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STEPHEN PFLUGFELDER

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
DepartmentDepartment of Ophthalmology
Address6565 Fannin, NC 505B
Houston TX 77030
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    Other Positions
    TitleProfessor
    InstitutionBaylor College of Medicine
    DepartmentCenter for Cell & Gene Therapy
    DivisionCenter for Cell & Gene Therapy


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Coursey TG, Bian F, Zaheer M, Pflugfelder SC, Volpe EA, de Paiva CS. Age-related spontaneous lacrimal keratoconjunctivitis is accompanied by dysfunctional T regulatory cells. Mucosal Immunol. 2016 Oct 05. PMID: 27706128.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Marcano DC, Shin CS, Lee B, Isenhart LC, Liu X, Li F, Jester JV, Pflugfelder SC, Simpson J, Acharya G. Synergistic Cysteamine Delivery Nanowafer as an Efficacious Treatment Modality for Corneal Cystinosis. Mol Pharm. 2016 Aug 29. PMID: 27571217.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Bian F, Shin CS, Wang C, Pflugfelder SC, Acharya G, De Paiva CS. Dexamethasone Drug Eluting Nanowafers Control Inflammation in Alkali-Burned Corneas Associated With Dry Eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Jun 1; 57(7):3222-30. PMID: 27327581.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Simmons KT, Xiao Y, Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS. Inflammatory Response to Lipopolysaccharide on the Ocular Surface in a Murine Dry Eye Model. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 May 1; 57(6):2443-51. PMID: 27136463; PMCID: PMC4857831 [Available on 11/01/16].
    5. de Paiva CS, Jones DB, Stern ME, Bian F, Moore QL, Corbiere S, Streckfus CF, Hutchinson DS, Ajami NJ, Petrosino JF, Pflugfelder SC. Altered Mucosal Microbiome Diversity and Disease Severity in Sjögren Syndrome. Sci Rep. 2016; 6:23561. PMID: 27087247; PMCID: PMC4834578.
    6. Coursey TG, Tukler Henriksson J, Barbosa FL, de Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC. Interferon-?-Induced Unfolded Protein Response in Conjunctival Goblet Cells as a Cause of Mucin Deficiency in Sjögren Syndrome. Am J Pathol. 2016 Jun; 186(6):1547-58. PMID: 27085137; PMCID: PMC4901135 [Available on 06/01/17].
    7. Bian F, Wang C, Tukler-Henriksson J, Pflugfelder SC, Camodeca C, Nuti E, Rossello A, Li DQ, de Paiva CS. MMP-8 Is Critical for Dexamethasone Therapy in Alkali-Burned Corneas Under Dry Eye Conditions. J Cell Physiol. 2016 Nov; 231(11):2506-16. PMID: 26923552; PMCID: PMC4946998 [Available on 11/01/17].
    8. Kohanim S, Palioura S, Saeed HN, Akpek EK, Amescua G, Basu S, Blomquist PH, Bouchard CS, Dart JK, Gai X, Gomes JA, Gregory DG, Iyer G, Jacobs DS, Johnson AJ, Kinoshita S, Mantagos IS, Mehta JS, Perez VL, Pflugfelder SC, Sangwan VS, Sippel KC, Sotozono C, Srinivasan B, Tan DT, Tandon R, Tseng SC, Ueta M, Chodosh J. Acute and Chronic Ophthalmic Involvement in Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis - A Comprehensive Review and Guide to Therapy. II. Ophthalmic Disease. Ocul Surf. 2016 Apr; 14(2):168-88. PMID: 26882981.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Perez VL, Pflugfelder SC, Zhang S, Shojaei A, Haque R. Lifitegrast, a Novel Integrin Antagonist for Treatment of Dry Eye Disease. Ocul Surf. 2016 Apr; 14(2):207-15. PMID: 26807723.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Li J. Blueberry Component Pterostilbene Protects Corneal Epithelial Cells from Inflammation via Anti-oxidative Pathway. Sci Rep. 2016; 6:19408. PMID: 26762881.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Bian F, Pelegrino FS, Henriksson JT, Pflugfelder SC, Volpe EA, Li DQ, de Paiva CS. Differential Effects of Dexamethasone and Doxycycline on Inflammation and MMP Production in Murine Alkali-Burned Corneas Associated with Dry Eye. Ocul Surf. 2016 Apr; 14(2):242-54. PMID: 26772899; PMCID: PMC4842328 [Available on 04/01/17].
    12. Kohanim S, Palioura S, Saeed HN, Akpek EK, Amescua G, Basu S, Blomquist PH, Bouchard CS, Dart JK, Gai X, Gomes JA, Gregory DG, Iyer G, Jacobs DS, Johnson AJ, Kinoshita S, Mantagos IS, Mehta JS, Perez VL, Pflugfelder SC, Sangwan VS, Sippel KC, Sotozono C, Srinivasan B, Tan DT, Tandon R, Tseng SC, Ueta M, Chodosh J. Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis - A Comprehensive Review and Guide to Therapy. I. Systemic Disease. Ocul Surf. 2016 Jan; 14(1):2-19. PMID: 26549248.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Pflugfelder SC, De Paiva CS, Moore QL, Volpe EA, Li DQ, Gumus K, Zaheer ML, Corrales RM. Aqueous Tear Deficiency Increases Conjunctival Interferon-? (IFN-?) Expression and Goblet Cell Loss. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Nov 1; 56(12):7545-50. PMID: 26618646.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Zhang L, Su Z, Zhang Z, Lin J, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Effects of azithromycin on gene expression profiles of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators in the eyelid margin and conjunctiva of patients with meibomian gland disease. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015 Oct; 133(10):1117-23. PMID: 26204109.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Bauskar A, Mack WJ, Mauris J, Argüeso P, Heur M, Nagel BA, Kolar GR, Gleave ME, Nakamura T, Kinoshita S, Moradian-Oldak J, Panjwani N, Pflugfelder SC, Wilson MR, Fini ME, Jeong S. Clusterin Seals the Ocular Surface Barrier in Mouse Dry Eye. PLoS One. 2015; 10(9):e0138958. PMID: 26402857.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Krauss AH, Corrales RM, Pelegrino FS, Tukler-Henriksson J, Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS. Improvement of Outcome Measures of Dry Eye by a Novel Integrin Antagonist in the Murine Desiccating Stress Model. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Sep; 56(10):5888-95. PMID: 26348638.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Rahman EZ, Lam PK, Chu CK, Moore Q, Pflugfelder SC. Corneal Sensitivity in Tear Dysfunction and its Correlation With Clinical Parameters and Blink Rate. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Nov; 160(5):858-866.e5. PMID: 26255576.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Hua X, Deng R, Li J, Chi W, Su Z, Lin J, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Protective Effects of L-Carnitine Against Oxidative Injury by Hyperosmolarity in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Aug; 56(9):5503-11. PMID: 26284556.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Coursey TG, Henriksson JT, Marcano DC, Shin CS, Isenhart LC, Ahmed F, De Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC, Acharya G. Dexamethasone nanowafer as an effective therapy for dry eye disease. J Control Release. 2015 Jul 13; 213:168-174. PMID: 26184051.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Tukler Henriksson J, Coursey TG, Corry DB, De Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC. IL-13 Stimulates Proliferation and Expression of Mucin and Immunomodulatory Genes in Cultured Conjunctival Goblet Cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Jul; 56(8):4186-97. PMID: 26132778.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Bian F, Pelegrino FS, Pflugfelder SC, Volpe EA, Li DQ, de Paiva CS. Desiccating Stress-Induced MMP Production and Activity Worsens Wound Healing in Alkali-Burned Corneas. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Jul; 56(8):4908-18. PMID: 26225631.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Hua X, Yuan X, Li Z, Coursey TG, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. A Novel Innate Response of Human Corneal Epithelium to Heat-killed Candida albicans by Producing Peptidoglycan Recognition Proteins. PLoS One. 2015; 10(6):e0128039. PMID: 26039076.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Deng R, Hua X, Li J, Chi W, Zhang Z, Lu F, Zhang L, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Oxidative stress markers induced by hyperosmolarity in primary human corneal epithelial cells. PLoS One. 2015; 10(5):e0126561. PMID: 26024535.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Moore QL, De Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC. Effects of Dry Eye Therapies on Environmentally Induced Ocular Surface Disease. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Jul; 160(1):135-42.e1. PMID: 25868759.
      View in: PubMed
    25. You IC, Bian F, Volpe EA, de Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC. Age-Related Conjunctival Disease in the C57BL/6.NOD-Aec1Aec2 Mouse Model of Sjögren Syndrome Develops Independent of Lacrimal Dysfunction. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Apr; 56(4):2224-33. PMID: 25758816.
      View in: PubMed
    26. You IC, Coursey TG, Bian F, Barbosa FL, de Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC. Macrophage Phenotype in the Ocular Surface of Experimental Murine Dry Eye Disease. Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz). 2015 Aug; 63(4):299-304. PMID: 25772203.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Bian F, Barbosa FL, Corrales RM, Pelegrino FS, Volpe EA, Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS. Altered balance of interleukin-13/interferon-gamma contributes to lacrimal gland destruction and secretory dysfunction in CD25 knockout model of Sjögren's syndrome. Arthritis Res Ther. 2015; 17:53. PMID: 25889094; PMCID: PMC4392623.
    28. Qu Y, Chi W, Hua X, Deng R, Li J, Liu Z, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Unique expression pattern and functional role of periostin in human limbal stem cells. PLoS One. 2015; 10(2):e0117139. PMID: 25658308; PMCID: PMC4319935.
    29. Yuan X, Marcano DC, Shin CS, Hua X, Isenhart LC, Pflugfelder SC, Acharya G. Ocular drug delivery nanowafer with enhanced therapeutic efficacy. ACS Nano. 2015 Feb 24; 9(2):1749-58. PMID: 25585134.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Foulks GN, Forstot SL, Donshik PC, Forstot JZ, Goldstein MH, Lemp MA, Nelson JD, Nichols KK, Pflugfelder SC, Tanzer JM, Asbell P, Hammitt K, Jacobs DS. Clinical guidelines for management of dry eye associated with Sjögren disease. Ocul Surf. 2015 Apr; 13(2):118-32. PMID: 25881996.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Coursey TG, Bohat R, Barbosa FL, Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS. Desiccating stress-induced chemokine expression in the epithelium is dependent on upregulation of NKG2D/RAE-1 and release of IFN-? in experimental dry eye. J Immunol. 2014 Nov 15; 193(10):5264-72. PMID: 25288568; PMCID: PMC4225173.
    32. Hua X, Su Z, Deng R, Lin J, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Effects of L-carnitine, erythritol and betaine on pro-inflammatory markers in primary human corneal epithelial cells exposed to hyperosmotic stress. Curr Eye Res. 2015 Jul; 40(7):657-67. PMID: 25271595.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Deng R, Su Z, Hua X, Zhang Z, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Osmoprotectants suppress the production and activity of matrix metalloproteinases induced by hyperosmolarity in primary human corneal epithelial cells. Mol Vis. 2014; 20:1243-52. PMID: 25352733; PMCID: PMC4165325.
    34. Sheppard JD, Donnenfeld ED, Holland EJ, Slonim CB, Solomon R, Solomon KD, McDonald MB, Perry HD, Lane SS, Pflugfelder SC, Samudre SS. Effect of loteprednol etabonate 0.5% on initiation of dry eye treatment with topical cyclosporine 0.05%. Eye Contact Lens. 2014 Sep; 40(5):289-96. PMID: 25083776.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Pflugfelder SC, Stern ME. Mucosal environmental sensors in the pathogenesis of dry eye. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2014 Sep; 10(9):1137-40. PMID: 25075545.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Vo RC, Stafeeva K, Aldave AJ, Stulting RD, Moore Q, Pflugfelder SC, Chungfat NC, Holsclaw DS, Margolis TP, Deng SX. Complications related to a cosmetic eye-whitening procedure. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014 Nov; 158(5):967-73. PMID: 25072832.
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    37. Pflugfelder SC, Karpecki PM, Perez VL. Treatment of blepharitis: recent clinical trials. Ocul Surf. 2014 Oct; 12(4):273-84. PMID: 25284773.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Hua X, Yuan X, Tang X, Li Z, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Human corneal epithelial cells produce antimicrobial peptides LL-37 and ?-defensins in response to heat-killed Candida albicans. Ophthalmic Res. 2014; 51(4):179-86. PMID: 24662332.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Foulks GN, Pflugfelder SC. New testing options for diagnosing and grading dry eye disease. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014 Jun; 157(6):1122-9. PMID: 24631478; PMCID: PMC4062650.
    40. Pflugfelder SC. What causes dryness in Sjögren's syndrome patients and how can it be targeted? Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2014 Apr; 10(4):425-7. PMID: 24564508.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Deng R, Su Z, Lu F, Zhang L, Lin J, Zhang X, de Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. A potential link between bacterial pathogens and allergic conjunctivitis by dendritic cells. Exp Eye Res. 2014 Mar; 120:118-26. PMID: 24486456; PMCID: PMC4057919.
    42. McClellan AJ, Volpe EA, Zhang X, Darlington GJ, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS. Ocular surface disease and dacryoadenitis in aging C57BL/6 mice. Am J Pathol. 2014 Mar; 184(3):631-43. PMID: 24389165; PMCID: PMC3936306.
    43. Chen JJ, Applebaum DS, Sun GS, Pflugfelder SC. Atopic keratoconjunctivitis: A review. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Mar; 70(3):569-75. PMID: 24342754.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Zhang X, De Paiva CS, Su Z, Volpe EA, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Topical interferon-gamma neutralization prevents conjunctival goblet cell loss in experimental murine dry eye. Exp Eye Res. 2014 Jan; 118:117-24. PMID: 24315969; PMCID: PMC3901360.
    45. Villani E, Baudouin C, Efron N, Hamrah P, Kojima T, Patel SV, Pflugfelder SC, Zhivov A, Dogru M. In vivo confocal microscopy of the ocular surface: from bench to bedside. Curr Eye Res. 2014 Mar; 39(3):213-31. PMID: 24215436; PMCID: PMC3960287.
    46. Coursey TG, Gandhi NB, Volpe EA, Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS. Chemokine receptors CCR6 and CXCR3 are necessary for CD4(+) T cell mediated ocular surface disease in experimental dry eye disease. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e78508. PMID: 24223818; PMCID: PMC3817213.
    47. Suhalim JL, Parfitt GJ, Xie Y, De Paiva CS, De Pavia CS, Pflugfelder SC, Shah TN, Potma EO, Brown DJ, Jester JV. Effect of desiccating stress on mouse meibomian gland function. Ocul Surf. 2014 Jan; 12(1):59-68. PMID: 24439047; PMCID: PMC3896889.
    48. Sheppard JD, Singh R, McClellan AJ, Weikert MP, Scoper SV, Joly TJ, Whitley WO, Kakkar E, Pflugfelder SC. Long-term Supplementation With n-6 and n-3 PUFAs Improves Moderate-to-Severe Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca: A Randomized Double-Blind Clinical Trial. Cornea. 2013 Oct; 32(10):1297-304. PMID: 23884332.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Tung CI, Perin AF, Gumus K, Pflugfelder SC. Tear meniscus dimensions in tear dysfunction and their correlation with clinical parameters. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014 Feb; 157(2):301-310.e1. PMID: 24315297; PMCID: PMC3946984.
    50. Zhang X, Schaumburg CS, Coursey TG, Siemasko KF, Volpe EA, Gandhi NB, Li DQ, Niederkorn JY, Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS. CD8? cells regulate the T helper-17 response in an experimental murine model of Sjögren syndrome. Mucosal Immunol. 2014 Mar; 7(2):417-27. PMID: 24022789; PMCID: PMC3869878.
    51. Pflugfelder SC, Corrales RM, de Paiva CS. T helper cytokines in dry eye disease. Exp Eye Res. 2013 Dec; 117:118-25. PMID: 24012834; PMCID: PMC3855838.
    52. Gandhi NB, Su Z, Zhang X, Volpe EA, Pelegrino FS, Rahman SA, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS. Dendritic cell-derived thrombospondin-1 is critical for the generation of the ocular surface Th17 response to desiccating stress. J Leukoc Biol. 2013 Dec; 94(6):1293-301. PMID: 23983225; PMCID: PMC4051277.
    53. Alex A, Edwards A, Hays JD, Kerkstra M, Shih A, de Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC. Factors predicting the ocular surface response to desiccating environmental stress. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 May; 54(5):3325-32. PMID: 23572103; PMCID: PMC3648229.
    54. Lin J, Zhang L, Zhao G, Su Z, Deng R, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. A novel interleukin 33/ST2 signaling regulates inflammatory response in human corneal epithelium. PLoS One. 2013; 8(4):e60963. PMID: 23585867; PMCID: PMC3622010.
    55. Henriksson JT, De Paiva CS, Farley W, Pflugfelder SC, Burns AR, Bergmanson JP. Morphologic alterations of the palpebral conjunctival epithelium in a dry eye model. Cornea. 2013 Apr; 32(4):483-90. PMID: 23146932; PMCID: PMC3578023.
    56. Dimit R, Gire A, Pflugfelder SC, Bergmanson JP. Patient ocular conditions and clinical outcomes using a PROSE scleral device. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2013 Aug; 36(4):159-63. PMID: 23499361.
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    57. Redfern RL, Patel N, Hanlon S, Farley W, Gondo M, Pflugfelder SC, McDermott AM. Toll-like receptor expression and activation in mice with experimental dry eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Feb; 54(2):1554-63. PMID: 23372055; PMCID: PMC4604718.
    58. Stern ME, Schaumburg CS, Pflugfelder SC. Dry eye as a mucosal autoimmune disease. Int Rev Immunol. 2013 Feb; 32(1):19-41. PMID: 23360156; PMCID: PMC3587314.
    59. Su Z, Lin J, Lu F, Zhang X, Zhang L, Gandhi NB, de Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Potential autocrine regulation of interleukin-33/ST2 signaling of dendritic cells in allergic inflammation. Mucosal Immunol. 2013 Sep; 6(5):921-30. PMID: 23299617; PMCID: PMC3904307.
    60. Ling JD, Gire A, Pflugfelder SC. PROSE therapy used to minimize corneal trauma in patients with corneal epithelial defects. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013 Apr; 155(4):615-619, 619.e1-2. PMID: 23218704.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Lin J, Yoon KC, Zhang L, Su Z, Lu R, Ma P, De Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. A native-like corneal construct using donor corneal stroma for tissue engineering. PLoS One. 2012; 7(11):e49571. PMID: 23166715; PMCID: PMC3499466.
    62. de Paiva CS, Schwartz CE, Gjörstrup P, Pflugfelder SC. Resolvin E1 (RX-10001) reduces corneal epithelial barrier disruption and protects against goblet cell loss in a murine model of dry eye. Cornea. 2012 Nov; 31(11):1299-303. PMID: 22257864.
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    63. Pelegrino FS, Volpe EA, Gandhi NB, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS. Deletion of interferon-? delays onset and severity of dacryoadenitis in CD25KO mice. Arthritis Res Ther. 2012; 14(6):R234. PMID: 23116218; PMCID: PMC3674599.
    64. Gumus K, Pflugfelder SC. Increasing prevalence and severity of conjunctivochalasis with aging detected by anterior segment optical coherence tomography. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013 Feb; 155(2):238-242.e2. PMID: 23036571.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Lu R, Bian F, Lin J, Su Z, Qu Y, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Identification of human fibroblast cell lines as a feeder layer for human corneal epithelial regeneration. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e38825. PMID: 22723892; PMCID: PMC3377680.
    66. Zhang X, Volpe EA, Gandhi NB, Schaumburg CS, Siemasko KF, Pangelinan SB, Kelly SD, Hayday AC, Li DQ, Stern ME, Niederkorn JY, Pflugfelder SC, De Paiva CS. NK cells promote Th-17 mediated corneal barrier disruption in dry eye. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e36822. PMID: 22590618; PMCID: PMC3348128.
    67. Stern ME, Schaumburg CS, Siemasko KF, Gao J, Wheeler LA, Grupe DA, De Paiva CS, Calder VL, Calonge M, Niederkorn JY, Pflugfelder SC. Autoantibodies contribute to the immunopathogenesis of experimental dry eye disease. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Apr; 53(4):2062-75. PMID: 22395876.
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    68. Gumus K, Lee S, Yen MT, Pflugfelder SC. Botulinum toxin injection for the management of refractory filamentary keratitis. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012 Apr; 130(4):446-50. PMID: 22491914.
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    69. Lu R, Qu Y, Ge J, Zhang L, Su Z, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Transcription factor TCF4 maintains the properties of human corneal epithelial stem cells. Stem Cells. 2012 Apr; 30(4):753-61. PMID: 22232078.
      View in: PubMed
    70. De Paiva CS, Volpe EA, Gandhi NB, Zhang X, Zheng X, Pitcher JD, Farley WJ, Stern ME, Niederkorn JY, Li DQ, Flavell RA, Pflugfelder SC. Disruption of TGF-? signaling improves ocular surface epithelial disease in experimental autoimmune keratoconjunctivitis sicca. PLoS One. 2011; 6(12):e29017. PMID: 22194977; PMCID: PMC3237576.
    71. Pelegrino FS, Pflugfelder SC, De Paiva CS. Low humidity environmental challenge causes barrier disruption and cornification of the mouse corneal epithelium via a c-jun N-terminal kinase 2 (JNK2) pathway. Exp Eye Res. 2012 Jan; 94(1):150-6. PMID: 22166618; PMCID: PMC3259221.
    72. Pflugfelder SC, Baudouin C. Challenges in the clinical measurement of ocular surface disease in glaucoma patients. Clin Ophthalmol. 2011; 5:1575-83. PMID: 22125404; PMCID: PMC3218167.
    73. Pflugfelder SC. Tear dysfunction and the cornea: LXVIII Edward Jackson Memorial Lecture. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011 Dec; 152(6):900-909.e1. PMID: 22019306; PMCID: PMC3223272.
    74. Schaumburg CS, Siemasko KF, De Paiva CS, Wheeler LA, Niederkorn JY, Pflugfelder SC, Stern ME. Ocular surface APCs are necessary for autoreactive T cell-mediated experimental autoimmune lacrimal keratoconjunctivitis. J Immunol. 2011 Oct 1; 187(7):3653-62. PMID: 21880984.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Zhang X, Chen W, De Paiva CS, Volpe EA, Gandhi NB, Farley WJ, Li DQ, Niederkorn JY, Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC. Desiccating stress induces CD4+ T-cell-mediated Sjögren's syndrome-like corneal epithelial apoptosis via activation of the extrinsic apoptotic pathway by interferon-?. Am J Pathol. 2011 Oct; 179(4):1807-14. PMID: 21843497; PMCID: PMC3181354.
    76. Zhang X, Chen W, De Paiva CS, Corrales RM, Volpe EA, McClellan AJ, Farley WJ, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Interferon-? exacerbates dry eye-induced apoptosis in conjunctiva through dual apoptotic pathways. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Aug; 52(9):6279-85. PMID: 21474767; PMCID: PMC3176027.
    77. Li DQ, Zhang L, Pflugfelder SC, De Paiva CS, Zhang X, Zhao G, Zheng X, Su Z, Qu Y. Short ragweed pollen triggers allergic inflammation through Toll-like receptor 4-dependent thymic stromal lymphopoietin/OX40 ligand/OX40 signaling pathways. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Dec; 128(6):1318-1325.e2. PMID: 21820713; PMCID: PMC3229670.
    78. Zhang L, Lu R, Zhao G, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. TLR-mediated induction of pro-allergic cytokine IL-33 in ocular mucosal epithelium. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2011 Sep; 43(9):1383-91. PMID: 21684348; PMCID: PMC3175488.
    79. Corrales RM, de Paiva CS, Li DQ, Farley WJ, Henriksson JT, Bergmanson JP, Pflugfelder SC. Entrapment of conjunctival goblet cells by desiccation-induced cornification. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 May; 52(6):3492-9. PMID: 21421863; PMCID: PMC3109039.
    80. Pitcher JD, De Paiva CS, Pelegrino FS, McClellan AJ, Raince JK, Pangelinan SB, Rahimy E, Farley WJ, Stern ME, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Pharmacological cholinergic blockade stimulates inflammatory cytokine production and lymphocytic infiltration in the mouse lacrimal gland. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 May; 52(6):3221-7. PMID: 21273534; PMCID: PMC3109024.
    81. Lu R, Bian F, Zhang X, Qi H, Chuang EY, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. The ?-catenin/Tcf4/survivin signaling maintains a less differentiated phenotype and high proliferative capacity of human corneal epithelial progenitor cells. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2011 May; 43(5):751-9. PMID: 21292023; PMCID: PMC3131198.
    82. Gumus K, Gire A, Pflugfelder SC. The impact of the Boston ocular surface prosthesis on wavefront higher-order aberrations. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011 Apr; 151(4):682-690.e2. PMID: 21269603.
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    83. Gumus K, Crockett CH, Rao K, Yeu E, Weikert MP, Shirayama M, Hada S, Pflugfelder SC. Noninvasive assessment of tear stability with the tear stability analysis system in tear dysfunction patients. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Jan; 52(1):456-61. PMID: 20631241; PMCID: PMC3053291.
    84. De Paiva CS, Raince JK, McClellan AJ, Shanmugam KP, Pangelinan SB, Volpe EA, Corrales RM, Farley WJ, Corry DB, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Homeostatic control of conjunctival mucosal goblet cells by NKT-derived IL-13. Mucosal Immunol. 2011 Jul; 4(4):397-408. PMID: 21178983; PMCID: PMC3577073.
    85. Bian F, Qi H, Ma P, Zhang L, Yoon KC, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. An immunoprotective privilege of corneal epithelial stem cells against Th17 inflammatory stress by producing glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor. Stem Cells. 2010 Dec; 28(12):2172-81. PMID: 20936708; PMCID: PMC3577923.
    86. Gumus K, Crockett CH, Pflugfelder SC. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography: a diagnostic instrument for conjunctivochalasis. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 Dec; 150(6):798-806. PMID: 20869039; PMCID: PMC3577926.
    87. Gumus K, Gire A, Pflugfelder SC. The successful use of Boston ocular surface prosthesis in the treatment of persistent corneal epithelial defect after herpes zoster ophthalmicus. Cornea. 2010 Dec; 29(12):1465-8. PMID: 20847682.
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    88. Qi H, Zheng X, Yuan X, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Potential localization of putative stem/progenitor cells in human bulbar conjunctival epithelium. J Cell Physiol. 2010 Oct; 225(1):180-5. PMID: 20458737.
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    89. Zheng X, De Paiva CS, Rao K, Li DQ, Farley WJ, Stern M, Pflugfelder SC. Evaluation of the transforming growth factor-beta activity in normal and dry eye human tears by CCL-185 cell bioassay. Cornea. 2010 Sep; 29(9):1048-54. PMID: 20539212; PMCID: PMC3582018.
    90. Haque RM, Torkildsen GL, Brubaker K, Zink RC, Kowalski RP, Mah FS, Pflugfelder SC. Multicenter open-label study evaluating the efficacy of azithromycin ophthalmic solution 1% on the signs and symptoms of subjects with blepharitis. Cornea. 2010 Aug; 29(8):871-7. PMID: 20508503.
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    91. Nettune GR, Pflugfelder SC. Post-LASIK tear dysfunction and dysesthesia. Ocul Surf. 2010 Jul; 8(3):135-45. PMID: 20712970; PMCID: PMC3579556.
    92. Rahimy E, Pitcher JD, Pangelinan SB, Chen W, Farley WJ, Niederkorn JY, Stern ME, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC, De Paiva CS. Spontaneous autoimmune dacryoadenitis in aged CD25KO mice. Am J Pathol. 2010 Aug; 177(2):744-53. PMID: 20566743; PMCID: PMC2913359.
    93. Li DQ, Zhou N, Zhang L, Ma P, Pflugfelder SC. Suppressive effects of azithromycin on zymosan-induced production of proinflammatory mediators by human corneal epithelial cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Nov; 51(11):5623-9. PMID: 20538995; PMCID: PMC3061501.
    94. Chen Z, Li Z, Basti S, Farley WJ, Pflugfelder SC. Altered morphology and function of the lacrimal functional unit in protein kinase C{alpha} knockout mice. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Nov; 51(11):5592-600. PMID: 20505191; PMCID: PMC3061498.
    95. Stern ME, Schaumburg CS, Dana R, Calonge M, Niederkorn JY, Pflugfelder SC. Autoimmunity at the ocular surface: pathogenesis and regulation. Mucosal Immunol. 2010 Sep; 3(5):425-42. PMID: 20485329; PMCID: PMC3577924.
    96. Bian F, Liu W, Yoon KC, Lu R, Zhou N, Ma P, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Molecular signatures and biological pathway profiles of human corneal epithelial progenitor cells. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2010 Jul; 42(7):1142-53. PMID: 20363357; PMCID: PMC2939451.
    97. Zheng X, de Paiva CS, Li DQ, Farley WJ, Pflugfelder SC. Desiccating stress promotion of Th17 differentiation by ocular surface tissues through a dendritic cell-mediated pathway. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jun; 51(6):3083-91. PMID: 20130281; PMCID: PMC2891467.
    98. Zheng X, Ma P, de Paiva CS, Cunningham MA, Hwang CS, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. TSLP and downstream molecules in experimental mouse allergic conjunctivitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jun; 51(6):3076-82. PMID: 20107175; PMCID: PMC2891466.
    99. Miller KL, Walt JG, Mink DR, Satram-Hoang S, Wilson SE, Perry HD, Asbell PA, Pflugfelder SC. Minimal clinically important difference for the ocular surface disease index. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 Jan; 128(1):94-101. PMID: 20065224.
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    100. Zheng X, Bian F, Ma P, De Paiva CS, Stern M, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Induction of Th17 differentiation by corneal epithelial-derived cytokines. J Cell Physiol. 2010 Jan; 222(1):95-102. PMID: 19746420; PMCID: PMC2789678.
    101. De Paiva CS, Hwang CS, Pitcher JD, Pangelinan SB, Rahimy E, Chen W, Yoon KC, Farley WJ, Niederkorn JY, Stern ME, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Age-related T-cell cytokine profile parallels corneal disease severity in Sjogren's syndrome-like keratoconjunctivitis sicca in CD25KO mice. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2010 Feb; 49(2):246-58. PMID: 20007286; PMCID: PMC2909796.
    102. Rao K, Leveque C, Pflugfelder SC. Corneal nerve regeneration in neurotrophic keratopathy following autologous plasma therapy. Br J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 94(5):584-91. PMID: 19965821; PMCID: PMC3575078.
    103. De Paiva CS, Pangelinan SB, Chang E, Yoon KC, Farley WJ, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Essential role for c-Jun N-terminal kinase 2 in corneal epithelial response to desiccating stress. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Dec; 127(12):1625-31. PMID: 20008718; PMCID: PMC3583514.
    104. De Paiva CS, Yoon KC, Pangelinan SB, Pham S, Puthenparambil LM, Chuang EY, Farley WJ, Stern ME, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Cleavage of functional IL-2 receptor alpha chain (CD25) from murine corneal and conjunctival epithelia by MMP-9. J Inflamm (Lond). 2009; 6:31. PMID: 19878594; PMCID: PMC2777897.
    105. Yoon KC, Park CS, You IC, Choi HJ, Lee KH, Im SK, Park HY, Pflugfelder SC. Expression of CXCL9, -10, -11, and CXCR3 in the tear film and ocular surface of patients with dry eye syndrome. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Feb; 51(2):643-50. PMID: 19850844; PMCID: PMC3258976.
    106. Rao K, Farley WJ, Pflugfelder SC. Association between high tear epidermal growth factor levels and corneal subepithelial fibrosis in dry eye conditions. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Feb; 51(2):844-9. PMID: 19815739; PMCID: PMC2868446.
    107. Ma P, Wang Z, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Toll-like receptors mediate induction of peptidoglycan recognition proteins in human corneal epithelial cells. Exp Eye Res. 2010 Jan; 90(1):130-6. PMID: 19799901; PMCID: PMC2836933.
    108. Chen JJ, Rao K, Pflugfelder SC. Corneal epithelial opacity in dysfunctional tear syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Sep; 148(3):376-82. PMID: 19541283; PMCID: PMC2740942.
    109. Yeh S, de Paiva CS, Hwang CS, Trinca K, Lingappan A, Rafati JK, Farley WJ, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Spontaneous T cell mediated keratoconjunctivitis in Aire-deficient mice. Br J Ophthalmol. 2009 Sep; 93(9):1260-4. PMID: 19429577; PMCID: PMC3586820.
    110. Donnenfeld E, Pflugfelder SC. Topical ophthalmic cyclosporine: pharmacology and clinical uses. Surv Ophthalmol. 2009 May-Jun; 54(3):321-38. PMID: 19422961.
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    111. Pflugfelder SC, Stern ME. Immunoregulation on the ocular surface: 2nd Cullen Symposium. Ocul Surf. 2009 Apr; 7(2):67-77. PMID: 19383275.
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    112. Chotikavanich S, de Paiva CS, Li de Q, Chen JJ, Bian F, Farley WJ, Pflugfelder SC. Production and activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 on the ocular surface increase in dysfunctional tear syndrome. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Jul; 50(7):3203-9. PMID: 19255163; PMCID: PMC3594995.
    113. De Paiva CS, Chotikavanich S, Pangelinan SB, Pitcher JD, Fang B, Zheng X, Ma P, Farley WJ, Siemasko KF, Niederkorn JY, Stern ME, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. IL-17 disrupts corneal barrier following desiccating stress. Mucosal Immunol. 2009 May; 2(3):243-53. PMID: 19242409; PMCID: PMC3594767.
    114. Ma P, Bian F, Wang Z, Zheng X, Chotikavanich S, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Human corneal epithelium-derived thymic stromal lymphopoietin links the innate and adaptive immune responses via TLRs and Th2 cytokines. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Jun; 50(6):2702-9. PMID: 19151401.
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    115. Lam H, Bleiden L, de Paiva CS, Farley W, Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC. Tear cytokine profiles in dysfunctional tear syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Feb; 147(2):198-205. e1. PMID: 18992869; PMCID: PMC3582020.
    116. de Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC. Rationale for anti-inflammatory therapy in dry eye syndrome. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2008 Nov-Dec; 71(6 Suppl):89-95. PMID: 19274418.
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    117. Qi H, Shine HD, Li DQ, de Paiva CS, Farley WJ, Jones DB, Pflugfelder SC. Glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor gene delivery enhances survival of human corneal epithelium in culture and the overexpression of GDNF in bioengineered constructs. Exp Eye Res. 2008 Dec; 87(6):580-6. PMID: 18938159; PMCID: PMC4529993.
    118. Qi H, Li DQ, Bian F, Chuang EY, Jones DB, Pflugfelder SC. Expression of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor and its receptor in the stem-cell-containing human limbal epithelium. Br J Ophthalmol. 2008 Sep; 92(9):1269-74. PMID: 18723744; PMCID: PMC2906381.
    119. Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS, Li DQ, Stern ME. Epithelial-immune cell interaction in dry eye. Cornea. 2008 Sep; 27 Suppl 1:S9-11. PMID: 18813079; PMCID: PMC4082978.
    120. Beardsley RM, De Paiva CS, Power DF, Pflugfelder SC. Desiccating stress decreases apical corneal epithelial cell size--modulation by the metalloproteinase inhibitor doxycycline. Cornea. 2008 Sep; 27(8):935-40. PMID: 18724157; PMCID: PMC3575099.
    121. Chuang EY, Li DQ, Bian F, Zheng X, Pflugfelder SC. Effects of contact lens multipurpose solutions on human corneal epithelial survival and barrier function. Eye Contact Lens. 2008 Sep; 34(5):281-6. PMID: 18779668.
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    122. Narayanan S, Corrales RM, Farley W, McDermott AM, Pflugfelder SC. Interleukin-1 receptor-1-deficient mice show attenuated production of ocular surface inflammatory cytokines in experimental dry eye. Cornea. 2008 Aug; 27(7):811-7. PMID: 18650668.
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    123. Siemasko KF, Gao J, Calder VL, Hanna R, Calonge M, Pflugfelder SC, Niederkorn JY, Stern ME. In vitro expanded CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells maintain a normal phenotype and suppress immune-mediated ocular surface inflammation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Dec; 49(12):5434-40. PMID: 18658093.
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    124. Corrales RM, Luo L, Chang EY, Pflugfelder SC. Effects of osmoprotectants on hyperosmolar stress in cultured human corneal epithelial cells. Cornea. 2008 Jun; 27(5):574-9. PMID: 18520508.
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    125. Pflugfelder SC. Prevalence, burden, and pharmacoeconomics of dry eye disease. Am J Manag Care. 2008 Apr; 14(3 Suppl):S102-6. PMID: 18452369.
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    126. Chen Z, Tong L, Li Z, Yoon KC, Qi H, Farley W, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Hyperosmolarity-induced cornification of human corneal epithelial cells is regulated by JNK MAPK. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Feb; 49(2):539-49. PMID: 18234997.
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    127. Wilhelmus KR, Jones DB, Matoba AY, Hamill MB, Pflugfelder SC, Weikert MP. Bilateral acanthamoeba keratitis. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Feb; 145(2):193-197. PMID: 18222188.
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    128. Pflugfelder SC, De Paiva CS, Villarreal AL, Stern ME. Effects of sequential artificial tear and cyclosporine emulsion therapy on conjunctival goblet cell density and transforming growth factor-beta2 production. Cornea. 2008 Jan; 27(1):64-9. PMID: 18245969.
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    129. Yoon KC, De Paiva CS, Qi H, Chen Z, Farley WJ, Li DQ, Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC. Desiccating environmental stress exacerbates autoimmune lacrimal keratoconjunctivitis in non-obese diabetic mice. J Autoimmun. 2008 Jun; 30(4):212-21. PMID: 17988834; PMCID: PMC2443953.
    130. Qi H, Chuang EY, Yoon KC, de Paiva CS, Shine HD, Jones DB, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Patterned expression of neurotrophic factors and receptors in human limbal and corneal regions. Mol Vis. 2007; 13:1934-41. PMID: 17982417; PMCID: PMC2185513.
    131. Pflugfelder SC, Stern ME. Future directions in therapeutic interventions for conjunctival inflammatory disorders. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007 Oct; 7(5):450-3. PMID: 17873588.
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    132. Qi H, Li DQ, Shine HD, Chen Z, Yoon KC, Jones DB, Pflugfelder SC. Nerve growth factor and its receptor TrkA serve as potential markers for human corneal epithelial progenitor cells. Exp Eye Res. 2008 Jan; 86(1):34-40. PMID: 17980361; PMCID: PMC2198932.
    133. De Paiva CS, Villarreal AL, Corrales RM, Rahman HT, Chang VY, Farley WJ, Stern ME, Niederkorn JY, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Dry eye-induced conjunctival epithelial squamous metaplasia is modulated by interferon-gamma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jun; 48(6):2553-60. PMID: 17525184.
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    134. Yoon KC, De Paiva CS, Qi H, Chen Z, Farley WJ, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Expression of Th-1 chemokines and chemokine receptors on the ocular surface of C57BL/6 mice: effects of desiccating stress. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jun; 48(6):2561-9. PMID: 17525185.
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    135. Corrales RM, Villarreal A, Farley W, Stern ME, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Strain-related cytokine profiles on the murine ocular surface in response to desiccating stress. Cornea. 2007 Jun; 26(5):579-84. PMID: 17525655.
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    136. Luo L, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Hyperosmolarity-induced apoptosis in human corneal epithelial cells is mediated by cytochrome c and MAPK pathways. Cornea. 2007 May; 26(4):452-60. PMID: 17457195.
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    137. Parghi C, McKnight GT, Pflugfelder SC. Prominent corneal nerves in a patient with multiple myeloma. Cornea. 2007 Feb; 26(2):220-2. PMID: 17251817.
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    138. Villareal AL, Farley W, Pflugfelder SC. Effect of topical ophthalmic epinastine and olopatadine on tear volume in mice. Eye Contact Lens. 2006 Dec; 32(6):272-6. PMID: 17099387.
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    139. Tong L, Chen Z, De Paiva CS, Beuerman R, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Transglutaminase participates in UVB-induced cell death pathways in human corneal epithelial cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Oct; 47(10):4295-301. PMID: 17003418.
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    140. Behrens A, Doyle JJ, Stern L, Chuck RS, McDonnell PJ, Azar DT, Dua HS, Hom M, Karpecki PM, Laibson PR, Lemp MA, Meisler DM, Del Castillo JM, O'Brien TP, Pflugfelder SC, Rolando M, Schein OD, Seitz B, Tseng SC, van Setten G, Wilson SE, Yiu SC. Dysfunctional tear syndrome: a Delphi approach to treatment recommendations. Cornea. 2006 Sep; 25(8):900-7. PMID: 17102664.
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    141. Chen Z, Li DQ, Tong L, Stewart P, Chu C, Pflugfelder SC. Targeted inhibition of p57 and p15 blocks transforming growth factor beta-inhibited proliferation of primary cultured human limbal epithelial cells. Mol Vis. 2006; 12:983-94. PMID: 16943770; PMCID: PMC2906388.
    142. Corrales RM, Stern ME, De Paiva CS, Welch J, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Desiccating stress stimulates expression of matrix metalloproteinases by the corneal epithelium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Aug; 47(8):3293-302. PMID: 16877394.
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    143. Pflugfelder SC. Is autologous serum a tonic for the ailing corneal epithelium? Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Aug; 142(2):316-7. PMID: 16876515.
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    144. De Paiva CS, Corrales RM, Villarreal AL, Farley W, Li DQ, Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC. Apical corneal barrier disruption in experimental murine dry eye is abrogated by methylprednisolone and doxycycline. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Jul; 47(7):2847-56. PMID: 16799024.
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    145. Chen Z, Mok H, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ, Barry MA. Improved transduction of human corneal epithelial progenitor cells with cell-targeting adenoviral vectors. Exp Eye Res. 2006 Oct; 83(4):798-806. PMID: 16793039; PMCID: PMC2906397.
    146. Tong L, Corrales RM, Chen Z, Villarreal AL, De Paiva CS, Beuerman R, Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Expression and regulation of cornified envelope proteins in human corneal epithelium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 May; 47(5):1938-46. PMID: 16639001; PMCID: PMC2906387.
    147. De Paiva CS, Corrales RM, Villarreal AL, Farley WJ, Li DQ, Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC. Corticosteroid and doxycycline suppress MMP-9 and inflammatory cytokine expression, MAPK activation in the corneal epithelium in experimental dry eye. Exp Eye Res. 2006 Sep; 83(3):526-35. PMID: 16643899.
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    148. Niederkorn JY, Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC, De Paiva CS, Corrales RM, Gao J, Siemasko K. Desiccating stress induces T cell-mediated Sjögren's Syndrome-like lacrimal keratoconjunctivitis. J Immunol. 2006 Apr 1; 176(7):3950-7. PMID: 16547229.
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    149. De Paiva CS, Chen Z, Koch DD, Hamill MB, Manuel FK, Hassan SS, Wilhelmus KR, Pflugfelder SC. The incidence and risk factors for developing dry eye after myopic LASIK. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Mar; 141(3):438-45. PMID: 16490488.
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    150. Chen Z, Evans WH, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Gap junction protein connexin 43 serves as a negative marker for a stem cell-containing population of human limbal epithelial cells. Stem Cells. 2006 May; 24(5):1265-73. PMID: 16424398; PMCID: PMC2906383.
    151. Pflugfelder SC. Integrating restasis into the management of dry eye. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 2006; 46(4):101-3. PMID: 17060796.
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    152. Li DQ, Luo L, Chen Z, Kim HS, Song XJ, Pflugfelder SC. JNK and ERK MAP kinases mediate induction of IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and IL-8 following hyperosmolar stress in human limbal epithelial cells. Exp Eye Res. 2006 Apr; 82(4):588-96. PMID: 16202406; PMCID: PMC2198933.
    153. McDermott AM, Perez V, Huang AJ, Pflugfelder SC, Stern ME, Baudouin C, Beuerman RW, Burns AR, Calder VL, Calonge M, Chodosh J, Coster DJ, Dana R, Hazlett LD, Jones DB, Kim SK, Knop E, Li DQ, Mitchell BM, Niederkorn JY, Pearlman E, Wilhelmus KR, Kurie E. Pathways of corneal and ocular surface inflammation: a perspective from the cullen symposium. Ocul Surf. 2005 Oct; 3(4 Suppl):S131-8. PMID: 17216102.
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    154. Stern ME, Siemasko KF, Gao J, Calonge M, Niederkorn JY, Pflugfelder SC. Evaluation of ocular surface inflammation in the presence of dry eye and allergic conjunctival disease. Ocul Surf. 2005 Oct; 3(4 Suppl):S161-4. PMID: 17216110.
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    155. Li DQ, Pflugfelder SC. Matrix metalloproteinases in corneal inflammation. Ocul Surf. 2005 Oct; 3(4 Suppl):S198-202. PMID: 17216119.
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    156. Pflugfelder SC, de Paiva CS, Tong L, Luo L, Stern ME, Li DQ. Stress-activated protein kinase signaling pathways in dry eye and ocular surface disease. Ocul Surf. 2005 Oct; 3(4 Suppl):S154-7. PMID: 17216108.
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    157. Barber LD, Pflugfelder SC, Tauber J, Foulks GN. Phase III safety evaluation of cyclosporine 0.1% ophthalmic emulsion administered twice daily to dry eye disease patients for up to 3 years. Ophthalmology. 2005 Oct; 112(10):1790-4. PMID: 16102833.
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    158. Luo L, Li DQ, Corrales RM, Pflugfelder SC. Hyperosmolar saline is a proinflammatory stress on the mouse ocular surface. Eye Contact Lens. 2005 Sep; 31(5):186-93. PMID: 16163009.
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    159. De Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Cell size correlates with phenotype and proliferative capacity in human corneal epithelial cells. Stem Cells. 2006 Feb; 24(2):368-75. PMID: 16123387; PMCID: PMC2906390.
    160. Thomas JW, Pflugfelder SC. Therapy of progressive rheumatoid arthritis-associated corneal ulceration with infliximab. Cornea. 2005 Aug; 24(6):742-4. PMID: 16015096.
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    161. Stewart P, Chen Z, Farley W, Olmos L, Pflugfelder SC. Effect of experimental dry eye on tear sodium concentration in the mouse. Eye Contact Lens. 2005 Jul; 31(4):175-8. PMID: 16021005.
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    162. Li DQ, Chen Z, Song XJ, de Paiva CS, Kim HS, Pflugfelder SC. Partial enrichment of a population of human limbal epithelial cells with putative stem cell properties based on collagen type IV adhesiveness. Exp Eye Res. 2005 Apr; 80(4):581-90. PMID: 15781286; PMCID: PMC2906384.
    163. Kim HS, Luo L, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Doxycycline inhibits TGF-beta1-induced MMP-9 via Smad and MAPK pathways in human corneal epithelial cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Mar; 46(3):840-8. PMID: 15728539.
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    164. Strong B, Farley W, Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC. Topical cyclosporine inhibits conjunctival epithelial apoptosis in experimental murine keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Cornea. 2005 Jan; 24(1):80-5. PMID: 15604871.
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    165. Pflugfelder SC, Farley W, Luo L, Chen LZ, de Paiva CS, Olmos LC, Li DQ, Fini ME. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 knockout confers resistance to corneal epithelial barrier disruption in experimental dry eye. Am J Pathol. 2005 Jan; 166(1):61-71. PMID: 15632000; PMCID: PMC1602302.
    166. de Paiva CS, Chen Z, Corrales RM, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. ABCG2 transporter identifies a population of clonogenic human limbal epithelial cells. Stem Cells. 2005; 23(1):63-73. PMID: 15625123; PMCID: PMC2906389.
    167. Li DQ, Chen Z, Song XJ, Luo L, Pflugfelder SC. Stimulation of matrix metalloproteinases by hyperosmolarity via a JNK pathway in human corneal epithelial cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Dec; 45(12):4302-11. PMID: 15557436.
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    168. Luo L, Li DQ, Doshi A, Farley W, Corrales RM, Pflugfelder SC. Experimental dry eye stimulates production of inflammatory cytokines and MMP-9 and activates MAPK signaling pathways on the ocular surface. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Dec; 45(12):4293-301. PMID: 15557435.
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    169. Seth RK, Su GW, Pflugfelder SC. Mucous membrane pemphigoid in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Cornea. 2004 Oct; 23(7):740-3. PMID: 15448507.
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    170. Pflugfelder SC, Maskin SL, Anderson B, Chodosh J, Holland EJ, De Paiva CS, Bartels SP, Micuda T, Proskin HM, Vogel R. A randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, multicenter comparison of loteprednol etabonate ophthalmic suspension, 0.5%, and placebo for treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca in patients with delayed tear clearance. Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 Sep; 138(3):444-57. PMID: 15364229.
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    171. Kim HS, Shang T, Chen Z, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. TGF-beta1 stimulates production of gelatinase (MMP-9), collagenases (MMP-1, -13) and stromelysins (MMP-3, -10, -11) by human corneal epithelial cells. Exp Eye Res. 2004 Aug; 79(2):263-74. PMID: 15325573.
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    172. Kim HS, Jun Song X, de Paiva CS, Chen Z, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Phenotypic characterization of human corneal epithelial cells expanded ex vivo from limbal explant and single cell cultures. Exp Eye Res. 2004 Jul; 79(1):41-9. PMID: 15183099; PMCID: PMC2906376.
    173. Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC. Inflammation in dry eye. Ocul Surf. 2004 Apr; 2(2):124-30. PMID: 17216083.
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    174. Stern ME, Gao J, Siemasko KF, Beuerman RW, Pflugfelder SC. The role of the lacrimal functional unit in the pathophysiology of dry eye. Exp Eye Res. 2004 Mar; 78(3):409-16. PMID: 15106920.
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    175. de Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC. Tear clearance implications for ocular surface health. Exp Eye Res. 2004 Mar; 78(3):395-7. PMID: 15106918.
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    176. Pflugfelder SC. Hormonal deficiencies and dry eye. Arch Ophthalmol. 2004 Feb; 122(2):273-4. PMID: 14769606.
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    177. Pflugfelder SC. Antiinflammatory therapy for dry eye. Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 Feb; 137(2):337-42. PMID: 14962426.
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    178. Chen Z, de Paiva CS, Luo L, Kretzer FL, Pflugfelder SC, Li DQ. Characterization of putative stem cell phenotype in human limbal epithelia. Stem Cells. 2004; 22(3):355-66. PMID: 15153612; PMCID: PMC2906385.
    179. Hernandez-Illas M, Tozman E, Fulcher SF, Jundt JW, Davis J, Pflugfelder SC. Recombinant human tumor necrosis factor receptor Fc fusion protein (Etanercept): experience as a therapy for sight-threatening scleritis and sterile corneal ulceration. Eye Contact Lens. 2004 Jan; 30(1):2-5. PMID: 14722460.
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    180. De Paiva CS, Pflugfelder SC. Corneal epitheliopathy of dry eye induces hyperesthesia to mechanical air jet stimulation. Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 Jan; 137(1):109-15. PMID: 14700652.
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    181. Song XJ, Li DQ, Farley W, Luo LH, Heuckeroth RO, Milbrandt J, Pflugfelder SC. Neurturin-deficient mice develop dry eye and keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Oct; 44(10):4223-9. PMID: 14507865.
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    182. Solomon R, Donnenfeld ED, Azar DT, Holland EJ, Palmon FR, Pflugfelder SC, Rubenstein JB. Infectious keratitis after laser in situ keratomileusis: results of an ASCRS survey. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2003 Oct; 29(10):2001-6. PMID: 14604725.
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    183. Wall V, Yen MT, Yang MC, Huang AJ, Pflugfelder SC. Management of the late ocular sequelae of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Ocul Surf. 2003 Oct; 1(4):192-201. PMID: 17075650.
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    184. Li DQ, Shang TY, Kim HS, Solomon A, Lokeshwar BL, Pflugfelder SC. Regulated expression of collagenases MMP-1, -8, and -13 and stromelysins MMP-3, -10, and -11 by human corneal epithelial cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Jul; 44(7):2928-36. PMID: 12824233.
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    185. de Paiva CS, Lindsey JL, Pflugfelder SC. Assessing the severity of keratitis sicca with videokeratoscopic indices. Ophthalmology. 2003 Jun; 110(6):1102-9. PMID: 12799233.
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    186. Pflugfelder SC. The Ocular Surface Center at the Baylor College of Medicine, Houston. Ocul Surf. 2003 Apr; 1(2):89-90. PMID: 17075639.
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    187. Karp CL, Tuli SS, Yoo SH, Vroman DT, Alfonso EC, Huang AH, Pflugfelder SC, Culbertson WW. Infectious keratitis after LASIK. Ophthalmology. 2003 Mar; 110(3):503-10. PMID: 12623812.
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    188. Yeh S, Song XJ, Farley W, Li DQ, Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC. Apoptosis of ocular surface cells in experimentally induced dry eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Jan; 44(1):124-9. PMID: 12506064.
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    189. Pflugfelder SC. Anti-inflammatory therapy of dry eye. Ocul Surf. 2003 Jan; 1(1):31-6. PMID: 17075627.
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    190. De Paiva CS, Harris LD, Pflugfelder SC. Keratoconus-like topographic changes in keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Cornea. 2003 Jan; 22(1):22-4. PMID: 12502943.
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    191. Pflugfelder SC, Liu Z, Feuer W, Verm A. Corneal thickness indices discriminate between keratoconus and contact lens-induced corneal thinning. Ophthalmology. 2002 Dec; 109(12):2336-41. PMID: 12466180.
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    192. Dursun D, Wang M, Monroy D, Li DQ, Lokeshwar BL, Stern ME, Pflugfelder SC. A mouse model of keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Mar; 43(3):632-8. PMID: 11867577.
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    193. Pflugfelder SC, Solomon A, Dursun D, Li DQ. Dry eye and delayed tear clearance: "a call to arms.". Adv Exp Med Biol. 2002; 506(Pt B):739-43. PMID: 12613986.
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    194. Dursun D, Wang M, Monroy D, Li DQ, Lokeshwar BL, Stern M, Pflugfelder SC. Experimentally induced dry eye produces ocular surface inflammation and epithelial disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2002; 506(Pt A):647-55. PMID: 12613973.
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    195. Li DQ, Lokeshwar BL, Solomon A, Monroy D, Ji Z, Pflugfelder SC. Regulation of MMP-9 production by human corneal epithelial cells. Exp Eye Res. 2001 Oct; 73(4):449-59. PMID: 11825017.
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    196. Solomon A, Dursun D, Liu Z, Xie Y, Macri A, Pflugfelder SC. Pro- and anti-inflammatory forms of interleukin-1 in the tear fluid and conjunctiva of patients with dry-eye disease. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001 Sep; 42(10):2283-92. PMID: 11527941.
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    197. Dursun D, Piniella AM, Pflugfelder SC. Pseudokeratoconus caused by rosacea. Cornea. 2001 Aug; 20(6):668-9. PMID: 11473174.
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    198. Battat L, Macri A, Dursun D, Pflugfelder SC. Effects of laser in situ keratomileusis on tear production, clearance, and the ocular surface. Ophthalmology. 2001 Jul; 108(7):1230-5. PMID: 11425680.
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    199. Dursun D, Kim MC, Solomon A, Pflugfelder SC. Treatment of recalcitrant recurrent corneal erosions with inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase-9, doxycycline and corticosteroids. Am J Ophthalmol. 2001 Jul; 132(1):8-13. PMID: 11438047.
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    200. Solomon A, Rosenblatt M, Monroy D, Ji Z, Pflugfelder SC, Tseng SC. Suppression of interleukin 1alpha and interleukin 1beta in human limbal epithelial cells cultured on the amniotic membrane stromal matrix. Br J Ophthalmol. 2001 Apr; 85(4):444-9. PMID: 11264135; PMCID: PMC1723909.
    201. Yen MT, Pflugfelder SC, Feuer WJ. The effect of punctal occlusion on tear production, tear clearance, and ocular surface sensation in normal subjects. Am J Ophthalmol. 2001 Mar; 131(3):314-23. PMID: 11239863.
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    202. Liu Z, Carvajal M, Carraway CA, Carraway K, Pflugfelder SC. Expression of the receptor tyrosine kinases, epidermal growth factor receptor, ErbB2, and ErbB3, in human ocular surface epithelia. Cornea. 2001 Jan; 20(1):81-5. PMID: 11189010.
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    203. Macri A, Pflugfelder S. Correlation of the Schirmer 1 and fluorescein clearance tests with the severity of corneal epithelial and eyelid disease. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000 Dec; 118(12):1632-8. PMID: 11115257.
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    204. Pflugfelder SC, Solomon A, Stern ME. The diagnosis and management of dry eye: a twenty-five-year review. Cornea. 2000 Sep; 19(5):644-9. PMID: 11009316.
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    205. Dursun D, Monroy D, Knighton R, Tervo T, Vesaluoma M, Carraway K, Feuer W, Pflugfelder SC. The effects of experimental tear film removal on corneal surface regularity and barrier function. Ophthalmology. 2000 Sep; 107(9):1754-60. PMID: 10964840.
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    206. Liu Z, Xie Y, Zhang M, Pflugfelder SC. [The abnormal expression of epidermal growth factor receptor family in pterygium]. Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2000 Sep; 36(5):372-4, 25. PMID: 11853633.
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    207. Solomon A, Rosenblatt M, Li DQ, Liu Z, Monroy D, Ji Z, Lokeshwar BL, Pflugfelder SC. Doxycycline inhibition of interleukin-1 in the corneal epithelium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Aug; 41(9):2544-57. PMID: 10937565.
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    208. Macri A, Rolando M, Pflugfelder S. A standardized visual scale for evaluation of tear fluorescein clearance. Ophthalmology. 2000 Jul; 107(7):1338-43. PMID: 10889108.
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    209. Wang MX, Shen DJ, Liu JC, Pflugfelder SC, Alfonso EC, Forster RK. Recurrent fungal keratitis and endophthalmitis. Cornea. 2000 Jul; 19(4):558-60. PMID: 10928778.
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    210. Turner K, Pflugfelder SC, Ji Z, Feuer WJ, Stern M, Reis BL. Interleukin-6 levels in the conjunctival epithelium of patients with dry eye disease treated with cyclosporine ophthalmic emulsion. Cornea. 2000 Jul; 19(4):492-6. PMID: 10928765.
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    211. Sobrin L, Liu Z, Monroy DC, Solomon A, Selzer MG, Lokeshwar BL, Pflugfelder SC. Regulation of MMP-9 activity in human tear fluid and corneal epithelial culture supernatant. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Jun; 41(7):1703-9. PMID: 10845589.
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    212. Pflugfelder SC, Liu Z, Monroy D, Li DQ, Carvajal ME, Price-Schiavi SA, Idris N, Solomon A, Perez A, Carraway KL. Detection of sialomucin complex (MUC4) in human ocular surface epithelium and tear fluid. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 May; 41(6):1316-26. PMID: 10798646.
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    213. Liu Z, Carvajal M, Carothers Carraway CA, Carraway KL, Pflugfelder SC. Increased expression of the type 1 growth factor receptor family in the conjunctival epithelium of patients with keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Am J Ophthalmol. 2000 Apr; 129(4):472-80. PMID: 10764856.
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    214. Liu Z, Xie Y, Zhang M, Pflugfelder SC. [The effect of artificial tears on corneal surface regularity in dry eye]. Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2000 Mar; 36(2):131-4. PMID: 11853602.
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    215. Liu Z, Pflugfelder SC. The effects of long-term contact lens wear on corneal thickness, curvature, and surface regularity. Ophthalmology. 2000 Jan; 107(1):105-11. PMID: 10647727.
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    216. Afonso AA, Sobrin L, Monroy DC, Selzer M, Lokeshwar B, Pflugfelder SC. Tear fluid gelatinase B activity correlates with IL-1alpha concentration and fluorescein clearance in ocular rosacea. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1999 Oct; 40(11):2506-12. PMID: 10509643.
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    217. Pflugfelder SC, Jones D, Ji Z, Afonso A, Monroy D. Altered cytokine balance in the tear fluid and conjunctiva of patients with Sjögren's syndrome keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Curr Eye Res. 1999 Sep; 19(3):201-11. PMID: 10487957.
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    218. Liu Z, Pflugfelder SC. Corneal thickness is reduced in dry eye. Cornea. 1999 Jul; 18(4):403-7. PMID: 10422850.
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    219. Liu Z, Huang AJ, Pflugfelder SC. Evaluation of corneal thickness and topography in normal eyes using the Orbscan corneal topography system. Br J Ophthalmol. 1999 Jul; 83(7):774-8. PMID: 10381661; PMCID: PMC1723104.
    220. Liu Z, Pflugfelder SC. Corneal surface regularity and the effect of artificial tears in aqueous tear deficiency. Ophthalmology. 1999 May; 106(5):939-43. PMID: 10328393.
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    221. Afonso AA, Monroy D, Stern ME, Feuer WJ, Tseng SC, Pflugfelder SC. Correlation of tear fluorescein clearance and Schirmer test scores with ocular irritation symptoms. Ophthalmology. 1999 Apr; 106(4):803-10. PMID: 10201606.
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    222. Marsh P, Pflugfelder SC. Topical nonpreserved methylprednisolone therapy for keratoconjunctivitis sicca in Sjögren syndrome. Ophthalmology. 1999 Apr; 106(4):811-6. PMID: 10201607.
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    223. Stern ME, Beuerman RW, Fox RI, Gao J, Mircheff AK, Pflugfelder SC. The pathology of dry eye: the interaction between the ocular surface and lacrimal glands. Cornea. 1998 Nov; 17(6):584-9. PMID: 9820935.
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    224. Ford JG, Huang AJ, Pflugfelder SC, Alfonso EC, Forster RK, Miller D. Nontuberculous mycobacterial keratitis in south Florida. Ophthalmology. 1998 Sep; 105(9):1652-8. PMID: 9754173.
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    225. Demirbas NH, Pflugfelder SC. Topographic pattern and apex location of keratoconus on elevation topography maps. Cornea. 1998 Sep; 17(5):476-84. PMID: 9756441.
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    226. Pflugfelder SC. Advances in the diagnosis and management of keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 1998 Aug; 9(4):50-3. PMID: 10387469.
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    227. Pflugfelder SC. Tear fluid influence on the ocular surface. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1998; 438:611-7. PMID: 9634944.
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    228. Stern ME, Beuerman RW, Fox RI, Gao J, Mircheff AK, Pflugfelder SC. A unified theory of the role of the ocular surface in dry eye. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1998; 438:643-51. PMID: 9634949.
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    229. Jones DT, Monroy D, Ji Z, Pflugfelder SC. Alterations of ocular surface gene expression in Sjögren's syndrome. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1998; 438:533-6. PMID: 9634933.
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    230. Barton K, Nava A, Monroy DC, Pflugfelder SC. Cytokines and tear function in ocular surface disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1998; 438:461-9. PMID: 9634922.
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    231. Pflugfelder SC, Tseng SC, Sanabria O, Kell H, Garcia CG, Felix C, Feuer W, Reis BL. Evaluation of subjective assessments and objective diagnostic tests for diagnosing tear-film disorders known to cause ocular irritation. Cornea. 1998 Jan; 17(1):38-56. PMID: 9436879.
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    232. Gupta A, Heigle T, Pflugfelder SC. Nasolacrimal stimulation of aqueous tear production. Cornea. 1997 Nov; 16(6):645-8. PMID: 9395874.
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    233. Barton K, Monroy DC, Nava A, Pflugfelder SC. Inflammatory cytokines in the tears of patients with ocular rosacea. Ophthalmology. 1997 Nov; 104(11):1868-74. PMID: 9373119.
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    234. Nava A, Barton K, Monroy DC, Pflugfelder SC. The effects of age, gender, and fluid dynamics on the concentration of tear film epidermal growth factor. Cornea. 1997 Jul; 16(4):430-8. PMID: 9220241.
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    235. Jones DT, Monroy D, Pflugfelder SC. A novel method of tear collection: comparison of glass capillary micropipettes with porous polyester rods. Cornea. 1997 Jul; 16(4):450-8. PMID: 9220244.
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    236. Barton K, Miller D, Pflugfelder SC. Corneal chromoblastomycosis. Cornea. 1997 Mar; 16(2):235-9. PMID: 9071540.
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    237. Hoft RH, Pflugfelder SC, Forster RK, Ullman S, Polack FM, Schiff ER. Clinical evidence for hepatitis B transmission resulting from corneal transplantation. Cornea. 1997 Mar; 16(2):132-7. PMID: 9071524.
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    238. Pflugfelder SC, Tseng SC, Yoshino K, Monroy D, Felix C, Reis BL. Correlation of goblet cell density and mucosal epithelial membrane mucin expression with rose bengal staining in patients with ocular irritation. Ophthalmology. 1997 Feb; 104(2):223-35. PMID: 9052626.
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    239. Scott IU, Flynn HW, Feuer W, Pflugfelder SC, Alfonso EC, Forster RK, Miller D. Endophthalmitis associated with microbial keratitis. Ophthalmology. 1996 Nov; 103(11):1864-70. PMID: 8942882.
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    240. Yoshino K, Monroy D, Pflugfelder SC. Cholinergic stimulation of lactoferrin and epidermal growth factor secretion by the human lacrimal gland. Cornea. 1996 Nov; 15(6):617-21. PMID: 8899275.
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    241. Gupta A, Monroy D, Ji Z, Yoshino K, Huang A, Pflugfelder SC. Transforming growth factor beta-1 and beta-2 in human tear fluid. Curr Eye Res. 1996 Jun; 15(6):605-14. PMID: 8670763.
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    242. Yoshino K, Garg R, Monroy D, Ji Z, Pflugfelder SC. Production and secretion of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) by the human lacrimal gland. Curr Eye Res. 1996 Jun; 15(6):615-24. PMID: 8670764.
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    243. Pflugfelder SC. Differential diagnosis of dry eye conditions. Adv Dent Res. 1996 Apr; 10(1):9-12. PMID: 8934916.
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    244. Karp CL, Scott IU, Chang TS, Pflugfelder SC. Conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia. A possible marker for human immunodeficiency virus infection? Arch Ophthalmol. 1996 Mar; 114(3):257-61. PMID: 8600883.
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    245. Heigle TJ, Pflugfelder SC. Aqueous tear production in patients with neurotrophic keratitis. Cornea. 1996 Mar; 15(2):135-8. PMID: 8925660.
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    246. Yoshino K, Tseng SC, Pflugfelder SC. Substrate modulation of morphology, growth, and tear protein production by cultured human lacrimal gland epithelial cells. Exp Cell Res. 1995 Sep; 220(1):138-51. PMID: 7664830.
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    247. Tu EY, Culbertson WW, Pflugfelder SC, Huang A, Chodosh JC. Therapy of nonnecrotizing anterior scleritis with subconjunctival corticosteroid injection. Ophthalmology. 1995 May; 102(5):718-24. PMID: 7777270.
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    248. Chodosh J, Miller D, Stroop WG, Pflugfelder SC. Adenovirus epithelial keratitis. Cornea. 1995 Mar; 14(2):167-74. PMID: 7743800.
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    249. Davis JL, Feuer W, Culbertson WW, Pflugfelder SC. Interpretation of intraocular and serum antibody levels in necrotizing retinitis. Retina. 1995; 15(3):233-40. PMID: 7569351.
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    250. Jones DT, Monroy D, Ji Z, Atherton SS, Pflugfelder SC. Sjögren's syndrome: cytokine and Epstein-Barr viral gene expression within the conjunctival epithelium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1994 Aug; 35(9):3493-504. PMID: 8056525.
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    251. Pflugfelder SC, Crouse CA, Atherton SS. Epstein-Barr virus and the lacrimal gland pathology of Sjögren's syndrome. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1994; 350:641-6. PMID: 8030548.
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    252. Mao LK, Flynn HW, Miller D, Pflugfelder SC. Endophthalmitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Am J Ophthalmol. 1993 Nov 15; 116(5):584-9. PMID: 8238218.
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    253. Culbertson WW, Huang AJ, Mandelbaum SH, Pflugfelder SC, Boozalis GT, Miller D. Effective treatment of phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis with oral tetracycline. Ophthalmology. 1993 Sep; 100(9):1358-66. PMID: 8371924.
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    254. Pflugfelder SC, Crouse CA, Monroy D, Yen M, Rowe M, Atherton SS. Epstein-Barr virus and the lacrimal gland pathology of Sjögren's syndrome. Am J Pathol. 1993 Jul; 143(1):49-64. PMID: 8391219; PMCID: PMC1886957.
    255. Winward KE, Pflugfelder SC, Flynn HW, Roussel TJ, Davis JL. Postoperative Propionibacterium endophthalmitis. Treatment strategies and long-term results. Ophthalmology. 1993 Apr; 100(4):447-51. PMID: 8479698.
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    256. Rubsamen PE, McLeish WM, Pflugfelder S, Miller D. Capnocytophaga endophthalmitis. Ophthalmology. 1993 Apr; 100(4):456-9. PMID: 8479700.
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    257. Pflugfelder SC, Crouse CA, Atherton SS. Ophthalmic manifestations of Epstein-Barr virus infection. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 1993; 33(1):95-101. PMID: 8394294.
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    258. Pflugfelder SC, Flynn HW. Infectious endophthalmitis. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1992 Dec; 6(4):859-73. PMID: 1460267.
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    259. Yen MT, Pflugfelder SC, Crouse CA, Atherton SS. Cytoskeletal antigen expression in ocular mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1992 Oct; 33(11):3235-41. PMID: 1399428.
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    260. Irvine WD, Flynn HW, Miller D, Pflugfelder SC. Endophthalmitis caused by gram-negative organisms. Arch Ophthalmol. 1992 Oct; 110(10):1450-4. PMID: 1417545.
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    261. Simon MW, Miller D, Pflugfelder SC, Murchison JF, Huang AJ, Atherton SS. Comparison of immunocytology to tissue culture for diagnosis of presumed herpesvirus dendritic epithelial keratitis. Ophthalmology. 1992 Sep; 99(9):1408-13. PMID: 1328982.
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    262. Pflugfelder SC, Roussel TJ, Denham D, Feuer W, Mandelbaum S, Parel JM. Photogrammetric analysis of corneal trephination. Arch Ophthalmol. 1992 Aug; 110(8):1160-6. PMID: 1497532.
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    263. Mao LK, Flynn HW, Miller D, Pflugfelder SC. Endophthalmitis caused by streptococcal species. Arch Ophthalmol. 1992 Jun; 110(6):798-801. PMID: 1596227.
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    264. Kervick GN, Pflugfelder SC, Haimovici R, Brown H, Tozman E, Yee R. Paracentral rheumatoid corneal ulceration. Clinical features and cyclosporine therapy. Ophthalmology. 1992 Jan; 99(1):80-8. PMID: 1741146.
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    265. Pflugfelder SC, Murchison JF. Corneal toxicity with an antibiotic/steroid-soaked collagen shield. Arch Ophthalmol. 1992 Jan; 110(1):20. PMID: 1731715.
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    266. Nanda M, Pflugfelder SC, Holland S. Fulminant pseudomonal keratitis and scleritis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. Arch Ophthalmol. 1991 Apr; 109(4):503-5. PMID: 2012549.
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    267. Fox GM, Joondeph BC, Flynn HW, Pflugfelder SC, Roussel TJ. Delayed-onset pseudophakic endophthalmitis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1991 Feb 15; 111(2):163-73. PMID: 1992736.
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    268. Fox GM, Crouse CA, Chuang EL, Pflugfelder SC, Cleary TJ, Nelson SJ, Atherton SS. Detection of herpesvirus DNA in vitreous and aqueous specimens by the polymerase chain reaction. Arch Ophthalmol. 1991 Feb; 109(2):266-71. PMID: 1847043.
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    269. Flynn HW, Pulido JS, Pflugfelder SC, Davis JL, Culbertson WW, Roussel TJ, Miller D. Endophthalmitis therapy: changing antibiotic sensitivity patterns and current therapeutic recommendations. Arch Ophthalmol. 1991 Feb; 109(2):175-6. PMID: 1993022.
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    270. Kattan HM, Flynn HW, Pflugfelder SC, Robertson C, Forster RK. Nosocomial endophthalmitis survey. Current incidence of infection after intraocular surgery. Ophthalmology. 1991 Feb; 98(2):227-38. PMID: 2008282.
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    271. Feist RM, Lim JI, Joondeph BC, Pflugfelder SC, Mieler WF, Ticho BH, Resnick K. Penetrating ocular injury from contaminated eating utensils. Arch Ophthalmol. 1991 Jan; 109(1):63-6. PMID: 1987951.
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    272. Pepose JS, Akata RF, Pflugfelder SC, Voigt W. Mononuclear cell phenotypes and immunoglobulin gene rearrangements in lacrimal gland biopsies from patients with Sjögren's syndrome. Ophthalmology. 1990 Dec; 97(12):1599-605. PMID: 1965021.
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    273. Pflugfelder SC, Huang A, Crouse C. Epstein-Barr virus keratitis after a chemical facial peel. Am J Ophthalmol. 1990 Nov 15; 110(5):571-3. PMID: 2173408.
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    274. Kattan HM, Pflugfelder SC. Nocardia scleritis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1990 Oct 15; 110(4):446-7. PMID: 2220994.
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    275. Duffner LR, Pflugfelder SC, Mandelbaum S, Childress LL. Potential bacterial contamination in fluorescein-anesthetic solutions. Am J Ophthalmol. 1990 Aug 15; 110(2):199-202. PMID: 2116089.
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    276. Pflugfelder SC, Huang AJ, Feuer W, Chuchovski PT, Pereira IC, Tseng SC. Conjunctival cytologic features of primary Sjögren's syndrome. Ophthalmology. 1990 Aug; 97(8):985-91. PMID: 1698273.
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    277. Rosenwasser GO, Holland S, Pflugfelder SC, Lugo M, Heidemann DG, Culbertson WW, Kattan H. Topical anesthetic abuse. Ophthalmology. 1990 Aug; 97(8):967-72. PMID: 2402423.
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    278. Pflugfelder SC, Crouse C, Pereira I, Atherton S. Amplification of Epstein-Barr virus genomic sequences in blood cells, lacrimal glands, and tears from primary Sjögren's syndrome patients. Ophthalmology. 1990 Aug; 97(8):976-84. PMID: 2169602.
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    279. Crouse CA, Pflugfelder SC, Pereira I, Cleary T, Rabinowitz S, Atherton SS. Detection of herpes viral genomes in normal and diseased corneal epithelium. Curr Eye Res. 1990 Jun; 9(6):569-81. PMID: 2167192.
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    280. Crouse CA, Pflugfelder SC, Cleary T, Demick SM, Atherton SS. Detection of Epstein-Barr virus genomes in normal human lacrimal glands. J Clin Microbiol. 1990 May; 28(5):1026-32. PMID: 2161862; PMCID: PMC267858.
    281. Brod RD, Flynn HW, Clarkson JG, Pflugfelder SC, Culbertson WW, Miller D. Endogenous Candida endophthalmitis. Management without intravenous amphotericin B. Ophthalmology. 1990 May; 97(5):666-72; disc: 672-4. PMID: 2188195.
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    282. Pflugfelder SC, Tseng SC, Pepose JS, Fletcher MA, Klimas N, Feuer W. Epstein-Barr virus infection and immunologic dysfunction in patients with aqueous tear deficiency. Ophthalmology. 1990 Mar; 97(3):313-23. PMID: 2159609.
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    283. Rosenfeld SI, Mandelbaum S, Corrent GF, Pflugfelder SC, Culbertson WW. Granular epithelial keratopathy as an unusual manifestation of Pseudomonas keratitis associated with extended-wear soft contact lenses. Am J Ophthalmol. 1990 Jan 15; 109(1):17-22. PMID: 2105056.
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    284. McLeish W, Pflugfelder SC, Crouse C, Rabinowitz S, Miller D, Hill EL, Atherton S. Interferon treatment of herpetic keratitis in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol. 1990 Jan 15; 109(1):93-5. PMID: 2153343.
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    285. Levine J, Pflugfelder SC, Yen M, Crouse CA, Atherton SS. Detection of the complement (CD21)/Epstein-Barr virus receptor in human lacrimal gland and ocular surface epithelia. Reg Immunol. 1990-1991; 3(4):164-70. PMID: 1966579.
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    286. Nanda M, Pflugfelder SC, Holland S. Mycobacterium tuberculosis scleritis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1989 Dec 15; 108(6):736-7. PMID: 2512813.
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    287. Denham D, Mandelbaum S, Parel JM, Holland S, Pflugfelder S, Parel JM. Shadow photogrammetric apparatus for the quantitative evaluation of corneal buttons. Ophthalmic Surg. 1989 Nov; 20(11):794-9. PMID: 2616127.
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    288. Rabinowitz SM, Pflugfelder SC, Goldberg M. Disposable extended-wear contact lens-related keratitis. Case report. Arch Ophthalmol. 1989 Aug; 107(8):1121. PMID: 2502975.
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    289. Zambrano W, Flynn HW, Pflugfelder SC, Roussel TJ, Culbertson WW, Holland S, Miller D. Management options for Propionibacterium acnes endophthalmitis. Ophthalmology. 1989 Jul; 96(7):1100-5. PMID: 2788852.
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    290. Thompson KP, Barraquer E, Parel JM, Loertscher H, Pflugfelder S, Roussel T, Holland S, Hanna K. Potential use of lasers for penetrating keratoplasty. J Cataract Refract Surg. 1989 Jul; 15(4):397-403. PMID: 2674411.
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    291. Kattan H, Pflugfelder SC. Complications of intraocular antimicrobial agents. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 1989; 29(3):188-94. PMID: 2666333.
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    292. Duerksen KM, Albert DW, Saulson RM, Pflugfelder SC. Soda pop top ophthalmopathy. Am J Ophthalmol. 1988 Dec 15; 106(6):761-2. PMID: 3195669.
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    293. Davis JL, Koidou-Tsiligianni A, Pflugfelder SC, Miller D, Flynn HW, Forster RK. Coagulase-negative staphylococcal endophthalmitis. Increase in antimicrobial resistance. Ophthalmology. 1988 Oct; 95(10):1404-10. PMID: 3265776.
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    294. Pflugfelder SC, Suelflow J, Pflugfelder ME, Parke DW. Serum and vitreous herpes simplex antibodies in noninfected eyes. Ann Ophthalmol. 1988 Sep; 20(9):355-7. PMID: 2847623.
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    295. Heidemann DG, Pflugfelder SC, Kronish J, Alfonso EC, Dunn SP, Ullman S. Necrotizing keratitis caused by Capnocytophaga ochracea. Am J Ophthalmol. 1988 Jun 15; 105(6):655-60. PMID: 3377043.
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    296. Buus DR, Pflugfelder SC, Schachter J, Miller D, Forster RK. Lymphogranuloma venereum conjunctivitis with a marginal corneal perforation. Ophthalmology. 1988 Jun; 95(6):799-802. PMID: 3062531.
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    297. Pflugfelder SC, Parel JM, Denham D, Mandelbaum S. A suction trephine block for marking donor corneal buttons. Arch Ophthalmol. 1988 Feb; 106(2):276-81. PMID: 3277610.
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    298. Pflugfelder SC, Flynn HW, Zwickey TA, Forster RK, Tsiligianni A, Culbertson WW, Mandelbaum S. Exogenous fungal endophthalmitis. Ophthalmology. 1988 Jan; 95(1):19-30. PMID: 3257818.
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    299. Pflugfelder SC, Saulson R, Ullman S. Peripheral corneal ulceration in a patient with AIDS-related complex. Am J Ophthalmol. 1987 Nov 15; 104(5):542-3. PMID: 3674189.
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    300. Pflugfelder SC, Hernández E, Fliesler SJ, Alvarez J, Pflugfelder ME, Forster RK. Intravitreal vancomycin. Retinal toxicity, clearance, and interaction with gentamicin. Arch Ophthalmol. 1987 Jun; 105(6):831-7. PMID: 3495255.
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    301. Ullman S, Pflugfelder SC. A supplemental labeling system for topical medications. Am J Ophthalmol. 1987 Mar 15; 103(3 Pt 1):335. PMID: 3826245.
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    302. Pflugfelder SC, Roussel TJ, Culbertson WW. Primary Sjögren's syndrome after infectious mononucleosis. JAMA. 1987 Feb 27; 257(8):1049-50. PMID: 3806887.
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    303. Ullman S, Pflugfelder SC, Hughes R, Forster RK. Bacillus cereus panophthalmitis manifesting as an orbital cellulitis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1987 Jan 15; 103(1):105-6. PMID: 3099579.
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    304. Pflugfelder SC, Wilhelmus KR, Osato MS, Matoba AY, Font RL. The autoimmune nature of aqueous tear deficiency. Ophthalmology. 1986 Dec; 93(12):1513-7. PMID: 3808613.
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