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WILLIAM E BROWNELL

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
AddressOne Baylor Plaza, NA 102
Houston TX 77030
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    Other Positions
    TitleProfessor
    InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
    DepartmentDepartment of Molecular Physiology & Biophysics
    DivisionMolecular Physiology & Biophysics

    TitleProfessor
    InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
    DepartmentDepartment of Neuroscience
    DivisionNeuroscience


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Seymour ML, Rajagopalan L, Duret G, Volk MJ, Liu H, Brownell WE, Pereira FA. Membrane prestin expression correlates with the magnitude of prestin-associated charge movement. Hear Res. 2016 Jun 1; 339:50-59. PMID: 27262187.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Araya M, Brownell WE. Nanotechnology in Auditory Research: Membrane Electromechanics in Hearing. Methods Mol Biol. 2016; 1427:349-62. PMID: 27259937.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Harland B, Lee WH, Brownell WE, Sun SX, Spector AA. The potential and electric field in the cochlear outer hair cell membrane. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2015 May; 53(5):405-13. PMID: 25687712; PMCID: PMC4823141.
    4. Powers RJ, Kulason S, Atilgan E, Brownell WE, Sun SX, Barr-Gillespie PG, Spector AA. The local forces acting on the mechanotransduction channel in hair cell stereocilia. Biophys J. 2014 Jun 3; 106(11):2519-28. PMID: 24896132; PMCID: PMC4052279.
    5. Khatibzadeh N, Spector AA, Brownell WE, Anvari B. Effects of plasma membrane cholesterol level and cytoskeleton F-actin on cell protrusion mechanics. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e57147. PMID: 23451167; PMCID: PMC3579816.
    6. Farrell B, Qian F, Kolomeisky A, Anvari B, Brownell WE. Measuring forces at the leading edge: a force assay for cell motility. Integr Biol (Camb). 2013 Jan; 5(1):204-14. PMID: 23080534; PMCID: PMC3529002.
    7. Khatibzadeh N, Gupta S, Farrell B, Brownell WE, Anvari B. Effects of cholesterol on nano-mechanical properties of the living cell plasma membrane. Soft Matter. 2012; 8(32):8350-8360. PMID: 23227105.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Corbitt C, Farinelli F, Brownell WE, Farrell B. Tonotopic relationships reveal the charge density varies along the lateral wall of outer hair cells. Biophys J. 2012 Jun 20; 102(12):2715-24. PMID: 22735521; PMCID: PMC3379021.
    9. Roy S, Brownell WE, Spector AA. Modeling electrically active viscoelastic membranes. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e37667. PMID: 22701528; PMCID: PMC3365126.
    10. Lau C, Brownell WE, Spector AA. Internal forces, tension and energy density in tethered cellular membranes. J Biomech. 2012 Apr 30; 45(7):1328-31. PMID: 22342157.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Powers RJ, Roy S, Atilgan E, Brownell WE, Sun SX, Gillespie PG, Spector AA. Stereocilia membrane deformation: implications for the gating spring and mechanotransduction channel. Biophys J. 2012 Jan 18; 102(2):201-10. PMID: 22339856; PMCID: PMC3260783.
    12. Hakizimana P, Brownell WE, Jacob S, Fridberger A. Sound-induced length changes in outer hair cell stereocilia. Nat Commun. 2012; 3:1094. PMID: 23033070; PMCID: PMC3594849.
    13. Rabbitt RD, Brownell WE. Efferent modulation of hair cell function. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011 Oct; 19(5):376-81. PMID: 22552698; PMCID: PMC3343276.
    14. Brownell WE, Jacob S, Hakizimana P, Ulfendahl M, Fridberger A. Membrane cholesterol modulates cochlear electromechanics. Pflugers Arch. 2011 Jun; 461(6):677-86. PMID: 21373862; PMCID: PMC3098987.
    15. Nilsen N, Brownell WE, Sun SX, Spector AA. Effect of membrane mechanics on charge transfer by the membrane protein prestin. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2012 Jan; 11(1-2):107-18. PMID: 21365198; PMCID: PMC3158267.
    16. Brownell WE, Qian F, Anvari B. Cell membrane tethers generate mechanical force in response to electrical stimulation. Biophys J. 2010 Aug 4; 99(3):845-52. PMID: 20682262; PMCID: PMC3297770.
    17. Ashmore J, Avan P, Brownell WE, Dallos P, Dierkes K, Fettiplace R, Grosh K, Hackney CM, Hudspeth AJ, J├╝licher F, Lindner B, Martin P, Meaud J, Petit C, Santos-Sacchi J, Sacchi JR, Canlon B. The remarkable cochlear amplifier. Hear Res. 2010 Jul; 266(1-2):1-17. PMID: 20541061.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Harland B, Brownell WE, Spector AA, Sun SX. Voltage-induced bending and electromechanical coupling in lipid bilayers. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2010 Mar; 81(3 Pt 1):031907. PMID: 20365770.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Rajagopalan L, Organ-Darling LE, Liu H, Davidson AL, Raphael RM, Brownell WE, Pereira FA. Glycosylation regulates prestin cellular activity. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol. 2010 Mar; 11(1):39-51. PMID: 19898896; PMCID: PMC2820205.
    20. Brownell WE. WITHDRAWN: Membrane-based amplification in hearing. Hear Res. 2009 Oct 7. PMID: 19818390.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Schumacher KR, Popel AS, Anvari B, Brownell WE, Spector AA. Computational analysis of the tether-pulling experiment to probe plasma membrane-cytoskeleton interaction in cells. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2009 Oct; 80(4 Pt 1):041905. PMID: 19905340.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Gliko O, Saggau P, Brownell WE. Compartmentalization of the outer hair cell demonstrated by slow diffusion in the extracisternal space. Biophys J. 2009 Aug 19; 97(4):1215-24. PMID: 19686670; PMCID: PMC2726316.
    23. Rabbitt RD, Clifford S, Breneman KD, Farrell B, Brownell WE. Power efficiency of outer hair cell somatic electromotility. PLoS Comput Biol. 2009 Jul; 5(7):e1000444. PMID: 19629162; PMCID: PMC2705677.
    24. Sun SX, Farrell B, Chana MS, Oster G, Brownell WE, Spector AA. Voltage and frequency dependence of prestin-associated charge transfer. J Theor Biol. 2009 Sep 7; 260(1):137-44. PMID: 19490917; PMCID: PMC2753271.
    25. Breneman KD, Brownell WE, Rabbitt RD. Hair cell bundles: flexoelectric motors of the inner ear. PLoS One. 2009; 4(4):e5201. PMID: 19384413; PMCID: PMC2668172.
    26. Gliko O, Brownell WE, Saggau P. Fast two-dimensional standing-wave total-internal-reflection fluorescence microscopy using acousto-optic deflectors. Opt Lett. 2009 Mar 15; 34(6):836-8. PMID: 19282949.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Rajagopalan L, Pereira FA, Lichtarge O, Brownell WE. Identification of functionally important residues/domains in membrane proteins using an evolutionary approach coupled with systematic mutational analysis. Methods Mol Biol. 2009; 493:287-97. PMID: 18839354; PMCID: PMC2673147.
    28. Sfondouris J, Rajagopalan L, Pereira FA, Brownell WE. Membrane composition modulates prestin-associated charge movement. J Biol Chem. 2008 Aug 15; 283(33):22473-81. PMID: 18567583; PMCID: PMC2504877.
    29. Schumacher KR, Popel AS, Anvari B, Brownell WE, Spector AA. Modeling the mechanics of tethers pulled from the cochlear outer hair cell membrane. J Biomech Eng. 2008 Jun; 130(3):031007. PMID: 18532856.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Brownell WE. Poking versus deflection: anisotropy in action. Biophys J. 2008 Jun; 94(11):4157-8. PMID: 18310236; PMCID: PMC2480671.
    31. Rajagopalan L, Greeson JN, Xia A, Liu H, Sturm A, Raphael RM, Davidson AL, Oghalai JS, Pereira FA, Brownell WE. Tuning of the outer hair cell motor by membrane cholesterol. J Biol Chem. 2007 Dec 14; 282(50):36659-70. PMID: 17933870; PMCID: PMC2679373.
    32. Liao Z, Feng S, Popel AS, Brownell WE, Spector AA. Outer hair cell active force generation in the cochlear environment. J Acoust Soc Am. 2007 Oct; 122(4):2215-25. PMID: 17902857.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Zhang R, Qian F, Rajagopalan L, Pereira FA, Brownell WE, Anvari B. Prestin modulates mechanics and electromechanical force of the plasma membrane. Biophys J. 2007 Jul 1; 93(1):L07-9. PMID: 17468166; PMCID: PMC1914414.
    34. Zhi M, Ratnanather JT, Ceyhan E, Popel AS, Brownell WE. Hypotonic swelling of salicylate-treated cochlear outer hair cells. Hear Res. 2007 Jun; 228(1-2):95-104. PMID: 17400411; PMCID: PMC2041888.
    35. Sturm AK, Rajagopalan L, Yoo D, Brownell WE, Pereira FA. Functional expression and microdomain localization of prestin in cultured cells. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Mar; 136(3):434-9. PMID: 17321873; PMCID: PMC2679365.
    36. Anvari B, Zhang R, Qian F, Rajagopalan L, Pereira FA, Brownell WE. Effects of prestin on membrane mechanics and electromechanics. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2007; 2007:5384-6. PMID: 18003225.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Rajagopalan L, Patel N, Madabushi S, Goddard JA, Anjan V, Lin F, Shope C, Farrell B, Lichtarge O, Davidson AL, Brownell WE, Pereira FA. Essential helix interactions in the anion transporter domain of prestin revealed by evolutionary trace analysis. J Neurosci. 2006 Dec 6; 26(49):12727-34. PMID: 17151276; PMCID: PMC2675645.
    38. Gliko O, Reddy GD, Anvari B, Brownell WE, Saggau P. Standing wave total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy to measure the size of nanostructures in living cells. J Biomed Opt. 2006 Nov-Dec; 11(6):064013. PMID: 17212536.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Evans MB, Tonini R, Shope CD, Oghalai JS, Jerger JF, Insull W, Brownell WE. Dyslipidemia and auditory function. Otol Neurotol. 2006 Aug; 27(5):609-14. PMID: 16868509; PMCID: PMC3607507.
    40. Farrell B, Do Shope C, Brownell WE. Voltage-dependent capacitance of human embryonic kidney cells. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2006 Apr; 73(4 Pt 1):041930. PMID: 16711859; PMCID: PMC2778024.
    41. Nakagawa T, Oghalai JS, Saggau P, Rabbitt RD, Brownell WE. Photometric recording of transmembrane potential in outer hair cells. J Neural Eng. 2006 Jun; 3(2):79-86. PMID: 16705263; PMCID: PMC2716392.
    42. de Monvel JB, Brownell WE, Ulfendahl M. Lateral diffusion anisotropy and membrane lipid/skeleton interaction in outer hair cells. Biophys J. 2006 Jul 1; 91(1):364-81. PMID: 16603502; PMCID: PMC1479061.
    43. Ermilov SA, Murdock DR, Qian F, Brownell WE, Anvari B. Studies of plasma membrane mechanics and plasma membrane-cytoskeleton interactions using optical tweezers and fluorescence imaging. J Biomech. 2007; 40(2):476-80. PMID: 16500663.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Liao Z, Popel AS, Brownell WE, Spector AA. Effect of voltage-dependent membrane properties on active force generation in cochlear outer hair cell. J Acoust Soc Am. 2005 Dec; 118(6):3737-46. PMID: 16419818.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Miller JH, Nawarathna D, Warmflash D, Pereira FA, Brownell WE. Dielectric properties of yeast cells expressed with the motor protein prestin. J Biol Phys. 2005 Dec; 31(3-4):465-75. PMID: 23345911; PMCID: PMC3456335.
    46. Liao Z, Popel AS, Brownell WE, Spector AA. High-frequency force generation in the constrained cochlear outer hair cell: a model study. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol. 2005 Dec; 6(4):378-89. PMID: 16237583; PMCID: PMC2504621.
    47. Murdock DR, Ermilov SA, Spector AA, Popel AS, Brownell WE, Anvari B. Effects of chlorpromazine on mechanical properties of the outer hair cell plasma membrane. Biophys J. 2005 Dec; 89(6):4090-5. PMID: 16199506; PMCID: PMC1366974.
    48. Spector AA, Popel AS, Eatock RA, Brownell WE. Mechanosensitive channels in the lateral wall can enhance the cochlear outer hair cell frequency response. Ann Biomed Eng. 2005 Aug; 33(8):991-1002. PMID: 16133908.
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    49. Ermilov SA, Murdock DR, El-Daye D, Brownell WE, Anvari B. Effects of salicylate on plasma membrane mechanics. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Sep; 94(3):2105-10. PMID: 15958599.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Liao Z, Popel AS, Brownell WE, Spector AA. Modeling high-frequency electromotility of cochlear outer hair cell in microchamber experiment. J Acoust Soc Am. 2005 Apr; 117(4 Pt 1):2147-57. PMID: 15898656.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Anvari B, Qian F, Pereira F, Brownell W. High frequency electrically-induced force generation by cellular plasma membranes. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2005; 1:1055-7. PMID: 17282369.
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    52. Rabbitt RD, Ayliffe HE, Christensen D, Pamarthy K, Durney C, Clifford S, Brownell WE. Evidence of piezoelectric resonance in isolated outer hair cells. Biophys J. 2005 Mar; 88(3):2257-65. PMID: 15613632; PMCID: PMC1305275.
    53. Weitzel EK, Tasker R, Brownell WE. Outer hair cell piezoelectricity: frequency response enhancement and resonance behavior. J Acoust Soc Am. 2003 Sep; 114(3):1462-6. PMID: 14514199; PMCID: PMC2828812.
    54. Spector AA, Brownell WE, Popel AS. Effect of outer hair cell piezoelectricity on high-frequency receptor potentials. J Acoust Soc Am. 2003 Jan; 113(1):453-61. PMID: 12558282.
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    55. Wang X, Su H, Copenhagen LD, Vaishnav S, Pieri F, Shope CD, Brownell WE, De Biasi M, Paylor R, Bradley A. Urocortin-deficient mice display normal stress-induced anxiety behavior and autonomic control but an impaired acoustic startle response. Mol Cell Biol. 2002 Sep; 22(18):6605-10. PMID: 12192058; PMCID: PMC135620.
    56. Morimoto N, Raphael RM, Nygren A, Brownell WE. Excess plasma membrane and effects of ionic amphipaths on mechanics of outer hair cell lateral wall. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2002 May; 282(5):C1076-86. PMID: 11940523.
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    57. Li Z, Anvari B, Takashima M, Brecht P, Torres JH, Brownell WE. Membrane tether formation from outer hair cells with optical tweezers. Biophys J. 2002 Mar; 82(3):1386-95. PMID: 11867454; PMCID: PMC1301940.
    58. Lue AJ, Zhao HB, Brownell WE. Chlorpromazine alters outer hair cell electromotility. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001 Jul; 125(1):71-6. PMID: 11458218.
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    59. Brownell WE, Spector AA, Raphael RM, Popel AS. Micro- and nanomechanics of the cochlear outer hair cell. Annu Rev Biomed Eng. 2001; 3:169-94. PMID: 11447061.
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    60. Liu M, Pereira FA, Price SD, Chu MJ, Shope C, Himes D, Eatock RA, Brownell WE, Lysakowski A, Tsai MJ. Essential role of BETA2/NeuroD1 in development of the vestibular and auditory systems. Genes Dev. 2000 Nov 15; 14(22):2839-54. PMID: 11090132; PMCID: PMC317056.
    61. Kakehata S, Dallos P, Brownell WE, Iwasa KH, Kachar B, Kalinec F, Ikeda K, Takasaka T. Current concept of outer hair cell motility. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2000 Oct; 27(4):349-55. PMID: 10996495.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Raphael RM, Popel AS, Brownell WE. A membrane bending model of outer hair cell electromotility. Biophys J. 2000 Jun; 78(6):2844-62. PMID: 10827967; PMCID: PMC1300872.
    63. Ratnanather JT, Popel AS, Brownell WE. An analysis of the hydraulic conductivity of the extracisternal space of the cochlear outer hair cell. J Math Biol. 2000 Apr; 40(4):372-82. PMID: 10853798.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Oghalai JS, Zhao HB, Kutz JW, Brownell WE. Voltage- and tension-dependent lipid mobility in the outer hair cell plasma membrane. Science. 2000 Jan 28; 287(5453):658-61. PMID: 10650000; PMCID: PMC1976274.
    65. Oghalai JS, Holt JR, Nakagawa T, Jung TM, Coker NJ, Jenkins HA, Eatock RA, Brownell WE. Harvesting human hair cells. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2000 Jan; 109(1):9-16. PMID: 10651405.
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    66. Lue AJ, Brownell WE. Salicylate induced changes in outer hair cell lateral wall stiffness. Hear Res. 1999 Sep; 135(1-2):163-8. PMID: 10491964.
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    67. Oghalai JS, Tran TD, Raphael RM, Nakagawa T, Brownell WE. Transverse and lateral mobility in outer hair cell lateral wall membranes. Hear Res. 1999 Sep; 135(1-2):19-28. PMID: 10491950.
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    68. Spector AA, Brownell WE, Popel AS. Nonlinear active force generation by cochlear outer hair cell. J Acoust Soc Am. 1999 Apr; 105(4):2414-20. PMID: 10212422.
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    69. Spector AA, Brownell WE, Popel AS. Mechanical and electromotile characteristics of auditory outer hair cells. Med Biol Eng Comput. 1999 Mar; 37(2):247-51. PMID: 10396830.
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    70. Chen AY, Brownell WE. Effect of temperature on lateral wall mechanics of the guinea pig outer hair cell. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999 Jan; 120(1):46-50. PMID: 9914548.
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    71. Nguyen TV, Brownell WE. Contribution of membrane cholesterol to outer hair cell lateral wall stiffness. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1998 Jul; 119(1):14-20. PMID: 9674509.
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    72. Oghalai JS, Holt JR, Nakagawa T, Jung TM, Coker NJ, Jenkins HA, Eatock RA, Brownell WE. Ionic currents and electromotility in inner ear hair cells from humans. J Neurophysiol. 1998 Apr; 79(4):2235-9. PMID: 9535985.
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    73. Spector AA, Brownell WE, Popel AS. Analysis of the micropipet experiment with the anisotropic outer hair cell wall. J Acoust Soc Am. 1998 Feb; 103(2):1001-6. PMID: 9479753.
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    74. Spector AA, Brownell WE, Popel AS. Estimation of elastic moduli and bending stiffness of the anisotropic outer hair cell wall. J Acoust Soc Am. 1998 Feb; 103(2):1007-11. PMID: 9479754.
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    75. Oghalai JS, Patel AA, Nakagawa T, Brownell WE. Fluorescence-imaged microdeformation of the outer hair cell lateral wall. J Neurosci. 1998 Jan 1; 18(1):48-58. PMID: 9412485.
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    76. Spector AA, Brownell WE, Popel AS. Elastic properties of the composite outer hair cell wall. Ann Biomed Eng. 1998 Jan-Feb; 26(1):157-65. PMID: 10355560.
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    77. Halter JA, Kruger RP, Yium MJ, Brownell WE. The influence of the subsurface cisterna on the electrical properties of the outer hair cell. Neuroreport. 1997 Jul 28; 8(11):2517-21. PMID: 9261819.
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    78. Sit PS, Spector AA, Lue AJ, Popel AS, Brownell WE. Micropipette aspiration on the outer hair cell lateral wall. Biophys J. 1997 Jun; 72(6):2812-9. PMID: 9168055; PMCID: PMC1184477.
    79. Jerry RA, Popel AS, Brownell WE. Potential distribution for a spheroidal cell having a conductive membrane in an electric field. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 1996 Sep; 43(9):970-2. PMID: 9214813.
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    80. Spector AA, Brownell WE, Popel AS. A model for cochlear outer hair cell deformations in micropipette aspiration experiments: an analytical solution. Ann Biomed Eng. 1996 Jul-Aug; 24(4):241-9. PMID: 8841728.
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    81. Ratnanather JT, Zhi M, Brownell WE, Popel AS. Measurements and a model of the outer hair cell hydraulic conductivity. Hear Res. 1996 Jul; 96(1-2):33-40. PMID: 8817304.
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    82. Ratnanather JT, Zhi M, Brownell WE, Popel AS. The ratio of elastic moduli of cochlear outer hair cells derived from osmotic experiments. J Acoust Soc Am. 1996 Feb; 99(2):1025-8. PMID: 8609285.
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    83. Chu S, Brownell WE, Montrose MH. Quantitative confocal imaging along the crypt-to-surface axis of colonic crypts. Am J Physiol. 1995 Dec; 269(6 Pt 1):C1557-64. PMID: 8572186.
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    84. Jerry RA, Popel AS, Brownell WE. Outer hair cell length changes in an external electric field. II. The role of electrokinetic forces on the cell surface. J Acoust Soc Am. 1995 Oct; 98(4):2011-7. PMID: 7593923.
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    85. Jerry RA, Popel AS, Brownell WE. Outer hair cell length changes in an external electric field. I. The role of intracellular electro-osmotically generated pressure gradients. J Acoust Soc Am. 1995 Oct; 98(4):2000-10. PMID: 7593922.
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    86. Witt CM, Hu HY, Brownell WE, Bertrand D. Physiologically silent sodium channels in mammalian outer hair cells. J Neurophysiol. 1994 Aug; 72(2):1037-40. PMID: 7983511.
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    87. Chertoff ME, Brownell WE. Characterization of cochlear outer hair cell turgor. Am J Physiol. 1994 Feb; 266(2 Pt 1):C467-79. PMID: 8141262.
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    88. Pollice PA, Brownell WE. Characterization of the outer hair cell's lateral wall membranes. Hear Res. 1993 Nov; 70(2):187-96. PMID: 8294263.
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    89. Clerici WJ, Chertoff ME, Brownell WE, Fechter LD. In vitro organotin administration alters guinea pig cochlear outer hair cell shape and viability. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1993 Jun; 120(2):193-202. PMID: 8511788.
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    90. Zidanic M, Brownell WE. Fine structure of the intracochlear potential field. II. Tone-evoked waveforms and cochlear microphonics. J Neurophysiol. 1992 Jan; 67(1):108-24. PMID: 1552313.
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    91. Dieler R, Shehata-Dieler WE, Brownell WE. Concomitant salicylate-induced alterations of outer hair cell subsurface cisternae and electromotility. J Neurocytol. 1991 Aug; 20(8):637-53. PMID: 1940979.
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    92. Shehata WE, Brownell WE, Dieler R. Effects of salicylate on shape, electromotility and membrane characteristics of isolated outer hair cells from guinea pig cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol. 1991; 111(4):707-18. PMID: 1950533.
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    93. Salzer SJ, Mattox DE, Brownell WE. Cochlear damage and increased threshold in alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) treated guinea pigs. Hear Res. 1990 Jun; 46(1-2):101-12. PMID: 2116404.
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    94. Zidanic M, Brownell WE. Fine structure of the intracochlear potential field. I. The silent current. Biophys J. 1990 Jun; 57(6):1253-68. PMID: 2393707; PMCID: PMC1280835.
    95. Spirou GA, Brownell WE, Zidanic M. Recordings from cat trapezoid body and HRP labeling of globular bushy cell axons. J Neurophysiol. 1990 May; 63(5):1169-90. PMID: 2358868.
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    96. Brownell WE. Outer hair cell electromotility and otoacoustic emissions. Ear Hear. 1990 Apr; 11(2):82-92. PMID: 2187727; PMCID: PMC2796234.
    97. Jansen C, Mattox DE, Miller KD, Brownell WE. An animal model of hearing loss from alpha-difluoromethylornithine. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1989 Oct; 115(10):1234-7. PMID: 2506912.
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    98. Gil-Loyzaga P, Brownell WE. Wheat germ agglutinin and Helix pomatia agglutinin lectin binding on cochlear hair cells. Hear Res. 1988 Jul 15; 34(2):149-55. PMID: 3170357.
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    99. Kachar B, Brownell WE, Altschuler R, Fex J. Electrokinetic shape changes of cochlear outer hair cells. Nature. 1986 Jul 24-30; 322(6077):365-8. PMID: 3736662.
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    100. Siegel JH, Brownell WE. Synaptic and Golgi membrane recycling in cochlear hair cells. J Neurocytol. 1986 Jun; 15(3):311-28. PMID: 3746347.
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    101. Brownell WE, Bader CR, Bertrand D, de Ribaupierre Y. Evoked mechanical responses of isolated cochlear outer hair cells. Science. 1985 Jan 11; 227(4683):194-6. PMID: 3966153.
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    102. Brownell WE. Microscopic observation of cochlear hair cell motility. Scan Electron Microsc. 1984; (Pt 3):1401-6. PMID: 6505622.
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    103. Manis PB, Brownell WE. Synaptic organization of eighth nerve afferents to cat dorsal cochlear nucleus. J Neurophysiol. 1983 Nov; 50(5):1156-81. PMID: 6644365.
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    104. Brownell WE, Manis PB, Zidanic M, Spirou GA. Acoustically evoked radial current densities in scala tympani. J Acoust Soc Am. 1983 Sep; 74(3):792-800. PMID: 6630736.
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    105. Brownell WE. Cochlear transduction: an integrative model and review. Hear Res. 1982 Apr; 6(3):335-60. PMID: 6282796; PMCID: PMC2774767.
    106. Ritz LA, Brownell WE. Single unit analysis of the posteroventral cochlear nucleus of the decerebrate cat. Neuroscience. 1982; 7(8):1995-2010. PMID: 7133408.
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    107. Siegel JH, Brownell WE. Presynaptic bodies in outer hair cells of the chinchilla organ of Corti. Brain Res. 1981 Sep 7; 220(1):188-93. PMID: 7272751.
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    108. Brownell WE, Manis PB, Ritz LA. Ipsilateral inhibitory responses in the cat lateral superior olive. Brain Res. 1979 Nov 9; 177(1):189-93. PMID: 497821; PMCID: PMC2776055.
    109. Crandall JE, Heaton MB, Brownell WE. Tectal projection of displaced ganglion cells in avian retina. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1977 Aug; 16(8):774-6. PMID: 885687.
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    110. Brownell WE, Fleshman JW, Karlan MS. Inner and outer hair cells, differential uptake of horseradish peroxidase: a preliminary report. Trans Sect Otolaryngol Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol. 1977 Mar-Apr; 84(2):414-7. PMID: 898511.
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    111. Young ED, Brownell WE. Responses to tones and noise of single cells in dorsal cochlear nucleus of unanesthetized cats. J Neurophysiol. 1976 Mar; 39(2):282-300. PMID: 1255224.
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    112. Brownell WE. Organization of the cat trapezoid body and the discharge characteristics of its fibers. Brain Res. 1975 Sep 5; 94(3):413-33. PMID: 1156852.
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    113. Goldberg JM, Brownell WE. Discharge characteristics of neurons in anteroventral and dorsal cochlear nuclei of cat. Brain Res. 1973 Dec 21; 64:35-54. PMID: 4360881.
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