34. Keitel WA, Atmar RL, Cate TR, Petersen NJ, Greenberg SB, Ruben F, Couch RB. Safety of high doses of influenza vaccine and effect on antibody responses in elderly persons. Arch Intern Med. 2006 May 22; 166(10):1121-7. PMID: 16717175.
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    35. Treanor JJ, Schiff GM, Couch RB, Cate TR, Brady RC, Hay CM, Wolff M, She D, Cox MM. Dose-related safety and immunogenicity of a trivalent baculovirus-expressed influenza-virus hemagglutinin vaccine in elderly adults. J Infect Dis. 2006 May 1; 193(9):1223-8. PMID: 16586358.
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    36. Woo PC, Lau SK, Wong BH, Chan KH, Hui WT, Kwan GS, Peiris JS, Couch RB, Yuen KY. False-positive results in a recombinant severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) nucleocapsid enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay due to HCoV-OC43 and HCoV-229E rectified by Western blotting with recombinant SARS-CoV spike polypeptide. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Dec; 42(12):5885-8. PMID: 15583332; PMCID: PMC535232.
    37. Couch RB. Nasal vaccination, Escherichia coli enterotoxin, and Bell's palsy. N Engl J Med. 2004 Feb 26; 350(9):860-1. PMID: 14985482.
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    38. Belshe RB, Newman FK, Frey SE, Couch RB, Treanor JJ, Tacket CO, Yan L. Dose-dependent neutralizing-antibody responses to vaccinia. J Infect Dis. 2004 Feb 1; 189(3):493-7. PMID: 14745707.
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    39. Glezen WP, Couch RB. Estimating deaths due to influenza and respiratory syncytial virus. JAMA. 2003 May 21; 289(19):2500; author reply 2500-2. PMID: 12759318.
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    40. Couch RB. An overview of serum antibody responses to influenza virus antigens. Dev Biol (Basel). 2003; 115:25-30. PMID: 15088772.
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    41. Couch RB. Challenge studies. Dev Biol (Basel). 2003; 115:119-21. PMID: 15088783.
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    42. Belshe RB, Couch RB, Glezen WP, Treanor JT. Live attenuated intranasal influenza vaccine. Vaccine. 2002 Oct 4; 20(29-30):3429-30. PMID: 12297386.
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    43. Frey SE, Couch RB, Tacket CO, Treanor JJ, Wolff M, Newman FK, Atmar RL, Edelman R, Nolan CM, Belshe RB. Clinical responses to undiluted and diluted smallpox vaccine. N Engl J Med. 2002 Apr 25; 346(17):1265-74. PMID: 11923490.
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    44. Couch RB. Influenza: prospects for control. Ann Intern Med. 2000 Dec 19; 133(12):992-8. PMID: 11119401.
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    45. Couch RB. Prevention and treatment of influenza. N Engl J Med. 2000 Dec 14; 343(24):1778-87. PMID: 11114318.
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    46. Keitel WA, Cate TR, Nino D, Huggins LL, Six HR, Quarles JM, Couch RB. Immunization against influenza: comparison of various topical and parenteral regimens containing inactivated and/or live attenuated vaccines in healthy adults. J Infect Dis. 2001 Jan 15; 183(2):329-332. PMID: 11110645.
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    47. Munoz FM, Galasso GJ, Gwaltney JM, Hayden FG, Murphy B, Webster R, Wright P, Couch RB. Current research on influenza and other respiratory viruses: II international symposium. Antiviral Res. 2000 May; 46(2):91-124. PMID: 10854663.
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    48. Glezen WP, Greenberg SB, Atmar RL, Piedra PA, Couch RB. Impact of respiratory virus infections on persons with chronic underlying conditions. JAMA. 2000 Jan 26; 283(4):499-505. PMID: 10659876.
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    49. Mbawuike IN, Fujihashi K, DiFabio S, Kawabata S, McGhee JR, Couch RB, Kiyono H. Human interleukin-12 enhances interferon-gamma-producing influenza-specific memory CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes. J Infect Dis. 1999 Nov; 180(5):1477-86. PMID: 10515806.
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    50. Couch RB. Measures for control of influenza. Pharmacoeconomics. 1999; 16 Suppl 1:41-5. PMID: 10623375.
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    51. Couch RB, Keitel WA, Cate TR. Improvement of inactivated influenza virus vaccines. J Infect Dis. 1997 Aug; 176 Suppl 1:S38-44. PMID: 9240693.
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    52. Keitel WA, Cate TR, Couch RB, Huggins LL, Hess KR. Efficacy of repeated annual immunization with inactivated influenza virus vaccines over a five year period. Vaccine. 1997 Jul; 15(10):1114-22. PMID: 9269055.
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    53. Couch RB, Englund JA, Whimbey E. Respiratory viral infections in immunocompetent and immunocompromised persons. Am J Med. 1997 Mar 17; 102(3A):2-9; discussion 25-6. PMID: 10868136.
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    54. Mbawuike IN, Acuna CL, Walz KC, Atmar RL, Greenberg SB, Couch RB. Cytokines and impaired CD8+ CTL activity among elderly persons and the enhancing effect of IL-12. Mech Ageing Dev. 1997 Mar; 94(1-3):25-39. PMID: 9147358.
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    55. Mbawuike IN, Piedra PA, Cate TR, Couch RB. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses of infants after natural infection or immunization with live cold-recombinant or inactivated influenza A virus vaccine. J Med Virol. 1996 Oct; 50(2):105-11. PMID: 8915874.
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    56. Keitel WA, Cate TR, Atmar RL, Turner CS, Nino D, Dukes CM, Six HR, Couch RB. Increasing doses of purified influenza virus hemagglutinin and subvirion vaccines enhance antibody responses in the elderly. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1996 Sep; 3(5):507-10. PMID: 8877126; PMCID: PMC170397.
    57. Atmar RL, Keitel WA, Cate TR, Quarles JM, Couch RB. Comparison of trivalent cold-adapted recombinant (CR) influenza virus vaccine with monovalent CR vaccines in healthy unselected adults. J Infect Dis. 1995 Jul; 172(1):253-7. PMID: 7797925.
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    58. Mbawuike IN, Dillion SB, Demuth SG, Jones CS, Cate TR, Couch RB. Influenza A subtype cross-protection after immunization of outbred mice with a purified chimeric NS1/HA2 influenza virus protein. Vaccine. 1994 Nov; 12(14):1340-8. PMID: 7856302.
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    59. Gill EP, Dominguez EA, Greenberg SB, Atmar RL, Hogue BG, Baxter BD, Couch RB. Development and application of an enzyme immunoassay for coronavirus OC43 antibody in acute respiratory illness. J Clin Microbiol. 1994 Oct; 32(10):2372-6. PMID: 7814468; PMCID: PMC264068.
    60. Keitel WA, Couch RB, Cate TR, Hess KR, Baxter B, Quarles JM, Atmar RL, Six HR. High doses of purified influenza A virus hemagglutinin significantly augment serum and nasal secretion antibody responses in healthy young adults. J Clin Microbiol. 1994 Oct; 32(10):2468-73. PMID: 7814484; PMCID: PMC264085.
    61. Dominguez EA, Taber LH, Couch RB. Comparison of rapid diagnostic techniques for respiratory syncytial and influenza A virus respiratory infections in young children. J Clin Microbiol. 1993 Sep; 31(9):2286-90. PMID: 8408545; PMCID: PMC265748.
    62. Couch RB. Advances in influenza virus vaccine research. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1993 Jun 23; 685:803-12. PMID: 8363288.
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    63. Keitel WA, Couch RB, Quarles JM, Cate TR, Baxter B, Maassab HF. Trivalent attenuated cold-adapted influenza virus vaccine: reduced viral shedding and serum antibody responses in susceptible adults. J Infect Dis. 1993 Feb; 167(2):305-11. PMID: 8421165.
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    64. Mbawuike IN, Lange AR, Couch RB. Diminished influenza A virus-specific MHC class I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte activity among elderly persons. Viral Immunol. 1993; 6(1):55-64. PMID: 8476508.
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    65. Keitel W, Couch R, Bond N, Adair S, Van Nest G, Dekker C. Pilot evaluation of influenza virus vaccine (IVV) combined with adjuvant. Vaccine. 1993; 11(9):909-13. PMID: 8212835.
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    66. Glezen WP, Keitel WA, Taber LH, Piedra PA, Clover RD, Couch RB. Age distribution of patients with medically-attended illnesses caused by sequential variants of influenza A/H1N1: comparison to age-specific infection rates, 1978-1989. Am J Epidemiol. 1991 Feb 1; 133(3):296-304. PMID: 2000847.
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    67. Atmar RL, Greenberg SB, Quarles JM, Wilson SZ, Tyler B, Feldman S, Couch RB. Safety and pharmacokinetics of rimantadine small-particle aerosol. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1990 Nov; 34(11):2228-33. PMID: 2073113; PMCID: PMC172027.
    68. Atmar RL, Bloom K, Keitel W, Couch RB, Greenberg SB. Effect of live attenuated, cold recombinant (CR) influenza virus vaccines on pulmonary function in healthy and asthmatic adults. Vaccine. 1990 Jun; 8(3):217-24. PMID: 2194380.
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    69. Gruber WC, Taber LH, Glezen WP, Clover RD, Abell TD, Demmler RW, Couch RB. Live attenuated and inactivated influenza vaccine in school-age children. Am J Dis Child. 1990 May; 144(5):595-600. PMID: 2330929.
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    70. Mbawuike IN, Six HR, Cate TR, Couch RB. Vaccination with inactivated influenza A virus during pregnancy protects neonatal mice against lethal challenge by influenza A viruses representing three subtypes. J Virol. 1990 Mar; 64(3):1370-4. PMID: 2304146; PMCID: PMC249259.
    71. Keitel WA, Couch RB, Cate TR, Six HR, Baxter BD. Cold recombinant influenza B/Texas/1/84 vaccine virus (CRB 87): attenuation, immunogenicity, and efficacy against homotypic challenge. J Infect Dis. 1990 Jan; 161(1):22-6. PMID: 2153185.
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    72. Keitel WA, Cate TR, Couch RB. Efficacy of sequential annual vaccination with inactivated influenza virus vaccine. Am J Epidemiol. 1988 Feb; 127(2):353-64. PMID: 3337087.
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    73. Knight V, Fedson D, Baldini J, Douglas RG, Couch RB. Amantadine therapy of epidemic influenza a(2) (Hong Kong). Infect Immun. 1970 Feb; 1(2):200-4. PMID: 16557714.
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